Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ZEBOIM . 1 . ‘The ravine of ZebÃ´‘im’ (‘ravine of the hyÂ¿nas’) is named in 1 Samuel 13:18 in describing the route followed by one of the bands of Philistine maranders. It is prob. the WÃ¢dy el-Kelt or one of its branches. The name WÃ¢dy abÃ» DabÃ¢ (‘hyÃ¦na gorge’) is still applied to a ravine in this neighbourhood. The same locality appears to be referred to in the Zeboim of Nehemiah 11:34 . Nehemiah 11:2 . Hosea 11:8 . See Zeboiim.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Gazelles or roes.
One of the "five cities of the plain" of Sodom, generally coupled with Admah (Genesis 10:19 ; 14:2 ; Deuteronomy 29:23 ; Hosea 11:8 ). It had a king of its own (Shemeber), and was therefore a place of some importance. It was destroyed along with the other cities of the plain.
A valley or rugged glen somewhere near Gibeah in Benjamin (1 Samuel 13:18 ). It was probably the ravine now bearing the name Wady Shakh-ed-Dub'a, or "ravine of the hyena," north of Jericho.
A place mentioned only in Nehemiah 11:34 , inhabited by the Benjamites after the Captivity.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
One of the cities of the plain. (Genesis 14:2) The word appears to be plural, and probably the place abounded with deer and goats, as the word means.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
, Valley of
1. A ravine (E. of Michmash) toward which the border looked, by way of which one company of Philistine marauders went. Zeboim lay "toward the wilderness" (the uncultivated mountain sides between the central district of Benjamin and the Jordan valley). The path from Jericho to Mukhmas (Michmash) runs up a gorge called by an exactly equivalent name, Shuk ed Dubba, "ravine of the hyena" (1 Samuel 13:18).
2. Ζeboim (without the Hebrew 'Αyin ( ע ) means "gazelles"; one of the four cities of the plain; destroyed with Sodom, Gomorrha, and Admah (Genesis 10:19; Genesis 14:2; Deuteronomy 29:23; Hosea 11:8). Shemeber was its king.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(zih boh' ihm) Place name meaning, “hyenas” or “a wild place.” Not to be confused with Zeboiim. 1. One of the towns the Benjamites occupied upon returning to Palestine from Exile (Nehemiah 11:34 ). It may be khirbet Sabije. 2. A valley in Benjamin between Michmash and the wilderness overlooking the Jordan River (1 Samuel 13:17-18 ). It may be wadi el-Oelt or wadi Fara.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
One of the five 'cities of the plain' destroyed with Sodom and Gomorrah. Genesis 10:19 ; Genesis 14:2,8 ; Deuteronomy 29:23 ; Hosea 11:8 . Not identified.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
, Valley of
Place apparently in the vicinity of Michmash. 1 Samuel 13:18 ; Nehemiah 11:34 .
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
one of the four cities of the Pentapolis, consumed by fire from heaven, Genesis 14:2 ; Genesis 19:24 . Eusebius and St. Jerom speak of Zeboim as of a city remaining in their time, upon the western shores of the Dead Sea. Consequently, after the time of Lot this city must have been rebuilt near the place where it had stood before. Mention is made of the valley of Zeboim, 1 Samuel 13:18 , and of a city of the same name in the tribe of Benjamin, Nehemiah 11:34 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Zeboim (ze-bô'im), hyænas. It was a gorge or ravine apparently east of Mich-mash, and mentioned only In 1 Samuel 13:18. The "wilderness" is the wild tract between the central hills and the valley of the Jordan.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
1. One of the four royal cities in the vale of Siddim, destroyed by fire from heaven. See SODOM . Eusebius and Jerome mention a town by this name in their day, on the western shore of the Dead sea.
2. A valley and town of the Benjamites, east of Michmash, 1 Samuel 13:18 Nehemiah 11:34 .
- King of Zeboim
; ally of the king of Sodom, when attacked by Chedorlaomer
- (lofty flight ), king of Zeboim
, and ally of the king of Sodom when he was attacked by Chedorlaomer
- (earthy, fortress ), one of the "cities of the plain," always coupled with Zeboim
. The same locality appears to be referred to in the Zeboim
of Nehemiah 11:34
- Jerom speak of Zeboim
as of a city remaining in their time, upon the western shores of the Dead Sea. Mention is made of the valley of Zeboim
, 1 Samuel 13:18 , and of a city of the same name in the tribe of Benjamin, Nehemiah 11:34
- The sons of Pochereth were of Zebaim which some identify with Zeboim
; others translated Pochereth hatsebaim , "the snarer (hunter) of roes" (Ezra 2:57; Nehemiah 7:59)
- ' It is probably the same as Zeboim
- (handful of sheaves ), a king of Elam, in the time of Abraham, who with three other chiefs made war upon the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim
and Zoar, and reduced them to servitude
- One of the cities of the plain, having its own king, linked with Zeboim
(Genesis 10:19; Genesis 14:2; Genesis 14:8; Deuteronomy 29:23; Hosea 11:8)
(1 Samuel 13:18) means "the valley of hyenas
The valley of Zeboim
, a ravine or gorge, apparently east of Michmash, mentioned only in (1 Samuel 13:18 ) The road running from Michmash to the east is specified as "the road of the border that looketh to the ravine of Zeboim
toward the wilderness
Zeboim, Valley of
lay "toward the wilderness" (the uncultivated mountain sides between the central district of Benjamin and the Jordan valley)
The Hebrew term for hyena is used as a man's name (Zibeon, Genesis 36:20 ) and as the name for a town (Zeboim
, Nehemiah 11:34 ) and valley (1 Samuel 13:18 ) in the territory of Benjamin
[ 1 Samuel 13:18 ] probably means ‘[Valley of] Hyænas’)
- " The only other instance in which it occurs is as a proper name, Zeboim
, (1 Samuel 13:18 ) "the valley of hyaenas, "Aquila; (Nehemiah 11:34 ) The striped hyaena (Hyaena striata ) is found in Africa, Asia Minor, Arabia and Persia, and is more common in Palestine than any other carnivorous animals except perhaps the jackal
- They were "spread abroad, and the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza: as thou goest unto Sodom and Gomorrha, and Admah, and Zeboim
, even unto Lasha
- Its crimes and vices were so enormous, that God destroyed it by fire from heaven, with three neighboring cities, Gomorrah, Zeboim
, and Admah, which were as wicked as itself, Genesis 19:1-20
- In this valley the kings of the five allied cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim
and Bela seem to, have awaited the approach of the invaders
- Chief of the group Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim
, and Bela or Zoar (Genesis 10:19; Genesis 13:3; Genesis 13:10-13; Genesis 13:19; Luke 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6; Judges 1:4-7; Mark 6:11; Matthew 10:15; Deuteronomy 29:23)
- gay, ge, ravine, narrow glen: applied to Charashim, Hamon-Gog, Hinnom, Son of Hinnom, Jiphthah-el, Zeboim
, and Zephathah; and used symbolically for 'Valley of the Mountains' ( Zechariah 14:5 ); 'of the passengers' (Ezekiel 39:11 ); 'of salt' (2 Samuel 8:13 ; 2 Kings 14:7 ; 1 Chronicles 18:12 ; 2 Chronicles 25:11 ; Psalm 60 title ); 'of craftsmen' (Nehemiah 11:35 ); 'of slaughter' (Jeremiah 7:32 ; Jeremiah 19:6 ); 'of vision' (Isaiah 22:1,5 ); 'of the shadow of death
Gebûl represents the territory within certain boundaries: “And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim
, even unto Lasha” (Gen
- the valley of Hinnom, beside Jerusalem; of Iphtah-el, between Zebulun and Asher; of Zeboim
- It is commonly mentioned in connection with Gomorrah, but also with Admah and Zeboim
, and on one occasion -- ( Genesis 14:1 ) . In the midst of the garden the four cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim
appear to have been situated
- Bela is joined with Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim
, in Genesis 14:2; Genesis 14:8, forming a confederacy against the invading kings of Elam, Shinar, etc
- For their sin they should be as Admah and Zeboim
The water now covering these ruins occupies what was formerly the vale of Siddim; a rich and fruitful valley, in which stood the five cities, called the cities of the plain, namely, Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim
, and Bela or Zoar: the four first of which were destroyed, while the latter, being "a little city," was preserved at the intercession of Lot; to which he fled for refuge from the impending catastrophe, and where he remained in safety during its accomplishment
- These ravines were frequented once by many wild beasts, as the names of places testify: Zeboim
, "hyaenas" (1 Samuel 13:17-18); Shual and Shaalbim (Judges 1:35), "foxes" or "jackals"; Ajalon, "gazelle
This lower part is believed to cover the sites of the cities destroyed by fire from heaven, Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim
Division of the Earth
- Its western border, along the Mediterranean Sea, extended from Sidon, Southward, to Gaza; its southern border from thence, eastward, to Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim
, the cities of the plain, afterward covered by the Dead Sea, or Asphaltite Lake; its eastern border extending from thence northward, to Laish, Dan, or the springs of the Jordan; and its northern border, from thence to Sidon, westward
- The Hebrew word for hyena is found in the Bible as a geographical name (1 Samuel 13:18 , Valley of Hyenas) and as the name of a town (Zeboim
, Nehemiah 11:34 )