The Meaning of 1 Chronicles 1:17 Explained

1 Chronicles 1:17

KJV: The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

YLT: Sons of Shem: Elam and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

Darby: The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

ASV: The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

What does 1 Chronicles 1:17 Mean?

Chapter Summary: 1 Chronicles 1

1  Adam's line to Noah
5  The sons of Japheth
8  The sons of Ham
17  The sons of Shem
24  Shem's line to Abraham
29  Ishmael's sons
32  The sons of Keturah
34  The posterity of Abraham by Esau
38  The sons of Seir
43  The kings of Edom
51  The dukes of Edom

What do the individual words in 1 Chronicles 1:17 mean?

The sons of Shem [were] Elam and Asshur and Arphaxad and Lud and Aram and Uz and Hul and Gether and Meshech -
בְּנֵ֣י שֵׁ֔ם עֵילָ֣ם וְאַשּׁ֔וּר וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֖ד וְל֣וּד וַאֲרָ֑ם וְע֥וּץ וְח֖וּל וְגֶ֥תֶר וָמֶֽשֶׁךְ ס

בְּנֵ֣י  The  sons 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
שֵׁ֔ם  of  Shem 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: שֵׁם  
Sense: the eldest son of Noah and progenitor of the Semitic tribes.
עֵילָ֣ם  [were]  Elam 
Parse: Proper Noun, feminine singular
Root: עֵילָם 
Sense: a Korhite Levite in the time of David.
וְאַשּׁ֔וּר  and  Asshur 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: אַשּׁוּר  
Sense: the second son of Shem, eponymous ancestor of the Assyrians.
וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֖ד  and  Arphaxad 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: אַרְפַּכְשַׁד  
Sense: third son of Shem.
וְל֣וּד  and  Lud 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: לוּד  
Sense: the 4th listed son of Shem and supposed progenitor of the Lydians.
וַאֲרָ֑ם  and  Aram 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: אֲרָם 
Sense: Aram or Syria the nation.
וְע֥וּץ  and  Uz 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: עוּץ 
Sense: son of Aram and grandson of Seth.
וְח֖וּל  and  Hul 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: חוּל  
Sense: the second son of Aram and grandson of Shem.
וְגֶ֥תֶר  and  Gether 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: גֶּתֶר  
Sense: the third in order of the sons of Aram.
וָמֶֽשֶׁךְ  and  Meshech 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֶשֶׁךְ  
Sense: son of Japheth, grandson of Noah, and progenitor of peoples to the north of Israel.
ס  - 
Parse: Punctuation