Places Study on Megiddo

Places Study on Megiddo

Joshua 12: The king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;
Joshua 17: And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Bethshean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Endor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns, even three countries.
Judges 1: Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.
Judges 5: The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.
1 Kings 4: Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam:
1 Kings 9: And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.
2 Kings 9: But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
2 Kings 23: In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.
2 Kings 23: And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
1 Chronicles 7: And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel.
2 Chronicles 35: Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
Zechariah 12: In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.

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Dictionary

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Megiddo
His precious fruit; declaring a message
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Megiddo
A city of Manasseh, rendered remarkable for the death of Josiah, (2 Kings 23:29) It seems derived from Magad, rich fruit. Probably it abounded with fruit; and this place abounded with celebrated waters. (See Judges 5:19)

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Megiddo
Place of troops, originally one of the royal cities of the Canaanites (Joshua 12:21 ), belonged to the tribe of Manasseh (Judges 1:27 ), but does not seem to have been fully occupied by the Israelites till the time of Solomon (1 Kings 4:12 ; 9:15 ). The valley or plain of Megiddo was part of the plain of Esdraelon, the great battle-field of Palestine. It was here Barak gained a notable victory over Jabin, the king of Hazor, whose general, Sisera, led on the hostile army. Barak rallied the warriors of the northern tribes, and under the encouragement of Deborah (q.v.), the prophetess, attacked the Canaanites in the great plain. The army of Sisera was thrown into complete confusion, and was engulfed in the waters of the Kishon, which had risen and overflowed its banks (Judges 4:5 ).

Many years after this (B.C. 610), Pharaohnecho II., on his march against the king of Assyria, passed through the plains of Philistia and Sharon; and King Josiah, attempting to bar his progress in the plain of Megiddo, was defeated by the Egyptians. He was wounded in battle, and died as they bore him away in his chariot towards Jerusalem (2 Kings 23:29 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22-24 ), and all Israel mourned for him. So general and bitter was this mourning that it became a proverb, to which (Zechariah 12:11,12 ) alludes. Megiddo has been identified with the modern el-Lejjun, at the head of the Kishon, under the north-eastern brow of Carmel, on the south-western edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and 9 miles west of Jezreel. Others identify it with Mujedd'a, 4 miles south-west of Bethshean, but the question of its site is still undetermined.



Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Megiddo
On the S. edge of the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain, the frontier of Issachar and Manasseh, commanding a pass from the N. into the hill country. (See MANASSEH.) Joshua (Joshua 12:21) defeated its king, with 30 other petty chieftains, W. of Jordan. It was assigned to Manasseh, though within Issachar's limit, but they failed to drive out the Canaanites, and could only make them tributary (Joshua 17:11-12-13; Judges 1:27-28; Judges 5:19). "The kings of Canaan (Jabin and Sisera his captain) fought in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo" (namely, Kishon, or else a copious stream flowing down into Kishon) with Deborah and Barak. They assembled at Taanach and by the waters of Megiddo, but the battle was fought at Mount Tabor, for they "perished at Endor" (Psalms 83:10), near Tabor.

Barak would never desert the heights of Tabor to march 15 miles over a boggy plain and attack Sisera strongly placed on the low hills of Taanach. Jehovah "drew unto Barak Sisera, unto the Kishon" (Judges 4:7), i.e. unto the pools and springs of the Kishon at El Mujahiyeh, the "spring head" W. of Tabor. From the high ground of Tabor Barak rushed down on the foe, who first posted themselves at the foot of the conical hill on which Endor is, and thence ventured into the open plain S.W. of Tabor. "The waters of Megiddo" are the abundant springs which flow into the nahr Jalud, from what is now the Mujedda ruin in the Jordan valley ("the grazing place," "cut down by sheep") at the foot of Mount Gilboa, Thus, "the valley of Megiddo" is that which leads down from Jezreel to Bethshean. The words "in Taanach" (Judges 5:19) "over (so the Hebrew 'al ) for 'by') the waters of Megiddo" must be a district name for all the plain of which Taanach was the capital, or else translated "in sandy soil" (ta'anach ).

Thus the whole of Sisera's flight was only five or six miles from the scene of his defeat, to the plain Zaanaim (Bitzaanaim, now Bessum) between Tabor and Kedesh of Naphtali by the sea of Galilee (Conder, in Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, January 1877, p. 13-20; October, pp. 190-192). At Megiddo was stationed one of Solomon's commissariat officers (1 Kings 4:12). Solomon "built," i.e. fortified, Megiddo as a commanding military portion (1 Kings 9:15). Here Ahaziah fled from Jehu, and died here (2 Kings 9:27), in the kingdom of Samaria (2 Chronicles 22:9). (See AHAZIAH.) Here godly Josiah fell in conflict with Pharaoh Necho (2 Chronicles 35:22-24; Zechariah 12:11). (See JOSIAH; HADADRIMMON.) Megiddo thus became a component part of Armageddon, the scene of the last conflict with Antichrist (Revelation 16:16). (See ARMAGEDDON.) Now El Lejjun; in Eusebius and Jerome "Legio," on the caravan route between Egypt and Damascus, "15 miles from Nazareth, four from Taanach." Traces of a Roman road remain, and large "tells" mark the site of the fortresses commanding hill and plain.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Megiddo
(mih gihd' doh) Place name perhaps meaning, “place of troops.” One of the most strategic cities of Canaan since it guarded the main pass through the Carmel mountain range. This range was an obstacle along the international coastal highway which connected Egypt with Mesopotamia and even further destinations. Identified with current tell el-Mutesellim, Megiddo had approximately twenty-five different eras of occupation during its life from the fourth millenium to the time of the Persian Empire. The city was very active while under Egyptian authority from the time of the patriarchs through to the judges (2000-1100 B.C.), but this golden age came to an end about 1125 B.C. when it was destroyed.

The city was allotted to Manasseh (Joshua 17:11 ; 1 Chronicles 17:29 ) after the partial conquest of Joshua (Joshua 12:21 ), but neither it nor its surrounding villages were secured by the tribe. Due to its obvious strength, it was among many cities whose overthrow was delayed until later (Judges 1:27 ). Deborah and Barak fought the Canaanites and their leaders King Jabin and Sisera near the “waters of Megiddo,” possibly the wadi Qina running through the surrounding hills (Judges 5:19 ).

When Megiddo was finally annexed to the nation Israel is not known. Probably by the time of David the city was serving Israel's defensive and security purposes. Certainly by the time of Solomon the city was firmly Israelite, since he fortified the city (1 Kings 9:15 ), including his mighty six chambered gate which followed the pattern of his other two key fortress cities of Hazor and Gezer.

Megiddo was under the jurisdiction of Solomon's deputy, Baana (1 Kings 4:12 ). Buildings of current controversy have been excavated and explained variously as Solomon's or Ahab's stables, or storehouses where animals were loaded and unloaded.

During the divided monarchy, Megiddo's authority changed from Egyptian to Israelite to Assyrian. Five years into Jeroboam I's reign, (about 920 B.C.), Pharoah Shishak burst into both Israel and Judah, taking control of the coastal highway including Megiddo. However, the Egyptian grip was not long lasting. Later, the city was the place of death for the Judean king, Ahaziah, who was killed at the command of Jehu while fleeing from the scene of Jehoram's assassination (843 B.C., 2 Kings 9:27 ). Over a century later, the conquering Tiglath-pileser III chose Megiddo to be the seat of the Magidu administrative district in the Assyrian Empire (733 B.C.).

After about 650 B.C. the city was no longer strongly fortified; however, it was still strategically important. Josiah attempted to head off Pharoah Neco II as he advanced along the coastal plain on his way to Carchemish (609 B.C.), but Josiah's attack ended when Neco II's archers fatally wounded him (2 Kings 23:29-30 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22-24 ).

After returning from Exile, Zechariah prophesied that the mourning for the false deities of Hadad and Rimmon (Hadad-rimmon) that took place in the plain below Megiddon (Megiddo) would be matched by Israel's mourning for its smitten Lord (Zechariah 12:11 ).

Finally, in the New Testament, the Mount of Megiddo (har-Megiddon thus “Armageddon”) will be where the kings of the world are gathered for that final battle in the last day of the Lord. Where Israel was initially frustrated during their conquest of Canaan is exactly where they will be victorious with Christ in the end (Revelation 16:16 ).

Daniel C. Fredericks



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Megiddo
MEGIDDO (in Zechariah 12:11 Megiddon ). One of the most important of the fortress cities of ancient Canaan. It was captured by Thothmes iii in the 23rd year of his reign, the spoils being magnificent; and it is mentioned several times in the Tell el-Amarna correspondence. Though nominally belonging to Manasseh ( Joshua 17:12 ; Joshua 17:18 , Judges 1:27-28 ), the Canaanites remained in possession. Near the ‘waters of Megiddo’ the Canaanites under Sisera were defeated by Barak and Deborah ( Judges 5:18-21 ). Solomon restored its fortifications ( 1 Kings 9:15 ). Here king Ahaziah ( 2 Kings 9:27 ) died; and the good king Josiah, interfering in a quarrel between Pharaoh-necho and the king of Assyria, and opposing the former’s progress in the dangerous passage of Megiddo, was also slain ( 2 Kings 23:29-30 , 2 Chronicles 35:22 ), to the grief of all Israel ( Zechariah 12:11 ). Finally, it was at Armageddon (RV [Note: Revised Version.] Har-Magedon , ‘the mountains of Megiddo’) that the mysterious conflict of Revelation 16:10 was to take place.

The site of Megiddo may now be considered as proved to be Tell el-Mutesellim (‘Hill of the Governor’), a great mound about 4 miles N.W. of Tell Ta‘annak (Taanach; cf. Joshua 12:21 ; Joshua 17:11 , Judges 5:19 etc.). The Importance of the site can be seen at a glance, for it guards the great pass from the Plain of Sharon to that of Esdraelon, which in all history, from Thothmes iii. to Napoleon 1., has been a route of armies. The hill has recently been excavated by the German Palestine Society, and fortifications going back before b.c. 2000 have been uncovered, as well as the most extensive remains of successive cities which have occupied this site for many centuries. Here was found the seal of Shama’, ‘the servant of Jerohoam’ probably Jeroboam ii. To the south of the tell is an abundant stream, and in Roman times a fortified post the Legio of Eusebius, the modern el-Lejjun was established there. The stream may have been the ‘waters of Megiddo’ of Judges 5:19 etc.; it is one of the most important of the tributaries of the Kishon.

E. W. G. Masterman.

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Megiddo
The town of Megiddo in northern Canaan fell to Israel at the time of Joshua’s conquest, though the local inhabitants were not totally destroyed. In the division of Canaan among Israel’s tribes, Megiddo came within the tribal allotment of Issachar. The neighbouring tribe of Manasseh was more powerful and took over the town, claiming it could drive out the remaining Canaanites, but it was not able to (Joshua 12:7; Joshua 12:21; Joshua 17:11; Judges 1:27).

In the days of Solomon, Megiddo was an important administrative centre in the north. It was also a strategic defence city (1 Kings 4:12; 1 Kings 9:15-19). Being situated at the western end of the Plain of Esdraelon, at the point where the main north-south and east-west highways crossed, it was involved in a number of important battles (Judges 5:19; 2 Kings 9:27; 2 Kings 23:29). (For map and other details of the region see PALESTINE.) In the symbolism of the book of Revelation, Megiddo is the scene of the last great battle, when God destroys all enemies (Revelation 16:16. ‘Armageddon’ means ‘hill of Megiddo’ ).

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Megiddo
Megiddo (me-gĭd'do), place of crowds. Joshua 12:21. A city of one of the kings whom Joshua defeated on the west of the Jordan, in the great plain of Esdraelon. The song of Deborah notes the place as the scene of the great conflict between Sisera and Barak. Judges 4:6-17. When Pharaoh-necho came from Egypt against the king of Assyria, Josiah joined the latter, and was slain at Megiddo. 2 Kings 23:29; 2 Chronicles 35:22-24. Megiddo is the modern el-Lejjûn, which is probably the Legio of Eusebius and Jerome. A stream flows down the gorge, and joins the Kishon. Here are probably the "waters of Megiddo" of Judges 5:19.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Megiddo, Megiddon
City and valley on the borders of Issachar and Manasseh. It was conquered by Joshua. Joshua 12:21 . Later it is mentioned among the cities from which Manasseh did not drive out the inhabitants; "the Canaanites would dwell in that land." Joshua 17:11 ; Judges 1:27 . The rout of Sisera's army was in this district; and at Megiddo Josiah fell when he rashly attacked Pharaoh-nechoh. Judges 5:19 ; 1 Kings 4:12 ; 1 Kings 9:15 ; 2 Kings 9:27 ; 2 Kings 23:29,30 ; 1 Chronicles 7:29 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22 ; Zechariah 12:11 . See ARMAGEDDON. The city is identified by some with el Lejjun, 32 35' N, 35 10' E , but others prefer the ruins at el Mujedda, 32 28' N, 35 27' E . The valley is otherwise known as 'the valley of Jezreel.' The WATERS of MEGIDDO probably refer to the copious springs found in that district.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Megiddo
a city of the tribe of Manasseh, famous for the battle fought there between Pharaoh-Necho and King Josiah, in which the latter was defeated and mortally wounded, Joshua 17:11 ; Judges 1:27 ; 2 Kings 23:29 .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Megiddo
A town of Manesseh, thought within the bounds of Issachar. It had been a royal city of the Canaanites, and they long retained a foothold in it, Joshua 12:21 ; 17:11 ; Judges 1:27 . It lay in the southwest border of the plain of Esdraelon, near the Kishon, which is probably intended by "the waters of Megiddo," mentioned in the song of Deborah and Barak as the scene of their victory, Judges 5:19,21 . In the reign of Solomon, Megiddo was fortified, 1 Kings 9:15 . Here king Ahaziah died, and King Josiah was defeated, slain, and sorely lamented, 2 Kings 9:27 ; 23:29 ; Zechariah 12:11 . Robinson identifies it with a village now called Lejun, the Legio of the Romans.

Sentence search

Megiddon, Valley of - (mih' gihd' dahn) KJV term for plain of Megiddo, the broad portion of the Jezreel Valley in the vicinity of Megiddo (Zechariah 12:11 ). See Megiddo
Armagedon - (Hebrew: har-Megiddo, mountain of Megiddo) ... Mentioned in the Apocalypse, 16, as the scene of the battle which will be fought on Judgement Day, between the kings of the earth and the hosts of Almighty God. Authorities locate it at Mageddo (Hebrew: Megiddo, place of troops), fortified Chanaanite capital, east of the Plain of Esdraelon
Megiddo - Megiddo (me-gĭd'do), place of crowds. When Pharaoh-necho came from Egypt against the king of Assyria, Josiah joined the latter, and was slain at Megiddo. Megiddo is the modern el-Lejjûn, which is probably the Legio of Eusebius and Jerome. Here are probably the "waters of Megiddo" of Judges 5:19
Megiddon - Same as Megiddo
Armageddon - Hill of fruits; mountain of Megiddo
Megiddo - The town of Megiddo in northern Canaan fell to Israel at the time of Joshua’s conquest, though the local inhabitants were not totally destroyed. In the division of Canaan among Israel’s tribes, Megiddo came within the tribal allotment of Issachar. ... In the days of Solomon, Megiddo was an important administrative centre in the north. ) In the symbolism of the book of Revelation, Megiddo is the scene of the last great battle, when God destroys all enemies (Revelation 16:16. ‘Armageddon’ means ‘hill of Megiddo’ )
Armageddon - Mountain of Megiddo, ... A place mentioned, Revelation 16:16 . Megiddo is a city in the great plain at the foot of Mount Carmel, which had been the scene of much slaughter
Armageddon - Its meaning is not exactly clear, but it is best taken to mean Mount Megiddo, since "Har" in Hebrew means mountain and "Mageddon" is the place-name of Megiddo. ... In Old Testament history Megiddo was a place of numerous decisive battles because of the broad plain that stood before it. Although these decisive battles were fought before Megiddo, the place-name never became fixed in Jewish tradition as designating the place of decisive battle. ... Some interpreters take John's designation literally, expecting the armies of the earth to gather against God in the endtimes below the remains of Old Testament Megiddo; others see in it a more figurative element. They point out that Megiddo was not really a mountain at all and that the battle will take place in the plain. Perhaps John designated it Mount Megiddo as a clue to its symbolic meaning, drawing together the historic place of conflict in Israel's history with the prophecies of Ezekiel that speak of the great eschatological conflict taking place in the mountains of Israel (Ezekiel 39:2,4,17 )
Megid'do - The first mention occurs in (Joshua 12:21 ) where Megiddo appears as the city of one of the kings whom Joshua defeated on the west of the Jordan. When Pharaoh-necho came from Egypt against the king of Assyria, Josiah joined the latter, and was slain at Megiddo. (2 Kings 23:29 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22-24 ) Megiddo is the modern el-Lejjun , which is undoubtedly the Legio of Eusebius and Jerome. Here are probably the "waters of Megiddo" of ( Judges 5:19 )
Hadad-Rimmon - (Composed of the names of two Syrian idols), the name of a place in the valley of Megiddo. It has been identified with the modern Rummaneh, a village "at the foot of the Megiddo hills, in a notch or valley about an hour and a half south of Tell Metzellim
Har'-Magedon - (hill of Megiddo ), ( Revelation 16:16 ) in the Revised Version for Armageddon
Megiddo - Megiddo (in Zechariah 12:11 Megiddon ). Near the ‘waters of Megiddo’ the Canaanites under Sisera were defeated by Barak and Deborah ( Judges 5:18-21 ). Here king Ahaziah ( 2 Kings 9:27 ) died; and the good king Josiah, interfering in a quarrel between Pharaoh-necho and the king of Assyria, and opposing the former’s progress in the dangerous passage of Megiddo, was also slain ( 2 Kings 23:29-30 , 2 Chronicles 35:22 ), to the grief of all Israel ( Zechariah 12:11 ). ] Har-Magedon , ‘the mountains of Megiddo’) that the mysterious conflict of Revelation 16:10 was to take place. ... The site of Megiddo may now be considered as proved to be Tell el-Mutesellim (‘Hill of the Governor’), a great mound about 4 miles N. The stream may have been the ‘waters of Megiddo’ of Judges 5:19 etc
Armaged'Don - (the hill or city of Megiddo ). the hill (as Ar is the city ) of Megiddo
Megiddo - "The kings of Canaan (Jabin and Sisera his captain) fought in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo" (namely, Kishon, or else a copious stream flowing down into Kishon) with Deborah and Barak. They assembled at Taanach and by the waters of Megiddo, but the battle was fought at Mount Tabor, for they "perished at Endor" (Psalms 83:10), near Tabor. "The waters of Megiddo" are the abundant springs which flow into the nahr Jalud, from what is now the Mujedda ruin in the Jordan valley ("the grazing place," "cut down by sheep") at the foot of Mount Gilboa, Thus, "the valley of Megiddo" is that which leads down from Jezreel to Bethshean. The words "in Taanach" (Judges 5:19) "over (so the Hebrew 'al ) for 'by') the waters of Megiddo" must be a district name for all the plain of which Taanach was the capital, or else translated "in sandy soil" (ta'anach ). At Megiddo was stationed one of Solomon's commissariat officers (1 Kings 4:12). fortified, Megiddo as a commanding military portion (1 Kings 9:15). ) Megiddo thus became a component part of Armageddon, the scene of the last conflict with Antichrist (Revelation 16:16)
Taanach - One of the royal Canaanite cities, mentioned in OT always along with Megiddo . The fight of Deborah and Barak with the Canaanites is described ( Judges 5:19 ) as ‘in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo. from Tell el-Mutesellim (Megiddo)
Maralah - The site is perhaps tell Ghalta in the Jezreel Valley north of Megiddo or tell Thorah
Taanach - Israel failed to drive out its aboriginal occupants (Judges 1:27), The scene of Barak's victory was not Taanach or Megiddo, but Mount Tabor, near the sources of the Kishon, three miles W. "The waters of Megiddo" in Judges 5:19 are those of the stream Jalud, supplied from springs round Mejedda, a ruin near Beisan (Bethsheart). ) Taanach and Megiddo (1 Kings 4:12) were the chief towns of the fertile tract which forms the western part of the great Esdraelon valley. of Megiddo
Megiddo - Identified with current tell el-Mutesellim, Megiddo had approximately twenty-five different eras of occupation during its life from the fourth millenium to the time of the Persian Empire. Deborah and Barak fought the Canaanites and their leaders King Jabin and Sisera near the “waters of Megiddo,” possibly the wadi Qina running through the surrounding hills (Judges 5:19 ). ... When Megiddo was finally annexed to the nation Israel is not known. ... Megiddo was under the jurisdiction of Solomon's deputy, Baana (1 Kings 4:12 ). ... During the divided monarchy, Megiddo's authority changed from Egyptian to Israelite to Assyrian. ), Pharoah Shishak burst into both Israel and Judah, taking control of the coastal highway including Megiddo. Over a century later, the conquering Tiglath-pileser III chose Megiddo to be the seat of the Magidu administrative district in the Assyrian Empire (733 B. ... After returning from Exile, Zechariah prophesied that the mourning for the false deities of Hadad and Rimmon (Hadad-rimmon) that took place in the plain below Megiddon (Megiddo) would be matched by Israel's mourning for its smitten Lord (Zechariah 12:11 ). ... Finally, in the New Testament, the Mount of Megiddo (har-Megiddon thus “Armageddon”) will be where the kings of the world are gathered for that final battle in the last day of the Lord
Hadadrimmon - A place in the valley of Megiddo, where the good king Josiah lost his life in a battle with the Ethiopians, 2 Kings 23:29 2 Chronicles 35:20-25
Armageddon - Armageddon (är-ma-gĕd'don), the hill, or, perhaps, the city of Megiddo. For an exposition of the apostle's meaning, the reader must be referred to commentaries; it will be sufficient here to say that there is an allusion to that great battle-field where Barak and Gideon conquered, Judges 4:1-24; Judges 5:19; Judges 6:33; Judges 7:1-25; where Saul and Josiah fell, 1 Samuel 29:1; 1 Samuel 31:1-13; 2 Samuel 4:4; 2 Chronicles 35:20-24; the plain of Esdraelon, on the southern border of which Megiddo stood
Megiddo - It lay in the southwest border of the plain of Esdraelon, near the Kishon, which is probably intended by "the waters of Megiddo," mentioned in the song of Deborah and Barak as the scene of their victory, Judges 5:19,21 . In the reign of Solomon, Megiddo was fortified, 1 Kings 9:15
Har-Magedon - The most generally accepted location makes this to be the mountains of Megiddo , that is to say, those surrounding the plain of Megiddo, in which so many great battles of the past were fought. While the reference is apocalyptic, it seems probable on the whole that the word perpetuates Megiddo as the synonym of the battle-field whether above the earth or in the under world on which the final victory over evil was to be won
Taanach - Irbid, Megiddo, and Taanach each protect strategic passes through the Carmel range. The most famous biblical reference to Taanach is that of the battle fought at “Taanach by the waters of Megiddo” where the Hebrew forces under Deborah and Barak defeated the Canaanites under Sisera (Judges 5:19 ). ... Taanach was a town of about 13 acres, about the same size as the better known Megiddo. ... While Megiddo was apparently a major Canaanite administrative center, Taanach seems to have been less heavily populated and perhaps the home for the farmers of the surrounding area and their tenants
Sarid - Spelled Sedud by some early versions, Sarid is probably modern tell Shadud at the northern edge of the Jezreel Valley about six miles northeast of Megiddo and five miles southeast of Nazareth
Hadad-Rimmon - It was in the valley of Megiddo, Zechariah 12:11, and the scene of a great lamentation over the death of Josiah
Esdraelon - Included are the Valley or Plain of Megiddo in the east and the Valley of Jezreel in the west. Some scholars say that the Valley of Jezreel is the name for the entire region; Esdraelon being the western portion, comprised of the Plain of Accho and the Valley of Megiddo. Whatever the entire region is called, it is assumed that references to Jezreel indicate both the town of Jezreel and the valley in which it is located; and references to Megiddo indicate both the town and the plain on which it is located. The Song of Deborah in Judges 5:1 celebrates the battle “at Tanaach by the waters of Megiddo” ( Judges 5:19 ) where Barak finally routed the Canaanites. Josiah died in battle against Pharaoh Neco at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20-24 ). ... New Testament Esdraelon is mentioned in the New Testament as Armageddon or har-Megiddon, meaning hill or city of Megiddo
ha'Dad-Rim'Mon - is, according to the ordinary interpretation of (12:11) a place in the valley of Megiddo (a part of the plain of Esdraelon, six miles from Mount Carmel and eleven from Nazareth), where a national lamentation was held for the death of King Josiah
Hadadrimmon - A proper name occurring in Zechariah 12:11 ‘as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon. According to a notice by Jerome, it would be equivalent to Megiddo itself. There is no ground for supposing an allusion to the mourning for king Josiah, which, of course, took place in Jerusalem, not in the valley of Megiddo
Armageddon - a place spoken of, Revelation 16:16 , which literally signifies "the mountain of Mageddon," or "Megiddo," a city situated in the great plain at the foot of Mount Carmel, where the good prince Josiah received his mortal wound, in the battle against Necho, king of Egypt. Pool, does not signify any particular place, but is used in allusion to Megiddo, mentioned Judges 5:19 , where Barak overcame Sisera with his great army, and where Josiah was slain, 2 Kings 23:30
Armageddon - The Greek is a transliteration of the Hebrew har Megiddo , literally, “mountain of Megiddo. Armageddon, or the Mount of Megiddo, is located in the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel, a valley fourteen by twenty miles in size. The location is near the ancient city of Megiddo
Ahilud - Probably the same Ahilud was father of Baana, Solomon's official to get court provisions from the province around Taanach, Megiddo, and Beth-shean (1 Kings 4:12 )
Megiddo, Megiddon - The rout of Sisera's army was in this district; and at Megiddo Josiah fell when he rashly attacked Pharaoh-nechoh. ' The WATERS of Megiddo probably refer to the copious springs found in that district
Naphath-Dor - (nay' fath-Dawwr) Designation of the region surrounding the coastal city of Dor about fifteen miles west of Megiddo (Joshua 12:23 ; 1 Kings 4:11 )
Taanach - There is still a small place called Taannuk on the south border of the plain of Esdraelon, four miles southeast of the site of Megiddo, which is usually named with Taanach, Judges 1:27 ; 5:19 ; 1 Kings 4:12
Car'Chemish - Carchemish appears to have been taken by Pharoah Necho shortly after the battle of Megiddo (cir
Har-Magedon - texts and very different interpretations of its meaning, but if Ἅρ Μαγεδών is accepted as the correct form, the most satisfactory explanation is that which takes it to mean ‘the mount of Megiddo’ (Ἅρ = Heb. By its geographical conformation and strategical situation the plain of Megiddo was better suited than any other place in the Holy Land to be the arena of a great battle, and the historical memories that gathered round it would fill the name with suggestion for the readers of the Apocalypse. The primary reference, no doubt, would be to Israel’s victory ‘by the waters of Megiddo’ over the kings of Canaan (Judges 5:19), which might be taken as typical of the triumph of God and His Kingdom over the hostile world-powers; but the defeat and death of Saul and Jonathan at the eastern extremity of the plain (1 Samuel 31:1), the disastrous struggle of Josiah on the same field against Pharaohnecoh (2 Kings 23:29, 2 Chronicles 35:22), and Zechariah’s reference to ‘the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon’ (Zechariah 12:11), would heighten the suggestion of a great day of overthrow and destruction. The chief objections offered to this interpretation are that a mountain is an unsuitable battlefield, and that the historical battles are described as taking place ‘by the waters of Megiddo’ (Judges 5:19) or ‘in the valley of Megiddo’ (2 Chronicles 35:22). This theory, however, rests upon grounds that are very speculative, and even its supporters admit that the author of the Apocalypse would be ignorant of the mythological origin of the name, and would probably understand it to mean ‘the mountain of Megiddo
Hadad-Rimmon - A city in the valley of Megiddo, or plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon; named from Hadad the Syrian sun god and Rimmon, another Syrian idol
Abel-Meholah - Solomon places Abel-meholah in a district including Taanach, Megiddo, and Beth-shean (1 Kings 4:12 )
Mattaniah - He was the third son of Josiah, who fell at Megiddo
Armageddon - The word properly means the "mount of Megiddo
Taanach - A sandy place, an ancient royal city of the Canaanites, on the south-western border of the plain of Esdraelon, 4 miles south of Megiddo
Kishion - ” The site is uncertain, perhaps modern tell Abu Qudeis, about two miles southeast of Megiddo
Arubboth - This would be territory belonging to the clan of Hepher of the tribe of Mannasseh in the northern part of the Plain of Sharon, southwest of Megiddo and southeast of Dor
Harosheth - from Megiddo
Megiddo - The valley or plain of Megiddo was part of the plain of Esdraelon, the great battle-field of Palestine. , on his march against the king of Assyria, passed through the plains of Philistia and Sharon; and King Josiah, attempting to bar his progress in the plain of Megiddo, was defeated by the Egyptians. Megiddo has been identified with the modern el-Lejjun, at the head of the Kishon, under the north-eastern brow of Carmel, on the south-western edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and 9 miles west of Jezreel
Abel-Meholah - A place in the Jordan valley, the limit of Gideon’s pursuit of the Midianites ( Judges 7:22 ); in the administrative district of Taanach and Megiddo under Solomon ( 1 Kings 4:12 ); the native place of Adriel, husband of Merab, Saul’s daughter ( 1 Samuel 18:19 ), and of Elisha ( 1 Kings 19:16 )
Taanach - It is now called Taanuk, with ruins about four miles southeast or Megiddo, on the western side of the plain of Esdraelon
Hadad-Rimmon - Zechariah 12:11 describes the tragedy of the day of the Lord, including weeping and mourning in the Valley of Megiddo for Jerusalem
Sis'Era - The particulars of the rout of Megiddo and of Sisera's flight and death are drawn out under the heads of BARAK , DEBORAH , JAEL , KISHON
Shishak - It gives a long list of places conquered, among which are the names of many Jewish towns, as Taanach, Rehob, Mahanaim, Gibeon, Beth-horon, Kedemoth, Aijalon and Megiddo
Hadadrimmon - Place in the valley of Megiddo where there had been great mourning
Armageddon - ("Mount of Megiddo": from a root gadad , "to cut off," i. ... The mourning at Josiah's death in the valley of Megiddo became proverbial for the most poignant grief
ta'Anach - (Joshua 21:25 ) Taanach is almost always named in company with Megiddo, and they were evidently the chief towns of that fine rich district which forms the western portion of the great plain of Esdraelon
Engannim - Avoiding the ascent as too steep for his chariot, he fled by the level to Megiddo and died there
Carchemish - Apparently it was taken by the Assyrians, Isaiah 10:5,9 ; afterwards conquered by Necho king of Egypt, after the battle of Megiddo, in which Josiah was killed, 2 Chronicles 35:20 , where it is CHARCHEMISH
Armageddon - There seems to be an allusion to the great battle field of Palestine in the Esdraelon, and to the Megiddo mentioned in Judges 5:19 ; 1 Kings 4:12 ; 2 Kings 23:29,30
Shishak - According to inscriptions on the walls of a temple to the god Amon in Karnak, Shishak captured over 150 towns in Palestine including Megiddo, Taanash, and Gibeon
Necho ii - He led forth a powerful army and marched northward, but was met by the king of Judah at Megiddo, who refused him a passage through his territory. Possibly, as some suppose, Necho may have brought his army by sea to some port to the north of Dor (Compare Joshua 11:2 ; 12:23 ), a Phoenician town at no great distance from Megiddo
Carchemish - Taken by Pharaoh Necho after the battle of Megiddo in which king Josiah, Babylon's ally, fell 610 B
Janoah - Its location is uncertain, suggestions including khirbet Janun; Janua, six miles south of Megiddo, and Janoah, nine miles east of Acco
Riblah - Here Nebuchadnezzar had his head-quarters in his campaign against Jerusalem, and here also Necho fixed his camp after he had routed Josiah's army at Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29-35 ; 25:6,20,21 ; Jeremiah 39:5 ; 52:10 )
Gog And Magog - The prophecy of Ezekiel, Ezekiel 39:1-22 , seems to be revived in the Apocalypse, where the hosts of Gog and Magog are represented as coming to invade "the beloved city," and perishing with immense slaughter likewise in Armageddon, "the mount of Mageddo," or Megiddo, Revelation 16:14-16 ; Revelation 20:7-10
en-Gannim - Here he was overtaken by Jehu and wounded in his chariot, and turned aside and fled to Megiddo, a distance of about 20 miles, to die there
Shunem, Shunammites - , and rebuilt by Biridya of Megiddo
Manger - Archaeologists have discovered stone mangers in the horse stables of Ahab at Megiddo
Vale - Bikʾah, properly a "cleft," but applied to a broader space than a cleft or valley, and meaning sometimes a "plain," as that between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon and Megiddo
Valley - Bikʾah, properly a "cleft," but applied to a broader space than a cleft or valley, and meaning sometimes a "plain," as that between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon and Megiddo
Meroz - The Angel of Jehovah who fought for Israel at Megiddo pronounces, through Deborah, Meroz' curse
Gates of Jerusalem And the Temple - This latter gate may date to the reign of Solomon, being similar to Solomonic gates found at Megiddo, Gezer, and Hazor
Jehoahaz - Josiah having been wounded mortally by Necho, king of Egypt, and dying of his wounds at Megiddo, Jehoahaz was made king in his room, though he was not Josiah's eldest son, 2 Kings 23:30-32
Horse - In Megiddo what appears to be stalls and feeding troughs from King Ahab's time have been discovered. See Animals ; Megiddo
Necho - Josiah, king of Judah, being tributary to the king of Babylon, opposed Necho on his first expedition against Nebuchadnezzar, and gave him battle at Megiddo, where he received the wound of which he died
Tahpanhes - In Jeremiah 2:16 "the children of Noph (Memphis, the capital) and Tahapanes" (with which the Jews came most in contact) represent the Egyptians generally, who under Pharaoh Necho slew the king of Judah, Josiah, at Megiddo, and deposed Jehoahaz for Eliakim or Jehoiakim (2 Kings 23:29-30; 2 Kings 23:33-35)
Endor - Endor is not mentioned in Judges 4 as the scene of the Canaanites' overthrow; but Taanach and Megiddo are mentioned with Endor in Joshua 17:11, and in Judges 4 they are represented as the scene of the battle with Sisera's host
Baana - His territory encompassed the great central plain with the famous cities of Beth-shean, Taanach, and Megiddo (1 Kings 4:12 )
ke'Desh - (1 Chronicles 6:72 ) The Kadesh mentioned among the cities whose kings were slain by Joshua, (Joshua 12:22 ) in company with Megiddo and Jokneam of Carmel, would seem to have been this city of Issachar
Kishon River - The spring of Lejjun answers probably to "the waters of Megiddo," and is a feeder of Kishon River. Conder identifies "the waters of Megiddo" with the springs which flow from the mound of Mujedda ruin, and the countless streams in the valley of Jezreel (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, October, 1877, p
Ahaziah - He joined his uncle Jehoram, king of Israel, in an expedition against Hazael, king of Damascus; but was wounded at the pass of Gur when attempting to escape, and had strength only to reach Megiddo, where he died (2Kings 9:22-28)
ja'el - ) In the headlong rout which followed the defeat of the Canaanites by Barak, at Megiddo on the plain of Esdraelon, Sisera, their general, fled to the tent of the Kenite chieftainess, at Kedesh in Naphtali, four miles northwest of Lake Merom
Ambassador - Pharaoh Necho sent ambassadors to prevent King Josiah of Judah (640-609) from joining in the battle at Megiddo, but Josiah persisted and died (2 Chronicles 35:21 )
Dothan - A city of the tribe of Manasseh, west of the Jordan, northeast of Samaria, southeast of Megiddo, and now identified as Tell Dotha
Kedesh - Perhaps modern tell Abu Qudeis, about two miles southeast of Megiddo
Plains - Emek the valley of Jezreel (Esdraelon), the eastern part, Megiddo the western part, of the one plain
Goiim - This may represent the Hebrew way of referring to Assyria's governmental district which the Assyrians called Megiddo
Architecture - Macalister claims to have discovered, with much else of architectural interest, the palace of Simon Maccabæus ( 1Ma 13:48 ), Taanach, and Megiddo are finished and the results published in final form, and still more when other historical sites, such as Samaria (cf
Ahaziah - Ahaziah was governed by his idolatrous mother Athaliah; he received his mortal wound by the command of Jehu, and died at Megiddo, b
Josiah - ... The army of Judah went out and encountered that of Egypt at Megiddo, on the verge of the plain of Esdraelon. His attendants conveyed him toward Jerusalem, but had only reached Hadadrimmon, a few miles south of Megiddo, when he died (2 Kings 23:28,30 ; Compare 2 Chronicles 35:20-27 ), after a reign of thirty-one years
Games - ... Playing pieces of varying designs as well as game boards of ivory and stone have been discovered at Samaria, Gezer, Megiddo, and other sites in Palestine. ” Boards for a game called “fifty-eight holes” have been found at Megiddo and in Egypt and Mesopotamia as well. The examples at Megiddo date to about 1300 B
Josiah - Josiah was mortally wounded at Megiddo, and died at Jerusalem
Valley - bik'ah, a "cleft" of the mountains (Deuteronomy 8:7 ; 11:11 ; Psalm 104:8 ; Isaiah 41:18 ); also a low plain bounded by mountains, as the plain of Lebanon at the foot of Hermon around the sources of the Jordan (Joshua 11:17 ; 12:7 ), and the valley of Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:22 )
Fortified Cities - They could protect mountain passes (Megiddo and Taanach)
Fort, Fortification - Beginning in the Early Bronze Age mudbrick walls, towers, and gates were built on stone foundations at Ai, Arad, Beth Yerah, Gezer, Jericho, Megiddo, and elsewhere
Yale, Valley - biqah, 'valley or plain,' which is the word used for the valleys or plains of Aven, Jericho, Lebanon, Megiddo, Mizpeh, and Ono
Amarna, Tell el - Rulers of small Palestinian city-states including Shechem, Jerusalem, and Megiddo complain of mistreatment by other rulers and ask for Egyptian aid
Galilee - The Assyrians took the north under Tiglath-pileser in 733 (2 Kings 15:29 ) and divided it into three districts—the western coast or “the way of the sea” with capital at Dor, Galilee with capital at Megiddo, and beyond Jordan or Gilead (Isaiah 9:1 )
Fly - Figure for troublesome and numerous foes, as Pharaoh Necho's hosts who slew king Josiah at Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29-30)
Art - The finest product of modern excavation in Palestine in the domain of art is probably the Hebrew seal with the lion marchant found at Megiddo (see Seals)
Ahazi'ah - He died when he reached Megiddo
Necho or Pharaoh-Necho - Josiah king of Judah being tributary to the king of Babylon, opposed Necho on his first expedition against Nebuchadnezzar, and gave him battle at Megiddo, where he received the wound of which he died; and Necho pressed forward, without making any long stay in Judea
Jezreel - It was where Barak triumphed, and where Josiah was defeated, Judges 5:19 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22 — Megiddo being in the same locality
Jezreel (1) - It is the ancient Megiddo plain, the Armageddon of Revelation 16:16. It was Israel's great field of battle with invaders: Sisera, Judges 4 and 5; Midian, Judges 7; the Philistines at Gilboa, 1 Samuel 29,31; Pharaoh Necho at Megiddo, 2 Kings 23:29
Josiah - If he had come by Philistia Josiah would have met him there, and not allowed him to advance to Megiddo. Compare Jeremiah 22:10 "weep not for the dead, neither bemoan him" (namely, Josiah slain at Megiddo or Magdolum in Herodotus); he is at peace. the hill of Megiddo, the scene of godly Josiah's fall through descending to the world's carnal strifes as Babylon's ally (Revelation 16:14-18); the Jews' future mourning for Him whom they pierced, before God's interposition against all nations confederate against Jerusalem, answers to their mourning for Josiah at Megiddo (Zechariah 12:10-11)
Judah the Kingdom of - From Egypt came Shishak, who humbled Judah, 2 Chronicles 12:2-12; Zerah, whose million of men were routed by king Asa, 2 Chronicles 14:9-12; and Josiah was slain at Megiddo
Ahaziah - ... Fleeing by the garden house, he was smitten in his chariot at the going up to Gur by Ibleam, and he fled to Megiddo and died there. Ahaziah fled first to the garden house (Bethgan), and escaped to Samaria where were his brethren; thence brought forth from his hiding place to Jehu, he was mortally wounded in his chariot at the hill Gut beside Iblcam, and reaching Megiddo died there
Issachar - " But in the conflict with Jabin and Sisera "the princes of Israel were with Deborah, even Israel and also Barak"; indeed the battle was perhaps on Israel's territory, "by Tadhath at the waters of Megiddo" (Judges 5:15; Judges 5:19). The kings assembled at Taanach, by the waters of Megiddo; but their fall was at Endor, according to Psalms 83:10. Megiddo thus answers to Mujedda, a mound with ruins in the Jordan valley. ... From it flowed "the waters of Megiddo" in the valley of Jezreel
Vale - ... Νachal , a wady or wide stream bed in winter filled by a torrent, but in summer dry and strewed with water worn stones and shrubs; KJV translated it also "brook," "river," "stream"; Βiqu'ah , a plain wider than a valley, the wide plain between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon is still called Bequa'a (Joshua 11:17; Joshua 12:7), and Megiddo (Zechariah 12:11)
Irrigation - In larger cities such as Gezer, Megiddo, Hazor, and Jerusalem engineers and workmen produced huge underground tunnel systems to provide the citizens with ample supplies of water
Ahaziah - Jehu killed Joram dead upon the spot: Ahaziah fled, but Jehu's people overtook him at the going up of Gur, and mortally wounded him; notwithstanding which, he had strength enough to reach Megiddo, where he died
Barak - " The Kishon's impetuous current (especially that of Megiddo, its western branch), and the sandy soil (as Taanach means), contributed to the enemy's disaster, as their chariots were entangled, like Pharaoh's at the Red Sea
Jehoahaz - Meditating revenge for his father's death at Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29-30), Jehoahaz was carried captive from "Riblah" in Hamath to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho; "they brought him with chains (or hooks or rings, fastened in wild beasts' noses, appropriate figure as he was compared to a 'lion'; the Assyrian king literally put a hook through the nose of captives, as appears in the Ninevite remains) unto . " After his victory at Megiddo, Necho intended to march forward to the Euphrates, but hearing that Jehoahaz had ascended the throne as the people's favorite, whose leanings would be on the side of Babylon against Egypt, like Josiah's, he sent a division of his army, which took Jerusalem and dethroned Jehoahaz, and laid a heavy tribute on the land
Carchemish - He arrived too late to save the Assyrians, perhaps held up by Josiah's unsuccessful challenge at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20-24 )
Jezreel - The great plain lying between Jezreel and Acre, called from two cities on its border in one part, "the valley of Megiddo," 2 Chronicles 35:22 , and in its western part or branch the "plain or valley of Jezreel," afterwards Esdraelon
Hazor - 1 Kings 9:15 mentions that Solomon rebuilt the walls of Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer. Comparing the gates at Hazor with those at Gezer and Megiddo, Yadin found them to be identical in both design and dimension
Seal, Signet - ’ This seal was discovered in 1904 during the German excavations on the site of the ancient Megiddo, and is fully described by Kautzsch in MNDPV [Note: NDPV Mittheil. It is impossible to decide whether or not the Shema of the Megiddo seal is identical with the I original owner of another seal of the more severe type above described, the legend of which runs: ‘[the property] of Shema, the servant of the king
Josiah - Josiah's army blocked the movement of Egyptian troups at Megiddo
Kishon - Of all parts the section of the river from Megiddo (wh
City - The area of Lachish, for example, did not exceed 15 acres; Taanach and Megiddo each occupied from 12 to 13 acres an area about equal to the probable extent of the Jehusite city on Ophel captured by David ( 2 Samuel 5:6 ff. ‘The cities of Canaan,’ says Vincent, ‘were almost invariably perched upon a projecting spur of a mountain slope, or upon an isolated eminence in the plain: Megiddo, Gezer, Tell-es-Safy [Gath?] not to mention the hill of the primitive Jerusalem are characteristic examples of the former site, Taanach and Lachish of the latter
Pharaoh - : "Necho made war by land upon the Syrians, and defeated them in a pitched battle at Magdolus" (Megiddo). Josiah opposed his design and fell at Megiddo
Pharaoh - He made an expedition against Assyria, but was encountered by Josiah, king of Judah, at Megiddo
Amulets And Charms - Our knowledge of early Palestinian amulets has been greatly increased by the recent excavations at Gezer, Taanach, and Megiddo
Josiah - He was opposed by the king of Judah; so that a bloody battle ensued at Megiddo, in which Josiah received a mortal wound, which terminated in his death, after he had been conveyed to Jerusalem, in the thirty-ninth year of his reign, B
Plain - ’ It generally designates a broad vale between hills; among the localities to which it was applied the most notable are the pass between Lebanon and Hermon (‘the valley of Lebanon,’ Joshua 11:17 ; Joshua 12:7 ), and the plain of Esdraelon (‘the valley of Megiddo,’ 2 Chronicles 35:22 , Zee 12:11)
Magdala - The suggestion of Ewald that its site is identical with Megiddo, on the southern border of the Esdraelon plain, does not harmonize with the facts of the narrative, and apparently rests upon a very slender foundation. 159) turns Megiddo into Magdalum, so some Manuscripts in Matthew 15:39 turn Magdala into Magadan’ (SP [Note: P Sinai and Palestine
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - "Armageddon" in Revelation 16:16 corresponds: from har "a mountain", and Megiddo "the valley of Jezreel", the great battle field of Canaan, where godly Josiah fell before Pharaoh Necho
Solomon - See Archaeology; Gezer ; Hazor ; Megiddo ; Temple
Gaza - "... "Pharaoh" Necho fulfilled the prophecy on returning from slaying Josiah at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20) (Grotius)
Shishak - ) Shishak has recorded this expedition on the wall of the great temple at Karnak; there is a list of the countries, cities and tribes, ruled, conquered, or made tributary by him, including many Jewish names, Taanach, Rehob, Mahanaim, Gibeon, Bethhoron, Kedemoth, Aijalon, Megiddo, Ibleam, Almon, Shoco, one of Rehoboam's fenced cities, etc
Nebuchadnezzar - (See JOSIAH; Megiddo
High Place - Archaeologists have discovered the remains of high places at Megiddo, Gezer, and numerous other sites
Jeremiah - It was not as the vassal of Nineveh, but in the assertion of his hereditary rights and as guardian of the old territory of Israel, that he challenged Pharaoh-necho, who was attempting to seize the lost western provinces of Assyria, to the fatal encounter of Megiddo in the year 608 ( 2 Kings 22:2 ; 2 Kings 23:15-20 , 2 Chronicles 35:20 ). 626 621; ( b ) the time of disillusion and silence, subsequent to Josiah’s reforms, 621 608; ( c ) the critical epoch, 608 604, opened by the fall of Josiah at Megiddo and closing in the fourth year of Jehoiakim after the battle of Carchemish and the advent of Nebuchadrezzar, when the paroxysm of the prophet’s soul was past and his vision of the future grew clear; ( d ) the stage of full illumination, attained during the calamities of the last days of Jerusalem. ... ( c ) Josiah’s death at Megiddo pricked the bubble of the national religiousness; this calamity recalled Jeremiah to his work. 15, 17, 18, 20 belong to this decisive epoch (608 605, between Megiddo and Carchemish)
Saul - The Philistines had gathered together at Aphek, while Saul held the fateful plains of Megiddo at Jezreel
Manasseh (1) - Accordingly their towns Taanach, Megiddo, Ibleam, and Endor are in the region of Carmel, within the allotments of other tribes
Coins - After Judah's defeat at Megiddo, the victorious pharaoh appointed a puppet king and required the Jews to pay Egypt a heavy tribute in silver and gold (2 Kings 23:33 )
Philis'Tines - The Egyptian ascendancy was not as yet re-established, for we find the next king, Necho, compelled to besiege Gaza on his return from the battle of Megiddo
Pha'Raoh, - 610, he made war against the king of Assyria, and, being encountered on his way by Josiah, defeated and slew the king of Judah at Megiddo
Transportation And Travel - Megiddo, which commanded the western entrance into the Jezreel Valley, controlled the traffic along the Via Maris as it moved inland and then north to Damascus. Some, like those at Gezer and Megiddo, had a cobblestone or crushed-stone roadbed within the heavily traveled gate complex
Habakkuk - King Josiah, attempting to block the Egyptians as they moved north along the Palestinian coast to aid Assyria, was killed at Megiddo in northern Palestine
Habakkuk - If dated about the year 600, it falls in the reign of Jehoiakim, in the period of reaction that followed the defeat and death of Josiah at Megiddo (608)
Archaeology And Biblical Study - The list includes such important places as Babylon and Ur in ancient Mesopotamia and Ai, Bethel, Hazor, Jericho, Jerusalem, Lachish, Megiddo, Shechem, and many other sites in ancient Israel. Thutmoses III won a major victory at Megiddo in 1490 of which he left a record claiming that Megiddo is worth a thousand cities. ... Interesting sidelights on the general period of the Judges and Kings include the Egyptian custom of counting the victims of a campaign from stacks of severed hands (compare Judges 8:6 ), the putting out of an eye (1 Samuel 11:1-11 ), or both eyes (2 Kings 25:7 ), and depiction of circumcised men on a Megiddo ivory [as well as on an Egyptian papyrus] where the subject described his ordeal
Fortification And Siegecraft - is reached by a wall which is regarded as the oldest fortification of Megiddo. 3000), with the tracing of an elaborate fortress, shows that the early Babylonians were expert fortress builders, the oldest actual remains of a Canaanite fortress are those discovered by Schumacher on the site of Megiddo in 1904, and dated by him between b. An excellent résumé, with plans and photographs, both of the Taanach and the Megiddo fortresses, is given by Father Vincent in his Canaan d’après l’exploration récente , pp
Animals - From bones found at Megiddo, one archaeologist has identified cattle in ancient Israel as the present small Beiruti race, while another has identified five types of cattle of Gezer. The ruins of Solomon's well-known horse stables at ancient Megiddo are today marked as an historical and archeological site. ” They have disappeared from Palestine, with the last one killed near Megiddo in the thirteenth century
Furniture - Consider the home of the “wealthy woman” of Shunem (in lower northern Palestine about five miles east of Megiddo), found in 2 Kings 4:8-37
Oil - ... In the absence of a suitable rock-surface, as would naturally be the case within a city of any antiquity, a solid block of limestone circular, four-sided, and eight-sided (Megiddo) are the shapes recovered by recent explorers was hollowed to the depth of a few inches, a rim being left all round save at one corner
Ornaments - The excavations at Gezer, Taanach, and Megiddo have revealed an unexpected wealth of gold and silver ornaments
Canaan, History And Religion of - Some of the best examples of cities indicating Semitic influences are Jericho, Megiddo, Byblos, and Ugarit. They represent correspondence between the Egyptian court at Tell el-Amarna and numerous Canaanite cities, including Jerusalem, Megiddo, and Shechem
Exile - Judah's hopes were dashed when King Josiah (640-609) was killed at the battle of Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29 )
Solomon - Solomon also built the walls of Jerusalem, and the place called Millo in this city; he repaired and fortified Hazor, Megiddo, Gezer, the two Bethhorons, Upper and Lower, Baal-ath, and Palmyra, in the desert of Syria
Pillar - This provision, which is also characteristic of the mazzçbâhs found at Taanach and Megiddo, must evidently, as will presently appear, have some relation to the ritual of the worship of these ancient sanctuaries
Temple of Jerusalem - They are Egyptian-type sphinxes (human-headed winged lions) such as are pictured as the arms of a throne chair of a Canaanite king on one of the Megiddo ivories. The arrangement prescribed for the wall of the inner court, “three courses of hewn stone and one course of cedar beams” was followed in Solomonic buildings excavated at Megiddo (1 Kings 6:36 ; 1 Kings 7:12 )
Egypt - Josiah opposed Necho, but was slain at Megiddo. Nekau, or Necho, killed Josiah at Megiddo (B
Containers And Vessels - One of the few artifacts not from Egypt is a conical beaker from Mesopotamia, found at Megiddo
Ebla - Biblical place names such as Salim, Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo, Gaza, Dor, Sinai, Ashtaroth, and Joppa seemingly appear repeatedly in the Ebla texts
Altar - was excavated at Megiddo
Ebla - Biblical place names such as Salim, Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo, Gaza, Dor, Sinai, Ashtaroth, and Joppa seemingly appear repeatedly in the Ebla texts
Commerce - He also purchased horses and chariots for his fortress garrisons like those at Gezer, Hazor, and Megiddo (1 Kings 10:26 )
Nebuchadnezzar - Sent by Nabopolassar to punish Pharaoh Necho, the conqueror of Josiah at Megiddo
Name, Names - Many places, however, got their designation from a salient natural feature, a well ( beer ), a fountain ( en , in En-gedi ), a meadow ( abel ), a vineyard ( karmel ), woods ( jearim ), in Kirath-jearim ), a hill ( Gibeah, Gibeon, Ramah ), trees ( Bethphage, Bethtappuah, Anab, Abel-hasshittim, Elah, Allon-bacuth ); from some circumstance belonging to the history or legends of the locality, an encampment ( Mahanaim ), a watch-tower ( Migdal, Megiddo, Mizpah ), a village ( Hazer ), a temporary abode of shepherds ( Succoth ), a place of refuge ( Adullam ), a vision ( Bcer-lahai-roi ); from the clan which dwelt there ( Samaria )
Pharaoh - ... ... The Pharaoh by whom Josiah was defeated and slain at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20-24 ; 2 Kings 23:29,30 )
Zebedee - Shunem, Endor, and Bethshean could also be seen, and Megiddo too,—the scene of Josiah’s heroic fight; while nearer still on the shoulder of Carmel was ‘the place of burning,’—the site of Elijah’s sacrifice, and of Baal’s inglorious defeat before the God of Israel
Egypt - ), who won a major victory at Megiddo in Palestine
Josiah - And till Jesus Christ from the great white throne condemns and sentences Josiah for his too tender heart, I shall continue to read this to myself on his tombstone in the valley of Megiddo:... -This,... the remembrance of josiah is like the perfume of the apothecary, and his name is like music at a banquet of wine
Palestine - It forms the southern side of the Plain of Esdraelon, with the ancient fortress of Megiddo standing as one of its key cities
Canaan - So we find them in the upper Jordan valley at Bethshean, Esdraelon (Jezreel), Taanach, Ibleam, Megiddo, the Sharon plain, Dor, the Phoenician Accho and Sidon (Joshua 17:16; Judges 1:19; Judges 4:3
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - While a number of its small tributaries have their sources in springs at the base of Mount Tabor, in the southern Galilee, and in the extension of the Carmel in the vicinity of Taanach and Megiddo, the Kishon is rarely more than a brook within relatively shallow and narrow banks except during the heavy rains of the winter months
Egypt - At Megiddo Josiah encountered him, b
Israel, History of - This reform had long-range repercussions on the development of Yahwism and Judaism, but the primary impetus for the reform was removed with Josiah's death in 609 as he fought against Pharaoh Necho of Egypt at Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29 )
Solomon - )... Among his buildings were the famous Tadmor or Palmyra in the wilderness, to carry on commerce with inland Asia, and store cities in Hamath; Bethhoron, the Upper and the Nether, on the border toward Philistia and Egypt; Hazor and Megiddo, guarding the plain of Esdraelon; Baalath or Baalbek, etc
House - At Megiddo was found the skeleton of a girl of about fifteen years, who had clearly been built alive into the foundation of a fortress; at Taanach was found one of ten years of age; and skeletons of adults have also been discovered
Palestine - (See PHARAOH NECHO; Megiddo
Revelation, the - A trinity of evil spirits goes forth to gather the kings of the earth to the battle of the great day of Almighty God at Harmagedon — mount of Megiddo: cf
Babel - ... Josiah, as ally of Babylon, met him in spite of warning and was slain at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20-25; 2 Kings 23:29)
Israel - One of these consisted of Dor, Megiddo
Jerusalem - The death of Josiah at Megiddo was disastrous for the kingdom of Judah, and he was succeeded by a series of petty kinglings, all of them puppets in the hands of the Egyptian or Babylonian monarchs
Jerusalem - Within the space of sixty-six years more it was taken by Pharaoh-Necho, king of Egypt, whom Josiah, king of Judah, had opposed in his expedition to Carchemish; and who, in consequence, was killed at the battle of Megiddo, and his son Eliakim placed on the throne in his stead by Necho, who changed his name to Jehoiakim, and imposed a heavy tribute upon him, having sent his elder brother, Jehoahaz, who had been proclaimed king at Jerusalem, a prisoner to Egypt, where he died, 2 Kings 23; 2 Chronicles 35