Places Study on Kiriath-jearim

Places Study on Kiriath-jearim

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Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Kiriath-jearim
Prior to Israel’s conquest of Canaan, the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim were known as Gibeonites, after the name of a more important town in the region (Joshua 9:3; Joshua 9:17; see GIBEON). Kiriath-jearim was on the border between Benjamin and Judah, and was known also as Kiriath-baal, Baalah, Baale-judah and Kiriath-arim (Joshua 15:9; Joshua 15:60; Joshua 18:14; Joshua 18:21-28; 2 Samuel 6:2; Ezra 2:25). It is chiefly remembered because during the time of Saul and David the ark of the covenant rested there for twenty years (1 Samuel 7:1-2; 2 Samuel 6:2; for maps see BENJAMIN; JUDAH, TRIBE AND KINGDOM).

Holman Bible Dictionary - Kiriath-jearim
(kihr' i ath-jeh' a rim) Place name meaning, “city of forests.” Kiriath-Jearim was located at modern Abu Gosh nine miles north of Jerusalem. It was on the border where Dan, Benjamin, and Judah joined before Dan began their migration northward (Joshua 15:9 ,Joshua 15:9,15:60 ; Joshua 18:14-15 ). Dan's army camped there in their search for new territory (Judges 18:12 ). After the Philistines returned the ark of the covenant, it was kept at Kiriath-Jearim for a time (1 Samuel 6:21-7:2 ). David attempted to move the ark to Jerusalem from there, but because he did so improperly, God struck down Uzzah (2 Samuel 6:1-8 ). Among Kiriath-Jearim's sons was Uriah, a faithful prophet and contemporary of Jeremiah. He was executed for prophesying against the king (Jeremiah 26:20-24 ).

The Romans built a fort over the ancient ruins to guard the main route from Jerusalem to the Mediterranean Sea. A garrison from the Tenth Legion was stationed there.

Kiriath-Jearim is identified with Deir al-Azhar near the modern village of Qaryet el-Inab or Abu Gosh.



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kiriath-jearim
KIRIATH-JEARIM (‘city of forests’). One of the cities of the Gibeonites ( Joshua 9:17 ), occupied by the Danites ( Judges 18:12 ), on the border between Judah and Benjamin ( Joshua 15:9 ; Joshua 18:14 ). From there David brought up the ark ( 2 Samuel 6:2 , 1 Chronicles 13:5 , 2 Chronicles 1:4 ). Its older name appears to have been Kiriath-baal ( Joshua 15:60 ) or Baalah . ( Joshua 15:9-10 , 1 Chronicles 13:6 ). It is also mentioned as Baale Judah ( 2 Samuel 6:2 ), and through a textual error as Kiriath-arim ( Ezra 2:25 ; cf. Nehemiah 7:29 ). It was probably, like Kedesh, Gezer, etc., an old Canaanite ‘high place.’ In Jeremiah 26:20 it is mentioned as the home of Uriah the prophet, the son of Shemaiah. See also 1 Chronicles 2:50 ; 1 Chronicles 2:53 and 1Es 5:19 [in this last passage it is called Kariathiarius ]. The site of this important ancient sanctuary and frontier town has been very generally accepted, since the 5th cent. a.d., as close to that of the modern Kuriet el-‘Enab , a flourishing little village on the high-road from Jaffa to Jerusalem, about 9 miles from the latter. The ancient remains are to the W. of the village, but a handsome Crusading Church in the village itself has recently been restored. Kuriet el-‘Enab is generally known as Abu Ghosh , after a family of semi-hrigands of that name who established themselves there nearly a century ago, and for long held the whole surrounding country at their mercy. Another site, which has been powerfully advocated by Conder, is Khurbet ‘Erma , on the S. of the Vale of Sorek, just where the narrow valley opens into the plain. The similarity of ‘arim ( Ezra 2:25 ) and ‘erma , and the nearness of the site to Zorah and Eshtaol, are in its favour. There, too, are ancient remains, and a great rock platform which would appear to mark an ancient ‘high place.’ On the other hand, it is far from the other cities of the Gibeonltes ( Joshua 9:17 ). The question cannot he considered as settled.

E. W. G. Masterman.

Sentence search

Kirjath-Jearim - (kihr' jath-jee' uh rihm) KJV spelling of Kiriath-jearim. See Kiriath-jearim
Kirjath - (kihr' jath) KJV spelling of Kiriath, another name for Kiriath-jearim. See Kiriath-jearim
Kiriath-Arim - (kihr ih ath-ay' rihm) An alternate spelling of Kiriath-jearim in Ezra 2:25 . See Kiriath-jearim
Chesalon - Near Kiriath-jearim on the border of Judah ( Joshua 15:10 ). of Kiriath-jearim
Kiriath-Baal - ” Another name for Kiriath-jearim in Joshua 15:60 ; Joshua 18:14 . See Kiriath-jearim
Jearim -
Kiriath - The same as Kiriath-jearim (see Joshua 18:28 NRSV, REB, TEV). See Kiriath-jearim
Baale-Judah - Kiriath-jearim
Kariathiarius - 1Es 5:19 for Kiriath-jearim (wh
Shumathites - A family of Kiriath-jearim ( 1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Mishraites - A family of Kiriath-jearim ( 1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Puthites - A family of Kiriath-jearim ( 1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Jaar - ” Jaar is probably a poetic abbreviation for Kiriath-jearim. See Kiriath-jearim
Perez-Uzzah - ” Site of the threshing floor of Nacon (or Chidon) west of Jerusalem on the Kiriath-jearim road where the anger of the Lord “broke out” against Uzzah, who touched the ark to steady it (2 Samuel 6:8 ; 1 Chronicles 13:11 ). The site is perhaps that of khirbet el-Uz about two miles east of Kiriath-jearim
Beth-Gader - BETH-GADER ( 1 Chronicles 2:51 ), mentioned with Bethlehem and Kiriath-jearim
Jairite - (jay uhr ite) Member of clan of Jair probably from Havvoth-jair, though possibly from Kiriath-jearim (1 Samuel 20:26 )
Jaare-Oregim - Jaare may be an abbreviated form of Kiriath-jearim. See Kiriath-jearim
Mishraites - (mihssh' ray itess) A family from Kiriath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Kiriath-Jearim - ” Kiriath-jearim was located at modern Abu Gosh nine miles north of Jerusalem. After the Philistines returned the ark of the covenant, it was kept at Kiriath-jearim for a time (1 Samuel 6:21-7:2 ). Among Kiriath-jearim's sons was Uriah, a faithful prophet and contemporary of Jeremiah. ... Kiriath-jearim is identified with Deir al-Azhar near the modern village of Qaryet el-Inab or Abu Gosh
Kiriath-Jearim - Prior to Israel’s conquest of Canaan, the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim were known as Gibeonites, after the name of a more important town in the region (Joshua 9:3; Joshua 9:17; see GIBEON). Kiriath-jearim was on the border between Benjamin and Judah, and was known also as Kiriath-baal, Baalah, Baale-judah and Kiriath-arim (Joshua 15:9; Joshua 15:60; Joshua 18:14; Joshua 18:21-28; 2 Samuel 6:2; Ezra 2:25)
Kiriath - Therefore we ought probably to read Kiriath-jearim , a reading supported by the LXX [Note: Septuagint
Nachon - ” Threshing floor between Baal-judah (Kiriath-jearim) and Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:6 )
Ithrite - ” Descendants of Jether or Jethro (Exodus 4:18 ) or a clan whose home was Kiriath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Menuhoth - Menuhoth was possibly located to the northwest of Jerusalem towards Kiriath-jearim
Ephratah - This would be Kiriath-jearim, though two different resting points of the ark—Bethlehem and Kiriath-jearim—may be intended here. The identification with Kiriath-jearim could be supported by the genealogy in 1 Chronicles 2:1 which lists both personal and place names. Shobal, the founder of Kiriath-jearim, was the son of Ephrathah, Caleb's wife (1Chronicles 2:19, 1 Chronicles 2:50 )
Abinadab - Owner of the house whither the ark was brought by the men of Kiriath-jearim ( 1 Samuel 7:1 ), whence it was subsequently removed by David ( 2 Samuel 6:3 f
Amminadab - This Amminadab dwelt in Gibeath, that is to say, in the highest part of the city of Kiriath-jearim
Seir - of Kiriath-jearim
Shobal - This Shobal is called in 1 Chronicles 4:1-2 a ‘son’ of Judah, and in 1 Chronicles 2:50 ‘son’ of Caleb and ‘father’ of Kiriath-jearim
Jaar - The ark was brought from the region of Bethlehem (Ephrathah), yea, from the woody heights of Kiriath-jearim
Mahaneh-Dan - A site west of Kiriath-jearim where the Danites camped on the way to the hill country of Ephraim (Judges 18:12 )
Ithrite, the - A gentilic adjective applied to the descendants of a family of Kiriath-jearim ( 1 Chronicles 2:53 ), amongst whom were two of David’s guard ( 2 Samuel 23:38 , 1 Chronicles 11:40 Ira and Gareb)
Baal, Baalah, Baalath - = Kiriath-jearim ( 1 Chronicles 13:6 , Joshua 15:9-10 )
Eshtaol - Its citizens were kin to the clan of Caleb and to residents of Kiriath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:53 )
Beeroth - A Gibeonite city, usually coupled in enumeration with Chephirah and Kiriath-jearim ( Joshua 9:17 , Ezra 2:25 , Nehemiah 7:29 ); assigned to the tribe of Benjamin ( Joshua 18:25 , 2 Samuel 4:2 ); the home of Rechab, murderer of Ish-bosheth ( 2 Samuel 4:2 ), and of Naharai, armour-bearer of Joab ( 2 Samuel 23:37 )
Mahaneh-Dan - The locality of this spot is given in these two passages as ‘behind Kiriath-jearim,’ and as ‘between Zorah and Eshtaol
Kirjath-Jearim - , Kiriath-jearim, the city of woods
Uzza - The driver of the cart on which the ark was removed from Kiriath-jearim ( 2 Samuel 6:3 ; 2 Samuel 6:6-8 [in 2 Samuel 6:6-8 the name is Uzzah ] = 1 Chronicles 13:7 ; 1 Chronicles 13:9-11 )
Ira - Ira was apparently from Havoth-jair in Gilead (Numbers 32:41 ), though some Bible students think he was from Kiriath-jearim (1 Samuel 7:1 )
Ephron - A mountain district, containing cities, on the border of Judah, between Nephtoah and Kiriath-jearim ( Joshua 15:9 )
Hivites - A Deuteronomic editor states that their villages were Gibeon, Chephira, Kiriath-jearim, and Beeroth ( Joshua 9:17 )
Uriah - A prophet, son of Shemaiah of Kiriath-jearim
Kiriath-Jearim - Kiriath-jearim (‘city of forests’)
Shiloh - Supporting this was the fact that when the Philistines finally returned the ark of the covenant, it was housed at Kiriath-jearim rather than Shiloh (1 Samuel 7:1 )
Ark of the Covenant - Then it was carried to Kiriath-jearim, where it remained in comparative neglect until David recovered the symbolism it had for the ancient tribal confederacy and moved it to his new capital and sanctuary in Jerusalem (1 Samuel 6:21-7:2 ; 2 Samuel 6:1 ). Abinadab and his sons (2 Samuel 6:3 ) seemed to have served the Lord of the ark faithfully until one son, Uzzah, was smitten for his rash touching of the holy object during David's first attempt to transport the ark from its “hill” at Kiriath-jearim to his own city
Gibeah - The hill here is apparently near Kiriath-jearim or Baalah
Judah, Tribe And Kingdom - For some of its important towns see BEERSHEBA; BETHLEHEM; HEBRON; KADESH-BARNEA; Kiriath-jearim; LACHISH
Genealogy - ), and Kiriath-jearim and Bethlehem are descendants of Hur ( 1 Chronicles 2:51 )
Transportation And Travel - A similar two-wheeled cart was used by David to carry the ark of the covenant from Kiriath-jearim (also called Baale of Judah) to his new capital in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:2-17 )