Places Study on Lachish

Places Study on Lachish

Joshua 10: Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Joshua 10: Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.
Joshua 10: And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.
Joshua 10: And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it:
Joshua 10: And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah.
Joshua 10: Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.
Joshua 10: And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it:
Joshua 10: And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.
Joshua 12: The king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;
Joshua 15: Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
2 Kings 14: Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there.
2 Kings 18: And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
2 Kings 18: And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the fuller's field.
2 Kings 19: So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
2 Chronicles 11: And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah,
2 Chronicles 25: Now after the time that Amaziah did turn away from following the LORD they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent to Lachish after him, and slew him there.
2 Chronicles 32: After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem, saying,
Nehemiah 11: Zanoah, Adullam, and in their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and in the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom.
Isaiah 36: And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field.
Isaiah 37: So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
Jeremiah 34: When the king of Babylon's army fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish, and against Azekah: for these defenced cities remained of the cities of Judah.
Micah 1: O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.

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Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Lachish
Impregnable, a royal Canaanitish city in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Palestine (Joshua 10:3,5 ; 12:11 ). It was taken and destroyed by the Israelites (Joshua 10:31-33 ). It afterwards became, under Rehoboam, one of the strongest fortresses of Judah (2 Chronicles 10:9 ). It was assaulted and probably taken by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:14,17 ; 19:8 ; Isaiah 36:2 ). An account of this siege is given on some slabs found in the chambers of the palace of Koyunjik, and now in the British Museum. The inscription has been deciphered as follows:, "Sennacherib, the mighty king, king of the country of Assyria, sitting on the throne of judgment before the city of Lachish: I gave permission for its slaughter." (See NINEVEH .) Lachish has been identified with Tell-el-Hesy, where a cuneiform tablet has been found, containing a letter supposed to be from Amenophis at Amarna in reply to one of the Amarna tablets sent by Zimrida from Lachish. This letter is from the chief of Atim (=Etam, 1 Chronicles 4:32 ) to the chief of Lachish, in which the writer expresses great alarm at the approach of marauders from the Hebron hills. "They have entered the land," he says, "to lay waste...strong is he who has come down. He lays waste." This letter shows that "the communication by tablets in cuneiform script was not only usual in writing to Egypt, but in the internal correspondence of the country. The letter, though not so important in some ways as the Moabite stone and the Siloam text, is one of the most valuable discoveries ever made in Palestine" (Conder's Tell Amarna Tablets, p. 134).

Excavations at Lachish are still going on, and among other discoveries is that of an iron blast-furnace, with slag and ashes, which is supposed to have existed B.C. 1500. If the theories of experts are correct, the use of the hot-air blast instead of cold air (an improvement in iron manufacture patented by Neilson in 1828) was known fifteen hundred years before Christ. (See FURNACE .)



Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Lachish
A royal Canaanite city which joined the confederacy against Gibeon for submitting to Israel, and was taken by Joshua (Joshua 12:11; Joshua 10:3; Joshua 10:5; Joshua 10:31-32) "on the second day," which shows its strength; the other cities were taken in one day (Joshua 10:35). Assigned to Judah, in the shephelah or "low hilly country" (Joshua 15:33; Joshua 15:39). Rehoboam fortified it (2 Chronicles 11:9). To Lachish Amaziah fled from the conspirators, and was slain there (2 Kings 14:19; 2 Chronicles 25:27). Sennacherib was at Lachish when Hezekiah begged peace. Thence he sent his first message to Hezekiah by Rabshakeh, and then having left Lachish to war against Libnah, from the latter sent again (2 Kings 18:14; 2 Kings 18:17; 2 Kings 19:8). The strength of Lachish as a fortress is implied in 2 Chronicles 32:9, "Sennacherib laid siege against Lachish and all his power with him."

It held out against Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 34:7). Sennacherib's siege of Lachish is still to be seen at Koyunjik represented on the slabs of his palace walls as successful, with the inscription "Sennacherib, the mighty king of Assyria, sitting on the throne of judgment before the city of Lachish, I give permission for its slaughter." The Assyrian tents appear pitched within the walls, and the foreign worship going on. The town, as in Scripture, is depicted as on hilly ground, one part higher than the other. The background shows a hilly country covered with vines and fig trees; but immediately round the town are palms, indicating its nearness to the maritime plain where the palm best flourishes. His boasted success is doubtful from 2 Chronicles 32:1, "Sennacherib encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself"; 2 Kings 19:8; Jeremiah 34:7.

Lachish was foremost in adopting some of the northern idolatry. Hence, Micah (Micah 1:13) warned the inhabitants of Lachish to flee on the swift beast (there's a play of like sounds between Lachish and rechesh ), Sennacherib being about to make it his head quarters, for "she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion, for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee." The Jews returning from Babylon re-occupied Lachish (Nehemiah 11:30). Now Um Lakis, on a low round swell, with a few columns and fragments; in the middle of the plain, on Sennacherib's road to Egypt, where he was marching, according to Robinson. Rather it answers to the great mound of Tel el Hesy ("hillock of the waterpit"), ten miles from Eleutheropolis (Beit Jibrin), and not far from Ajlan (Eglon). Hesy is a corruption of Lachish, the Hebrew caph) being changed into the guttural. Tel el Hesy commands the approach to the hills (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, Jan. 1878, p. 19-20).

Holman Bible Dictionary - Lachish
(lay' chihssh) Place name meaning “obstinate.” An important Old Testament city located in the Shephelah (“lowlands”) southwest of Jerusalem. It has usually been identified in modern times with the archaeological site called tell ed-Duweir. The same site has more recently come to be called tel Lachish. Lachish is also mentioned in ancient Egyptian, Assyrian and Babylonian records.

The earliest reference to Lachish is in the Amarna letters (about 1400 B.C). It was evidently one of the important Canaanite cities of the time. The Hebrew army under Joshua's command defeated the king of Lachish, killed him and conquered his city (Joshua 10:5 , Joshua 10:23 ,Joshua 10:23,10:32-33 ). Later, Lachish was apportioned to the Tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:39 ). The next Biblical reference to Lachish comes in 2 Chronicles 11:9 , from the reign of Rehoboam who “fortified the city.” Lachish was also the city of refuge for Amaziah who fled there from Jerusalem to escape a conspiracy against him (2 Kings 14:19 ; 2 Chronicles 25:27 ).

Lachish is perhaps most well known for the story of its siege and conquest in 701 B.C. at the hands of the Assyrian King Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:1 ; 2 Chronicles 32:1 ; Isaiah 36:1 ). Two later brief references appear (Jeremiah 34:7 ; Nehemiah 11:30 ).

The archaeological excavations at Lachish have been extensive and rewarding. They have shown occupation at Lachish from about 4000 B.C. to the time of its conquest by the Persian Empire (539-333 B.C.). The rich and varied finds represent almost all of the periods, but the chief interest for the student of the Bible centers on the periods beginning with the time of the Hebrew invasion of Canaan. Impressive archaeological evidence shows the city was destroyed during the period of the conquest related in the Book of Joshua, but the archaeological evidence does not indicate who the destroyers were. Some scholars date the Lachish destruction layer as late as 1150 B.C. on the basis of a cartouche of Rameses III of Egypt.

The biblical account of Sennacherib's conquest of Lachish in 701 B.C. is supported and amplified by Assyrian records of King Sennacherib's campaign (2 Kings 18:1 ; 2 Chronicles 32:1 ; Isaiah 36:1 ). This was graphically recorded in a large and elaborate bas relief on the walls of the royal palace in Nineveh. Presently housed in the British museum in London, these carvings show Assyrian soldiers attacking the walled city, the city inhabitants defending their city, soldiers killing some of the defenders, families with possessions being led away captive, and the king on his throne reviewing the spoils taken from the city. A replica of this relief may be found in the library of The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville,

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Lachish
LACHISH . A town in the south country of Judah referred to several times in the Tell el-Amarna tablets. In the Biblical records it first appears as joining the coalition headed by the king of Jerusalem against the Gibeonites ( Joshua 10:3 ), and as being in consequence reduced by Joshua ( Joshua 10:31 ) in spite of the assistance given to it by the king of Gezer ( Joshua 10:33 ). It is enumerated among the cities of the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:39 ). Rehoboam fortified it ( 2 Chronicles 11:9 ). Hither Amaziah, king of Judah, fled from conspirators, and here he was murdered ( 2 Kings 14:19 ). In the reign of Hezekiah, Sennacherib took Lachish, and while he was quartered there Hezekiah sent messengers to him to make terms ( 2 Kings 18:13-17 ). Sennacherib’s Lachish campaign is commemorated by a sculpture from Nineveh, now in the British Museum. Lachish and Azekah were the last cities to stand against the king of Babylon ( Jeremiah 34:7 ). Lachish was one of the towns settled by the children of Judah after the Exile ( Nehemiah 11:30 ). Micah’s denunciation of Lachish as ‘the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion’ ( Micah 1:13 ) doubtless refers to incidents of which we are quite ignorant.

Lachish was identified by Conder with Tell el-Hesy , an important mound in the Gaza district, which was partially excavated with success by Flinders Petrie and Bliss for the Palestine Exploration Fund (1890 1893). Another site in the neighbourhood, of Roman date, called Umm Lakis , probably represents a later dwelling of the representatives of the ancient Lachishites, and preserves the name of the city.

R. A. S. Macalister.

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Lachish
A city south of Judah, Joshua 10:23. The word signifies, she walks, from Jalac.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Lachish
Who walks
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Lachish
An Amorite city in the lowlands of Judah. Its king was one of the four called upon by the king of Jerusalem to join him in attacking Gibeon because it had made peace with the Israelites. But the Amorites were smitten, and Lachish was taken by Joshua after a siege of two days. It was a fortified city in the route running from north to south. On the division of the kingdom it was garrisoned by Rehoboam. It was taken by Sennacherib, and among the slabs discovered at Nineveh is one representing the king sitting on his throne, with captives from Lachish kneeling before him, while his troops, passing in review, show the spoils they have taken. The inscription reads, "Sennacherib, king of multitudes, king of Assyria, sitteth upon a lofty throne, and the spoil of the city of Lachish passeth before him." This slab is now in the British Museum. Joshua 10:3-35 ; Joshua 12:11 ; Joshua 15:39 ; 2 Kings 14:19 ; 2 Kings 18:14,17 ; 2 Kings 19:8 ; 2 Chronicles 11:9 ; 2 Chronicles 25:27 ; 2 Chronicles 32:9 ; Nehemiah 11:30 ; Isaiah 36:2 ; Isaiah 37:8 ; Jeremiah 34:7 ; Micah 1:13 . Identified by some with Tell el Hesy, 31 33' N, 34 44' E .

At this mound 60 feet have been dug through and explored. The ruins of as many as eight cities have been discovered, which are judged by the marks on the pottery, etc., to extend back to about 1500 B.C. Nearer the surface have been found scarabs (beetles) and an inscription which makes it evident that at one time it was subject to Egypt. This is proved also by records on the Tell Amarna Tablets, alluded to under 'Egypt'.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Lachish
a city of Palestine, Joshua 10:23 ; Joshua 15:39 . Sennacherib besieged Lachish, but did not make himself master of it. From thence it was that he sent Rabshakeh against Jerusalem, 2 Kings 18:17 ; 2 Kings 19:8 ; 2 Chronicles 32:9 .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Lachish
Lachish (lâ'kish), invincible. A city of the Amorites, lying south of Jerusalem, and toward the border of Simeon. Joshua 10:1-43; Joshua 3:1-17. It was one of the Canaanitish cities which was subdued by Joshua and included in Judah; fortified by Jeroboam. 2 Chronicles 11:9. King Amaziah was killed there. 2 Kings 14:19. Lachish was besieged by Sennacherib and perhaps taken. 2 Kings 18:13-14; Isaiah 36:1-2. The siege is considered by some to be depicted on the slabs found in one of the chambers of the palace at Kouyunjik. Lachish has lately (1892) been identified with Tel-el-Hesy on the Mediterranean Sea, where remarkable tablets, records, and letters of the king of Lachish have been found, written before the exodus.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Lachish
A city in the southwest part of Judah, Joshua 10:3,5,31 ; fortified by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:9 , and strong enough to resist for a time the whole army of Sennacherib, 2 Kings 18:17 19:8 2 Chronicles 32:1,9,21 Micah 1:13 . It was here that king Amaziah was slain, 2 Kings 14:19 . For a wonderful confirmation of the truth of Scripture, see SENNACHERIB .

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Lachish
The important town of Lachish was located in the mountain pass that led from Hebron down to the Mediterranean coast. It was conquered by Israel in the time of Joshua (Joshua 10:3-5; Joshua 10:32) and later became an important military outpost for the defence of Jerusalem and other highland towns (2 Kings 18:13-17; 2 Chronicles 11:5; 2 Chronicles 11:9; Jeremiah 34:7; Micah 1:13; see PALESTINE). It was resettled after the Jews’ return from captivity, but never regained its previous importance (Nehemiah 11:25; Nehemiah 11:30).

Sentence search

Lachish - The same site has more recently come to be called tel Lachish. Lachish is also mentioned in ancient Egyptian, Assyrian and Babylonian records. ... The earliest reference to Lachish is in the Amarna letters (about 1400 B. The Hebrew army under Joshua's command defeated the king of Lachish, killed him and conquered his city (Joshua 10:5 , Joshua 10:23 ,Joshua 10:23,10:32-33 ). Later, Lachish was apportioned to the Tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:39 ). The next Biblical reference to Lachish comes in 2 Chronicles 11:9 , from the reign of Rehoboam who “fortified the city. ” Lachish was also the city of refuge for Amaziah who fled there from Jerusalem to escape a conspiracy against him (2 Kings 14:19 ; 2 Chronicles 25:27 ). ... Lachish is perhaps most well known for the story of its siege and conquest in 701 B. ... The archaeological excavations at Lachish have been extensive and rewarding. They have shown occupation at Lachish from about 4000 B. Some scholars date the Lachish destruction layer as late as 1150 B. ... The biblical account of Sennacherib's conquest of Lachish in 701 B
Lachish - Lachish (lâ'kish), invincible. Lachish was besieged by Sennacherib and perhaps taken. Lachish has lately (1892) been identified with Tel-el-Hesy on the Mediterranean Sea, where remarkable tablets, records, and letters of the king of Lachish have been found, written before the exodus
Lachish - To Lachish Amaziah fled from the conspirators, and was slain there (2 Kings 14:19; 2 Chronicles 25:27). Sennacherib was at Lachish when Hezekiah begged peace. Thence he sent his first message to Hezekiah by Rabshakeh, and then having left Lachish to war against Libnah, from the latter sent again (2 Kings 18:14; 2 Kings 18:17; 2 Kings 19:8). The strength of Lachish as a fortress is implied in 2 Chronicles 32:9, "Sennacherib laid siege against Lachish and all his power with him. Sennacherib's siege of Lachish is still to be seen at Koyunjik represented on the slabs of his palace walls as successful, with the inscription "Sennacherib, the mighty king of Assyria, sitting on the throne of judgment before the city of Lachish, I give permission for its slaughter. ... Lachish was foremost in adopting some of the northern idolatry. Hence, Micah (Micah 1:13) warned the inhabitants of Lachish to flee on the swift beast (there's a play of like sounds between Lachish and rechesh ), Sennacherib being about to make it his head quarters, for "she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion, for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee. " The Jews returning from Babylon re-occupied Lachish (Nehemiah 11:30). Hesy is a corruption of Lachish, the Hebrew caph) being changed into the guttural
Lachish - Lachish . In the reign of Hezekiah, Sennacherib took Lachish, and while he was quartered there Hezekiah sent messengers to him to make terms ( 2 Kings 18:13-17 ). Sennacherib’s Lachish campaign is commemorated by a sculpture from Nineveh, now in the British Museum. Lachish and Azekah were the last cities to stand against the king of Babylon ( Jeremiah 34:7 ). Lachish was one of the towns settled by the children of Judah after the Exile ( Nehemiah 11:30 ). Micah’s denunciation of Lachish as ‘the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion’ ( Micah 1:13 ) doubtless refers to incidents of which we are quite ignorant. ... Lachish was identified by Conder with Tell el-Hesy , an important mound in the Gaza district, which was partially excavated with success by Flinders Petrie and Bliss for the Palestine Exploration Fund (1890 1893). Another site in the neighbourhood, of Roman date, called Umm Lakis , probably represents a later dwelling of the representatives of the ancient Lachishites, and preserves the name of the city
Horam - King of Gezer, who helped Lachish, but fell before Joshua (Joshua 10:33)
Jedida - ) Amon's queen, mother of good Josiah; of Boscath near Lachish, daughter of Adaiah (2 Kings 22:1)
Eglon - A town near Lachish, mentioned only in connexion with the campaign of Joshua. Its king, Debir, joined the coalition against the Gibeonites ( Joshua 10:3 ), and after the reduction of Lachish Joshua captured and destroyed it ( Joshua 10:34 f. The site is probably Tell Nejileh , near Tell el-Hesy (Lachish); the neighbouring Khurbeh ‘Ajlan better preserves the name, but the site is of no great antiquity
Bozkath - A town of Judah ( Joshua 15:39 , 2 Kings 22:1 ), in the plain near Lachish and Eglon
Dilan - A town of Judah, in the same group with Lachish and Eglon
Hadashah - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah situated in vicinity of Lachish (Joshua 15:37 )
Eglon - ... ... A city in Judah, near Lachish (Joshua 15:39 ). It has been identified with Tell Nejileh, 6 miles south of Tell Hesy or Ajlan, north-west of Lachish. (See Lachish
la'Chish - ( Joshua 10:3,5 ) They were routed by Joshua at Beth-horon, and the king of Lachish fell a victim with the others under the trees at Makkedah. 35), we gain our first glimpse of that strength of position for which Lachish was afterward remarkable. Lachish was one of the cities fortified and garrisoned by Rehoboam after the revolt of the northern kingdom. After the return from captivity, Lachish with its surrounding "fields" was reoccupied by the Jews
Chitlish - It was a city of the tribe of Judah near Lachish (Joshua 15:40 )
Rabsaris - Chief of the Heads, one of the three officers whom Sennacherib sent from Lachish with a threatening message to Jerusalem (2 Kings 18:17 ; Jeremiah 39:3,13 )
Saphir - It must be near Lachish
Hagab - The name also occurs on an ostracon from Lachish
Migdal-Gad - ” Village near Lachish in the Shephelah district of Judah (Joshua 15:37 )
Nezib - Site is identified with Beit Nesib east of Lachish about two miles from khirbet Qila (Keilah)
Japhia (1) - King of Lachish
Bozkath - ” Town near Lachish and Eglon in tribal allotment of Judah (Joshua 15:39 )
Lachish - The inscription has been deciphered as follows:, "Sennacherib, the mighty king, king of the country of Assyria, sitting on the throne of judgment before the city of Lachish: I gave permission for its slaughter. ) Lachish has been identified with Tell-el-Hesy, where a cuneiform tablet has been found, containing a letter supposed to be from Amenophis at Amarna in reply to one of the Amarna tablets sent by Zimrida from Lachish. This letter is from the chief of Atim (=Etam, 1 Chronicles 4:32 ) to the chief of Lachish, in which the writer expresses great alarm at the approach of marauders from the Hebron hills. ... Excavations at Lachish are still going on, and among other discoveries is that of an iron blast-furnace, with slag and ashes, which is supposed to have existed B
Tanhumeth - A Lachish stamp witnesses to the name as does an Arad inscription
Lachish - Sennacherib besieged Lachish, but did not make himself master of it
Japhia - There was a city of this name, (Joshua 19:12) and there was a king of this name, Japhia king of Lachish, (Joshua 10:3) And David had a son named Japhia
Horam - ” King of Gezer whose attempt to deliver Lachish from Joshua resulted in his death and the annihilation of his army (Joshua 10:33 ), though his city remained a Canaanite stronghold (Joshua 16:10 ; compare 1 Kings 9:16 )
Lahmam - Town in tribal territory of Judah near Lachish, possibly modern khirbet el-Lahm about two and a half miles south of Beth Gibrin
Makkedah - It lay in the vicinity of Libnah, Azekah, and Lachish, southwest of Jerusalem, in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 10:10-28 ; 12:16 ; 15:41
Rab-Shakeh - Chief butler or cup-bearer, an officer sent from Lachish by Sennacherib king of Assyria, to summon Hezekiah to surrender; which message he delivered in a most audacious and insolent manner
Libnah - A Canaanite city taken by Joshua after Makkedah and before Lachish ( Joshua 10:29 etc. of Lachish ( Tell el-Hesy )
Gederoth - It may be an alternate spelling of Gederah or Qatra near Lachish
Jok'the-el -
A city in the low country of Judah, (Joshua 15:38 ) named next to Lachish
Achzib - Town in southern Judah, perhaps modern Tel el-Beida near Lachish (Joshua 15:44 )
Libnah - A city in the western part of Judah, not far from Lachish, conquered by Joshua from the Canaanites, and assigned to the priests, Joshua 10:29,30 15:42 21:13 1 Chronicles 6:57
Fortified Cities - Among the more important cities in these lists are Hazor in Naphtali and Bethlehem, Tekoa, Hebron, Gath, and Lachish in Judah. At the end of the monarchy, Jeremiah reported that the Babylonians had conquered all the fortified cities of Judah except Lachish and Azekah (Jeremiah 34:6-7 ). They could guard a major highway (as did Lachish and Hazor)
Lachish - But the Amorites were smitten, and Lachish was taken by Joshua after a siege of two days. It was taken by Sennacherib, and among the slabs discovered at Nineveh is one representing the king sitting on his throne, with captives from Lachish kneeling before him, while his troops, passing in review, show the spoils they have taken. The inscription reads, "Sennacherib, king of multitudes, king of Assyria, sitteth upon a lofty throne, and the spoil of the city of Lachish passeth before him
Japhia -
The king of Lachish, who joined in the confederacy against Joshua (Joshua 10:3 ), and was defeated and slain
Kerchiefs - They evidently varied in length with the height of the wearer ( Ezekiel 13:18 ), and perhaps resembled the long veils worn by the female captives from Lachish represented on an Assyr
Joktheel -
A city of Judah near Lachish (Joshua 1538,38 )
Libnah - It stood near Lachish, and has been identified with the modern Arak el-Menshiyeh
Lachish - The important town of Lachish was located in the mountain pass that led from Hebron down to the Mediterranean coast
Japhia - King of Lachish who joined southern coalition against Joshua and met death by cave of Makkedah (Joshua 10:1-27 ,Joshua 10:1-27,10:31-32 )
Walls - The choice of material varied with the locality: Lachish ( Tell el-Hesy ), for example, was almost entirely a brick town; in Gezer brick is the exception
Makkedah - Suggested locations include: Eusebius' suggestion of a site eight and a half miles from Eleutheropolis (Beit Jibrin); tell es-Safi south of Hulda (Libnah); el-Muqhar (“the Caves”) southwest of Ekron; and a site between Lachish and Hebron
Eglon - Both places are to the southwest of Lachish
Amaziah - His own subjects conspired against him, and, when he fled to Lachish, slew him there
Rehoboam - Some of his fortifications may be those at Lachish and Azekah
Adoni-Zedek - He headed the confederacy against Joshua, which the kings of Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon also joined
Amaziah - He was slain at Lachish whither he had fled from a conspiracy
Cart, Wagon - monarchy may be seen in the Assyrian representation of the siege of Lachish (Layard, Monuments of Nineveh , ii
Libnah - Debate rages concerning Libnah's location: tell es-Safi at the head of the Elah Valley appears too far north; tell Bornat just west of Lachish; tell el-Judeideh, usually identified as Moresheth-gath
Amaziah - Fifteen years after, he was slain by conspirators, after flying to Lachish to escape them, 2 Kings 14:1-20 2 Chronicles 25:1-28 ... 2
Amazi'ah - Amaziah lived 15 years after the death of Joash; and in the 29th year of his reign was murdered by conspirators at Lachish, whither he had retired from Jerusalem for safety
Sennacherib - Hezekiah seems to have attempted to bribe him to retreat, sending immense tribute to Sennacherib while he was besieging Lachish. Lachish fell, and the Tartan, the Rab-sbakeh and Rab-saris were sent to demand the surrender of Jerusalem ( 2 Kings 19:8 ff
Sickle - ); a specimen was found by Bliss at Lachish
Libnah - of Palestine, taken by Joshua, though not one of the leagued cities, because he would not leave so strong a city unsubdued in his rear, after destroying Makkedah on his way to Lachish. ... After Lachish Sennacherib besieged Libnah, and there heard of what alarmed him, Tirhakah's advance (2 Kings 19:8; Isaiah 37:8)
Amaziah - He was slain at Lachish, whither he had fled, and his body was brought upon horses to Jerusalem, where it was buried in the royal sepulchre (2 Kings 14:19,20 ; 2 Chronicles 25:27,28 )
Azekah - One of the letters found at Lachish tells of searching for signal lights from Azekah but not being able to see them
Sennacherib - Sennacherib therefore attacked Egypt, and from his camp at Lachish and Libnah he sent an insulting letter to Hezekiah at Jerusalem
Hezekiah - Then came Sennacherib's letters from Lachish and Libnah, the destruction of a great part of his army, and the retreat of the rest to Assyria, in answer to Hezekiah's prayer
Amaziah - Because of a conspiracy against him he fled to Lachish but was murdered there
Sennacherib - Took Ashkelon, warred with Egypt, took Libnah and Lachish on the frontier; and having made treaty with Sabacus or So (the clay seal of So found in Sennacherib's palace at Koyunjik was probably attached to this treaty), he marched against Hezekaih of Judah who had thrown off tribute and intermeddled in the politics of Philistine cities against Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:13). Sennacherib took 46 of Judah's fenced cities including Lachish, the storming of which, is depicted on his palace walls
Gezer - ) An old Canaanite city, whose king, Horam or Elam, helping Lachish, was slain with his people by Joshua (Joshua 10:33; Joshua 12:12)
Hezekiah - Sennacherib was detained at Lachish by the stubborn resistance of that fortress, and could send only a detachment of his troops to Jerusalem. The laconic sentence: ‘Hezekiah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying: I have offended; that which thou puttest on me will I bear’ ( 2 Kings 18:14 ) shows that abject submission was made
Sennach'Erib, - Sennacherib therefore attacked Egypt, and from his camp at Lachish and Libnah he sent an insulting letter to Hezekiah at Jerusalem
Gezer - ... Joshua defeated the king of Gezer when he tried to aid the king of Lachish (Joshua 10:33 )
Author - it is used of the chief of a tribe or family, Numbers 13:2 (RV, prince); of the "heads" of the children of Israel, Numbers 13:3 ; a captain of the whole people, Numbers 14:4 ; in Micah 1:13 , of Lachish as the leader of the sin of the daughter of Sion: there, as in Hebrews 2:10 , the word suggest a combination of the meaning of leader with that of the source from whence a thing proceeds
Mizpah, Mizpeh - While the exact location is unknown, this Mizpeh may have been near Lachish
Debir (1) - ) His direct march after Eglon and Lachish would have been northwards from Hebron to Gilgal, therefore it was probably S
Amaziah - He endeavoured to escape from a conspiracy to Lachish; but was assassinated
City - The area of Lachish, for example, did not exceed 15 acres; Taanach and Megiddo each occupied from 12 to 13 acres an area about equal to the probable extent of the Jehusite city on Ophel captured by David ( 2 Samuel 5:6 ff. ‘The cities of Canaan,’ says Vincent, ‘were almost invariably perched upon a projecting spur of a mountain slope, or upon an isolated eminence in the plain: Megiddo, Gezer, Tell-es-Safy [Gath?] not to mention the hill of the primitive Jerusalem are characteristic examples of the former site, Taanach and Lachish of the latter
Nineveh - ” The rooms were embellished with 9,880 feet of sculptured reliefs, depicting Assyrian victories over enemy cities, including the Judean city of Lachish, captured in 701 B
Hezekiah - ... In the meantime, Sennacherib had besieged Lachish
Potter, Pottery - ... What is known of the potter’s art in Palestine is due mainly to the work of the Palestine Exploration Fund, and especially to that carried out by Flinders Petrie, Bliss, and Macalister, at Tell el-Hesy possibly the ancient Lachish and elsewhere, from 1890 onwards
Jericho - Bliss has found in a hollow scooped out for some purpose or other near the foot of the biggest mound above the Sultan's Spring specimens of Amorite or pre-Israelitish pottery precisely identical with what he had discovered on the site of ancient Lachish
Zedekiah - ... Then King Nebuchadnezzar marched his army against Zedekiah, and took all the fortified places of his kingdom, except Lachish, Azekah, and Jerusalem
Gate - Thus the Persian satrap in the Lycian Xanthus monument sits at the gate dictating terms to the Greek ambassadors, and Sennacherib, at his tent door, gives judgment on the Jews taken at Lachish (British Museum, 59)
Zedeki'ah - This was done, and the whole country reduced, except Jerusalem and two strong places in the western plain, Lachish and Azekah, which still held out
Sennacherib - Hezekiah, seeing he had nothing left but Jerusalem, which he perhaps found it difficult to preserve, sent ambassadors to Sennacherib, then besieging and destroying Lachish, to make submission
Bread - In the first process, not yet extinct in Egypt for certain grains, the grain was rubbed between two stones, the ‘corn-rubbers’ or ‘corn-grinders,’ of which numerous specimens have been found at Lachish and Gezer ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Nineveh - , and of various cities in Judea and Syria; but we discover Sennacherib's own account of his invasion of Palestine, and of the amount of tribute which king Hezekiah was forced to pay him; also pictures representing his capture of Lachish, 2 Kings 18:14 , and his officers, perhaps the railing Rabshakeh himself, presenting Jewish captives to the king, etc
Fortification And Siegecraft - A similar ‘earth rampart’ was found at Tell el-Hesy, the ancient Lachish. Where, on the other hand, the city was perched upon an elevated tell , as at Gezer, Lachish, and in the Shephçlah generally, a trench was not required. At Tell el-Hesy or Lachish the lower face of the north wall ‘had been preserved by a strengthening wall on the outside, consisting of large rough stones in a parallel line about three feet away, with the intervening space filled in with pebbles’ (Bliss, A Mound of Many Cities , 29). At one period the north wall of Lachish was ‘at least 17 feet thick,’ while a thickness of 28 ft
Cosmetics - In the excavations at Lachish, an object was discovered which appears to be a curling iron and is dated about 1400 B
Lamp - 104, from Lachish
Transportation And Travel - ) of Sennacherib's siege of Lachish. Sennacherib's stone relief of his siege of Lachish includes a picture of Judeans being taken away in two-wheeled carts drawn by a team of oxen
Nineveh - Bas-reliefs of the siege of Lachish accompany it. (See Lachish
Assyria, History And Religion of - Sennacherib's conquest of Lachish is shown in graphic detail in carved panels from his palace at Nineveh. During the siege of Lachish, an Assyrian army was sent against Jerusalem where Hezekiah was “made a prisoner like a bird in a cage
Hebrew - Some of the most important inscriptional evidence includes the Gezer calendar (tenth century), the Hazor ostraca (ninth century), the Samaria ostraca (early eighth century), the Siloam inscription (late eighth century), Yavneh-yam ostracon (late seventh century), jar handles from Gibeon (late seventh century), the Lachish ostracon (early sixth century), and the Arad ostraca (late seventh and early sixth centuries)
Judah, Tribe And Kingdom - For some of its important towns see BEERSHEBA; BETHLEHEM; HEBRON; KADESH-BARNEA; KIRIATH-JEARIM; Lachish
Sign - ... Old Testament Oth , the usual Hebrew term for sign, appears in a nontheological sense for a military signal in the fourth Lachish letter and Joshua 2:12 , and for a military standard in Numbers 2:2 and Psalm 74:4
Dress - ] ‘tunic’ A familiar Assyrian sculpture, representing the siege and capture of Lachish by Sennacherib, shows the Jewish captives, male and female alike, dressed in a moderately tight garment fitting close to the neck (cf. The Lachish tunics, above mentioned, have short sleeves reaching half-way to the elbows
Zedekiah - ... Nebuchadnezzar on learning Zedekiah's treachery had sent a Chaldaean army which reduced all Judaea except Jerusalem, Lachish, and Azekah (Jeremiah 34)
Jeremiah - ... Other persons by the name of Jeremiah are referred to in Hebrew inscriptions from Lachish and Arad about 700 B
Assyria - ... A tablet shows Sennacherib sitting on a throne to receive the spoils of the city of Lachish
Hezekiah - The Assyrian annals are silent as to Sennacherib's second expedition in the fifth year of his reign, which began by his "treacherously" (Isaiah 33:1) attacking Lachish, and which ended in the destruction recorded in 2 Kings 19:35; for, unlike the faithful Jewish historians, they never record any of their monarch's disasters. (See Lachish
Egypt - There occur the names of three kings killed by Joshua, Adoni-zedec, king of Jerusalem, Japhia, king of Lachish (Joshua 10:3 ), and Jabin, king of Hazor (11:1); also the Hebrews (Abiri) are said to have come from the desert
Ebla - Biblical place names such as Salim, Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo, Gaza, Dor, Sinai, Ashtaroth, and Joppa seemingly appear repeatedly in the Ebla texts
Ebla - Biblical place names such as Salim, Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo, Gaza, Dor, Sinai, Ashtaroth, and Joppa seemingly appear repeatedly in the Ebla texts
Weights And Measures - ... The bath is estimated from two fragments of vessels so labeled from tell Beit Mirsim and Lachish to have contained 21 to 23 liters or about gallons, which would correspond roughly to an ephah of 3/8 to 2/3 of a bushel
Nin'Eveh - It is accompanied by a series of bas-reliefs believed to represent the siege and capture of Lachish
Archaeology And Biblical Study - Included is a striking picture of the siege of the important biblical fortress-city of Lachish which was captured by the Assyrians in 701 B. The list includes such important places as Babylon and Ur in ancient Mesopotamia and Ai, Bethel, Hazor, Jericho, Jerusalem, Lachish, Megiddo, Shechem, and many other sites in ancient Israel
Scripture - These instances could be multiplied many times, from the discoveries at Tanis, Lachish, Nineveh, Memphis, and from the recovery of inscriptions and letters, and from the mummies of the Pharaohs, of priests, and princes, almost without number
Temple of Jerusalem - This is similar to, though not precisely the same as, the shape of several Syrian and Canaanite temples excavated in the past few decades (at Hazor, Lachish, tell Tainat)
Egypt - ' The translator (Major Conder) believes he has identified the names of three of the kings smitten by Joshua: Adoni-zedec, king of Jerusalem; Japhia, king of Lachish; and Jabin, king of Hazor
House - At Tell el-Hesy (Lachish), for example, we find at one period house walls of ‘dark-brown clay with little straw’; at another, walls of ‘reddish-yellow clay, full of straw’ (Bliss, A Mound of Many Cities , 44)