Easton's Bible Dictionary
"Here began the troubles of the journey. First, complaints broke out among the people, probably at the heat, the toil, and the privations of the march; and then God at once punished them by lightning, which fell on the hinder part of the camp, and killed many persons, but ceased at the intercession of Moses (Numbers 11:1,2 ). Then a disgust fell on the multitude at having nothing to eat but the manna day after day, no change, no flesh, no fish, no high-flavoured vegetables, no luscious fruits...The people loathed the 'light food,' and cried out to Moses, 'Give us flesh, give us flesh, that we may eat.'" In this emergency Moses, in despair, cried unto God. An answer came. God sent "a prodigious flight of quails, on which the people satiated their gluttonous appetite for a full month. Then punishment fell on them: they loathed the food which they had desired; it bred disease in them; the divine anger aggravated the disease into a plague, and a heavy mortality was the consequence. The dead were buried without the camp; and in memory of man's sin and of the divine wrath this name, Kibroth-hattaavah, the Graves of Lust, was given to the place of their sepulchre" (Numbers 11:34,35 ; 33:16,17 ; Deuteronomy 9:22 ; Compare Psalm 78:30,31 )., Rawlinson's Moses, p. 175. From this encampment they journeyed in a north-eastern direction to Hazeroth.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
(Numbers 11:34-35) The margin of our Bibles very properly renders this name by the graves of lust; perhaps from Kerab, turning up, or ploughing. The readers of the Bible may find much spiritual profit from contemplating the graves of lust. Here, we may say, as we tread the ground idea, and tread over the ashes of those lusters, here are the sad records and monuments of those whose examples teach us the effect of dying martyrs to the indulgence of corrupt passions. It is to find death in the pot, when we seek that from the creature which the Creator only can supply, Oh, how many Kebroth-hattaavahs doth the present world afford, as well as the wilderness to Israel!
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
- Kibroth Hattaavah
("graves of lust".) Numbers 11:34; Numbers 33:17. At Erweis el Ebeirig near wady el Hudherah (Hazeroth) Israelite remains apparently are found, marking the site of Kibroth Hattaavah. (See WILDERNESS OF WANDERINGS.) Clark makes El Ain to be Kibroth Hattaavah. Laborde makes El Ain to be Hazeroth. The S.E. "wind from the Lord" from the neighbouring Elanitic gulf of the Red" Sea" bore quails so as to "throw them upon" (Hebrew Numbers 11:31) the encampment and its neighbourhood, "about two cubits above the face of the ground," i.e. not that they were piled up to that height, but the quails wearied with their flight flew so low as to be easily knocked down or caught by the people. The quail flies with the wind and low. The prodigious quantity and the supply of them at that time, in connection with Jehovah's moral dealings with Israel, constitute the miracle, which is in consonance with God's natural law though then intensified.
The hot Khamsin or S.E. wind is what quails avail themselves of in their annual flight northwards; the S.W. wind was the extraordinary agent brought in "by the power of God" (Psalms 78:26). As Jehovah told them (ver. 20), they ate "a whole month until it came out at their nostrils, and was loathsome" to them. The impossibility, to ordinary view, of such a meat supply for 600,000 men for a month long even to satiety ("He rained flesh upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea": Psalms 78:27), staggered Moses' faith: "shall the flocks and the herds be slain for them to suffice them? or shall all the fish of the sea be gathered together for them?" (the proximity to the Red "Sea" suggested the "fish," ver. 31; compare John 6:7-9). We too often "limit the Holy One of Israel" (Psalms 78:41-20-31).
But "while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was consumed" (Speaker's Commentary for "chewed"), "the wrath of Jehovah smote the people with a very great plague." Feeding on quails for a whole month would of itself be injurious. God punished the gluttonous people through their gluttony which they had indulged in to surfeit; He aggravated the natural consequences into a supernatural visitation. God punishes murmurers by "giving them their request, but sending leanness into their soul" (Psalms 106:15). The first supply of quails was on the 15th day of the second month after the Exodus (Exodus 16; Psalms 105:40), just before the manna. The second was at Kibroth Hattaavah in the second year after the camp had removed from its 12 months' stay at Sinai. The Hebrew for "quail" is selaw , and the locality has several places named from it, wady es Selif the E. road, wady Soleif the road to the W. E. Wilton (Imperial Dictionary) fixes on an old cemetery in the wady Berah as Kibroth Hattaavah.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(kihb' rahth-hat tay' uh vuh) Place name meaning, “graves of craving, lust, gluttony.” The first stopping place of the Israelites after they left Sinai (Numbers 33:16 ). The Israelites craved meat, which the Lord gave them (Numbers 11:31 ); but because they overindulged, an epidemic broke out, and many Israelites died. The dead were buried there, giving the place its name (Numbers 11:34 ; Deuteronomy 9:22 ; Psalm 78:30-31 ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
KIBROTH-HATTAAVAH (‘graves of lust,’ Numbers 11:34 ; Numbers 33:16 , Deuteronomy 9:22 ). The march from Taberah ( Numbers 11:3 ) is not mentioned in Numbers 23:1-30 , but Kibroth-hattaavah was one day’s journey from the wilderness of Sinai. It is placed by tradition to the N. of Naqb el-Hawa (‘mountain path of the wind’), which leads to the plain below the traditional Sinai.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
The graves of lust
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
The graves of lust, one of the encampments of Israel in the wilderness, where they desired of God flesh for their sustenance, declaring they were tired of manna, Numbers 11:34,35 33:16 . Quails were sent in great quantities; but while the meat was in their mouths, God smote so great a number of them, that the place was called "the graves of those who lusted," Psalm 78:30-31 , a monument to warn mankind against the sin of discontent, 1 Corinthians 10:6 .
(‘graves of lust,’ Numbers 11:34 ; Numbers 33:16 , Deuteronomy 9:22 ). The march from Taberah ( Numbers 11:3 ) is not mentioned in Numbers 23:1-30 , but Kibroth-hattaavah
was one day’s journey from the wilderness of Sinai
- It was also called Kibroth-hattaavah
- The Israelites were twice relieved in their privation by a miraculous supply of quails, (1) in the wilderness of Sin (Exodus 16:13 ), and (2) again at Kibroth-hattaavah
- A description given (1) to certain persons who joined Israel in the Exodus from Egypt ( Exodus 12:38 ), and who fell a lusting at Kibroth-hattaavah
( Numbers 11:4 ); (2) to those who were separated from the Israelites after the return from the Captivity ( Nehemiah 13:3 )
- The dead were buried without the camp; and in memory of man's sin and of the divine wrath this name, Kibroth-hattaavah
, the Graves of Lust, was given to the place of their sepulchre" (Numbers 11:34,35 ; 33:16,17 ; Deuteronomy 9:22 ; Compare Psalm 78:30,31 )
- Within it lay Taberah, Kibroth-hattaavah
, Mazeroth, Kadesh, and what is called the ‘ Wilderness of Zin
- See Kibroth-hattaavah
Wanderings of the Israelites
Taberah, Numbers 11:3 ; Deuteronomy 9:22 |...
, Numbers 11:34 . | Kibroth-hattaavah
, Numbers 33:16 . At Kibroth-hattaavah
the people lusted for flesh: quails were given them, and then God sent upon them a very great plague
Wanderings in the Wilderness
- This route is identified with Marah (Exodus 15:23 ), Elim (Exodus 15:27 ), the Wilderness of Sin (Exodus 16:1 ), Rephidim (Exodus 17:1 ), the Wilderness of Sinai (Exodus 18:5 ; Exodus 19:1 ), Sinai (Exodus 19:2 ), the wilderness of Paran (Numbers 10:12 ), Taberah (Numbers 11:3 ) or Kibroth-hattaavah
(“the cemetery of the lusters,” Numbers 11:34 ), Hazeroth (“corrals,” Numbers 11:35 ; Numbers 12:16 ) where the mention of enclosures for the livestock and a series of events in the biblical account suggest an extended stay, and, ultimately, Kadesh (Numbers 20:1 )
Numbers, Book of
; the 70 elders, Eldad and Medad; the quails; Hazeroth