The Meaning of 1 Chronicles 12:8 Explained

1 Chronicles 12:8

KJV: And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains;

YLT: And of the Gadite there have been separated unto David, to the fortress, to the wilderness, mighty of valour, men of the host for battle, setting in array target and buckler, and their faces the face of the lion, and as roes on the mountains for speed:

Darby: And of the Gadites, there separated themselves to David in the stronghold in the wilderness mighty men of valour, men fit for the service of war, armed with shield and spear; whose faces were like the faces of lions, and who were swift as the gazelles upon the mountains:

ASV: And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David to the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for war, that could handle shield and spear; whose faces were like the faces of lions, and they were as swift as the roes upon the mountains;

What does 1 Chronicles 12:8 Mean?

Chapter Summary: 1 Chronicles 12

1  The companies that came to David at Ziklag
23  The armies that came to him at Hebron

What do the individual words in 1 Chronicles 12:8 mean?

and Joelah and Zebadiah the sons of Jeroham of Gedor
וְיוֹעֵאלָ֧ה וּזְבַדְיָ֛ה בְּנֵ֥י יְרֹחָ֖ם מִן־ הַגְּדֽוֹר

וְיוֹעֵאלָ֧ה  and  Joelah 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יׄועֵאלָה  
Sense: son of Jeroham of Gedor and one of David’s mighty warriors.
וּזְבַדְיָ֛ה  and  Zebadiah 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: זְבַדְיָה 
Sense: a Benjamite of the sons of Beriah.
בְּנֵ֥י  the  sons 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
יְרֹחָ֖ם  of  Jeroham 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יְרֹחָם  
Sense: father of Elkanah and grandfather of Samuel of the house of Kohath.
הַגְּדֽוֹר  Gedor 
Parse: Article, Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: גְּדֹור 
Sense: a son of Penuel.