Places Study on Pelusium

Places Study on Pelusium

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A Dictionary of Early Christian Biography - Eusebius, Bishop of Pelusium
Eusebius (71) , bp. of Pelusium, between Ammonius and Georgius. He was present at the council of Ephesus in 431 (Mansi, iv. 1127 A, 1219 B, 1366 D; v. 615 C). His contemporary Isidore, abbat of Pelusiurn, depicts him in the darkest colours, as a man of some taste and some ability, an "agreeable" preacher (Ep. i. 112; cf. v. 301), but hot-tempered (v. 196; cf. iii. 44) and easily swayed by men worse than himself (ii. 127; v. 451); his hands were not clear of simoniacal gain, which he employed in building a splendid church (i. 37; ii. 246); he "entrusted the flock to dogs, wolves, foxes" (v. 147), "the monasteries to herdsmen and runaway slaves" (i. 262); he was forgetful of the poor, and inaccessible to remonstrance (iii. 260). His confidants were Lucius the archdeacon, who was said to take money for ordinations (i. 29); Zosimus a priest, who disgraced his grey hairs by vices (i. 140; ii. 75, 205, etc.) and retained contributions meant for the poor (v. 210); and three deacons, Eustathius, Anatolius, and Maron (i. 223; ii. 28, 29, etc.), with whom Gotthius (ii. 10), Simon, and Chaeremon (v. 48, 373) are associated. The greediness of those who administered the church property was insatiable (v. 79). The offences of these men, or of some of them, were so gross that men cried out against them as effective advocates of Epicureanism (ii, 153, 230), and Isidore had to tell his correspondents that he had done his best (as, indeed, many of his letters shew, e.g. i. 140, 436; ii. 28, 39, etc.) to reclaim the offenders, but that the physician could not compel the patient to follow his advice, that "God the Word Himself" could not save Judas (iv. 205.) that a good man should not soil his lips by denouncing their conduct (iii. 229; v. 116), and that nothing remained but to pray for their conversion (v. 2, 105, etc.), and in the meantime to distinguish between the man and the office (ii. 52), and to remember that the unworthiness of the minister hindered not the effect of the sacraments (ii. 32). But the fullest account of the misgovernment of the church of Pelusium is given in the story of Martinianus (ii. 127), whom Eusebius had ordained, and made "oeconomus" or church steward. He played the knave and tyrant, treated the bishops as his tool, was more than once in peril of his life from the indignation of the citizens, went to Alexandria, was menaced by archbp. Cyril with excommunication, but returned and imputed to Cyril himself a participation in simony. Such things induced many to leave Pelusium in disgust; "the altar lacked ministers" (i. 38); a pious deacon, such as Eutonius, was oppressed by Zosimus (ii. 131) and attacked by the whole clergy, to some extent out of subserviency to the bishop (v. 564). Eusebius is not mentioned among the Fathers of the council of Chalcedon in 451. In 457 he and Peter, bp. of Majuma, assisted at the ordination of Timotheus Aelurus to the see of Alexandria (Evagr. H. E. ii. 8), and those who were parties to that proceeding are stated by Theodorus Lector ( H. E. i. 9) to have been deposed bishops. The epistle of the Egyptian bishops to Anatolius ( Cod. Encyc. in Mansi, vii. 533 A) represents the two bishops (here unnamed) who ordained Timotheus as having no communion with the Catholic church. Le Quien, Or. Chr. ii. 533; Tillem. Mém. xv. 747, 748, 782-788.



Holman Bible Dictionary - Pelusium
(peh' lew ssih uhm) Egyptian military outpost near the mouth of the easternmost branch of the Nile, about eighteen miles west of the Suez Canal, identified with modern el Farama. Some modern translations follow the Vulgate in reading Pelusium at Ezekiel 30:15-16 (NIV, NRSV, TEV; also KJV and NAS margins). Pelusium was the site of the defeat of Pharoah Psammetichus III by Cambyses of Persia in 525 B.C. KJV, NAS follow the Hebrew in reading Sin. Some Greek and Latin witnesses read Sais, the capital of the Twenty-Sixth (Saite) Dynasty (663-525 B.C.), at Ezekiel 30:15 . Sais was located on the westernmost branch of the Nile. The REB follows the earliest Greek translation in reading Syene (modern Aswan) at Ezekiel 30:16 . See Sin .

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Sin, - It is identified in the Vulgate with Pelusium, "the clayey or muddy" town. Herodotus relates that Sennacherib advanced against Pelusium, and that near Pelusium Cambyses defeated Psammenitus
Pelusiac - ) Of or pertaining to Pelusium, an ancient city of Egypt; as, the Pelusiac (or former eastern) outlet of the Nile
Sin (1) - ) Pelusium (Ezekiel 30:15-16), the strength of Egypt, its frontier fortress on the N. " But Lepsius explains Pelusium the Philistine town, the last held by the shepherd dynasty (?). " Ezekiel's prophecy "Sin shall have great pain" was fulfilled in the Persian Cambyses' great cruelty to the Egyptians after conquering Psammenitus near Pelusium
Pelusium - Some modern translations follow the Vulgate in reading Pelusium at Ezekiel 30:15-16 (NIV, NRSV, TEV; also KJV and NAS margins). Pelusium was the site of the defeat of Pharoah Psammetichus III by Cambyses of Persia in 525 B
Brook of Egypt - It empties into the Mediterranean about midway between the sites of Gaza and Pelusium
Sin - City in Egypt: the LXX has Σάι>ς, and the Vulgate (as in the margin), Pelusium
Sin - City in Egypt: the LXX has Σάι>ς, and the Vulgate (as in the margin), Pelusium
Casluhim - ) conjectures Casiotis, a region between Gaza and Pelusium, called from Mount Custos
Antioch, School of - The principal representatives of the school are: John Chrysostom, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Isidore of Pelusium, and Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus
School of Antioch - The principal representatives of the school are: John Chrysostom, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Isidore of Pelusium, and Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus
Omophorion - Probably derived from the civilomophorion, a shawl in general use that existed in the time of Isidore of Pelusium, c
Shur - This wall or line of fortifications extended from Pelusium to Heliopolis
Gerrenians - The analogy of 1Ma 11:59 suggests some place near the border of Egypt; but Gerrha , between Pelusium and Rhinocolura, was in Egyptian territory
Syene - from the fortress near Pelusium on the N
Sinim - In the south, Sin ( Pelusium , Ezekiel 30:15 f
Migdol -
A strongly-fortified place 12 miles from Pelusium, in the north of Egypt (Jeremiah 44:1 ; 46:14 )
Tahapanes - Tahpanhes=Tehaphnehes, (called "Daphne" by the Greeks, now Tell Defenneh), an ancient Egyptian city, on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, about 16 miles from Pelusium
Tahapanes - This city lay in the vicinity of Pelusium, towards the southwest, on the western bank of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, and is therefore called by Herodotus the Pelusiac Daphne
Migdol - It may be identical with Magdolo in a Roman Itinerary, perhaps at the now deserted site of Tell el-Her, 12 miles south of Pelusium
Migdol - Some prefer to identify Tjeku with Succoth, modern-day tell el-Maskhutah, while others identify it with tell el-Her located further north near Pelusium. For this reason we may assume with some certainty that there were at least two sites named Migdol: the Migdol referred to by Jeremiah and Ezekiel located near Pelusium, and the Migdol on the route of the Exodus located near Succoth
Eusebius, Bishop of Pelusium - of Pelusium, between Ammonius and Georgius. But the fullest account of the misgovernment of the church of Pelusium is given in the story of Martinianus (ii. Such things induced many to leave Pelusium in disgust; "the altar lacked ministers" (i
Tahpanhes - border, near Pelusium, of which it was the outpost; therefore soon reached from Palestine by Johanan (Jeremiah 43:7; Jeremiah 43:9)
Shur - 6:7) makes it Pelusium, near the Nile's mouth; others the N
Phenicia - Sometimes it has been defined as extending from north to south, from Orthosia as far as Pelusium
Tirhakah - 10:1-3) represent Sennacherib to have advanced to Pelusium; here Tirhakah, the ally of Sethos, the king priest of Lower Egypt, and of Hezekiah, forced Sennacherib to retire, His acquisition of the throne of Egypt seems subsequent to his accession to the Ethiopian throne, and to the diversion which he made in favor of Hezekiah against Sennacherib
Caphtor - The Philistines were first a Casluchian colony between Gaza and Pelusium, which was afterward strengthened by immigrants from Caphtor, and extended its territory by pressing out the Avvim (Deuteronomy 2:23; Joshua 13:3)
Onion - Religious nation, sure! and blest abodes, Where ev'ry garden is o'errun with gods!" ... So Lucian in his Jupiter, where he is giving an account of the different deities worshipped by the several inhabitants of Egypt, says, Πηλουσιωταις δε κρομμυον , "those of Pelusium worship the onion
Sin - Its name means mire, and in this it agrees with Pelusium and Tineh, the Greek and modern names of the same place
Libnah - 141) gives the Egyptian story, that Sennacherib retreated from Pelusium, the Egyptian gods having sent field mice which gnawed their bowstrings and shield straps, a corruption of Jehovah's promise above
Egypt - The ancients numbered seven arms and mouths; the eastern was that of Pelusium, now that of Tineh; and the western that of Canopus, now that of Aboukir. The desert between this point, the Red Sea, and the ancient Pelusium, seems to have been the desert of Shur, Genesis 20:1 , now El-Djefer. Sin, "the strength [key] of Egypt," Ezekiel 30:15 , was probably Pelusium
Sin - Sin, a city in Egypt, called by the Greeks Pelusium, which means, as does also the Hebrew name, "clayey" or "muddy," so called from the abundance of clay found there
Habakkuk - The speed with which the enemy moves, said by some to be altogether inapplicable to the Chaldæans, may be illustrated by the marvellously rapid ride of Nebuchadrezzar himself, from Pelusium to Babylon, to take the kingdom on the death of his father
Didymus, Head of the Catechetical School - 15); and Isidore of Pelusium (Ep
Ptolemae'us, - The generals of Ptolemy were defeated near Pelusium, probably at the close of B
Isidorus Pelusiota, an Eminent Ascetic - The place he selected was near Pelusium, an ancient border-town at one of the Nile mouths. 391) denounces a homicide who went "swaggering" through Pelusium (i. 226 on the martyrs who "guard the city" of Pelusium); the benediction given by the bishop "from his high chair," and the response "And with thy spirit" (i
Commerce - The two principal routes from Palestine into Egypt were, the one along the shores of the Mediterranean from Gaza to Pelusium, and the other from Gaza by the way of Mount Sinai and the Elanitic branch of the Red Sea
Hezekiah - Moreover the Egyptian priests told Herodotus, from their records, that, a century and a half before Cambyses, Sennacherib led a host of Assyrians and Arabs to the Egyptian border where king Sethos met them near Pelusium on the E. In the former invasion Sennacherib in his first, expedition inflicted a decisive blow on the united forces of Egypt and Ethiopia at Altagu (possibly the Eltekon of Joshua 15:59); but now he was forced to raise the siege of Pelusium by Tirhakah, and send an imperious letter to Hezekiah by Rabshakeh, whose sneers at his religious reforms in removing the high places (2 Kings 18:22-32) and flattering promises in fluent Hebrew to the people favor the idea that he was a renegade Jew
Egypt - The native princes were no doubt hostile at heart to the Ethiopian domination: on his departure, Esarhaddon left these, to the number of 20, with Assyrian garrisons, in charge of different parts of the country; an Assyrian governor, however, was appointed to Pelusium, which was the key of Egypt. The Assyrian governor of Pelusium was accused of treachery with Niku (Neko), prince of Sais and Memphis, and Pekrûr of Pisapt (Goshen), and their correspondence with Tahrak was intercepted
Psalms of Solomon - For he, as a Roman, came from the West, and thither he led back to grace his triumph in Rome the Jewish prince Aristobulus; he availed himself of the quarrels between the Jewish princes Hyrcanus and Aristobulus and their supporters to secure the Roman power in Judah; he was at first approached and welcomed by both these princes, but in the end he was resolutely resisted by Aristobulus in Jerusalem, so that he was compelled to bring up battering-rams from Tyre where-with to break down the fortified wall of Jerusalem; he shocked Jewish feeling by intruding into the Holy of Holies, and fifteen years after he had captured Jerusalem and profaned the Temple, he was slain beside Mons Cassius near Pelusium, his body being at first left unburied on the Egyptian shore, and then hastily and unceremoniously burned... A considerable similarity of tone and temper and the possibility of satisfying all the specific allusions, more or less completely, by what is known independently of the condition of the Jews between about 80 and 40 b
Joannes, Bishop of Antioch - Isidore of Pelusium and other adherents of Cyril expressed a fear that he had made too large concessions; while John had given great offence to many of his warmest supporters, who accused him of truckling to powerful advocates of a hollow peace to secure his position as bishop
Thecla - Isidore of Pelusium (lib
Jerusalem - At the same time it lay out of the great highway between Egypt and Syria and Assyria, so often traversed by armies of these mutually hostile world powers, the low sea coast plain from Pelusium to Tyre; hence it generally enjoyed immunity from wars
Egypt - It extended from Migdol (near Pelusium, N