Places Study on Media

Places Study on Media

Esther 1: In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him:
Esther 1: And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)
Esther 1: Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath.
Esther 10: And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?
Isaiah 21: A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Daniel 5: And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old.
Daniel 8: The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.
Matthew 4: And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him.
Matthew 8: And Jesus put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
Matthew 14: And immediately Jesus stretched forth his hand, and caught him, and said unto him, O thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?
Matthew 20: So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.
Matthew 24: Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Matthew 26: Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.
Mark 1: And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness.
Mark 1: And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.
Mark 1: And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them.
Mark 1: And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was cleansed.
Mark 2: And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?
Mark 2: And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.
Mark 4: And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:
Mark 4: And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.
Mark 4: And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;
Mark 4: And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
Mark 4: But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.
Mark 5: And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit,
Mark 5: And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, Who touched my clothes?
Mark 6: And immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison,
Mark 6: For they all saw him, and were troubled. And immediately he talked with them, and saith unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid.
Mark 10: And Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.
Mark 14: And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
Luke 1: And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, and praised God.
Luke 4: And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.
Luke 5: And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.
Luke 5: And immediately he rose up before them, and took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his own house, glorifying God.
Luke 6: But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.
Luke 8: Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched.
Luke 8: And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately.
Luke 12: And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately.
Luke 13: And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God.
Luke 18: And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.
Luke 19: And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.
Luke 19: And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
Luke 22: And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.
John 5: And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath.
John 6: Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.
John 13: He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
John 18: Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
John 21: Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.
Acts 3: And he took him by the right hand, and lifted him up: and immediately his feet and ancle bones received strength.
Acts 9: And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.
Acts 9: And Peter said unto him, AEneas, Jesus Christ maketh thee whole: arise, and make thy bed. And he arose immediately.
Acts 10: Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
Acts 11: And, behold, immediately there were three men already come unto the house where I was, sent from Caesarea unto me.
Acts 12: And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.
Acts 13: And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and a darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand.
Acts 16: And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.
Acts 16: And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.
Acts 17: And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews.
Acts 17: And then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus abode there still.
Acts 21: Who immediately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down unto them: and when they saw the chief captain and the soldiers, they left beating of Paul.
Galatians 1: To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
Galatians 3: Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Galatians 3: Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.
1 Timothy 2: For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
Hebrews 8: But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Hebrews 9: And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Hebrews 12: And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
Revelation 4: And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.

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Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Media
Heb. Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1) "Madai," Genesis 10:2 ; (2) "Medes," 2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:11 ; (3) "Media," Esther 1:3 ; 10:2 ; Isaiah 21:2 ; Daniel 8:20 ; (4) "Mede," only in Daniel 11:1 . We first hear of this people in the Assyrian cuneiform records, under the name of Amada, about B.C. 840. They appear to have been a branch of the Aryans, who came from the east bank of the Indus, and were probably the predominant race for a while in the Mesopotamian valley. They consisted for three or four centuries of a number of tribes, each ruled by its own chief, who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2 Kings 17:6 ). From this subjection they achieved deliverance, and formed themselves into an empire under Cyaxares (B.C. 633). This monarch entered into an alliance with the king of Babylon, and invaded Assyria, capturing and destroying the city of Nineveh (B.C. 625), thus putting an end to the Assyrian monarchy (Nahum 1:8 ; 2:5,6 ; 3:13,14 ).

Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its boundaries. But it did not long exist as an independent kingdom. It rose with Cyaxares, its first king, and it passed away with him; for during the reign of his son and successor Astyages, the Persians waged war against the Medes and conquered them, the two nations being united under one monarch, Cyrus the Persian (B.C. 558).

The "cities of the Medes" are first mentioned in connection with the deportation of the Israelites on the destruction of Samaria (2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:11 ). Soon afterwards (Isaiah 13:17 ; 21:2 ) speaks of the part taken by the Medes in the destruction of Babylon (Compare Jeremiah 51:11,28 ). Daniel gives an account of the reign of Darius the Mede, who was made viceroy by Cyrus (Daniel 6:1-28 ). The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes," Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median city mentioned in Scripture.



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Medes, Media
MEDES, MEDIA. A people and country called by the same word, Madai in Hebrew and Assyrian. The Medes were the first of the Iranian immigrants to form a settled government on the borders of the old Semitic realm. As early as the 9th cent. b.c. they began to occupy the mountainous country south and south-east of the Caspian Sea, and by the middle of the 7th cent. their territory extended southward to the borders of Elam. Their chief city was Ecbatana, the Achmetha of Ezra 6:2 and the modern Hamadân . The Assyrians opposed them, and finally subdued them under Tiglath-pileser iii. and Sargon, and the latter deported (b.c. 721) some of them as captives to Samaria ( 2 Kings 17:6 ; 2 Kings 18:11 ). In the later years of the Assyrian empire they regained their independence, and under their king, Cyaxares, who had formed an alliance with the rising Chaldæan power, they destroyed the city of Nineveh (b.c. 607), and therewith the Assyrian dominion itself. By agreement with the Chaldæans, who restricted themselves to the lowlands, they speedily occupied the northern highlands as far as Cappadocia. Meanwhile the southern immigration from eastern Iran had settled to the east of the Persian Gulf and founded the Persian community. The southern portion of Elam soon fell to them, but they became vassals of their Median kindred. Under Cyrus the Great, Astyages, king of the Medes, yielded his throne to the Persians (b.c. 550), who henceforth held the hegemony of the Iranian race.

Among the Semitic peoples, however, the name of the Medes continued long to be more familiar than that of the Persians, partly by reason of their greater antiquity, and partly because the Medes formed the principal portion of the Iranian population. Hence the word is more frequent than ‘Persia,’ except in the later books of the OT. Madai is mentioned in Genesis 10:2 among the sons of Japheth, with no allusion to the Persians. So the Medes and not the Persians are mentioned in prophecy as the prospective destroyers of Babylon ( Isaiah 13:17 ; Isaiah 21:2 , Jeremiah 25:25 ; Jeremiah 51:11 ; cf. Elam, p. 211 b ). in Acts 2:9 the Medes are vaguely mentioned, where the reference is to Jews or proselytes living in Media and using the language of the country. Media was of great importance in the history of religion, since it was there, probably in the early years of the 7th cent. b.c., that Zoroaster lived and taught.

J. F. M‘Curdy.

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Media
Media was an ancient kingdom to the north of Persia. It appears in the Bible story mainly as a partner of Persia, who had conquered it in the reign of the Persian king Cyrus. The combined army of Media and Persia conquered Babylon in 539 BC, after which Persia became the supreme power in the region. Medes shared as equals with Persians in the military and civil administration of the Persian Empire, and sometimes the names Medes and Persians were used interchangeably (Ezra 6:1-3; Esther 1:3; Esther 1:14; Esther 1:19; Isaiah 13:17; Isaiah 21:2; Jeremiah 51:11; Jeremiah 51:28; Daniel 5:30-31; Daniel 6:8; Daniel 6:28; Daniel 8:20; Daniel 9:1; Daniel 11:1). (For further details see PERSIA.)

Media
Measure; habit; covering
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Medes, Media
The Hebrew is the same for the two words. This powerful race is traced back to Madai the son of Japheth. Genesis 10:2 . They occupied a large district, having the Caspian Sea on the north-east; Armenia on the north-west; Parthia on the east; Persia on the south; and Assyria on the west. The boundaries no doubt varied at different times owing to the conflicts of the Medes with their neighbours.

The first mention of them is when Shalmaneser took Samaria and carried away the Israelites, placing some of them 'in the cities of the Medes.' 2 Kings 17:6 ; 2 Kings 18:11 . Under Cyaxares (about B.C. 634) a Median empire was founded. He is called Ahasuerus in Daniel 9:1 . He pushed his conquests westward, and was able to overthrow the Assyrian empire. Astyages succeeded Cyaxares, but Cyrus the Persian was rising in power and subdued Astyages, but allowed him to reign as king, and he was probably Darius the Mede of Daniel. The kingdom was called at first that of the 'Medes and Persians,' as in Daniel 5:28 ; Daniel 6:8,12,15 ; but, at a later period, the Persians had the pre-eminence (cf. Daniel 8:3 ), and are mentioned first. Esther 1:3,14,18 . They conquered Babylon and Asia Minor. On the death of Astyages, Cyrus reigned alone. It became the second great empire of the Gentiles. See DANIEL.There were some bearing the name of Medes present at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost. The Medes and Persians are considered to have been branches of the Aryan race and were one in origin, language, religion, etc. Esther 10:2 ; Isaiah 13:17 ; Isaiah 21:2 ; Jeremiah 25:25 ; Jeremiah 51:11,28 ; Daniel 8:20 ; Acts 2:9 . Darius in Daniel 5:31 is called the MEDIAN.

Webster's Dictionary - Media
(1):

(n.) One of the sonant mutes /, /, / (b, d, g), in Greek, or of their equivalents in other languages, so named as intermediate between the tenues, /, /, / (p, t, k), and the aspiratae (aspirates) /, /, / (ph or f, th, ch). Also called middle mute, or medial, and sometimes soft mute.

(2):

(n.) pl. of Medium.

(3):

(pl.) of Medium

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Media
It has been commonly thought that Media was peopled by the descendants of Madai, son of Japheth, Genesis 10:2 . The Greeks maintain that this country took its name from Medus, the son of Medea. If, however, Madai and his immediate descendants did not people this country, some of his posterity might have carried his name thither, since we find it so often given to Media, from the times of the Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah, and from the transportation of the ten tribes, and the destruction of Samaria under Salmaneser, A.M. 3283. Media Proper was bounded by Armenia and Assyria Proper on the west, by Persia on the east, by the Caspian provinces on the north, and by Susiana on the south. It was an elevated and mountainous country, and formed a kind of pass between the cultivated parts of eastern and western Asia. Hence, from its geographical position, and from the temperature, verdure, and fertility of its climate, Media was one of the most important and interesting regions of Asia. Into this country the ten tribes who composed the kingdom of Israel were transplanted, in the Assyrian captivity, by Tiglath-pileser and Salmaneser. The former prince carried away the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh, on the east side of Jordan, to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan. His successor carried away the remaining seven tribes and a half, to the same places, which are said to be "cities of the Medes, by the river of Gozan," 1 Chronicles 5:26 ; 2 Kings 17:6 . The geographical position of Media was wisely chosen for the distribution of the great body of the captives; for, it was so remote, and so impeded and intersected with great mountains and numerous and deep rivers, that it would be extremely difficult for them to escape from this natural prison, and return to their own country. They would also be opposed in their passage through Kir, or Assyria Proper, not only by the native Assyrians, but also by their enemies, the Syrians, transplanted thither before them. The superior civilization of the Israelites, and their skill in agriculture and in the arts, would tend to civilize and improve those wild and barbarous regions.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Media
Called by the Hebrews Genesis 10:2 ; extended itself on the west and south of the Caspian Sea, from Armenia and Assyria on the north and west, to Farsistan or Persia proper on the south; and included the districts now called Shirvan, Adserbijan, Ghilan, Masanderan, and Irak Adjemi. It covered a territory larger than that of Spain, lying between 32 degrees and 40 degrees of north latitude, and was one of the most fertile and earliest cultivated among the kingdoms of Asia. It had two grand divisions, of which the northwestern was called Atropatene, or Lesser Media, and the southern Greater Media. The former corresponds to the modern Abserbijan, now, as formerly, a province of the Persian empire, on the west of the Caspian, surrounded by high mountains of the Tauritic range, except towards the east, where the river Kur, or Byrus, discharges its waters into the Caspian. The Greater Media corresponds principally to the modern Irak Adjemi, or Persian Irak. Ecbatana was the ancient capital.

Media is one of the most ancient independent kingdoms of which history makes mention. After several centuries of subjugation under Assyria, the Medes rebelled under Arbaces in the time of Sardanapalus, and again in the time of Sennacherib, about 700 B. C.. They became powerful, cultivated, and wealthy, Isaiah 13:17,18 21:2-3 , and continued an independent kingdom until under Cyrus, Media became united with Persia. In this way arose the Medro-Persian kingdom; and the "laws of the Medes and Persians" are always mentioned by the sacred writers together, Esther 1:19 , etc.; Daniel 6:8,12 , etc. So also the "Chronicles" of the Medes and Persians are mentioned together, Esther 10:2 . Indeed, from this time inward, the manners, customs, religion, and civilization of the Medes and Persians seem ever to have become more and more amalgamated. And in general it would seem, as we may gather from the ancient Zend writings, that the Medes, Persians, and Bactraians were originally the same people, having in common one language, the Zend, and one religion, the worship of Ormuzd, the highest being, under the symbol of fire. They also worshipped the stars, particularly the planets; and still more, the sun and moon. The priests of this religion, the Magi, were a Median race, to whom were intrusted the cultivation of the sciences, and the performance of the sacred rites. Among these, and as is supposed before the time of Cyrus, appeared Zerdusht, or Zoroaster, as a reformer, or rather as the restorer of the ancient but degenerated religion of light, whose disciples have maintained themselves even to the present day in Persia and India, under the name of Guebres.

Media is first mentioned in the Bible as the part of Assyria to which the ten tribes were transported: at first, those beyond the Jordan, by Tiglath-pileser, 1 Chronicles 5:26 ; and afterwards, about 721 B. C., the remainder of Israel, by Shalmaneser, 2 Kings 17:6 . The subsequent history of Media is involved in that of Persia. Both countries were subdued by Alexander of Macedon, 330 B. C.; and in the next century became tributary to the Parthians on their east, in connection with whom they are mentioned in Acts 2:9 . See PERSIA .

The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Via Media
A Latin term, meaning middle course as betweentwo extremes. The term is used to describe the Anglican or EpiscopalChurch as avoiding Romanism on the one hand, and Protestantism onthe other.

Sentence search

Chilmad - Ptolemy mentions a Gaala of Media, which compounded forms Chil-mad. The Chaldee version has "Media," others "Carmanda," a large city beyond the Euphrates (Xenophon)
Ecbat'Ana - Two cities named Ecbatana seem to have existed in ancient times, one the capital of northern Media --the Media Atropatene of Strabo --the other the metropolis of the larger and more important province known as Media Magna
Mediae - ) of Media...
Medes - Medes and Media (mç'di-ah), name. , and "Media," Esther 1:3, etc. In the period of which Herodotus writes the people of Media were called Aryans. Media was divided originally into six provinces, which in Greek and Roman times were reduced to two. But Media was not incorporated with Assyria, although Sargon, and afterward Sennacherib, subdued its people and exacted tribute. Media then became a great and powerful monarchy, comprising, besides Media proper, Persia, Assyria, Armenia, and other adjoining countries. Under Cyrus the two kingdoms of Babylonia and Media were united, b. The only city in Media alluded to in Scriptures is Achmetha, or Ecbatana. This region was absorbed in the Macedonian empire of Alexander the Great Later an independent Median kingdom held sway until the Christian era, after which it became a part of the Parthian empire
Carshena - One of the seven princes of Persia and Media
Shethar - One of the seven princes of Persia and Media
Admatha - One of the seven princes of Persia and Media
Lady's Hair - Media); a variety of quaking grass
Carshe'na - (illustrious ), one of the seven princes of Persia and Media
Diactinic - ) Capable of transmitting the chemical or actinic rays of light; as, diactinic Media
Hara - 1 Chronicles 5:26 , probably a mountainous region in the northern part of Media
Kilmad - REB takes as common nouns, “all Media
She'Thar - a star ), one of the seven princes of Persia and Media
Mede - ) A native or inhabitant of Media in Asia
Medial - ) Of or pertaining to a mean or average; mean; as, Medial alligation. ) See 2d Media
Vasculose - ) One of the substances of which vegetable tissue is composed, differing from cellulose in its solubility in certain Media
Astyages - ASTYAGES (Bel 1) was the last king of Media
Chickweed - ) The name of several caryophyllaceous weeds, especially Stellaria Media, the seeds and flower buds of which are a favorite food of small birds
Exosmose - ) The passage of gases, vapors, or liquids thought membranes or porous Media from within outward, in the phenomena of osmose; - opposed to endosmose
ra'Ges, - an important city in northeastern Media, where that country bordered its ruins, still known by the name of Rhey , lie about five miles southeast of Teheran
Ragu'el, - ) ... A pious Jew of "Ecbatane, a of Media," father of Sara, the wife of Tobias
Medes - Media. eight Median kings reigned over Babylon for 224 years. Then the Medes appear in the cuneiform inscriptions as Assyria's enemies, inhabiting part of Media. So, in spite of Sargon's attempt by military colonies to occupy Media permanently, the Medes maintained their nationality and outlived Assyria. Sennacherib and his successor Esarhaddon both profess to conquer Media, which shows it was still unconquered when they came to the throne. , Kir a Median city was held by Tiglath Pileser (2 Kings 16:9). In the deciphered inscriptions he says he founded in Media cities which he planted with colonists from other parts of his dominions. As Assyria declined Media rose. ) The Median empire then was separated from Babylonia either by the Tigris or by a line half way between the Tigris and Euphrates; Syria, Phoenicia, and Judaea falling to Babylon. Cyaxares' predecessors named by Herodotus, Deioces the first king (a title assumed by all Median kings, from dahak "biter" or "snake"), and Phraortes, are hardly historical persons. Media probably left the native monarchs over the subject nations and required only tribute. Certainly Cambyses and his son Cyrus so held their throne under Media until Cyrus revolted. Media only lasted as an empire the two reigns of Cyaxares and Astyages, 75 years, down to 558 B. as when God overthrew Sodom"); so Isaiah 21:2, "go up O Elam (Persia), besiege O Media. ) The Median capital was a royal residence for part of the year, and Media claimed precedence among the provinces. Achmetha (Ecbatana) "the palace in the province of the Medes" (Ezra 6:2-5) is where Cyrus' decree is found, an undesigned coincidence of Scripture with the fact that the Median capital was the seat of government under Cyrus, but a royal residence only under Darius Hystaspes. ... Discontent however led Media to seek to regain its old ascendancy and to elevate a Phraortes to the throne who claimed descent from Cyaxares. The two divisions latterly made were Media Magna (now Kurdistan, Luristan, Ardelan, and Irak Ajemi) and Media Atropatia (now Azerbijan, the tract between the Caspian and the mountains running N. of Media Magna) or Atropatene. The phrases "the Medes and Persians" and "Media and Persia," even after the Persians got the supremacy (Esther 10:2), show the original supremacy of Media, which still in legal and religious formalities was retained. In Persia the purer Aryan creed, dualism (Ormuzd however being supreme), prevailed; in Media Magism, the worship of water, air, earth, and above all fire, to which altars (but no temples) on mountain tops were dedicated, on which the fire was never allowed to go out. ... The usurpation of the Pseudo Smerdis or the Magian Artaxerxes (Ezra 4) was probably a religious revolution, Median Magianism striving against the Persian creed
Laucoma - ) Dimness or abolition of sight, with a diminution of transparency, a bluish or greenish tinge of the refracting Media of the eye, and a hard inelastic condition of the eyeball, with marked increase of tension within the eyeball
Media - It has been commonly thought that Media was peopled by the descendants of Madai, son of Japheth, Genesis 10:2 . If, however, Madai and his imMediate descendants did not people this country, some of his posterity might have carried his name thither, since we find it so often given to Media, from the times of the Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah, and from the transportation of the ten tribes, and the destruction of Samaria under Salmaneser, A. Media Proper was bounded by Armenia and Assyria Proper on the west, by Persia on the east, by the Caspian provinces on the north, and by Susiana on the south. Hence, from its geographical position, and from the temperature, verdure, and fertility of its climate, Media was one of the most important and interesting regions of Asia. The geographical position of Media was wisely chosen for the distribution of the great body of the captives; for, it was so remote, and so impeded and intersected with great mountains and numerous and deep rivers, that it would be extremely difficult for them to escape from this natural prison, and return to their own country
Habor or Chabor - A city of Media, near which Tiglath-pileser, and afterwards Shalmanezer located portions of the captive Israelites
Hara - There is much to be said for the suggestion that the original text read hârç Mâdai , ‘mountains of Media,’ corresponding to the cities of Media of the parallel passages (LXX [Note: Septuagint. ] ‘the Median mountains’); and that Mâdai dropped out of the text, and hârç , ‘mountains of,’ was changed to the proper name Hara
Parthians - Parthia lay on the east of Media and south of Hyrcania, which separated it from the Caspian Sea
Apharsathchites - There were mountaineers, Paraetacae, between Media and Persia, who may answer to the former
Mede - Madai), a Median or inhabitant of Media (Daniel 11:1 )
Media - It had two grand divisions, of which the northwestern was called Atropatene, or Lesser Media, and the southern Greater Media. The Greater Media corresponds principally to the modern Irak Adjemi, or Persian Irak. ... Media is one of the most ancient independent kingdoms of which history makes mention. They became powerful, cultivated, and wealthy, Isaiah 13:17,18 21:2-3 , and continued an independent kingdom until under Cyrus, Media became united with Persia. The priests of this religion, the Magi, were a Median race, to whom were intrusted the cultivation of the sciences, and the performance of the sacred rites. ... Media is first mentioned in the Bible as the part of Assyria to which the ten tribes were transported: at first, those beyond the Jordan, by Tiglath-pileser, 1 Chronicles 5:26 ; and afterwards, about 721 B. The subsequent history of Media is involved in that of Persia
Halah - A district of Media to which captive Israelites were transported by the Assyrian kings (2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:11 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26 )
Parthians - Inhabitants of Parthia, a country in the East, lying south of Hyrcania, north of Sagartia, and east of Media
Medan - Others argue for textual corruption of the term Media
Chilmad - ” A trading partner of Tyre according to Hebrew text of Ezekiel 27:23 , but many Bible students think copyists inadvertently changed the text from “all of Media” or a similar reading
Gozan - Now the Ozan, a river of Media and the adjacent district, Isaiah 37:12 , to which Tiglath-pileser and afterwards Shalmanezer sent the captive Israelites, 2 Kings 17:6 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26
Northward - The "kingdoms of the north" are Chaldea, Assyria, Media, etc
Elamites - Natives of Elam, a Persian province named after one of the sons of Sern (Genesis 10), south of Media and north of the Persian Gulf, seat of a mighty empire of which Susa was the capital, and the scene of wars between the Assyrians and the Babylonians; it was conquered by the Assyrians 640 B
Medes, me'Dia - Media lay northwest of Persia proper, south and southwest of the Caspian Sea, east of Armenia and Assyria, west and northwest of the great salt desert of Iran. The division of Media commonly recognized by the Greeks and Romans was that into Media Magna and Media Atropatene.
Media Atropatene corresponded nearly to the modern Azerbijan , being the tract situated between the Caspian and the mountains which run north from Zagros. ... Media Magna lay south and east of Atropatene. 2458), and that eight Median monarchs reigned there consecutively, over a space of 224 years. the Median kingdom was consolidated, and became formidable to its neighbors; but previous to this time it was not under the dominion of a single powerful monarch, but was ruled by a vast number of petty chieftains. Cyaxares, the third Median monarch, took Nineveh and conquered Assyria B. The limits of the Median empire cannot be definitely fixed. Of all the ancient Oriental monarchies the Median was the shortest in duration. 721 (2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:12 ) Soon afterward Isaiah prophesies the part which the Medes shall take in the destruction of Babylon, (Isaiah 13:17 ; 21:2 ) which is again still more distinctly declared by Jeremiah, (Jeremiah 51:11,28 ) who sufficiently indicates the independence of Media in his day. (Daniel 6:1-58 ) In Ezra we have a mention of Achmetha (Ecbatana), "the palace in the province of the Medes," where the decree of Cyrus was found, ( Ezra 6:2-5 ) --a notice which accords with the known facts that the Median capital was the seat of government under Cyrus, but a royal residence only, and not the seat of government, under Darius Hystaspis. Finally, in Esther the high rank of Media under the Persian kings, yet at the same time its subordinate position, is marked by the frequent composition of the two names in phrases of honor, the precedence being in every ease assigned to the Persians
Achmetha - The Ecbatana of ancient Media, and the place where the records of the kingdom were preserved
Parthians - It lay east of Media
Achmetha - Ezra 6:2 , supposed to mean Ecbatana, a city of Media, inferior to none in the East but Babylon and Nineveh
Mean, Golden - (Latin: medium, middle) ... The mid-way or mean between extremes; the law or norm of virtue according to the Roman adage: In Media stat virtus (virtue is in the middle), like the fulcrum of a balance; the supreme characteristic and merit of the Catholic Church, always avoiding excess and deficiency, as in the matter of temperance, recreation, labor, Sunday observance, and in all other regulations of Christian life
Bdellium - It was probably an aromatic gum like balsam which exuded from a particular tree (Borassus flabelliformis) still found in Arabia, Media, and India
Achmetha - (Ezra 6:2 ), called Ecbatana by classical writers, the capital of northern Media. Here was the palace which was the residence of the old Median monarchs, and of Cyrus and Cambyses
Golden Mean - (Latin: medium, middle) ... The mid-way or mean between extremes; the law or norm of virtue according to the Roman adage: In Media stat virtus (virtue is in the middle), like the fulcrum of a balance; the supreme characteristic and merit of the Catholic Church, always avoiding excess and deficiency, as in the matter of temperance, recreation, labor, Sunday observance, and in all other regulations of Christian life
Cossaeans - ] Kasshç , a semi-barbarous people inhabiting the mountain region between Elam and Media proper
Achmetha - It was the capital of Media (in Old Persian Haghmatâna )
Kir - About the location of the place scholars disagree, some placing it In Armenia, on the river Kar; others identifying it with Carena, or Carna, in Media
Ahasuerus - known by this name in profane history, the king of Media and the conqueror of Nineveh. He ruled over the kingdoms of Persia, Media, and Babylonia, "from India to Ethiopia
Sepharad - The location is disputed: possibly a country south of Lake Urmia and north and west of Media, beyond the Babylonian Empire, but more likely the capital city of the Persian satrapy of Sepharad or Sardis in Lydia near the Aegean Sea
Kir - (A difference of opinion exists in regard to the position of Kir, since some suppose it to be identical with Carma, a city of Media, in the south, on the river Mardus; others place it in Armenia, on the river Kar
Persia - an ancient kingdom of Asia, bounded on the north by Media, on the west by Susiana, on the east by Carmania, and on the south by the Persian Gulf
Molinists - He affirmed that the decree of predestination to eternal glory was founded upon a previous knowledge and consideration of the merits of the elect; that the grace, from whose operation these merits are derived, is not efficacious by its own intrinsic power only, but also by the consent of our own will, and because it is administered in those circumstances in which the Deity, by that branch of his knowledge which is called scientia Media, foresees that it will be efficacious. The kind of prescience, denominated in the schools scientia Media, is that foreknowledge of future contingents that arises from an acquaintance with the nature and faculties of rational beings, of the circumstances in which they shall be placed, of the objects that shall be presented to them, and of the influence which their circumstances and objects must have on their actions
Molinism - For the infallibility of the connection of grace with the consent of the free will, it falls back upon God's foreknowledge through the scientia Media, a Mediate (not an imMediate) knowledge
Captivity, Assyrian - ), Sargon destroyed Samaria, and carried off the upper classes to Mesopotamia and Media (4Kings 17; 1Par
Assyrian Captivity - ), Sargon destroyed Samaria, and carried off the upper classes to Mesopotamia and Media (4Kings 17; 1Par
Persia - In Hebrew Paras, Ezekiel 27:10 , a vast region in Asia, the southwestern province of which lying between ancient Media on the north and the Persian Gulf on the south, appears to have been the ancient Persia, and is still called Pharsistan, or Fars. When Media became independent, under Dejoes and then Phraortes, Persia became also subject to its sway, as a tributary kingdom. Media having vanquished her great rival Assyria enjoyed a long interval of peace, during the reign of Astyages, son of Cyaxares. ... Cyrus succeeded to the thrones of Media and Persia, and completed the union between those countries, which appear to have been in reality but two nations of he same race, having the same religion (See MAGI and Media,) and using languages near akin to each other and to the ancient Sanscrit
Elymais - of Media and N
Armenia - A large country of Asia, having Media on the east, Cappadocia on the west, Colchis and Iberia on the north, Mesopotamia on the south, and the Euphrates and Syria on the southwest
Sargon - He deported the people of Israel to Media and other parts of the Middle East
Gabael - A friend and kinsman of Tobit residing at Rages in Media
Ecbatana - Margin of Ezra 6:2 for ACHMETHA equating to Hagmatana, the native appellation; a Median town where was a palace. Media," the seven walled town," with each wall of a different color, white, black, scarlet, blue, orange, silver, and gold (Herodotus, 1:98-99,153); the capital of Cyrus, therefore probably the town where the roll was found containing Cyrus' decree for rebuilding the Jerusalem temple, which induced Darius to issue a new decree sanctioning the recommencement of the suspended work; now the ruins of Takht-i-Suleiman. The other town was capital of the larger province, Media Magna; now Hamadan
Vashti - ” Wife of King Ahasuerus and queen of Persia and Media (Esther 1:9 )
Medes, Media - MEDES, Media. The southern portion of Elam soon fell to them, but they became vassals of their Median kindred. in Acts 2:9 the Medes are vaguely mentioned, where the reference is to Jews or proselytes living in Media and using the language of the country. Media was of great importance in the history of religion, since it was there, probably in the early years of the 7th cent
Persia - Regions to the north of Elam that were later closely allied with Persia were Media and Parthia (Esther 1:18; Acts 2:9). One of his greatest triumphs was the conquest of Media. Media then became Persia’s strongest ally, and its leaders shared in the civil and military leadership of the expanding Persian Empire
Peacock - The peacock is a bird originally of India; thence brought into Persia and Media. Aristophanes mentions Persian peacocks; and Suidas calls the peacock the Median bird
Culture - ) The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms in artificial Media or under artificial conditions
Grace, Controversies on - For the infallibility of the connection of grace with the consent of the free will, both fall back upon God's foreknowledge through the scientia Media
Rages - It was the capital of Media before Ecbatana, and has the distinction of having been the home of the mother of Zoroaster
Sar'Gon - 721 to 706, he gives an account of his warlike expeditions against Babylonia and Susiana on the south, Media on the east, Armenia and Cappadocia toward the north, Syria, Palestine, Arabia and Egypt toward the west and southwest
Hara - The name may be akin to Aria and Aryans, the Greek for Media and the Medes
Parthians - of Media; but in the apostles' time the Parthian empire stretched from India to the Tigris and from the Kharesm desert to the southern ocean
Dispersion - Babylon thus became a centre from which offshoots spread; and colonies of Jews established themselves in Persia, Media, and other neighboring countries
Astyages - ... ASTYAGES, otherwise called Ahasuerus in the Greek, Daniel 9:1 , or Cyaxares in Xenophon, or Apandus in Ctesias, was appointed by his father Cyaxares governor of Media, and sent with Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, against Saracus, otherwise called Chynaladanus, king of Assyria
Media - Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1) "Madai," Genesis 10:2 ; (2) "Medes," 2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:11 ; (3) "Media," Esther 1:3 ; 10:2 ; Isaiah 21:2 ; Daniel 8:20 ; (4) "Mede," only in Daniel 11:1 . ... Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its boundaries. The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes," Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median city mentioned in Scripture
Assyria - Assyria ancient and proper lay east of the Tigris, between Armenia, Susiana, and Media, and appears to have comprehended the six provinces attributed to it by Ptolemy, namely, Arrapachis, Adiabene, Arbelis, (now Erbil,) Calachene, (Heb. On ascertaining this secret design of the Israelitish prince, Shalmanezer again invaded Israel, reduced Samaria, loaded its king with fetters, and transported the people of the land into Media, and put an end to the separate kingdom of the ten tribes. The three tribes located east of Jordan had already been deported into Media by Tiglath-pileser, when he ravaged Israel to save Ahaz, and the kingdom of Judah
Sargon - They also remarkably illustrate 2 Kings 17:6, that he placed the deported Israelites (in Halah, Habor, the river of Gozan, and at a later time) "in the cities of the Medes"; for Sargon in them states he overran Media and "annexed many Median towns to Assyria. , Media on the E. He built cities in Media, which he peopled with captives from a distance
Persia, Persians - The Persians were located between Media and the Persian Gulf, but very little is known of their history until the time of Cyrus, when the kingdoms of Israel and Judah had been brought to an end. Media ruled them in early times, but under Cyrus the yoke was shaken off, and, together with the Medes, they formed the second Gentile empire, succeeding that of Babylon. Cyaxares, king of Media … … … 633 Ahasuerus: Daniel 9:1 . Astyages, his son, last king of Media … … 593 Probably Darius the Mede
Cuthah - The mountainous region between Elam and Media was called Cuthah
Mesopotamia - At times in antiquity the culture of Mesopotamia dominated an even larger area, spreading east into Elam and Media, north into Asia Minor, and following the fertile cresent into Canaan and Egypt
Kir - It has been identified with Kur , a river flowing into the Caspian Sea; with Cyropolis ; with the Syrian province of Cyrrhestica ; with Cyrene ; with Kurenia in Media; with Kuris , north of Aleppo; with Koa of Ezekiel 23:23 , which has been supposed to be the same as the Gutium of the Bab
Parthia - Is supposed to have been originally a province of Media, on its eastern side, which was raised into a distinct kingdom by Arsaces, B
Kir - Keil thinks Kir to be Kurena along the river Mardus in Media, or else Karine a town in Media, on the ground that the remote parts of Armenia were beyond the Assyrian empire (2 Kings 19:37); but Esarhaddon subdued it
Alexander the Great - , where the kingdom of Media and Persia is compared to a ram, Greece is compared to a he goat, with a great horn, which is its first king, Alexander, Daniel 8:21 . 356; became king of Macedon on the assassination of his father in 336: subdued the Greeks in 335; defeated the Persians, 334; took Tyre; conquered Syria and Egypt, and founded Alexandria 332; defeated Darius in 331; conquered Parthia, Media, Bactria, and invaded India, 330-324, sought fresh conquests, but died at Babylon in 323. He granted the Jews in Palestine, Media and Babylonia the free enjoyment of their laws and exemption from tribute during the Sabbatical year
Par'Thians - It lay south of Hyrcania, east of Media and north of Sagartia
Ahasuerus - It is supposed that the word Ahasuerus is an appellative, or official title, as Pharaoh was in Egypt, and that the person referred to is the Cyaxares of history, king of Media
Dispersion, the Jews of the, - From Babylon the Jews spread throughout Persia, Media and Parthia
Dari'us - (lord ), the name of several kings of Media and Persia
Parthians - The Parthians at first inhabited the mountainous country south of the Caspian Sea, between Media and Bactriana
John Newman, Venerable - He then designated his position the via Media (middle way), maintaining from 1833 that England lay midway between Rome and Geneva, Catholicism and Luthero-Calvinism. From 1839 the via Media appeared, as he read history, a mere repetition of the subterfuges of past heresies
Newman, John Henry, Venerable - He then designated his position the via Media (middle way), maintaining from 1833 that England lay midway between Rome and Geneva, Catholicism and Luthero-Calvinism. From 1839 the via Media appeared, as he read history, a mere repetition of the subterfuges of past heresies
Ahasuerus - The Graecised form is Cyaxares; king of Media, conqueror of Nineveh; began to reign 634 B. Father of Darius the Mede or Astyages, last king of Media, 594 B
Shushan - After the union of the kingdoms of Media and Persia by Cyrus, Susa was made the winter residence of the kings of Persia, from its southern position, and the shelter afforded by a range of mountains on the north and east, which rendered the heat insupportable in the summer season; while Ecbatana, in Media, from its greater elevation, and more northern situation, was preferred at this season, as being more cool and agreeable
Darius - ) Successor to Cambyses II in the Persian Empire, Darius spent his early years as king putting down revolts in Media, Persia, and Egypt
Magog - ), and thence passed into Media and defeated Cyaxares, 624
Elam - In Isaiah 21:2-10 Elam and Media were to destroy Babylon
Eden - It has been placed in Armenia, in the region west of the Caspian Sea, in Media, near Damascus, in Palestine, in Southern Arabia, and in Babylonia
Bear - Media was the lower and passive side; Persia, the upper and active
Alexander the Great - This ambitious young king imMediately began to make plans to conquer Persia. From victories there, he led his troops into Persia, Media, and as far east as northern India
Darius - After the third battle, Darius fled toward Media, in hopes of raising another army. At Ecbatana, the capital of Media, he gathered the remains of his forces, and some new levies. Eight days after their departure, Alexander arrived at Ecbatana, and set out in pursuit of them, which he continued for eleven days: at length he stopped at Rages, in Media, despairing to overtake Darius
Persia - Persia proper was an unproductive country south of Media
Sargon - of the Caucasus and parts of Cilicia, as well as parts of Media
Gourd - Now the Kizzit Ozan, the golden river of Media, which rises in Kurdistan and ultimately falls into the White River, and so into the Caspian Sea
Darius - The name of several kings of Media and Persia mentioned in the Bible. Darius the Median, Daniel 5:31, was the son of Ahasuerus; he took Babylon from Belshazzar the Chaldæan, being at that time about 62 years old. 559, one year only remains for this Median supremacy before its overthrow by Cyrus, b
Dispersion - 55), and settled them in Mesopotamia and Media ( 2 Kings 17:6 ). Thus the Jews reached Media, Persia, Cappadocia, Armenia, and the Black Sea
Raphael - he appears as ‘brother Azarias ’ to accompany Tobias on his journey to Media. (2) He is an interMediary, bringing the memorial of prayers before God ( Revelation 8:3 )
Assyria - According to Ptolemy, this country was bounded on the north by part of Armenia and Mount Niphates; on the west by the Tigris; on the south by Susiana; and on the east by part of Media and the mountains Choatra and Zagros. This great prince is said to have subdued Asia, Persia, Media, Egypt, &c. The last of the ancient Assyrian kings was Sardanapalus, who was besieged in his capital by Arbaces, governor of Media, in concurrence with the Babylonians. Playfair, "the Assyrian empire was divided into three kingdoms; namely, the Median, Assyrian, and Babylonian. the kingdom of Assyria was split, and annexed to the kingdoms of Media and Babylon. Cyaxares, king of Media, assisted Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, in the siege of Nineveh, which they took and destroyed, B. Newton, "the Assyrian empire seems arrived at its greatness; being united under one monarch, and containing Assyria, Media, Apolloniatis, Susiana, Chaldea, Mesopotamia, Cilicia, Syria, Phoenicia, Egypt, Ethiopia, and part of Arabia; and reaching eastward into Elymais, and Paraetaecene, a province of the Medes, and if Chalach and Chabor be Colchis and Iberia, as some think, and as may seem probable from the circumcision used by those nations till the days of Herodotus, we are also to add these two provinces, with the two Armenias, Pontus, and Cappadocia, as far as to the river Halys: for Herodotus tells us that the people of Cappadocia, as far as to that river, were called Syrians by the Greeks, both before and after the days of Cyrus; and that the Assyrians were also called Syrians by the Greeks
Persia - lay Media, on the S. Darius in the inscription on his tomb at Nakhsh-irustam enumerates thirty countries besides Persia subject to him, Media, Susiana, Parthia, Aria, Bactria, Sogdiana, Chorasmia, Zarangia, Arachosia, Sattagydia, Gaudaria, India, Scythia, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, Armenia, Cappadocia, Saparda, Ionia, the Aegean isles, the country of the Scodrae (European), Ionia, the Tacabri, Budians, Cushites, Mardians, and Colchians. ... The king, a despot, had a council, "seven princes of Persia and Media which see his face and sit the first in the kingdom" (Esther 1:14; Ezra 7:14). of Media has one inscription in three languages, Persian, Babylonian, and Stythic, read by Grotefend). His marriage with Esther in his seventh year imMediately followed his flight from Greece, when lie gave himself up to the pleasures of the seraglio
Libation - ... And Dido, beginning to sacrifice, pours wine between the horns of the victim:—... Ipsa tenens dextra pateram pulcherrima Dido, Candentsi vaccae Media inter cornua fudit
Exile - ), there was a general deportation of the Israelites into Mesopotamia and Media (2 Kings 17:6 ; 18:9 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26 )
Image, Nebuchadnezzar's - Others see a succession of kingdoms rather than kings, for example, (1) Babylon, Media, Persia, and Greece or (2) Babylon, Medo-Persia, Alexander the Great, and Alexander's Hellenistic successors
Armenia - a considerable country of Asia, having Colchis and Iberia on the north, Media on the east, Mesopotamia on the south, Pontus and Cappadocia on the west, and the Euphrates and Syria on the south-west
Nebuchadnezzar - The remaining provinces of the Assyrian empire were divided between Babylonia and Media. 562, in the eighty-third or eighty-fourth year of his age, after a reign of forty-three years, and was succeeded by his son Evil-merodach, who, after a reign of two years, was succeeded by Neriglissar (559-555), who was succeeded by Nabonadius (555-538), at the close of whose reign (less than a quarter of a century after the death of Nebuchadnezzar) Babylon fell under Cyrus at the head of the combined armies of Media and Persia
Brimstone - ‘Fire and brimstone and a burning wind’ (Psalms 11:6), ‘an overflowing shower, and great hail-stones, fire, and brimstone’ (Ezekiel 38:22), were not the mere symbols, but the actual Media of Divine judgment
King - Moulton and Milligan illustrate the use of the title among the Persians, from documents discovered in Media
Babylon (2) - Asshur or Assyria and Mesopotamia were on the north, Elam and Media on the east, Chaldæa on the south. 625, Babylonia speedily extended its sway over most of western Asia and Egypt, and under Nebuchadnezzar became a vast empire, lasting, however, less than a century, and fell before the Medians under Cyrus and Darius, b
Brimstone - ‘Fire and brimstone and a burning wind’ (Psalms 11:6), ‘an overflowing shower, and great hail-stones, fire, and brimstone’ (Ezekiel 38:22), were not the mere symbols, but the actual Media of Divine judgment
Media - Media was an ancient kingdom to the north of Persia. The combined army of Media and Persia conquered Babylon in 539 BC, after which Persia became the supreme power in the region
Assur - , and beyond it Babylonia, the mountains of Kurdistan, the ancient Lagres chain and Media on the E. Under Tiglath Pileser the Assyrian empire included Media, Syria, and N. He himself overran Cappadocia, Armenia, Azerbijan, Media Magna, the Kurd mountains, Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Phoenicia. ... By the end of Esarhaddon's reign Hamath, Damascus, and Samaria had been absorbed, Judaea made tributary, Philistia and Idumea subjected, Babylon recovered, and cities planted in Media. " The only revolt attempted by her along with Media and Armenia was crushed
Syracuse - Between these theories of a fruitful activity and an enforced idleness there may be room for a via Media
Scythian - ... The Scythians first come into history in connexion with their invasion of Asia and particularly of Media in the 7th cent. Pressed on by Asiatic tribes, the Scythians seem to have driven the Cimmerians into Asia Minor and invaded Media
Dispersion - ...
Many were dispersed over Assyria, Media, Babylonia, and Persia, descendants of those who had been transported thither by the Exile
Elam - of Media
Sennacherib - warred with the tribes on Mount Zagros, and reduced the part of Media previously independent
Tiglath Pileser - He warred successfully in Media, Armenia, and upper Mesopotamia; but it was only on the western frontier that he made permanent additions to the empire, namely, Damascus, Syria, and Gilead
Japheth - ... Japheth signifies enlargement; and how wonderfully did Providence enlarge the boundaries of Japheth! His posterity diverged eastward and westward; from the original settlement in Armenia, through the whole extent of Asia, north of the great range of Taurus, distinguished by the general names of Tartary and Siberia, as far as the Eastern Ocean: and in process of time, by an easy passage across Behring's straits, the entire continent of America; and they spread in the opposite direction, throughout the whole of Europe, to the Atlantic Ocean; thus literally encompassing the earth, within the precincts of the northern temperate zone, while the enterprising and warlike genius of this hardy hunter race frequently led them to encroach on the settlements, and to dwell in "the tents of Shem," whose pastoral occupations rendered them more inactive, peaceable, and unwarlike; as when the Scythians invaded Media, and overran western Asia southwards, as far as Egypt, in the days of Cyaxares; and when the Greeks, and afterward the Romans, subdued the Assyrians, Medes, and Persians, in the east, and the Scythians and Jews in the south, as foretold by the Assyrian Prophet Balaam:... "And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, And shall afflict the Assyrians, and afflict the Hebrews; ... But he [the invader] shall perish himself at last
Elam - ... Elam has a somewhat prominent place in the prophetic writings, in which Media + Elam = Persian empire
Ecbatana - a city of Media, which, according to Herodotus, was built by Dejoces, king of the Medes. After the union of Media with Persia, it was the summer residence of the Persian kings. He says, "I accompanied the priest through the town, over much ruin and rubbish, to an enclosed piece of ground, rather more elevated than any in its imMediate vicinity. ImMediately under its concave, stand two sarcophagi, made of a very dark wood, carved with great intricacy of pattern, and richness of twisted ornament, with a line of inscription in Hebrew running round the upper ledge of each
Healing, Divine - They included calling upon the faith of the person or bystanders to be healed, touching the sick person, praying, assuring forgiveness of sin, uttering commands, and using physical Media
Salim - In eo ergo vico, qui est in Media planitie positus, in medio loco est monticulus non satis grandis, sed factus sicut solent esse tumbae, sed grandis: ibi ergo in summo ecclesia est
Per'Sia - This tract was bounded on the west by Susiana or Elam, on the north by Media on the south by the Persian Gulf and on the east by Carmania. In the times anterior to Cyrus they were noted for the simplicity of their habits, which offered a strong contrast to the luxuriousness of the Medes; but from the late of the Median overthrow this simplicity began to decline
Dream (2) - It has become quite usual to speak of dreams as the lowest of the Media of revelation, with the general implication either that the revelations given through them cannot rise very high in the scale of revelations, or at least that the choice of dreams as their vehicle implies something inferior in the qualification of the recipients for receiving revelations. But these very passages establish dreams among the Media statedly used by God for the revelation of His will, and drop no word depreciatory of them; nor is there discoverable in Scripture any justification for conceiving the revelations made through them as less valuable than those made through other Media (cf. )? Even so the question would still remain open whether the Divine intervention was direct and imMediate, in the mode of a special revelation, or indirect and Mediate, in the mode of a providential determination. In the latter contingency, this dream would take its place in a large class, naturally Mediated, but induced by God for the guidance of the affairs of men—another instance of which, we have already suggested, may be discovered in the dream of the Midianitish man mentioned in Judges 7:13-15 (so Nösgen, in loc. Any hesitancy we may experience in reading them is not suggested by them, but is imported from our own personal estimate of the fitness of dreams to serve as Media of Divine communications. ... It is probable that the mere appearance of dreams among the Media of revelation recognized by Scripture constitutes more or less of a stumbling-block to most readers of the Bible
Symbol - (1) The act of transmitting spiritual and eternal truth through material and perishable Media always involves limitation and loss
Ways - The chief magistrate of every district through which he had to pass was, by his office, obliged to have the roads cleared, levelled, and smoothed; and he mentions, that a magistrate of one of the districts, having failed in this part of his duty, was, together with his son, imMediately put to death on the spot, where a thorn happened to catch the garment, and interrupt for a moment the progress of his majesty. We shall be able, perhaps, to form a more clear and precise idea, from the account which Diodorus gives of the marches of Semiramis, the celebrated queen of Babylon, into Media and Persia
Captivity - In striking minute coincidence with Scripture, he was the first Assyrian monarch who conquered Media. In the monuments he expressly says that, in order to complete the subjugation of Media, he founded in it cities which he planted with colonists from other parts of his dominions
Magi - To procure the greater veneration for these sacred fires, he pretended to have received fire from heaven, which he placed on the altar of the first fire- temple he erected, which was that of Xis, in Media, from whence they say it was propagated to all the rest
Esther - "The chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia" (Esther 10:2) were at the time of the writer accessible, and the very order whereby Media is put before Persia implies it cannot have been much later than the time of the events recorded, the former and middle part of Xerxes' reign, before Artabanus became Xerxes' favorite, and Mordecai's (perhaps = Matacas the eunuch) influence waned
Dan - Many Danites were deported to Assyria, Babylon, and Media following the fall of Samaria in 722 or 721 B
Shem - The Japhetic and Hamitic races are geographically contiguous; the Japhetic spread over the northern regions, Greece, Thrace, Scythia, Asia Minor, Armenia, Media; the Hamitic over all the southern and south western regions, N. Africa, Egypt, Nubia, Ethiopia, southern and south eastern Arabia and Babylonia; the Semitic are located in one region, namely, the central one interMediate between the Japhetic on the N. The interMediate position of the Shemites brought them in contact with the Japhetic races in Cappadocia, and on the other hand with the Hamitic in Palestine, in the Yemen (Arabia Felix), in Babylonia and Elymais
Eden - ... The country of Eden, therefore, according to others, was some where in Media, Armenia, or the north of Mesopotamia; all mountainous tracts, and affording, instead of the sickening plains of Babylonia, some of the grandest, as well as the richest scenery in the world
Babylon - This novel and astonishing structure, the work of a monarch who knew not how to create food for his own pampered fancy, or labour for his debased subjects or unhappy captives, was undertaken to please his wife Amyitis; that she might see an imitation of the hills and woods of her native country, Media. ... When in the plenitude of its greatness, splendour and strength, Babylon first yielded to the arms of Cyrus, whose name, and the manoeuvre by which the city was taken, were mentioned by Isaiah nearly two hundred years before the event; which was also predicted by Jeremiah: "Go up, O Elam, (or Persia,) besiege, O Media. " The kings of Persia and Media, prompted by a common interest, freely entered into a league against Babylon, and with one accord entrusted the command of their united armies to Cyrus, the relative and eventually the successor of them both. Cyrus subdued the Armenians, who had revolted against Media, spared their king, bound them over anew to their allegiance, by kindness rather than by force, and incorporated their army with his own. —Much time having been lost, and no progress being made in the siege, the anxiety of Cyrus was strongly excited, and he was reduced to great perplexity, when at last it was suggested and imMediately determined to divert the course of the Euphrates. These were succeeded by four square masses of Persian cavalry, each consisting of ten thousand men: and to these again were added, in their order, the Median, Armenian, Hyrcanian, Caducian, and Sacian horsemen,—all, as before, "riding upon horses, every man in array,"—with lines of chariots, four abreast, concluding the train of the numerous hosts. And at a later period, or about 130 years before the birth of Christ, Humerus, a Parthian governor, who was noted as excelling all tyrants in cruelty, exercised great severities on the Babylonians; and having burned the forum and some of the temples, and destroyed the fairest parts of the city, reduced many of the inhabitants to slavery on the slightest pretexts, and caused them, together with all their households, to be sent into Media. Bagdad, "imMediately on either bank of the Tigris, observes Mignan, "is the untrodden desert
Persia - , his kingdom was part of a larger Median kingdom. Cyrus rebelled against Astyages, the Median king. His rebellion led to the capture of the king and gave Cyrus control over a kingdom stretching from Media to the Halys river in Asia Minor
Chaldaea - The Kurds still in Kurdistan between Nineveh and Media may be akin to the ancient Casdim
Hatred - The negative μὴ ἀγαπᾶν is displaced by the positive μισεῖν, for there is no real via Media, cool indifference to any man being quickly changed under stress of temptation into very decided dislike
Mouth - ... Daniel 7:5 (b) The prophet is describing in an interesting way the King of the Media-Persian empire, Darius. That nation, with the Medians in supremacy, destroyed the kingdom of his three predecessors in Babylon
Apocrypha - Tobit had left a large sum of money with a man in Media. Raphael collected the money that was left in Media, and the blindness of Tobit was cured by means of the fish's gall
No - Thebes then swayed Libya and Ethiopia, and carried its victorious arms into Syria, Media, and Persia
Alexander - on the face of the whole earth and not touching the ground (implying the incredible swiftness of his conquests); and the goat had A NOTABLE HORN (Alexander) between his eyes, and he came to the ram that had two horns (Media and Persia, the second great world kingdom, the successor of Babylon; under both Daniel prophesied long before the rise of the Macedon-Greek kingdom) standing before the river (at the river Granicus Alexander gained his first victory over Darius Codomanus, 334 B
Art And Aesthetics - By the time of David, music and dance had become a popularly accepted Media for artistic presentation (1 Samuel 18:6 ; 2 Samuel 6:14 )
Nebuchadnezzar - ... One of the famous structures ascribed to Nebuchadnezzar, and in which no doubt he took much pride, was the famous "hanging gardens," which he is said to have erected to gratify the wish of his queen Amytis for elevated groves such as she was accustomed to in her native Media
Magi - We have but little evidence to guide us in re-constructing this primitive Median religion. ... The doctrine of the fravashi , just now referred to, may be paralleled rather closely in the Bible; and it is at least possible that the knowledge of this dogma, as prevailing in Media, may have stimulated the growth of the corresponding idea among post-exilic Jews. It is therefore at least a remarkable coincidence that the Jews did not arrive at these doctrines till the period imMediately following their contact with the Persians, who under Cyrus had been their deliverers from Babylonian tyranny
Tradition (2) - Tradition thus canonized the Media of communication, and lost sight of the value and validity of the things communicated on one side, and of the authority of Him from whom the communication came on the other
Wisdom of Christ - John, according to which the Father does not create and sustain the world directly, but Mediately through the Logos, who is the Creator (John 1:3; John 1:10, Ephesians 3:9, Colossians 1:16, Hebrews 1:2), the Life (John 1:4), and the Light (John 1:9) of the world, the cause of its rational order, and the principle of its coherence and subsistence (Colossians 1:17). The nature of this last kind of knowledge (sometimes called scientia Media) is altogether inscrutable to us; but it is expressly ascribed to God in many passages of both Testaments (1 Samuel 23:1-13, Isaiah 41:22-23, Jeremiah 38:15 ff
Revelation - The problem is to correlate this supernatural content with the historical process by means of which it has been revealed, and to do justice at once to the superhuman fact and content, and the human Media and conditions of the revelation. All truth, however Mediated, must necessarily have come from the primal Source of truth. ( b ) But Mediately it has been given in word , first oral and then written. A revelation must be embodied somewhere to he made available for all generations, and of the three possible Media human reason, an ecclesiastical institution, and a hook, the last-named is by far the most trustworthy as a vehicle of transmission. Revelation has been Mediated through history, and has therefore been progressive, ( a ) Primitive revelation is the first stage. All analogy favours the idea that primitive revelation was such a manifestation of God when man was created as would he sufficient to maintain a true relation with Him, that at the Creation man had an imMediate capacity, however immature, of entering into fellowship with God; and with this religions endowment we may assume a measure of Divine revelation sufficient to enable man to worship in an elementary way, and to keep true to God. It was given at a particular time and place, Mediated through One Person, and authenticated by supernatural credentials. We thus distinguish carefully between the dispensational truth intended absolutely for imMediate need at each stage, and those permanent elements in the OT which are of eternal validity. It is obvious that in the course of history some nations and men have influenced mankind more than others, and this fact constitutes an analogy, and argues the possibility that a special revelation might also be Mediated through some particular race and person
Tongues, Gift of - Aramaic, Greek, Latin, the three languages of the inscription on the cross were Media, of intercourse throughout the empire
Clean And Unclean - Fire and liquids were the best Media of purification. The ritual thus unites the three great cathartic Media, fire, water, and aromatic woods and plants
Exile - ... The Assyrians exiled the Israelites into Halah, Gozan, and Media (2 Kings 17:6 ; 2 Kings 18:11 ; Obadiah 1:20 )
Cherub (1) - "... In Revelation the four living creatures represent the elect redeemed, as they shall be when perfected, ministering as king-priests unto God, and Media of blessing to the redeemed earth with its nations and its animal creation
Tongues, Gift of - Aramaic Hebrew, Greek, and Latin (the three languages over the cross) were the general Media of converse throughout the civilised world, owing to Alexander's empire first, then the Roman
Assyria - The great kingdom of Assyria was situated near the river Tigris,having Armenia on the North, Mount Zagros and Media on the east, Babylonia on the south, Syria and the Syrian desert on the west; but its boundaries were doubtless not always the same. " He also placed colonists in Samaria, but it is supposed by the names of the places mentioned from which these were sent, that this was not done imMediately
Assyria - ), its capital, and Media (Mada), with Ecbatana (Agamtanu = Achmetha, Ezra 6:2), its capital, and Armenia (Urartu = Ararat, 2 Kings 19:37), and the land of the Hittites (Chatti), who, we thus learn, as well as from the Egyptian inscriptions, had their chief seat far to the north of Damascus—Carchemish (Gargamish), their capital, being on the Euphrates, not far from the latitude of Nineveh (modern Jerabis). ) is a city and district in the imMediate vicinity
Hebrews - The termination of the whole was the carrying away of the greater part of both nations to Babylon, Media, etc
Nineveh - obtained from Arbaces, the king of Media, the ashes of the palace, to erect a mount with them near the temple of Belus at Babylon; and that he forthwith prepared shipping, and, together with the ashes, carried away most of the gold and silver, of which he had private information given him by one of the eunuchs who escaped the fire
Money - That the precious metals, gold and silver, and to a less extent copper, were the ordinary Media of exchange in Palestine from a time long prior to the appearance there of the Hebrews, is now amply attested by evidence from Egypt and Babylonia, and even from the soil of Palestine itself. ... In ordinary commerce, however, this ratio between the two chief Media of exchange was extremely inconvenient, and to obviate this inconvenience, the weight of the shekel for weighing silver was altered so that a gold shekel might be exchanged for a whole number of silver shekels
Tongues, Confusion of - and Media. The Semitic races in the region interMediate between the Japhetic and Hamitic: Syria, Palestine, northern and central Arabia, Assyria, Elymais, from the Mediterranean to the mountains of Luristan. Thus by their interMediate position the Shemites were in contact with Japhetic races in Cappadocia, and with Hamites in Palestine, the Yemen, Babylonia, and Elymais. Grimm discovered a regular system of changes undergone in the transition from Greek and Latin to Gothic and low German: aspirates for tenues, h for k or c, th for t, f for p; tenues for Medials, t for d, p for b, k for g; Medials for aspirates, g for ch or h, d for th, b for f or ph: as "heart" from kardia , cor ; thou from tu; "five" from pempe (pente ); "father" from pateer , "two" from duo ; "knee" from gonu ; "goose" from cheen ; "dare" from tharseoo ; "bear" from feroo
Last Day(s), Latter Days, Last Times - We might say something similar about Daniel's prophecy of things that would happen "in the latter time of wrath" (Daniel 8:19 ; the references to the kings of Media, Persia, and Greece show that there is a reference to what we would call antiquity, not the end of the world ). This did not mean that all evil would imMediately disappear; both the New Testament writings and Christian experience make it plain that evil continues
Temple - How and where will this presence be Mediated?... Although various locales were deemed sacred by virtue of God's presence (Genesis 32:30 ), patriarchal religion did not put much importance on sacred space or the cultic practices that typify Mosaic Yahwism. The construction of the temple began with David to serve as, at least on sociopolitical grounds, a "Media event" of divine support and favor. What responses do we find in Scripture to the building of the temple beyond those found in the imMediate context of it being built?... Rather than "going up" to the mountain of the house of the Lord to hear the word of the Lord, as in the eschatological visions of Isaiah and Micah (4:1-2), the Babylonians "descend" upon the temple to break down its wall and carry off the temple treasures. A theology of temple answers the problem of how God's presence is Mediated
Apocrypha - He sends his son Tobias to Rages in Media to collect a debt
Eschatology - Sheol is sometimes treated as an interMediate abode from which the righteous go to heaven. Distinctions can easily be drawn between the figurative Media of NT thought and the great reality of eternal life taught and exemplified by Jesus
Magi - He made his first appearance in Media, in the city of Xix, now called Aderbijan, as some say; or, according to others, in Ecbatana, now called Tauris
Justification - God and man underneath all obscuring Media are of like nature; God is the ‘element’ of man’s true life. The growing consciousness of Divine force is Mediated in the Hebrew spirit by sacrifice, prayer, wisdom, and prophetic inspiration; in the experience of suffering also very notably, as in Jeremiah and Deutero-Isaiah; in mystical union with the righteous spirit of the Law, as in the finer Psalms; and realized as pardon of sin (Psalms 32), life in God’s favour (Psalms 30), righteousness (Psalms 4, etc. It is ours after the same manner; only it is His righteousness that is Mediated to us to become ours, and that in virtue of our union with Him by faith (Romans 3:22-26; Romans 5). Again, the reasoning of the apostles relates itself directly to imMediate issues and is affected by the circumstances of the readers to whom it is addressed
Ezekiel, Theology of - While it may not quite be true to say that for Ezekiel the medium was the message, certainly the Media he used carried within them a drama and force commensurate with the desperate nature of the situation
Versions - " Cranmer in the preface adopts the via Media tone, which secured its retention as KJV until 1568 (Mary's reign excepted), blaming those who "refuse to read" and on the other hand blaming "inordinate reading
High Priest - The prophets seem to have superseded the high priests as Media of revealing God's will (2 Chronicles 15; 2 Chronicles 18; 2 Chronicles 20:14; 2 Kings 19:2; 2 Kings 22:12-14; Jeremiah 21:1-2)
Metaphor - Speculations of theology and philosophy, glimpses of Deity and hints of various modes of causation, large conceptions of Providence and Creation, strange and indistinct forms of Law and Sin and Death half persons and half powers, quasi-magical notions attached to particular material Media, are all blended with the impassioned emotion with which the writer contemplates the love which prompted the Father to send forth his Son, and the love which moved the Son to forsake his high estate and give himself for men’ (J
Christ in the Seventeenth Century - The Saxon Decision of 1624 expressed a view favourable to the Giessen theology: ‘We constantly affirm that He used His royal majesty most freely when, how, and where He would; but we deny that Christ as a man, imMediately from His incarnation, always, fully, and universally exerted His Divine majesty of omnipotence and omnipresence, … since Christ could not have been taken, crucified, and put to death had He willed to use fully and universally His omnipotence and omnipresence. The Arminian doctrine was a via Media between the Socinian and the orthodox doctrine
Old Testament - Even the tragedy of Judas’ end is the imMediate working out of the curse denounced in Psalms 69:25 against the enemies of the righteous (Acts 1:20). As this world is but a dim and flickering shadow of the eternal realities, thrown upon the screen of the passing present, the OT is a broken and changing expression of God’s mind, given through many different Media, and sharing the imperfection bound up in all of them, while the revelation in Christ is the full ‘shining forth’ of the Divine glory through the perfect image or embodiment of the eternal Majesty. The Aaronic priesthood was thus as imperfect a channel of the Mediation of grace as the prophets had been of the revelation of God’s mind. The truest OT type of Christ was Melchizedek, coming, as He did, from the heavenly sphere, ‘without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life,’ to bear imMediate witness to the Divine (Hebrews 7:1 ff
Trade And Commerce - Four trade-routes brought the silk products of China to Rome: (a) the overland route from Northern China through Chinese Turkestan to Bactria, by the Caspian gates to Media and the Euphrates; (b) a branch of this, crossing the Pamirs from Kashgar and descending the valley of the Indus to Karachi, thence by sea to the Persian Gulf; (c) from Central China through Tibet and Nepal to Palibothra on the Ganges, down the Ganges, and then by sea to Egypt; (d) from Cattigara (Tonkin) (Jones, A Companion to Roman History, p
Revelation (2) - The σημεῖα of the Gospels are vehicles, or Media, or instruments of revelation quite as much as evidential adjuncts
Messiah - A most important element of the future as set forth by Daniel is to be seen in the triumph of the kingdom of the saints, whose symbol is a ‘son of man,’ over the oppressing kingdoms of Babylonia, Media, Persia, and Syria, symbolized by the four beasts
Hilarius (7) Pictaviensis, Saint - He seeks a via Media between the literal sense, and that reference of everything to Christ which marks some later commentators, both patristic and medieval
Authority in Religion - Its prescriptions, while Mediated, at least so far as the knowledge of them goes, through the understanding, terminate upon the conscience and the will. ... (2) But that the legislative authority of God is exercised Mediately as well as imMediately is also taught by Christ. (a) Thus the preceptive portions of the OT, though Mediated by ‘Moses and the prophets,’ are really ‘the commandments of God. In other words, while he thinks it unquestionable that the Apostles were Media through whom God exercised His legislative authority, he is of opinion that we have to go outside of the Gospels for the evidence of this fact
Monophysitism - The general reception of the via Media laid down by the council, emphasised as it was at two subsequent councils held at Constantinople [see below and NESTORIUS], leaves no doubt that it represents the mind of Christendom upon the point
Papias - Some, it is true, took no pains even to ground their practice in all things on Christ’s own words as spoken to His personal disciples, but deferred to ‘alien precepts’ coming through doubtful Media of Divine revelation, rather than direct from this supreme source of truth. Then in the extract which Eusebius imMediately subjoins, Papias sums up (οὖν) the net result of his discussion touching the accuracy of ‘the Oracles’ as originally compiled by that Apostle. “disciples of the Lord,” as also above) came my way,’ to what imMediately precedes. Many scholars, indeed, point to the sentence, ‘Touching those raised from the dead by the Christ, that they lived until Hadrian,’ following imMediately on some Papian matter in an epitome (Cod
Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons - Of his Christian training he tells us that, besides instructions from Polycarp, he had other teachers, "Presbyters" (of Asia Minor), whom he designates as Mediate or imMediate disciples of the apostles (Haer. We may tentatively assume 182, the mid-period of Eleutherus's episcopate, or (since the first two books alone appear to have been written imMediately after each other—cf. The chief Media and transmitters of this tradition are the apostolic churches and their episcopal succession from the apostles themselves ( Haer. The doctrine of the Divine Logos as the "Second God," the Mediator through Whom all divine revelation is transmitted, was already for Justin an apologetic weapon, remained thence forward a standing basis for the philosophical defence of Christianity, and proved in after-times the strongest weapon in the church's armoury in the conflict with Gnostic opinions
Jews - 536,) under whom were united the kingdoms of Persia, Media, and Babylon, issued a decree, permitting all the Jews to return to their own land, and to rebuild their temple at Jerusalem. Alexander, visibly struck with this solemn appearance, imMediately laid aside his hostile intentions, advanced toward the high priest, embraced him, and paid adoration to the name of God, which was inscribed upon the frontlet of his mitre: he afterward went into the city with the high priest, and offered sacrifices in the temple to the God of the Jews. ... Herod, by birth an Idumean, but of the Jewish religion, whose father, Antipater, as well as himself, had enjoyed considerable posts of honour and trust under Hyrcanus, imMediately set out for Rome, and prevailed upon the senate, through the interest of Antony and Augustus, to appoint him king of Judea. The power of life and death was now taken out of the hands of the Jews, and taxes were from this time paid imMediately to the Roman emperor. It seems probable that these were written either during the Babylonish captivity, or imMediately afterward, when the Jews had forgotten their own language, and acquired the Chaldee of the Targums, at present received by the Jews