Places Study on Perga

Places Study on Perga

Acts 13: Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.
Acts 13: But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.
Acts 14: And when they had preached the word in Perga, they went down into Attalia:
Revelation 1: Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
Revelation 2: And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;

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Easton's Bible Dictionary - Perga
The capital of Pamphylia, on the coast of Asia Minor. Paul and his companions landed at this place from Cyprus on their first missionary journey (Acts 13:13,14 ), and here Mark forsook the party and returned to Jerusalem. Some time afterwards Paul and Barnabas again visited this city and "preached the word" (14:25). It stood on the banks of the river Cestrus, some 7 miles from its mouth, and was a place of some commercial importance. It is now a ruin, called Eski Kalessi.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Perga
Very earthy
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Perga
City of Pamphylia in Asia Minor. It was twice visited by Paul. Acts 13:13,14 ; Acts 14:25 . Its ruins are called Eski-Kalesi.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Perga
On the river Cestrus, then navigable up to the city; in Pamphylia. (See PAMPHYLIA.) The scene of John Mark's deserting Paul. Its inhabitants retreat during the unhealthy summer heats up to the cool hollows (the Yailahs) in the Pisidian hills. Paul came in May when the passes would be cleared of snow, and would join a Pamphylian company on their way to the Pisidian heights (Acts 13:13), and would return with them on his way from Antioch in Pisidia (Acts 14:24-25). He and Barnabas preached here.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Perga
A city of Pamphylia, Acts 13:13 ; 14:25 . This is not a maritime city, but is situated on the river Cestrus, at some distance from its mouth, which has long been obstructed by a bar. It was one of the most considerable cities in Pamphylia; and when that province was divided into two parts, this city became the metropolis of one part, and side of the other. On a neighboring mountain was a splendid temple of Diana, which gave celebrity to the city.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Perga
PERGA. An inland city of Pamphylia about 12 miles from Attalia on the coast, but possessing a river harbour of its own on the Cestrus 5 miles away. Its walls date from the 3rd century b.c. It was the chief native city of Pamphylia, and never seems to have come much under Greek influence, but it had a coinage of its own from the 2nd cent. b.c. to a.d. 276. ‘Artemis of Perga’ was the chief object of worship, and she resembled ‘Diana of the Ephesians’ in her rites and images, being sometimes represented like the Greek Artemis as goddess of the chase, but more often by a pillar of stone, the top of which was rounded or roughly carved to represent a head. Her worship was more Asiatic than Greek. Her temple probably possessed the right of sanctuary.

St. Paul passed through Perga twice on his first missionary journey. See Pamphylia. But Christianity did not take root there easily. Perga is not mentioned in early martyrologies. When the Empire became Christian, it was the seat of a metropolitan bishop, but after the blow suffered by the Byzantine Empire at the battle of Manzikert, a.d. 1071, Perga seems to have fallen into the hands of the Turks. In a.d. 1084 we find Attalia made a metropolitan bishopric, and it is the only bishopric in Pamphylia now. The modern name of the site of Perga is Murtana .

A. E. Hillard.

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Perga - Perga. ‘Artemis of Perga’ was the chief object of worship, and she resembled ‘Diana of the Ephesians’ in her rites and images, being sometimes represented like the Greek Artemis as goddess of the chase, but more often by a pillar of stone, the top of which was rounded or roughly carved to represent a head. Paul passed through Perga twice on his first missionary journey. Perga is not mentioned in early martyrologies. 1071, Perga seems to have fallen into the hands of the Turks. The modern name of the site of Perga is Murtana
Attalia - Seaport of Pamphylia, near Perga, visited by Paul and Barnabas. It was founded by Attalus king of Pergamus: now called Adalia
Attalia - Philadelphus, king of Pergamos (159-138 b. ), who desired a more convenient haven than Perga (15 miles N. Attalia differed from its rival Perga, a centre of native Anatolian religious feeling, in being a thoroughly Hellenized city, honouring the usual classical deities-Zeus, Athene, and Apollo. Both politically and ecclesiastically it gradually overshadowed Perga, and to-day it is the most flourishing seaport, with the exception of Marsina, on the south coast of Asia Minor
Attalia - A seaport in Pamphylia, at the mouth of the river Catarrhactes, visited by Paul and Barnabas on their way from Perga to Antioch, Acts 14:25
Pamphylia - But more important was the native town of Perga, situated inland and having apparently a port of its own on the river Cestrus at a distance of 5 miles. , where a goddess ‘Artemis of Perga’ was worshipped, her rites corresponding to those associated with Diana of the Ephesians, and being therefore more Asiatic than Greek. Pamphylia was in turn subject to Persia, Macedonia, Syria, Pergamus, and Rome. ... Paul and Barnabas on their first missionary journey crossed from Cyprus to Perga, but seem to have gone straight on to Antioch without preaching. It was at Perga that John Mark left them (Acts 13:13 ). On the return journey, before taking ship at Attalia, they preached at Perga ( Acts 14:25 ), but by this time they had definitely determined to ‘turn to the Gentiles’ (cf. See Perga
Pamphylia - " The chief city of Pamphylia was Perga, where Paul and Barnabas preached, Acts 13:13 ; 14:24
Pamphylia - Paul and his company, loosing from Paphos, sailed north-west and came to Perga, the capital of Pamphylia (Acts 13:13,14 ), a province about the middle of the southern sea-board of Asia Minor
Pamphylia - Paul and Barnabas preached at Perga, in Pamphylia, Acts 13:13 ; Acts 14:24
Pamphylia - He visited Pamphylia at his first missionary tour, sailing from Paphos in Cyprus to Perga in Pamphylia on the river Cestrus, where Mark forsook him (Acts 13:13; Acts 15:38). " Also Acts 13:13-14, "from Perga to Antioch in Pisidia," and Acts 14:24, "after Pisidia
Pisidia - Paul twice visited Pisidia, passing directly north from Perga to Antioch, Acts 13:14, and again returning through Pisidia to Pamphylia
Attalia - Paul and Barnabas came on there from Perga, and took ship for Antioch ( Acts 14:25 )
Pamphylia - The Bible does not mention his preaching there when he passed through it the first time (Acts 13:13-14), but on his return he preached in the main town of Perga
Pisid'ia - , both in going from Perga to Iconium, ( Acts 13:13,14,51 ) and in returning
Pisidia - Paul passed through Pisidia twice on his first missionary tour; in going from Perga to Iconium, and in returning (Acts 13:13-14; Acts 13:51; Acts 14:21; Acts 14:24-25; 2 Timothy 3:11)
Pamphylia - One of the chief cities was Perga, where John Mark left Paul and Barnabas during the first missionary journey (Acts 13:13 )
Pamphyl'ia - He and Barnabas sailed up the river Cestrus to Perga
Pisidia - Paul and Barnabas came through Antioch (Acts 13:14 ) after John Mark left them in Perga (Acts 13:13 )
Mary, Mother of Mark - His attachment to her was probably one cause of his return to Jerusalem from Perga (Acts 13:13)
Pamphylia - Its chief maritime cities-Attalia, Perga and Side-had to deal only with a limited traffic, and never rose to any great importance. Landing at the river-harbour of Perga, they merely ‘passed through from’ the city (Acts 13:14), hastening northward over the Taurus to Antioch in Pisidia. About two years later the return journey was made by Perga and Attalia (Acts 14:25), and on this occasion the gospel was preached in the former city, but apparently little impression was made
Mark, Marcus - He accompanied Paul and Barnabas on their first missionary journey, but left them at Perga
Mark or Marcus - He was also the companion of Paul and Barnabas in their journey through Greece to Antioch, Perga, and Pamphylia, at which last place he left them and returned to Jerusalem, much to the dissatisfaction of Paul, Acts 13:5 , etc
Mark - He left them at Perga and returned to Jerusalem
Mark - 47) as their "minister," but from some cause turned back when they reached Perga in Pamphylia (Acts 12:25 ; 13:13 )
Mark, John - Mark readily accompanied him as "minister" (hufretes , "subordinate") to the country of his kindred; but had not the spiritual strength to overcome his Jewish prejudices which he probably imbibed from his spiritual father Peter (Galatians 2:11-14), so as to accompany Paul the apostle of the Gentiles further than Perga of Pamphylia, in his first missionary tour to the pagan. The Colossians, 110 miles distant from Perga, 20 from Pisidia, knew of Mark's past unfaithfulness, and so needed the recommendation to "receive" him as a true evangelist, ignoring the past
Loose - ... Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga, in Pamphylia
Mark, - " ( Acts 13:8 ) With them he visited Cyprus; but at Perga in Pamphylia, (Acts 13:13 ) when they were about to enter upon the more arduous part of their mission, he left them, and, for some unexplained reason, returned to Jerusalem to his mother and his home
Barnabas - They preached at Perga in Pamphylia without much success, by reason of the obstinacy and malice of the Jews; but being come to Iconium, they made many converts
Mark (John) - He is termed ὁ κολοβοδάκτυλος† [Note: Several explanations of this term have been given: (1) that it means ‘deserter’ (Tregelles) and is applied to Mark because of his defection at Perga; but one so honourably remembered would not be so opprobriously nicknamed; (2) that Mark was a Levite and ‘amputasse sibi post fidem pollicem dicitur ut sacerdotio reprobus haberetur’ (Monarchian Prologues [TU xv. At Perga he cut himself adrift from the party-it may be because, being sensitively timid from his physical defect, he shrank from the hazardous venture across the Taurus; or, holding the narrower views of his teacher Peter concerning the Gentiles, he was out of sympathy with a campaign that had overshot its intentions; or because some filial duty called him (cf
Mark (John) - Mark remained with the Apostles on their journey through Cyprus, but left them at Perga in Pamphylia ( Acts 13:13 ) either from cowardice, or, more probably, because the journey to Pisidian Antioch and beyond, involving work among distant Gentiles, was a change of plan which he did not approve (Ramsay)
Phrygia - ... When the Romans inherited the kingdom of Pergamus in b. From Perga he and Barnabas made their way N
Mark - At Perga, Mark withdrew from the mission, for what reason is not stated. This opinion may be regarded as receiving confirmation from his conduct at Perga, on the most charitable view of that incident
Mark - Not long after, he set out from Antioch with those Apostles upon a journey, which they undertook by the direction of the Holy Spirit, for the purpose of preaching the Gospel in different countries: but he soon left them, probably without sufficient reason, in Perga in Pamphylia, and went to Jerusalem, Acts 13
Barnabas - Soon after their return to Antioch they were solemnly set apart by the Church for special evangelization work, and started on what is usually called the first missionary journey, in the course of which they visited Cyprus and the southern parts of Asia Minor, accompanied as far as Perga in Pamphylia by John Mark (q
Paul - The missionaries now crossed to the mainland, and then proceeded 6 or 7 miles up the river Cestrus to Perga (Acts 13:13 ), where John Mark deserted the work and returned to Jerusalem. From Perga they sailed direct for Antioch, from which they had set out. It possessed a splendid harbour, in which was concentrated the traffic of the sea which was then the highway of the nations; and as Liverpool has behind her the great towns of Lancashire, so had Ephesus behind and around her such cities as those mentioned along with her in the epistles to the churches in the book of Revelation, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea
Paul - At Perga in Pamphylia Mark forsook him and Barnabas. " From Pisidia they came to Perga and Attalia; thence to Antioch, where they reported at what may be called the first missionary meeting or covention "all that God had done with them, opening the door of faith unto the Gentiles"; and so ended Paul's first missionary tour
Roads And Travel - 24) that ‘perils of robbers’ refers to the journey from Perga in Pamphylia across Mt. Reaching land at Attaleia in the province of Pamphylia they sailed up the river Cestrus as far as Perga
Paul - From Paphos "Paul and his company" set sail for the mainland, and arrived at Perga in Pamphylia. From Perga they travelled on to a place obscure in secular history, but most memorable in the history of the Kingdom of Christ --Antioch in Pisidia
Euchites - of Perga, who were stimulated by energetic letters from Atticus bp
Paul - They landed at Salamis and traveled the length of the island to Paphos, from whence they set sail to Perga on Turkey's southern shore
Gospels - " Mark probably wrote while having the opportunity of Peter's guidance in Palestine, between his return from Perga and his second journey with Barnabas in or for Caesarea, the second center of gospel preaching as Jerusalem was the first and Antioch the third, the scene of Cornelius' conversion by Peter, Mark's father in the faith, the head quarters of the Roman forces in Palestine, where Philip the evangelist resided
Paul - 45, and preached the Gospel successively at Salamis and Paphos, two cities of the isle of Cyprus, at Perga in Pamphylia, Antioch in Pisidia, and at Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe, three cities of Lycaonia