And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was
in Ophrah, that pertained
unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it
from the Midianites.
Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is
yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, even
in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.
And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and was buried in the sepulchre of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
And he went unto his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, being
threescore and ten persons, upon one stone: notwithstanding yet Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.
1 Samuel 13:
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to
Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
1 Chronicles 4:
And Meonothai begat Ophrah: and Seraiah begat Joab, the father of the valley of Charashim; for they were craftsmen.
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Ophrah (ŏf'rah), female fawn. 1. A town in Benjamin toward which an invading company of Philistines went. Joshua 18:23; 1 Samuel 13:17. Some suppose it is identical with Ephrain or Ephron, 2 Chronicles 13:19, and with the city of Ephraim, to which our Lord retired after raising Lazarus. John 11:54 Eusebius and Jerome located it about five Roman miles east of Bethel. 2. Ophrah of the Abi-ezerite. Judges 6:11; Judges 6:24. This was the place where Gideon saw the angel, erected an altar, and where he was buried. Judges 8:27; Judges 8:32. Here Abimelech slew 70 of his kindred, and the town appears to have been near Shechem, in the territory of Manasseh. Judges 9:1; Judges 9:5-6; Judges 9:15. The Palestine Memoirs suggest as its site the village of Ferata, near Shechem.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
A fawn. 1 Chronicles 4:14 .
A city of Benjamin (Joshua 18:23 ); probably identical with Ephron (2 Chronicles 13:19 ) and Ephraim (John 11:54 ).
"Of the Abi-ezrites." A city of Manasseh, 6 miles south-west of Shechem, the residence of Gideon (Judges 6:11 ; 8:27,32 ). After his great victory over the Midianites, he slew at this place the captive kings (8:18-21). He then assumed the function of high priest, and sought to make Ophrah what Shiloh should have been. This thing "became a snare" to Gideon and his house. After Gideon's death his family resided here till they were put to death by Abimelech (Judges 9:5 ). It is identified with Ferata.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
OPHRAH. 1 . A town in Benjamin ( Joshua 18:23 ) which was somewhere near Michmash, and is only once elsewhere referred to, as an indication of the direction of a Philistine raid ( 1 Samuel 13:17 ). The data for its identification are insufficient: Jerome states that it was 5 Roman miles east from Bethel. 2. Ophrah ‘that pertaineth unto Joash the Abiezrite’ i.e . to a member of a sept of the tribe of Manasseh ( Joshua 17:2 ), was the native village of Gideon. It is not mentioned except in connexion with the history of him and of his son Abimelech ( Judges 6:1-40 ; Judges 7:1-25 ; Judges 8:1-35 ; Judges 9:1-57 ). No satisfactory identification has been proposed. 3. A name in the genealogy of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:14 ).
R. A. S. Macalister.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(behth-ohf' ruh) NIV spelling of Beth-le-Aphrah. See Beth-le-Aphrah .
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Dust; lead; a fawn
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. In Benjamin (Joshua 18:23; 1 Samuel 13:17). Jerome makes it five miles E. of Bethel. Probably the same as Ephron. (See EPHRON; EPHRAIM.) Taiyibeh is now on its site.
2. Ophrah of the Abiezrites, Gideon's place of birth (Judges 6:11-24; Judges 8:32; Judges 9:5), residence, and burial. He put the ephod here which he had adorned with the Midianites' gold, and to it all Israel resorted in pilgrimage for worship, a spiritual "whoring" (Judges 8:27). In Manasseh, not far from Shechem (Judges 9:1; Judges 9:5). Now Erfai (Van de Velde); Erafa (Schwartz). Epher a head of Manasseh probably gave the name (1 Chronicles 5:24), migrating there with Abiezer and Shechem (Numbers 26:30; Joshua 17:2).
3. 1 Chronicles 4:14, "Meonothai begat (or else founded) Ophrah" of Judah.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. City in Benjamin. Joshua 18:23 ; 1 Samuel 13:17 . Perhaps the same as EPHRAINin 2 Chronicles 13:19 and EPHRAIMin John 11:54 . Identified with et Taiyibeh, 31 57' N, 35 18' E .
2. City in Manasseh, the native place of Gideon. Judges 6:11,24 ; Judges 8:27,32 ; Judges 9:5 . Identified by some with Fer'ata, the old name of which was Ophrah. It is six miles west of Shechem.
3. Son of Meonothai. 1 Chronicles 4:14 .
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ahf' ruh) Name meaning, “fawn.” 1. Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:14 ); 2 . City in Benjamin (Joshua 18:23 ), likely north of Michmash (1 Samuel 13:17-18 ). This Ophrah is perhaps identical with Ephron (2 Chronicles 13:19 ) and Ephraim (2 Samuel 13:23 ; John 11:54 ). Jerome located Ophrah five Roman miles east of Bethel. This site is likely et-Taiyibeh five miles north of Michmash and four miles northeast of Bethel. 3. Town associated with the Abiezer clan of Manasseh who settled west of the Jordan (Judges 6:11 ,Judges 6:11,6:15 ,Judges 6:15,6:24 ; Judges 8:32 ). This Ophrah was the home of Gideon. Suggested sites include et-Taiyibeh south of modern Tulkarm, et-Taiyibeh (Afula) on the Plain of Esdraelon west of Mount Moreh, and Fer'ata west of Mount Gerazim near Shechem. The latter site is better identified with Tizrah.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
A city of Benjamin, (Joshua 18:23) from Haphar, dust.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
1. A town of the Benjamites, located by Eusebius five miles east of Bethel; near which site stands the modern village Taiyibeh, on a conical hill, Joshua 18:23 ; 1 Samuel 13:17 .
2. A town of Manesseh where Gideon resided; and where after his death his ephod was superstitiously adored, Judges 6:11-24 ; 8:27 .
- This Ophrah
is perhaps identical with Ephron (2 Chronicles 13:19 ) and Ephraim (2 Samuel 13:23 ; John 11:54 ). Jerome located Ophrah
five Roman miles east of Bethel. This Ophrah
was the home of Gideon
- Jehovah send peace, the name which Gideon gave to the altar he erected on the spot at Ophrah
where the angel appeared to him (Judges 6:24 )
- Related to Ophrah
, Gideon's native place in Manasseh W
- ” Name Gideon gave to the altar he built at Ophrah
(Judges 6:24 )
Shual, Land of
- The close connexion of Ophrah
with the district named indicates that this was one of its towns
‘that pertaineth unto Joash the Abiezrite’ i
of the Abiezrites, Gideon's place of birth (Judges 6:11-24; Judges 8:32; Judges 9:5), residence, and burial. 1 Chronicles 4:14, "Meonothai begat (or else founded) Ophrah
" of Judah
(ŏf'rah), female fawn. Ophrah
of the Abi-ezerite
- ) Gideon so-called his altar of thanksgiving (not sacrifice) in Ophrah
, to commemorate the angel of Jehovah's salutation, "Peace be unto thee"; where rather judgment for national backslidings was to have been expected, and when he himself had feared death, as having seen the angel of Jehovah
- (af' ruh) KJV interpretation of place name in Micah 1:10 , also called Beth Ophrah
(NIV) or Beth-le-aphrah (RSV; NAS); or Beth Leaphrah (TEV)
- A place near Ophrah
( Judges 8:18 )
- A city of Ephraim; perhaps the same as Ophrah
- ( 2 Chronicles 13:19 ) It has been conjectured that this Ephrain or Ephron is identical with the Ephraim by which Absalom's sheep-farm of Baal-hazor was situated; with the city called Ephraim near the wilderness in which our Lord lived for some time; and with Ophrah
, a city of Benjamin, apparently not far from Bethel
- Identified by some with Fer'ata, the old name of which was Ophrah
- Thus, Ophrah
of Benjamin probably is identical with Ephraim (1 Samuel 13:17
- According to Judges 6:24 ; Judges 8:32 , the Abiezrites were settled at Ophrah
; they were the first to obey the summons of Joshua to fight against the Midianites
- He then assumed the function of high priest, and sought to make Ophrah
what Shiloh should have been
- Territory belonging to clan of Abiezer of tribe of Manasseh located in southwest part of Manasseh's territory and including towns of Elmattan, Ophrah
, and Tetel
More fully, Ophrah
OF THE ABIEZRITES, the native place of Gideon (Judges 6:11 ) and the scene of his exploits against Baal, ver
- of Jordan; for Joash the Abiezrite lived in Ophrah
, which seems to have been on a hill, facing from the S
- Hence when Gideon was visited by the angel under the oak at Ophrah
, at the close of the interview he built an altar unto the Lord, and called it Jehovah Shalomâthat is, as the margin of the Bible renders it, the Lord send peace
(1 Chronicles 4:14) is related to Orpah (Ruth 1:4)
- The people fled in dismay, and Gideon captured the two kings and brought them to his native village, Ophrah
where he slew them because they had killed his brothers
Gideon or Jerubbaal
- He resided in Ophrah
, east of the Jordan, a region often ravaged in harvest-time by the wandering tribes on its eastern border
- He was of the family of Abiezer (Joshua 17:2 ; 1 Chronicles 7:18 ), and of the little township of Ophrah
(Judges 6:11 ). (See Ophrah
- It is apparently identical with Ophrah
in Benjamin (Joshua 18:23 ; 1 Samuel 13:17 ), located at et-Taiyibeh about four miles north of Bethel
- youngest son of Joash, whose family lived at Ophrah
, Judges 6:15, in the territory of Manasseh, near Shechem
The TOWN called Ephraim, to which the Savior withdrew from his enemies, John 11:54 , was probably the same place mentioned in 2 Chronicles 13:19 , and called Ophrah
in Joshua 18:23 1 Samuel 13:17
- The son of Joash, a Manassite; he dwelt in Ophrah
, a place hitherto unidentified, which belonged to the clan of the Abiezrites. ] command he destroys the altar of Baal in Ophrah
and builds one to Jahweh, to whom he also offers sacrifice. ...
The offer of the kingship , Judges 8:22-28 : On the Israelites offering to Gideon and his descendants the kingship, Gideon declines it on theocratic grounds, but asks instead for part of the gold from the spoil taken from the Midianites; of this he makes an image ( ephod ), which he sets up at Ophrah
, and which becomes the cause of apostasy from Jahweh
- He was a member of the tribe of Manasseh who lived at Ophrah
- Gideon's youngest son; escaped when his 69 brothers were killed at Ophrah
by their half brother Abimelech
- (he that cuts down ), youngest son of Joash of the Abiezrites, an undistinguished family who lived at Ophrah
, a town probably on the west of Jordan, ( Judges 6:15 ) in the territory of Manasseh, near Shechem
- In Gideon’s home town of Ophrah
, Gideon’s father was caretaker of the local Baal shrine, but when Gideon began his reformation, his father became the first convert
- One of his first acts was to murder his brothers, seventy in number, "on one stone," at Ophrah
- Of Manasseh; youngest son of Joash, of the Abiezrite family at Ophrah
(Judges 6:11; Judges 6:15). Former judges, Othniel, Ehud, Barak, had been moved by the Spirit of God to their work; but to Gideon alone under a terebinth in Ophrah
, a town belonging to Joash, Jehovah appeared in person to show that the God who had made theophanies to the patriarchs was the same Jehovah, ready to save their descendants if they would return to the covenants. Gideon "kept" it in his city Ophrah
; wearing the breast-plate, he made it and the holy 'lot his means of obtaining revelations from Jehovah whom he worshipped at the altar
- Within it lay Bethel (elsewhere assigned to Ephraim), Ophrah
, Geba, Gibeon, Ramab, Mizpeh, Gibeah, all primitive seats of Canaanitish worship and important centres in the cultus of Israel (cf
Names of God
- This was the name of the altar that Gideon built at Ophrah
signifying that God brings well-being not death to His people
Transportation And Travel
- Throughout much of Israel's history the people are described as making journeys to places like Shechem (Joshua 24:1 ), Shiloh (1 Samuel 1:3 ), Ophrah
(Judges 8:27 ), Dan (Judges 18:30 ), and Bethel (1 Kings 12:26-33 )
Temple of Jerusalem
- It cannot be determined what kind of sanctuaries were at Ophrah
, Gilgal, Nob, Mizpah, Ramah, or other “high places” where Yahweh was worshiped, but “the Temple” is the one at Jerusalem from Solomon's time
- 9, the story of Abimelech, is one of the oldest portions of the book, and contains for the most part genuine history; it gives an instructive glimpse of the relations between Canaanites and Israelites now brought side by side; ‘the Canaanite town Shechem, subject to Jerubbaal of Ophrah
; his balf-Canaanite son Abimelech, who naturally belongs to his mother’s people; the successful appeal to blood, which is “thicker than water,” by which he becomes king of Shechem, ruling over the neighbouring Israelites also; the interloper Gaal, and his kinsmen, who settle in Shechem and Instigate insurrection against Abimelech by skilfully appealing to the pride of the Shechemite aristocracy all help us better than anything else in the book to realize the situation in this period’ (Moore)