The Meaning of 1 Chronicles 2:42 Explained

1 Chronicles 2:42

KJV: Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

YLT: And sons of Caleb brother of Jerahmeel: Mesha his first-born, he is father of Ziph; and sons of Mareshah: Abi-Hebron.

Darby: And the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

ASV: And the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were Mesha his first-born, who was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

What does 1 Chronicles 2:42 Mean?

Chapter Summary: 1 Chronicles 2

1  The sons of Israel
3  The posterity of Judah by Tamar
13  The children of Jesse
18  The posterity of Caleb the son of Hezron
21  Hezron's posterity by the daughter of Machir
25  Jerahmeel's posterity
34  Sheshan's posterity
42  Another branch of Caleb's posterity
50  The posterity of Caleb the son of Hur

What do the individual words in 1 Chronicles 2:42 mean?

And the descendants of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel [were] Mesha his firstborn he [was] the father of Ziph and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron
וּבְנֵ֤י כָלֵב֙ אֲחִ֣י יְרַחְמְאֵ֔ל מֵישָׁ֥ע בְּכֹר֖וֹ ה֣וּא אֲבִי־ זִ֑יף וּבְנֵ֥י מָרֵשָׁ֖ה אֲבִ֥י חֶבְרֽוֹן

וּבְנֵ֤י  And  the  descendants 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
כָלֵב֙  of  Caleb 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: כָּלֵב 
Sense: the godly son of Jephunneh and the faithful spy who reported the Promised Land favourably and urged its capture.
אֲחִ֣י  the  brother 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: אָח  
Sense: brother.
יְרַחְמְאֵ֔ל  of  Jerahmeel 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יְרַחְמְאֵל  
Sense: the st son of Hezron, grandson of Pharez, and great grandson of Judah and the founder of the family of Jerahmeelites.
מֵישָׁ֥ע  [were]  Mesha 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֵישָׁע  
Sense: the eldest son of Caleb by his wife Azubah and grandson of Hezron.
בְּכֹר֖וֹ  his  firstborn 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct, third person masculine singular
Root: בְּכֹר  
Sense: firstborn, firstling.
ה֣וּא  he  [was] 
Parse: Pronoun, third person masculine singular
Root: הוּא 
Sense: he, she, it.
אֲבִי־  the  father 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: אָב  
Sense: father of an individual.
זִ֑יף  of  Ziph 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: זִיף 
Sense: a son of Jehaleleel, a descendant of Judah, and brother of Ziphah.
וּבְנֵ֥י  and  the  sons 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
מָרֵשָׁ֖ה  of  Mareshah 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מָרֵשָׁה 
Sense: one of the cities in the lowlands of Judah.
אֲבִ֥י  the  father 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: אָב  
Sense: father of an individual.
חֶבְרֽוֹן  of  Hebron 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: חֶבְרֹון 
Sense: a city in south Judah approx 20 south of Jerusalem and approx 20 miles (30 km) north of Beersheba and near where Abraham built an altar.