The Meaning of 1 Chronicles 12:34 Explained

1 Chronicles 12:34

KJV: And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand.

YLT: And of Naphtali, a thousand heads, and with them, with target and spear, are thirty and seven thousand.

Darby: And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them thirty-seven thousand with shield and spear.

ASV: And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand.

What does 1 Chronicles 12:34 Mean?

Chapter Summary: 1 Chronicles 12

1  The companies that came to David at Ziklag
23  The armies that came to him at Hebron

What do the individual words in 1 Chronicles 12:34 mean?

Of Zebulun there were who went out to battle expert in war with all weapons of war fifty thousand and who could keep ranks not of double heart and stouthearted [men] -
מִזְּבֻל֞וּן יוֹצְאֵ֣י צָבָ֗א עֹרְכֵ֧י מִלְחָמָ֛ה בְּכָל־ כְּלֵ֥י מִלְחָמָ֖ה חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים אָ֑לֶף וְלַעֲדֹ֖ר בְּלֹא־ לֵ֥ב וָלֵֽב ס

מִזְּבֻל֞וּן  Of  Zebulun 
Parse: Preposition-m, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: זְבוּלוּן  
Sense: the 0th of the sons of Jacob, 6th and last of Leah; progenitor of Zebulun.
יוֹצְאֵ֣י  there  were  who  went  out 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Participle, masculine plural construct
Root: יׄוצֵאת 
Sense: to go out, come out, exit, go forth.
צָבָ֗א  to  battle 
Parse: Noun, common singular
Root: צָבָא 
Sense: that which goes forth, army, war, warfare, host.
עֹרְכֵ֧י  expert 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Participle, masculine plural construct
Root: עָרַךְ  
Sense: to arrange, set or put or lay in order, set in array, prepare, order, ordain, handle, furnish, esteem, equal, direct, compare.
מִלְחָמָ֛ה  in  war 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: מִלְחָמָה  
Sense: battle, war.
בְּכָל־  with  all 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
כְּלֵ֥י  weapons 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: כְּלִי  
Sense: article, vessel, implement, utensil.
מִלְחָמָ֖ה  of  war 
Parse: Noun, feminine singular
Root: מִלְחָמָה  
Sense: battle, war.
חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים  fifty 
Parse: Number, common plural
Root: חֲמִשִּׁים 
Sense: fifty.
אָ֑לֶף  thousand 
Parse: Number, masculine singular
Root: אֶלֶף 
Sense: a thousand.
וְלַעֲדֹ֖ר  and  who  could  keep  ranks 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition, Verb, Qal, Infinitive construct
Root: עָדַר 
Sense: to help.
לֵ֥ב  of  double  heart 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: לֵב 
Sense: inner man, mind, will, heart, understanding.
וָלֵֽב  and  stouthearted  [men] 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Noun, masculine singular
Root: לֵב 
Sense: inner man, mind, will, heart, understanding.
ס  - 
Parse: Punctuation

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