Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ZAIR . According to the MT [Note: Massoretic Text.] of 2 Kings 8:21 , Joram, in the course of his campaign against Edom, ‘passed over to Zair.’ In the parallel passage, 2 Chronicles 21:9 , the Heb. is ‘passed over with his princes,’ which may be confidently pronounced to be a corruption of the text in Kings. The latter itself is unfortunately not certain so that the identification of the place in question is impossible.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("little".) 2 Kings 8:21. A place in Idumea where Joram defeated Edom after having been first shut in, then cutting his way through; 2 Chronicles 21:9, omit Zair and have instead im saraio , "with his captains."
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Little, a place probably east of the Dead Sea, where Joram discomfited the host of Edom who had revolted from him (2 Kings 8:21 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(zay' ihr) Place name that means, “small.” Place where Joram, king of Judah (853-841 B.C.), fought with Edom (2 Kings 8:20-21 ). The location of Zair is still in dispute. Some place it south of the Dead Sea near Edom. Others equate it with Zoar (Genesis 13:10 ) or Zior (Joshua 15:54 ). Compare 2 Chronicles 21:9 .
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Place in Edom where Joram attacked the Edomites. 2 Kings 8:21 ; cf. 2 Chronicles 21:9 . Not identified.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Little; afflicted; in tribulation
. ] of 2 Kings 8:21 , Joram, in the course of his campaign against Edom, ‘passed over to Zair
- (warrior ), the brother of Goliath the Gittite, slain by Elhanan the son of Zair
- It has been conjectured that Zair
is identical with Zoar
- A place in Idumea where Joram defeated Edom after having been first shut in, then cutting his way through; 2 Chronicles 21:9, omit Zair
and have instead im saraio , "with his captains
- The location of Zair
is still in dispute
- Edom, heretofore tributary to Jehoshaphat, made a king over themselves (1 Kings 22:47; 2 Kings 3:9; 2 Samuel 8:14) and revolted; and only by a night surprise did Jehoram extricate himself at Zair
(2 Kings 8:20-22, for which the copyist in 2 Chronicles 21:9 has "with his princes"), in Edom, from "the Edomites who compassed him in