The Meaning of 1 Chronicles 22:9 Explained

1 Chronicles 22:9

KJV: Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.

YLT: 'Lo, a son is born to thee; he is a man of rest, and I have given rest to him from all his enemies round about, for Solomon is his name, and peace and quietness I give unto Israel in his days;

Darby: Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about; for his name shall be Solomon, and in his days I will give peace and quietness unto Israel.

ASV: Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about; for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days:

What does 1 Chronicles 22:9 Mean?

Chapter Summary: 1 Chronicles 22

1  David, foreknowing the place of the temple, prepares abundance for building it
6  He instructs Solomon in God's promises, and his duty in building the temple
17  He charges the princes to assist his son

What do the individual words in 1 Chronicles 22:9 mean?

Behold a son shall be born to you he shall be a man of rest and I will give rest him from all his enemies all around for Solomon shall be His name for peace and quietness I will give to Israel in his days
הִנֵּה־ בֵ֞ן נוֹלָ֣ד לָ֗ךְ ה֤וּא יִהְיֶה֙ אִ֣ישׁ מְנוּחָ֔ה וַהֲנִח֥וֹתִי ל֛וֹ מִכָּל־ אוֹיְבָ֖יו מִסָּבִ֑יב כִּ֤י שְׁלֹמֹה֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה שְׁמ֔וֹ וְשָׁל֥וֹם וָשֶׁ֛קֶט אֶתֵּ֥ן עַל־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְּיָמָֽיו

הִנֵּה־  Behold 
Parse: Interjection
Root: הִנֵּה  
Sense: behold, lo, see, if.
בֵ֞ן  a  son 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
נוֹלָ֣ד  shall  be  born 
Parse: Verb, Nifal, Participle, masculine singular
Root: יָלַד 
Sense: to bear, bring forth, beget, gender, travail.
לָ֗ךְ  to  you 
Parse: Preposition, second person feminine singular
יִהְיֶה֙  shall  be 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: אֶהְיֶה 
Sense: to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out.
אִ֣ישׁ  a  man 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: אִישׁ 
Sense: man.
מְנוּחָ֔ה  of  rest 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: מְנוּחָה 
Sense: resting place, rest.
וַהֲנִח֥וֹתִי  and  I  will  give  rest 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Hifil, Conjunctive perfect, first person common singular
Root: נוּחַ 
Sense: to rest.
מִכָּל־  from  all 
Parse: Preposition-m, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
אוֹיְבָ֖יו  his  enemies 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Participle, masculine plural construct, third person masculine singular
Root: אֹיֵב  
Sense: (Qal) enemy.
מִסָּבִ֑יב  all  around 
Parse: Preposition-m, Adverb
Root: מוּסָב 
Sense: places round about, circuit, round about adv.
שְׁלֹמֹה֙  Solomon 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שְׁלֹמֹה  
Sense: son of David by Bathsheba and 3rd king of Israel; author of Proverbs and Song of Songs.
יִהְיֶ֣ה  shall  be 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: אֶהְיֶה 
Sense: to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out.
שְׁמ֔וֹ  His  name 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct, third person masculine singular
Root: שֵׁם  
Sense: name.
וְשָׁל֥וֹם  for  peace 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine singular
Root: שָׁלֹום  
Sense: completeness, soundness, welfare, peace.
וָשֶׁ֛קֶט  and  quietness 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine singular
Root: שֶׁקֶט  
Sense: quiet, tranquillity, quietness.
אֶתֵּ֥ן  I  will  give 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, first person common singular
Root: יָתַן 
Sense: to give, put, set.
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל  Israel 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יִשְׂרָאֵל  
Sense: the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel.
בְּיָמָֽיו  in  his  days 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine plural construct, third person masculine singular
Root: יׄום 
Sense: day, time, year.