Places Study on Salim

Places Study on Salim

John 3: And John also was baptizing in AEnon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.

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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Salim
SALIM , near to which was Ænon ( John 3:23 ), lay on the west of Jordan (cf. John 1:28 ; John 3:26 ; John 10:40 ). Ænon is placed by the Onomasticon eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis ( Beisân ), ‘near to Salim and Jordan.’ This points to the neighbourhood of the ruin Umm el-‘Amdân , with Tell er-Ridhghah on the north, where the tomb of Sheik Selîm probably preserves the ancient name. Ænon , ‘place of springs,’ we may find in the seven copious fountains near by. In Christ’s time the district belonged probably to Scythopolis, not to Samaria. The difficulties of other suggested identifications can be got over only by doing violence to the text (Cheyne, EBi [Note: Encyclopædia Biblica.] , s.v. ), or to the sense.

W. Ewing.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Salim
Peaceful, a place near AEnon (q.v.), on the west of Jordan, where John baptized (John 3:23 ). It was probably the Shalem mentioned in Genesis 33:18 , about 7 miles south of AEnon, at the head of the great Wady Far'ah, which formed the northern boundary of Judea in the Jordan valley.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Salim
SALIM.—Mentioned only John 3:23 ‘aenon near to Salim,’ to fix the place where John was baptizing, ‘because there was much water there.’ Scrivener’s edition of the Authorized Version gives as marginal references, ‘Genesis 33:18? or Joshua 15:23? or 1 Samuel 9:4?’; other editions only the last passage (where the text has Shalim, or rather Shaalim, in Heb. שׁעלים), the Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 only the first (margin). It is to be noticed that the former view is also that of Jerome, in his Liber interpret. Heb. Nom., when he writes: ‘Salim pugilli sive volae aut ortus aquarum, quod brevius graece dicitur βρύοντα’; pugilli and volœ = שׁעלים. And before Jerome, Origen also explained in a similar way (on John 10:39, p. 543 of the Berlin ed.): Αἰνὼν ὀφθαλμὸς βασάνου καὶ Σαλὴμ αὐτὸς ὁ ἀναβαίνων. In the Com. on John 3:23 the new edition has in the text Σαλίμ but thinks in the apparatus that Σαλήμ would perhaps be better. With the view of a plural agrees the fact that most Manuscripts spell the ending -ειμ, and not -ημ, as in the Complutensian Polyglott; the latter spelling (Σαλήμ) would favour identification with שָׁלֵם. In the article aenon (vol. i. p. 35), most of the topographical identifications proposed for these places are discussed. We may add that αινων η εγγυς του σαλι‹μ› is entered already on the mosaic map of Madeba on the left bank of the Jordan, and that the oldest and most explicit discussion of these sites is found in the pilgrimage of the so-called Silvia of Aquitania (or Etheria of Spain), about 385. A special monograph was published in 1903 by C. Mommert (aenon und Bethania die Taufstätten des Täufers, nebst einer Abhandlung über Salem die Königsstadt des Melchisedech, Leipzig), on which see G. H. Gilbert, AJTh [Note: JTh American Journal of Theology.] vii. 777; cf., further, Κλ. Μ. Κοικυλίδες: ὁ ἐν Ἰορδάνῃ τόπος τῆς βαπτίσεως τοῦ Κυρίου καὶ τὸ μοναστήριον τοῦ ἁγίου Προδρόμου (Jerusalem, 1905); also Löhr, ‘Wie stellt sich die neuere Palästinaforschung zu den geographischen Angaben des Johannesevangeliums,’ Deutsch-Evangelische Blätter, Dec. 1906.

When Silvia had finished Jerusalem, she wished to go ‘ad regionem Ausitidem’ to see ‘memoriam sancti Job.’ It took her eight days (mansiones) from Jerusalem to Carneas: ‘in quo itinere iens vidi super ripam Jordanis fluminis vallem pulchram satis et amœnam, abundantem vineis et arboribus, quoniam aquae multae ibi erant et optimae satis. Nam in ea valle vicus erat grandis qui appellatur nunc Sedima. In eo ergo vico, qui est in media planitie positus, in medio loco est monticulus non satis grandis, sed factus sicut solent esse tumbae, sed grandis: ibi ergo in summo ecclesia est.’ She inquires after the place, and receives the answer: ‘haec est civitas regis Melchisedech, quae dicta est ante Salem, unde nunc corrupto sermone, Sedima appellatur ipse vicus.’ For further details, amongst which is the statement that when people dig for foundations of new buildings, they find ‘aliquoties et de argento et aeramento modica frustella,’ the reader is referred to Silvia. She then remembered that in the Bible it was written: ‘Baptizasse sanctum Johannem in Enon juxta Salim.’ Therefore she inquired also after aenon, and was shown the place ‘in ducentis passibus … hortum pomarium valde amœnum, ubi ostendit nobis in medio fontem aquae optimae satis et purae, qui a semel integrum fluvium dimittebat. Habebat autem ante se ipse fons lacum, ubi parebat fuisse operatum sanctum Johannem baptistam. Tune dixit nobis ipse sanctus presbyter: In hodie hic hortus aliter non appellatur graeco sermone nisi eepos tu agiu Iohanni, id est quod vos dicitis latine “hortus sancti Johannis” ’ (for further particulars, see again the text). Going on for some time ‘per vallem Jordanis super ripam fluminis ipsius,’ the traveller sees after a little the town of the holy prophet Elia, ‘id est Thesbe,’ where his cave is, and also ‘memoria sancti Gethae,’ of whom we read in the Books of the Judges (this is, of course, Jephthah, and not Gad, as has been suggested by Mommert).

This localization of the two places agrees exactly with the statement of Eusebius that aenon was 8 miles south from Scythopolis (see vol. i. p. 35, and supply from the Berlin ed. p. 152, the reference to Procopins, who helps to fill up the lacuna in the Greek text with Σαλουμίας, just as Jerome reads). But instead of seeking the place west of the Jordan at Sheikh Salim, Mommert now seeks aenon east of it at ‘Ain Djirm (‘well of the leprosy’), at the foot of the hill ‘Scharabil,’ as he spells it, or ‘Scharhabît’ as it is spelt on the map of Fischer-Guthe, opposite to Tell Ridhgah, with which it has been identified hitherto.

We thus get the following identifications: (1) Tell Ridhgah, (2) Sharabil, (3) Salim east of Nâblus, (4) Wady Sulcim near Anata, (5) ‘Ain Karim, (6) Shilhim in the Negeb. A definite result has not been reached as yet; the identity of aenon and Bethany (John 1:28 Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ) is not improbable.

Eb. Nestle.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Salim
(ssay' lihm) Place name meaning, “peace.” Town near which John the Baptist baptized (John 3:23 ). Its site is disputed: northeast of Dead Sea near Bethabara; west bank of northern Jordan valley eight miles south of Scythopolis; in Samaria four miles south southeast of Shechem. The third site would identify John as well as Jesus with Samaritan ministry. See Samaria. The second and third sites would have John leaving for the north, allowing Jesus to minister near Jerusalem. See Aenon ; John 2.



Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Salim
John 3:23. Named to mark the locality of Αenon ("fountains"), the scene of the last baptisms by John (John 3:23). Eusebius and Jerome (Onomasticon) mention Salim as near Jordan, eight Roman miles S. of Scythepolis. Exactly agreeing with this is Salim, six English miles S. of Beisan and two miles W. of Jordan. A Mussulman's [Muslim's (?)] tomb on the northern base of Tell Redghah, near ruins, is called Sheykh Salim (Van de Velde, Syriac and Pal. ii. 345, section 6). John's progress was from S. to N., so that this would suitably be the scene of his last labours. The brook wady Chasneh runs dose by, a fountain gushes out beside the wely, and rivulets run in all directions, answering to "there was much water there." (But (See AENON.)

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Salim
Place near to AEnon where John was baptising. John 3:23 . Supposed to be a village east of Shechem, still called Salim , 32 12' N, 35 19' E .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Salim
Foxes; fists; path
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Salim
Salim (sâ'lim), peace or fountains? A place named to mark the locality of Ænon, where John baptized. John 3:23. Some identify it with Salem. Eusebius and Jerome mention Salim as near the Jordan, eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis. Robinson suggested that it was identical with the village of Salim, three miles east of Nablûs.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Salim
A town near Enon and the Jordan, south of Bethshean, John 3:23 .

Sentence search

Salim - Salim (sâ'lim), peace or fountains? A place named to mark the locality of Ænon, where John baptized. Eusebius and Jerome mention Salim as near the Jordan, eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis. Robinson suggested that it was identical with the village of Salim, three miles east of Nablûs
Shalem - But Septuagint, Vulgate, and Syriac as KJV There is a "Salim" still somewhat in the position required, three miles E. But Salim is not on any actual line of communication between Nablus and the Jordan valley. Moreover, if Shalem were Salim, Jacob's well and Joseph's tomb would have to be removed from their appropriate traditional site to a spot further E. and nearer Salim
Shalim - Same as Salim
Aenon - John 3:23 , meaning ‘springs’; a site near Salim [wh
Aenon - Near Salim, where John baptized (John 3:22-23; John 3:26; compare John 1:28), W. " Robinson found a Salim E. of the springs (three or four miles) as Salim is S. (See Salim. Here most probably, at the upper source of the wady Farah stream, between Salim and Ainun, was John's Aenon
Salem - Jerome, however, states that the Salem of Melchizedek was not Jerusalem, but a town eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis, and identifies it with Salim, where John baptized. See Salim
Salim - Eusebius and Jerome (Onomasticon) mention Salim as near Jordan, eight Roman miles S. Exactly agreeing with this is Salim, six English miles S. A Mussulman's [Muslim's (?)] tomb on the northern base of Tell Redghah, near ruins, is called Sheykh Salim (Van de Velde, Syriac and Pal
sa'Lim - John's last baptisms; Salim being the well-known town, and AEnon a place of fountains or other waters near it. [SALEM ] The name of Salim has been discovered by Mr
Salim - Supposed to be a village east of Shechem, still called Salim , 32 12' N, 35 19' E
Sha'Lem - It is certainly remarkable that there should be a modern village hearing the name of Salim three miles east of Nablus , the ancient Shechem
Enon - The place where John baptized, was near Salim, on the west side of the Jordan, John 1:28 ; 3:26
Salim - Salim , near to which was Ænon ( John 3:23 ), lay on the west of Jordan (cf. Ænon is placed by the Onomasticon eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis ( Beisân ), ‘near to Salim and Jordan
Aenon - Springs, a place near Salim where John baptized (John 3:23 )
ae'Non - (springs ) a place "near to Salim," at which John baptized
Shalem - Perfect, a place (probably the village of Salim) some 2 miles east of Jacob's well
Enon - A place near Salim where John was baptizing
Aenon - The biblical text indicates that Aenon was a place richly endowed with water near Salim, which precise location is unknown
e'Non - (springs ), a place "near to Salim," at which John baptized
Shalem - Otherwise we must suppose Shalem to be a small town (in the neighbourhood of Shechem), which has been identified with a village called Salim
Aenon - —Mentioned only in John 3:23 ‘And John also was baptizing in aenon near to Salim, because there were many waters there’ ((Revised Version margin)). Three-quarters of a mile to the north of these springs van de Velde found a tomb bearing the name of Sheikh Salim. But the fact that a modern sheikh bore the name Salim is far from satisfactory proof that the Salim of our narrative was at tins place. If we are to find Salim in Samaria at all, does not the mention of it as a well-known place suggest the well-known Salim 4 miles east of Shechem? And would it not be gratuitous for the Evangelist to say of a place so near the Jordan that there was much water there? But, in spite of these objections, Sanday (Sacred Sites of the Gospels, p. Three miles south of the valley (7 miles from ‛Ainun) stands Salim. But (a) ‛Ainun is not ‘near to Salim,’ the two places being 7 miles apart, and separated by the great Wady Fârʿah. ] 2 [Note: designates the particular edition of the work referred] , and ‘Salim’ in Encyc
Ariel - It has recently been proposed to read Uri-el (‘city of God’) as a paronomasia or play of words on Uru-Salim , the earliest recorded form of the name ‘Jerusalem
Salim - Salim. —Mentioned only John 3:23 ‘aenon near to Salim,’ to fix the place where John was baptizing, ‘because there was much water there. , when he writes: ‘Salim pugilli sive volae aut ortus aquarum, quod brevius graece dicitur βρύοντα’; pugilli and volœ = שׁעלים. She then remembered that in the Bible it was written: ‘Baptizasse sanctum Johannem in Enon juxta Salim. But instead of seeking the place west of the Jordan at Sheikh Salim, Mommert now seeks aenon east of it at ‘Ain Djirm (‘well of the leprosy’), at the foot of the hill ‘Scharabil,’ as he spells it, or ‘Scharhabît’ as it is spelt on the map of Fischer-Guthe, opposite to Tell Ridhgah, with which it has been identified hitherto. ... We thus get the following identifications: (1) Tell Ridhgah, (2) Sharabil, (3) Salim east of Nâblus, (4) Wady Sulcim near Anata, (5) ‘Ain Karim, (6) Shilhim in the Negeb
Salem - (Genesis 33:18) And it is more than probable that the Salim where John baptised was a distinct place known by this name
Jerusalem - (Hebrew: Salim, peace) ... Ancient city in Palestine, the religious and political center of the Israelites, situated 15 miles west of the Jordan on the crest of a chain of mountains which traverses Palestine from north to south
Jebus, Jebusites - It was formerly supposed that Jebus was the original name of Jerusalem, but the letters of Abdi-Khiba among the el-Amarna tablets prove that the city was called Jerusalem ( Uru-Salim ) about b
Melchizedek - Gerizim and not far from Shechem; (2) with the Salim of John 3:23 in the Jordan Valley S. , since it appears in the Tell el-Amarna tablets as Uru-Salim
Water (2) - ‘Jesus went up straightway out of the water’ (Matthew 3:16 || Mark 1:10); ‘Send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water’ (Luke 16:24); ‘John was baptizing in aenon, near to Salim, because there was much water there’ (John 5:1-7)
Ephraim (1) - It passed Taanath Shiloh (probably Salim)
Ebla - Biblical place names such as Salim, Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo, Gaza, Dor, Sinai, Ashtaroth, and Joppa seemingly appear repeatedly in the Ebla texts
John the Baptist - ; and see Bethany, Salim)
Ebla - Biblical place names such as Salim, Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo, Gaza, Dor, Sinai, Ashtaroth, and Joppa seemingly appear repeatedly in the Ebla texts
Jerusalem - The name is there spelt Uru-Salim ("city of peace")
Jordan - ) His third place of baptism was near Aenon and Salim, still further to the N
Jacob - For "Shalem, a city of Shechem," translated with Samaritan Pentateuch, "Jacob came in peace to the city of Shechem," though there is still a Salim E
Dates (2) - It was after the Passover of John 2:13 that Jesus and His disciples baptized in Judaea, while John was baptizing in aenon near to Salim (John 3:22 f