And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,
And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.
And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(sshay' muhr) Personal and place name meaning, “thorn” or “diamond.” 1. A Levite (1 Chronicles 24:24 ), written Shamur in some manuscripts. 2. Town in hill country of Judah assigned to tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:48 ). Located either at modern el-Bireh near khirbet Somera northeast of en-Rimmon or khirbet es-Sumara about twelve miles west-southwest of Hebron. 3. Home of Tola, the judge from the tribe of Issachar, in mount Ephraim (Judges 10:1 ). Located possibly at khirbet es-Sumara about seven miles south of Shechem. Some commentators would equate it with Samaria.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
SHAMIR . 1 . A Kohathite ( 1 Chronicles 24:24 ). 2 . A town in the hill-country of Judah ( Joshua 15:48 ). It is perhaps Khurbet SÃ´merah , west of DebÃ®r . 3 . The home and burial-place of Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ). The site is uncertain.
Chabad Knowledge Base
wormlike creature that was miraculously able to chew through stone and which was used in the construction of the first Beit HaMikdash.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("a sharp point".)
1. A town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:48); probably eight or nine miles S. of Hebron.
2. The judge Tola's home and burial place in Mount Ephraim (Judges 10:1-2). Why Tola of Issachar dwelt there is uncertain; either for security from the Canaanites, or Issachar may have possessed some towns in the Ephraim mountains. Van de Velde identifies Shamir with Khirbet Sammer, a ruin in the mountains overlooking the Jordan valley, ten miles E.S.E. of Nablus.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1 Chronicles 24:24.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. Son of Michah, a Levite. 1 Chronicles 24:24 .
2. City in the mountains of Judah. Joshua 15:48 . Identified by some with ruins at Somerah, 31 25' N, 34 56' E .
3. City in Mount Ephraim, the residence of Tola, one of the judges. Judges 10:1,2 . Not identified.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
- the translation of the Hebrew word Shamir
in ( Ezekiel 3:9 ) and Zechariah 7:12 In ( Jeremiah 17:1 ) it is translated "diamond. It is very probable that by Shamir
is intended emery , a variety of corundum , a mineral inferior, only to the diamond in hardness
- Son of Puah, of the tribe of Issachar: he judged Israel twenty-three years at Shamir
in Mount Ephraim
- Judge who governed Israel for twenty-three years from Shamir
, likely at or near Samaria (Judges 10:1 )
- Attempts have been made to identify it with the Shamir
of Joshua 15:48
- Of the tribe of Issachar, judge of Israel, at Shamir
in Mount Ephraim, for twenty-three years after the death of Abimelech, Judges 10:1,2
- Judged for 23 years at Shamir
in Mount Ephraim; here he died and was buried
- Scripture specifies that the following cities were located in the hill country of Ephraim: Bethel (Judges 4:5 ); Gibeah (Joshua 24:33 ); Ramah (Judges 4:5 ); Shamir
(Judges 10:1 ); Shechem (Joshua 20:7 ); Timnath-heres or -serah (Joshua 19:50 ; Judges 2:9 )
, his home and birthplace, is unidentified
- In Jeremiah 17:1 the word is Shamir
- Van de Velde identifies Shamir
with Khirbet Sammer, a ruin in the mountains overlooking the Jordan valley, ten miles E
', a sharp point) mentioned in Jeremiah 17:1
- ) Unusually hard stones, as the diamond, which is a corruption of the word adamant; Hebrew Shamir
; Greek smiris
is the stone used on the point of an engraving tool to cut into stone surfaces ( Jeremiah 17:1 ; NIV, “flint”; others suggest “emery”)
, the Arabic samur , a kind of sidra
Tola the judge was of Issachar, though his abode was at Shamir
in Mount Ephraim. Omri of the great family of Michael ruled in David's time; possibly forefather of Omri who usurped the Israelite throne (1 Chronicles 27:18), and built Samaria (perhaps on the same hill Shamir
on which Tola of Issachar judged)
- The majority, however, belong to more recent documents: Asnah (‘bramble’), Coz (‘thorn’), Hadassah (‘myrtle’), Susannah (‘lily’), Shamir