Places Study on Hermon

Places Study on Hermon

Deuteronomy 3: And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was on this side Jordan, from the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon;
Deuteronomy 3: (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)
Deuteronomy 4: From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which is Hermon,
Joshua 11: And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh.
Joshua 11: Even from the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir, even unto Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them, and slew them.
Joshua 12: Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the river Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east:
Joshua 12: And reigned in mount Hermon, and in Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.
Joshua 13: And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.
Joshua 13: And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan unto Salcah;
Judges 3: Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
1 Chronicles 5: And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.
Psalms 42: O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
Psalms 89: The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.
Psalms 133: As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore.
Song of Solomon 4: Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards.

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Baal-Hermon
(bay' uhl-huhr mahn) Place name meaning, “Baal of Hermon” or “lord of Hermon.” A mountain and village Israel could not take from the Hivites, whom God left to test Israel (Judges 3:3 ). It marked the Hivites' southern border and Manasseh's northern border (1 Chronicles 5:23 ). Its location is unknown. Some would equate it with Baal-gad. Others, modern Baneas or Caesarea Philippi.



1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mount Hermon
(Hebrew: sacred)

Group of mountains in Palestine forming the southern extremity of Anti-Lebanon, marking on the east of the Jordan the northern boundary of Israel.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Hermon, Mount
(huhr' muhn) Place name meaning, “devoted mountain.” Site of sanctuary of Baal and northern boundary of Israel. The name Hermon was called Sarion (Sirion) by the Sidonians (Phoenicians) (Deuteronomy 3:9 ; Psalm 29:6 ) and Sanir (Senir) by the Amorites (Deuteronomy 3:9 ). Both appellations signify “breast plate,” evidently because of the mountain's rounded snow-covered tip, that gleaned and shone in the sunlight. The latter name appears twice in the Old Testament, seemingly as the name of a peak adjacent to Hermon (1 Chronicles 5:23 ; Song of Song of Solomon 4:8 ). It is also called Sion (Deuteronomy 4:48 ), probably on account of its height. Once it is called “Hermons.” KJV mistakenly renders this as “the Hermonites” (Psalm 42:6 ). This is probably a reference to the triple summits of the mountain.

The Talmud and ancient Arab scholars called it Jebel el-Sheikh (“gray-haired mountain”) or Jebel el-Thalj (“mountain of snow”). Variations of Sarion and Sanir appear in the Egyptian Execration Texts of the nineteenth century B.C., in Assyrian cuneiform on the Black Obelisk of Salmanasar III (Saniru), and in Ugaritic literature in a treaty between the Amorites and Hittites dating around 1350 B.C.

The Hermon range is known by two names. Its highest peak is known as Qas Antar (“Fortress of Antar”), the black hero of Arab legend. It is also called “mountain of the chief” in reference to the tenth century founder of the Druze religion, Sheikh ed-Derazi, who coming from Egypt, retired to Mt. Hermon.

The Hermon range is the southern spur of the Anti-Lebanon chain of mountains which runs parallel to the Lebanon range being separated from it by the valley of Beqaa. Hermon, being 9,100 feet above sea level, is the highest mountain in Syria. It can be seen from as far away as the Dead Sea—120 miles. The range is approximately 28 miles in length and reaches a width of 15 miles. Its peak is covered with snow two-thirds of the year. Water from its melting snow flows into the rivers of the Hauran and provides the principal source for the Jordan River. Although Hermon receives about 60 inches of precipitation (dew, snow, rain) per year, practically no vegetation grows above the snow line, where there is an almost complete absence of soil. Below it, the mountain slopes are covered with trees and vineyards. Wolves, leopards, and Syrian bears live in its forests. The biblical record praises: the dew of Hermon (Psalm 133:3 ), its lions (Song of Song of Solomon 4:8 ) and its cypresses (Ezekiel 27:5 ).

From times immemorial Hermon has been a sacred mountain. Its very name is perhaps an allusion to this fact. The term Mount Baalhermon (Judges 3:3 )indicates that a local Baal was worshiped there. Hermon is famous for heavy dew (Psalm 133:3 ), which is a well-known symbol for vegetation deities. Hermon is alluded to as a sacred mountain in the treaty between the Hittites and the Amorites. The mount was used as a cultic place in later periods. Greek inscriptions describe the local god of Hermon. During the Roman period, it was a religious center. Small temples were built on its slopes. Both Eusebius and Jerome mention a temple on its summit. Enoch 6:6 (a book of the apocrypha) mentions that Hermon is the place where wicked angels alighted in the days of Jared. Its name is explained as referring to the oath which they had to swear upon it.

The mount is significant for four reasons. (1) It was the northern border of the Amorite kingdom (Deuteronomy 3:8 ; Deuteronomy 4:48 ). (2) It marked the northern limits of Joshua's victorious campaigns (Joshua 11:17 ; Joshua 12:1 ; Joshua 13:5 ). (3) It has always been regarded as a sacred mountain. (4) Some scholars believe the transfiguration of Jesus occurred on Hermon.

Gary Baldwin



Easton's Bible Dictionary - Hermon
A peak, the eastern prolongation of the Anti-Lebanon range, reaching to the height of about 9,200 feet above the Mediterranean. It marks the north boundary of Palestine (Deuteronomy 3:8,4:48 ;; Joshua 11:3,17 ; 13:11 ; 12:1 ), and is seen from a great distance. It is about 40 miles north of the Sea of Galilee. It is called "the Hermonites" (Psalm 42:6 ) because it has more than one summit. The Sidonians called it Sirion, and the Amorites Shenir (Deuteronomy 3:9 ; Song of Solomon 4:8 ). It is also called Baal-hermon (Judges 3:3 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ) and Sion (Deuteronomy 4:48 ). There is every probability that one of its three summits was the scene of the transfiguration (q.v.). The "dew of Hermon" is referred to (Psalm 89 :: 12 ). Its modern name is Jebel-esh-Sheikh, "the chief mountain." It is one of the most conspicuous mountains in Palestine or Syria. "In whatever part of Palestine the Israelite turned his eye northward, Hermon was there, terminating the view. From the plain along the coast, from the Jordan valley, from the heights of Moab and Gilead, from the plateau of Bashan, the pale, blue, snow-capped cone forms the one feature in the northern horizon." Our Lord and his disciples climbed this "high mountain apart" one day, and remained on its summit all night, "weary after their long and toilsome ascent." During the night "he was transfigured before them; and his face did shine as the sun." The next day they descended to Caesarea Philippi.



Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Baal Hermon
Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23 (translate Baal Hermon, even Senir, even Mount Hermon.") The mountain had three names (Deuteronomy 3:9); Baal Hermon was probably one used among the Phoenician worshippers of Baal, whose sanctuary Baal Gad was at the base of the mountain. (See BAAL GAD.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Baal-Hermon
Lord of Hermon.
A city near Mount Hermon inhabited by the Ephraimites (1 Chronicles 5:23 ). Probably identical with Baal-gad (Joshua 11:17 ).



A mountain east of Lebanon (Judges 3:3 ). Probably it may be the same as Mount Hermon, or one of its three peaks.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hermon
HERMON . The highest mountain in Syria (9050 ft. high), a spur of the Anti-Lebanon. Its name means ‘apart’ or ‘sanctuary,’ and refers to its ancient sanctity (cf. Psalms 89:12 ; and the name ‘mount Baal-hermon ,’ Judges 3:3 ). Meagre traces of ruins remain on its summit, probably connected, at least partly, with a former high place. According to Deuteronomy 3:9 , it was called Sirion by the Sidonians and Senir (wh. see) by the Amorites. It may have been the scene of the Transfiguration ( Mark 9:2 ). The summit has three peaks, that on the S. E. being the highest. Snow lies on the top throughout the year, except in the autumn of some years; but usually there is a certain amount in the ravines. The top is bare above the snow-line; below it is richly wooded and covered with vineyards. The Syrian bear can sometimes be seen here; seldom, if ever, anywhere else. The modern name is Jebet esh-Sheikh , ‘the Mountain of the Chief.’

R. A. S. Macalister.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Hermon
("mountain nose, or peak".) The highest of the Antilibanus range, at its S. end. N.E. of Palestine (Joshua 12:1), over against Lebanon (Joshua 11:17), adjoining Bashan (1 Chronicles 5:23). Called Sion, "the lofty," distinct from Zion at Jerusalem (Deuteronomy 4:48); among the Amorites Shenir, rather Senir, i.e. cataract or else breast-plate, from senar "to clatter" (Deuteronomy 3:8-9; Ezekiel 27:5); among the Sidonians Sirion, the breast-plate, a name given from the rounded snowy top glittering in the sun, from shaarah "to glitter" (Psalms 29:6). A center to Syria and Palestine; the watershed of the Jordan fountains, and of the Syrian Abana and Pharpar of Damascus, the Orontes of Antioch, and the Leontes. Bashan, Damascus, Syria, and Israel converged there. It had numerous Baal sanctuaries, which gave it a name very anciently. (See BAAL HERMON.)

Rising 9,500 feet, it is seen even from the Jordan valley and the shores of the Dead Sea. Lebanon means the "white" mountain, the Mont Blanc of Palestine. Now Jebel es Sheykh, "the old white-headed man's mountain," referring to the long streaks of snow remaining in the ravines radiating from the center, when the snow has disappeared elsewhere, like an old man's scanty white locks. Jebel esh Tilj, "the mount of ice." Shenir and Hermon are mentioned distinctly, Song of Solomon 4:8. The whole was called Hermon. The part held by the Sidonians was "Sirion," that by the Amorites Shenir, infested by devouring "lions" and swift though stealthy "leopards," in contrast to "the mountain of myrrh" (Song of Solomon 5:6), the mountain of the Lord's house (Isaiah 2:2), the good land (Isaiah 35:9). In Psalms 89:12 Tabor is made the western, Hermon the eastern landmark.

Thus, N., S., E., and W. represent the whole earth. "The dew of Hermon" (Psalms 133:3) is used proverbially of an abundant, refreshing dew. (See DEW.) The distance precludes the possibility of the literal dew of Hermon "descending upon the mountains of Zion." But a Hermon dew was a dew such as falls there, the snow on the summit condensing the summer vapors which float in the higher air, and causing light clouds to hover round and abundant dew to fall on it, while the air is elsewhere without a cloud and the whole country parched. The "ointment" sets forth "how good" and "precious" is brotherly "unity"; the dew "how pleasant" it is. Zion is the mountain where this spiritual dew descends, as pleasant as the natural dew that descends on Hermon. It has three summits, a quarter of a mile from each other; hence arises the plural "Hermons" (Psalms 42:6), not "Hermonites."

A rude wall of massive stones surrounds the crest of the peak, within are the remains of a small ancient temple. Jerome refers to this, and no doubt it is one of those Baal high places set up by the former inhabitants, and so often condemned in the Old Testament. A circle of temples surrounded Hermon, facing its summit, so that Hermon seems to have been the great sanctuary of Baal. At the top, says Capt. Warren, is a plateau comparatively level; here are two small peaks lying N. and S., about 400 yards from each other. The third peak is 500 yards to the W. On the southern peak a hole scooped out is surrounded by an oval of hewn stones; at its southern end is the temple nearly destroyed, with Roman moldings, and of later date than the stone oval, of stones from 2 to 8 ft. long, 2 1/2 broad and thick.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Mount Baal-Hermon
(bay' uhl huhr' muhn) A variant name for Mount Hermon (Judges 3:3 ), perhaps indicating its use as a worship place for Baal.



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Hermon
Anathema; devoted to destruction
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Baal-Hermon
Possessor of destruction or of a thing cursed
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Hermon
HERMON.—A mountain on the north-eastern border of Palestine, the culminating point of the range of Anti-Lebanon, rising to an elevation of 9200 ft. above the sea. Its dome-like summit, usually covered with snow till late in summer, can be seen from almost every part of Palestine. Jesus in His youth must have often seen it from the hill west of Nazareth, and, during His ministry, from the Sea of Galilee. It is not mentioned by name in the Gospels, but is generally believed to be the ‘high mountain’ of Matthew 17:1, Mark 9:2, and the ‘mountain’ of Luke 9:28 where the Transfiguration took place. This was probably not on the summit, which could be reached only by long and hard climbing, but on one of the elevated platforms on the southern slope. That Hermon, rather than Tabor (on which there was then a fortified city), is the ‘high mountain’ referred to, seems clear from the fact that the conversation (Matthew 16:21-28) which preceded the Transfiguration by six days was closely connected with Peter’s confession; and this occurred at Caesarea Philippi (Matthew 16:13-18), which stood just at the base of Hermon by the springs of Jordan. See also art. Transfiguration.

Literature.—For description of Hermon, see Robinson, BRP [Note: RP Biblical Researches in Palestine.] iii. 344, 357; Stewart, Land of Israel, 296–301; Conder, Tent-Work, ch. 8; SWP [Note: WP Memoirs of the Survey of W. Palestine.] (‘Jerusalem’ Volume, Appendix, and Volume of Special Papers).

W. W. Moore.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hermon
A noble mountain on the north-east border of Palestine, forming the highest part of the Anti-Lebanon range. Its highest summit is 9200 feet above the sea, and is almost constantly covered with snow. It was called by the Sidonians SIRION, Deuteronomy 3:9 ; Psalm 29:6 ; and SHENIRby the Amorites (or perhaps one of the summits was called SHENIRor SENIR.1 Chronicles 5:23 ; Song of Solomon 4:8 ; Ezekiel 27:5 ); and once it was called SION. Deuteronomy 4:48 . The silent refreshing dews of Hermon are used to illustrate how good and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity. Psalm 133:3 . It is probable that some part of Hermon was the mount of transfiguration; the Lord was in that district, and it seems much more suitable from its privacy than the traditional mount Tabor. It is now called Jebel esh Sheikh, or Jebel eth The1j, 'mountain of snow,' 33 25' N, 35 51' E .

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Hermon, Mount
(Hebrew: sacred)

Group of mountains in Palestine forming the southern extremity of Anti-Lebanon, marking on the east of the Jordan the northern boundary of Israel.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hermon
Hermon (her'mon), a peak, summit. The highest mountain in Palestine, Deuteronomy 3:8; Joshua 12:1; Joshua 11:17; 1 Chronicles 5:23. It towers high above the ancient border city of Dan and the fountains of the Jordan, and is the most conspicuous and beautiful mountain in Palestine or Syria. Hermon has three summits, situated like the angles of a triangle, and about a quarter of a mile from each other. In two passages of Scripture this mountain is called Baal-hermon, Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23, possibly because Baal was there worshipped. Hermon was probably the scene of the transfiguration, as it stands near Cæsarea Philippi, where we know Christ was just before that event. The height of Hermon is reckoned at 10,000 feet.

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Hermon
The sacred hill of Hermon is often spoken of in Scripture, and furnisheth out sweet subject to the Hebrew poetry. David describes the love and unity of brethren as like the dew of Hermon. (Psalms 133:3) The falling of the dew of Hermon upon the hill of Zion was very natural, for Zion joined to it. And travellers describe the dew of this place as falling plentifully like showers.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hermon
a celebrated mountain in the Holy Land, often spoken of in Scripture. It was in the northern boundary of the country, beyond Jordan, and in the territories which originally belonged to Og, king of Bashan, Joshua 12:5 ; Joshua 13:5 . The Psalmist connects Tabor and Hermon together, upon more than one occasion, Psalms 89:12 ; Psalms 133:3 ; from which it may be inferred that they lay contiguous to each other. This is agreeable to the account that is given us by travellers. Mr. Maundrell, in his journey from Aleppo, says that in three hours and a half from the river Kishon, he came to a small brook near which was an old village and a good kane, called Legune; not far from which his company took up their quarters for the night, and from whence they had an extensive prospect of the plain of Esdraelon. At about six or seven hours' distance eastward, stood, within view, Nazareth, and the two mountains Tabor and Hermon. He adds that they were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy Psalmist means by the dew of Hermon; their tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night, Psalms 133:3 .

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mount Hermon
This was called by the Sidonians Sirion, and the Amorites calked it Shenir, (Deuteronomy 3:9.) Its height was very great, and always covered with snow. The faithful in the Old Testament celebrated the beauties of Hermon in their songs. It was situated so near the temple, that it formed a part of it; indeed Zion is called Hermon. (Deuteronomy 4:28.) See Hermon.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hermon
A lofty mountain on the northeast border of Palestine, called also Sirion Shenir, and Sion, (not Zion,) Deuteronomy 3:8 ; 4:39 . It is a part of the great Anti-Lebanon Range; at the point where an eastern and lower arm branches off, a little south of the latitude of Damascus, and runs in a southerly direction terminating east of the head of the sea of Galilee. This low range is called Jebel Heish. Mount Hermon is believed to be what is now known as Jebel esh-Sheikh, whose highest summit, surpassing every other in Syria, rises into the region of perpetual snow or ice, ten thousand feet above the sea.

For a view of Hermon, see Psalm 89:12 .

The "little Hermon" of modern travellers, not mentioned in Scripture, is a shapeless mass of hills north of the smaller valley of Jezreel. "Hermonites," or Hermons, in Psalm 42:6 , denotes the peaks of the Hermons range.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Baal-Hermon
BAAL-HERMON ( Judges 3:3 , 1 Chronicles 5:23 ). See Hermon.

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hermon
Mount Hermon was in the far north of Palestine, at the southern end of the Lebanon Range. It was known to the Lebanese as Mt Sirion. The ancient Amorites called it Mt Senir (Deuteronomy 3:9; see also LEBANON). It was the highest mountain of the region, and water from its snow-covered heights was a major source of the Jordan River (Jeremiah 18:14). It was included in the territory God promised to Israel, but Israel’s control never extended beyond its southern foothills (Joshua 11:16-17).

Sentence search

Baal-Hermon - BAAL-Hermon ( Judges 3:3 , 1 Chronicles 5:23 ). See Hermon
Sirion - The Sidonian name for Hermon. (See Hermon
Sirion - (ssihr' ee ahn) Sidonian name for Mount Hermon (Deuteronomy 3:9 ). See Hermon, Mount
Hermonite - (huhr' muhn ite) Resident of Mount Hermon, according to KJV translation of Psalm 42:6 . See Hermon
Baal-Hermon - Lord of Hermon.
A city near Mount Hermon inhabited by the Ephraimites (1 Chronicles 5:23 ). Probably it may be the same as Mount Hermon, or one of its three peaks
Baal Hermon - Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23 (translate Baal Hermon, even Senir, even Mount Hermon. ") The mountain had three names (Deuteronomy 3:9); Baal Hermon was probably one used among the Phoenician worshippers of Baal, whose sanctuary Baal Gad was at the base of the mountain
Senir - ” Amorite name for Mount Hermon (Deuteronomy 3:9 ). See Hermon. Song of Song of Solomon 4:8 may indicate that Senir was a different peak than Hermon in the Antilebanon range or that it indicated the entire range (compare 1 Chronicles 5:23 )
Senir - A name given to Mount Hermon by the Amorites, Deuteronomy 3:9 1 Chronicles 5:23 Ezekiel 27:5 . See Hermon
Sion, Mount - A name of Mount Hermon. (See Hermon
Shenir - Hebrew senir , the Amorite name for Mount Hermon. (See SENIR; MOUNT Hermon
Hermon - Hermon (her'mon), a peak, summit. Hermon has three summits, situated like the angles of a triangle, and about a quarter of a mile from each other. In two passages of Scripture this mountain is called Baal-Hermon, Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23, possibly because Baal was there worshipped. Hermon was probably the scene of the transfiguration, as it stands near Cæsarea Philippi, where we know Christ was just before that event. The height of Hermon is reckoned at 10,000 feet
Mount Hermon - The faithful in the Old Testament celebrated the beauties of Hermon in their songs. It was situated so near the temple, that it formed a part of it; indeed Zion is called Hermon. ) See Hermon
Hermon - The sacred hill of Hermon is often spoken of in Scripture, and furnisheth out sweet subject to the Hebrew poetry. David describes the love and unity of brethren as like the dew of Hermon. (Psalms 133:3) The falling of the dew of Hermon upon the hill of Zion was very natural, for Zion joined to it
Hermonites - KJV translators understood the Hebrew plural “Hermans” (Psalm 42:6 ) to refer to the inhabitants of the slopes of Mount Hermon. Modern translations take the plural to refer to the three “peaks of Hermon” (NAS)
Sion -
Denotes Mount Hermon in Deuteronomy 4:48 ; called Sirion by the Sidonians, and by the Amorites Shenir (Deuteronomy 3:9 ). (See Hermon
Shenir - See Hermon
Senir - See Hermon
Sirion - See Hermon
Sirion - See Hermon
Shenir - See Hermon
Ituraea - Stretching from mount Hermon toward the N. The tribe of Manasseh wrested it from the Hagrites (Ishmaelites), Jetur, Nephish, and Nodab, and "increased from Bashan unto Baal Hermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon"; i. , Hermon on its W. An undulating table land with conical hills; the southern portion watered by streams from Hermon; the N
Baal-Gad' - A city in the valley of Lebanon at the foot of Hermon; the northernmost point, to which the wars of Joshua reached, Joshua 11:17 ; 12:7 ; 13:5 . It was perhaps the same as Baal-Hermon
Senir - =Shenir, the name given to Hermon by the Amorites (Deuteronomy 3:9 ). " It is properly the name of the central of the three summits of Hermon (q
Hermon, Mount - The name Hermon was called Sarion (Sirion) by the Sidonians (Phoenicians) (Deuteronomy 3:9 ; Psalm 29:6 ) and Sanir (Senir) by the Amorites (Deuteronomy 3:9 ). The latter name appears twice in the Old Testament, seemingly as the name of a peak adjacent to Hermon (1 Chronicles 5:23 ; Song of Song of Solomon 4:8 ). Once it is called “Hermons. ” KJV mistakenly renders this as “the Hermonites” (Psalm 42:6 ). ... The Hermon range is known by two names. Hermon. ... The Hermon range is the southern spur of the Anti-Lebanon chain of mountains which runs parallel to the Lebanon range being separated from it by the valley of Beqaa. Hermon, being 9,100 feet above sea level, is the highest mountain in Syria. Although Hermon receives about 60 inches of precipitation (dew, snow, rain) per year, practically no vegetation grows above the snow line, where there is an almost complete absence of soil. The biblical record praises: the dew of Hermon (Psalm 133:3 ), its lions (Song of Song of Solomon 4:8 ) and its cypresses (Ezekiel 27:5 ). ... From times immemorial Hermon has been a sacred mountain. The term Mount BaalHermon (Judges 3:3 )indicates that a local Baal was worshiped there. Hermon is famous for heavy dew (Psalm 133:3 ), which is a well-known symbol for vegetation deities. Hermon is alluded to as a sacred mountain in the treaty between the Hittites and the Amorites. Greek inscriptions describe the local god of Hermon. Enoch 6:6 (a book of the apocrypha) mentions that Hermon is the place where wicked angels alighted in the days of Jared. (4) Some scholars believe the transfiguration of Jesus occurred on Hermon
Senir - The name of Hermon among the Amorites, according to Deuteronomy 3:9 , but in Song of Solomon 4:8 and 1 Chronicles 5:23 distinguished from Hermon. it appears, like Hermon and Sirion, to designate the whole of Anti-Lebanon
Sirion - A breastplate, the Sidonian name of Hermon (q
Baal-Hermon - (bay' uhl-huhr mahn) Place name meaning, “Baal of Hermon” or “lord of Hermon
Bashan, Hill of - (Psalm 68:15 ), probably another name for Hermon, which lies to the north of Bashan
se'Nir - (snow mountain ), ( 1 Chronicles 5:23 ; Ezekiel 27:5 ) the Amorite name for Mount Hermon
Sion - Deuteronomy 4 :48; same as Hermon, q
Lebanon, Tower of - Only mentioned symbolically in Song of Solomon 7:4 : it is supposed to refer to mount Hermon
Her'Mon - " When the whole country is parched with the summer sun, white lines of snow streak the head of Hermon. Hermon has three summits, situated like the angles of a triangle, and about a quarter of a mile from each other. In two passages of Scripture this mountain is called Baal-Hermon , ( Judges 3:3 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ) possibly because Baal was there worshipped. (It is more than probable that some part of Hermon was the scene of the transfiguration, as it stands near Caesarea Philippi, where we know Christ was just before that event --ED. ) The height of Hermon has never been measured, though it has often been estimated
Shenir - =Senir, (Deuteronomy 3:9 ; Song of Solomon 4:8 ), the name given to Mount Hermon (q
Hermonites, the - (Psalm 42:6,7 ) = "the Hermons", i. , the three peaks or summits of Hermon, which are about a quarter of a mile apart
Baal-Gad - Lord of fortune, or troop of Baal, a Canaanite city in the valley of Lebanon at the foot of Hermon, hence called Baal-Hermon (Judge 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ), near the source of the Jordan (Joshua 13:5 ; 11:17 ; 12:7 )
Hazar-Hatticon - Village of the midway, a place near Hamath in the confines of Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16 ), probably on the north brow of Hermon
Mount Baal-Hermon - (bay' uhl huhr' muhn) A variant name for Mount Hermon (Judges 3:3 ), perhaps indicating its use as a worship place for Baal
Senir - (See Hermon
Naim - (Hebrew: pleasantness) ... City where Christ raised the widow's son to life (Luke 7), situated on the northwest ridge of Jebel Dahy, the Little Hermon
Baalhermon - Town or mount in connection with Mount Hermon: there was probably a shrine of Baal there: see BAAL-GAD
Hermon - Mount Hermon is believed to be what is now known as Jebel esh-Sheikh, whose highest summit, surpassing every other in Syria, rises into the region of perpetual snow or ice, ten thousand feet above the sea. ... For a view of Hermon, see Psalm 89:12 . ... The "little Hermon" of modern travellers, not mentioned in Scripture, is a shapeless mass of hills north of the smaller valley of Jezreel. "Hermonites," or Hermons, in Psalm 42:6 , denotes the peaks of the Hermons range
Mizar - Probably one of the lesser mountains near Hermon, or, if not a proper name, it may be read 'the little hill' as in the margin
Hermon - (See BAAL Hermon. " Shenir and Hermon are mentioned distinctly, Song of Solomon 4:8. The whole was called Hermon. In Psalms 89:12 Tabor is made the western, Hermon the eastern landmark. "The dew of Hermon" (Psalms 133:3) is used proverbially of an abundant, refreshing dew. ) The distance precludes the possibility of the literal dew of Hermon "descending upon the mountains of Zion. " But a Hermon dew was a dew such as falls there, the snow on the summit condensing the summer vapors which float in the higher air, and causing light clouds to hover round and abundant dew to fall on it, while the air is elsewhere without a cloud and the whole country parched. Zion is the mountain where this spiritual dew descends, as pleasant as the natural dew that descends on Hermon. It has three summits, a quarter of a mile from each other; hence arises the plural "Hermons" (Psalms 42:6), not "Hermonites. A circle of temples surrounded Hermon, facing its summit, so that Hermon seems to have been the great sanctuary of Baal
Amana - Probably the mountains near the river Abana or Amana, being connected with Hermon and Lebanon; or else Mount Amanus in the north of Syria
Sion - A name of Hermon , Deuteronomy 4:48
Amana - The southern part or summit of Anti-Lebanon, adjacent to and north of Hermon, from which the river Amana or Abana poured down towards Damascus, Song of Song of Solomon 4:8
Sion - A name given in Deuteronomy 4:48 to one of the elevations on the mountain ridge called Hermon, which see
Baalgad - Place at the foot of Mount Hermon in the valley of Lebanon, the northern limit of Joshua's conquest
hi'Vites - (Joshua 9:7 ; 11:19 ) The main body of the Hivites were at this time living in the northern confines of western Palestine-- "under Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh," (Joshua 11:3 ) --"in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entering in of Hamath
Sirion - Hermon, Deuteronomy 3:9
Hermon - Hermon. That Hermon, rather than Tabor (on which there was then a fortified city), is the ‘high mountain’ referred to, seems clear from the fact that the conversation (Matthew 16:21-28) which preceded the Transfiguration by six days was closely connected with Peter’s confession; and this occurred at Caesarea Philippi (Matthew 16:13-18), which stood just at the base of Hermon by the springs of Jordan. —For description of Hermon, see Robinson, BRP [Note: RP Biblical Researches in Palestine
Pharpar - The river is perhaps the Nahr el A'waj which flows from Mount Hermon, passing about ten miles south of Damascus, or else the Nahr Taura
Hermonites - HermonITES . ] to Hermons , and referring to the three peaks of the summit of Hermon (wh
Sir'Ion - (breastplate ), one of the various names of Mount Hermon, that by which it was known to the Zidonians
Tahtim-Hodshi - The name is not attested elsewhere, prompting various emendations: Kadesh in the land of the Hittites (REB, NRSV, TEV); and the land below Hermon
Moreh, Hill of - It is supposed to have been what is now called Neby Duhy, or 'Little Hermon,' 32 37' N, 35 20' E
Mizar - It may, perhaps, be the present Jebel Ajlun, thus named, "the little", in contrast with the greater elevation of Lebanon and Hermon
Hermon - The Psalmist connects Tabor and Hermon together, upon more than one occasion, Psalms 89:12 ; Psalms 133:3 ; from which it may be inferred that they lay contiguous to each other. At about six or seven hours' distance eastward, stood, within view, Nazareth, and the two mountains Tabor and Hermon. He adds that they were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy Psalmist means by the dew of Hermon; their tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night, Psalms 133:3
Hermonites - This occurs only in Psalm 42:6 , which is translated by some, "I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermons, from the hill Mizar;" the reference being, not to any people called Hermonites, but to the peaks of Mount Hermon
Nain - It is now called Nein, and is on the northwestern edge of Little Hermon, six miles southeast of Nazareth, and 25 miles southwest of Tell Hum (Capernaum?)
si'on -
One of the various names of Mount Hermon
Snow - Yet Mount Hermon has a snow cap that can be seen throughout much of Palestine
Snow - The greater part of the year, however, snow, glistening on the shoulders of Great Hermon, is easily seen from most of the higher hills in the country. Hermon snow has been carried since olden times to great distances, to refresh the thirsty in the burning heat of summer ( Proverbs 26:1 )
Hivites - The main body of the Hivites were then living on the northern confines of western Palestine—"under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh," Joshua 11:3; "in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-Hermon unto the entering in of Hamath
Moreh, the Hill of - Probably identical with "little Hermon," the modern Jebel ed-Duhy, or perhaps one of the lower spurs of this mountain
Zedad - of Merj ‘Ajûn, towards Hermon
Baal-Gad - ” Town representing northern limit of Joshua's conquests (Joshua 11:17 ) in Valley of Lebanon at foot of Mount Hermon
Kadmonites - It has been conjectured that the celebrated Cadmus, the founder of Thebes in Boeotia, was originally a Kadmonite; and that his wife, Hermione, was so named from Mount Hermon
Baal-Gad - A place under Hermon, in the valley of Lebanon, referred to only as the northern limit of the country conquered by Joshua ( Joshua 11:17 ; Joshua 12:7 ; Joshua 13:5 )
Ituraea - It is bounded on the east by Trachonitis, on the south by Gaulanitis, on the west by Hermon, and on the north by the plain of Damascus
Hermon - The silent refreshing dews of Hermon are used to illustrate how good and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity. It is probable that some part of Hermon was the mount of transfiguration; the Lord was in that district, and it seems much more suitable from its privacy than the traditional mount Tabor
Avims - Lastly, there were some of them beyond Jordan, at the foot of Mount Hermon. ... The name of his wife Hermione was taken from Mount Hermon, at the foot whereof the Hivites dwelt
Hermon - It is called "the Hermonites" (Psalm 42:6 ) because it has more than one summit. It is also called Baal-Hermon (Judges 3:3 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ) and Sion (Deuteronomy 4:48 ). The "dew of Hermon" is referred to (Psalm 89 :: 12 ). "In whatever part of Palestine the Israelite turned his eye northward, Hermon was there, terminating the view
Hivites - Bryant supposes the Hivites to be the same as the Ophites, or ancient worshippers of the sun under the figure of a serpent; which was, in all probability, the deity worshipped at Baal-Hermon
Kadmonites - Genesis 15:19 , a tribe of Canaanites who inhabited the promised land east of the Jordan, about mount Hermon
Hermon - Hermon . Psalms 89:12 ; and the name ‘mount Baal-Hermon ,’ Judges 3:3 )
Hivites - Their abode was about Hermon and Lebanon (Joshua 11:3, "under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh"; Judges 3:3, "from mount BaalHermon unto the entering in of Hamath"); toward Tyre (2 Samuel 24:7), and Sichem or Shechem (Genesis 34:11), and Gibeon (Joshua 9:1; Joshua 9:7)
Tah'Tim-Hod'Shi - ( 2 Samuel 24:6 ) The name has puzzled all the interpreters, (Kitto says it was probably a section of the upper valley of the Jordan, now called Ard el-Huleh , lying deep down at the western base of Hermon
Abana - Its modern name is Barada, and it travels swiftly from snow-capped Mount Hermon through Damascus to end in a marsh
Phar'Par - The Awaj rises on the southeast slopes of Hermon, and flows into the most southerly of the three lakes or swamps of Damascus
Jordan - The Jordan River, which formed the boundary along the eastern side of the land of Canaan, rose in the region of Mt Hermon in the north and finished in the Dead Sea in the south
Pharpar - This has its source in Hermon, then runs for about 40 miles, ending in a lake or swamp
Shunem - It answers to the modern Sulem, on the southwestern slope of Little Hermon, about 53 miles north of Jerusalem
Tabor - (See Hermon . ) "The prominence and isolation of Tabor, standing, as it does, on the border-land between the northern and southern tribes, between the mountains and the central plain, made it a place of note in all ages, and evidently led the psalmist to associate it with Hermon, the one emblematic of the south, the other of the north
Nain - verge of jebel ed Duhy (Little Hermon) where it slopes down to Esdraelon plain
Og - He is described as lord over "the remnant of the Raphaims who dwelt in Astaroth, and in Edrai, and had dominion in Mount Hermon, and in Salecha, and in all Basan
Geshur - Bridge, the name of a district or principality of Syria near Gilead, between Mount Hermon and the Lake of Tiberias (2 Samuel 15:8 ; 1 Chronicles 2:23 )
Pharpar - side of Hermon ends in the bahret Hijaneh, the most southern of the three lakes or swamps of Damascus, due E
Iturae'a - (land of Jether ), a small province on the northwestern border of Palestine, lying along the base of Mount Hermon, only mentioned in ( Luke 3:1 ) Jetur the son of Ishmael gave his name like the rest of his brethren, to the little province he colonized
Sihon - The country from the Jabbok to Hermon was at this time ruled by Og, the last of the Rephaim. ... These two victories gave the Israelites possession of the country on the east of Jordan, from the Arnon to the foot of Hermon
Caesara Philippi - A city on the northeast of the marshy plain of el-Huleh, 120 miles north of Jerusalem, and 20 miles north of the Sea of Galilee, at the "upper source" of the Jordan, and near the base of Mount Hermon. According to some its original name was Baal-Gad ( Joshua 11:17 ), or Baal-Hermon (Judges 3:3 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ), when it was a Canaanite sanctuary of Baal
Geshur, Geshuri, Geshurites - Geshur lay upon the eastern side of the Jordan between Bashan, Maachah, and Mount Hermon, and within the limits of the Hebrew territory; but the Israelites did not expel its inhabitants, Joshua 12:5 ; 13:13 . The word Geshur signifies bridge; and in the border of the region, where, according to the above data, we must place Geshur, between mount Hermon and the lake of Tiberias, there still exists an ancient stone bridge of four arches over the Jordan, called Jisr-Beni-Jakub, that is, the bridge of the children of Jacob
Beth-Rehob - The town lay at the southern foot of Mount Hermon
na'in - ( Luke 7:12 ) The modern Nein is situated on the northwestern edge of the "Little Hermon," or Jebel-ed-Duhy , where the ground falls into the plain of Esdraelon
Baal Gad - "Under mount Hermon, in the valley of Lebanon," still retaining the Hebrew name for "the valley," 'el buka , between Lebanon and Antilebanon
Baal Gad - "Under mount Hermon, in the valley of Lebanon," still retaining the Hebrew name for "the valley," 'el buka , between Lebanon and Antilebanon
Hermon - Mount Hermon was in the far north of Palestine, at the southern end of the Lebanon Range
Dan Name - Because it was so restricted the tribe moved to Lais, a city in Palestine on the slope of Mount Hermon, which they destroyed and rebuilt and called Dan (Judges 18)
Jordan River - It issues from three sources on Mount Hermon, and after a course of 200 miles empties into the Dead Sea
Cypress - " This tree grows abundantly on the mountains of Hermon
Endor - It is identified with the modern village of Endur, "a dirty hamlet of some twenty houses, or rather huts, most of them falling to ruin," on the northern slope of Little Hermon, about 7 miles from Jezreel
Hivites - One of the original tribes scattered over Palestine, from Hermon to Gibeon in the south
Nain - It is identified with the village called Nein, standing on the north-western slope of Jebel ed-Duhy (=the "hill Moreh" = "Little Hermon"), about 4 miles from Tabor and 25 southwest of Capernaum
River, Jordan - It issues from three sources on Mount Hermon, and after a course of 200 miles empties into the Dead Sea
Geshur - ” Small Aramean city-state between Bashan and Hermon
Lysanias - side of Mount Hermon
Shunem - side of "little Hermon," jebel Duhy , three miles N
Tob - Hermon and Damascus in the 12th cent
Maacah - Between Bashan and the kingdom of Damascus, on the skirts of Mount Hermon, E
Caesarea Philippi - It was situated at the foot of Mount Hermon, near the head of the Jordan; and was about fifty miles from Damascus, and thirty from Tyre
Merom - It is at present called the lake of Houle; and is situated in a hollow or valley, about twelve miles wide, called the Ard Houle, formed by the Djebel Heish on the west, Djebel Safat on the east, the two branches into which the mountains of Hasbeya, or Djebel Esheikh, the ancient Hermon, divides itself about fifteen miles to the north
Riblah - Judges 3:3, "Ηar-Βaal-Ηermon ", Septuagint reads Αr-bela , which confirms Harbel; the summit of Hermon, the southernmost and highest peak of Antilibanus, 10,000 ft. However, "go down from Shepham to Riblah" seemingly implies Riblah was lower; therefore Riblah was probably one of the many sanctuaries with which the sides, as well as the summit, of Hermon were covered. foot of Hermon; streams from the western slopes of the mountain feed the longest branch of the river
Bethsaida - Thus, Caesarea Philippi is mentioned presently after, Bethsaida being on the road to it; and the mount of the transfiguration, part of the Hermon range, above the source of the Jordan (Mark 9:2-3); the snow of Hermon suggested the image, "His raiment became white as snow
Nain - slope of the Hill of Moreh, the so-called ‘Little Hermon. Tabor, over the eastern shoulder of which the white summit of Hermon is visible; while to the N
Lebanon - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Libanus - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Mountain, White - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Harmon - ” Some Bible students change the first letter slightly to read, “Mount Hermon
Ain - side of the Hermon mountains; and Ain answers to Ain el 'Azy (nine miles from Riblah, on the N
Kishon - The upper part, rising on Tabor and Little Hermon, is dry in the summer, but becomes a torrent in the winter, rushing along with great impetuosity and transforming parts of the plains it traverses into swamps
White Mountain - In the latter, Mount Hermon reaches the height of 9300 feet Lebanon is often mentioned poetically in the Old Testament (Osee 14; Nahum 1), and is noted for its abundance of wood, especially the cedar (Zachariah 11; 1 Esdras 3), which was used by Solomon in building the Temple (3Kings 5)
Esdraelon - From the foot of Mount Tabor it branches out into three valleys, that on the north passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judges 4:14 ); that on the south between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim (2 Kings 9:27 ); while the central portion, the "valley of Jezreel" proper, runs into the Jordan valley (which is about 1,000 feet lower than Esdraelon) by Bethshean. Jews, Gentiles, Saracens, Crusaders, Frenchmen, Egyptians, Persians, Druses, Turks, and Arabs, warriors out of every nation which is under heaven, have pitched their tents in the plain, and have beheld the various banners of their nations wet with the dews of Tabor and Hermon" (Dr
Dew - ... On the other hand its gentle, silent, benignant influence, diffusing itself over the parched ground, represents the blessed effect of God's word and God's grace (Deuteronomy 32:2); also brotherly love (Psalms 133:3), the "dew of Hermon (i. copious and refreshing dew) that descended upon Zion"; or else, believers from various parts are joined by brotherly love on the one spiritual Zion, like the countless dewdrops wafted together, if it were physically possible, from various mountains, as Hermon, to the one natural Zion
Merom - It is situated in the southern part of a valley formed by the two branches of Mount Hermon. Thus the lake and valley El-Huleh form an immense reservoir, and unite with the snows of Hermon to maintain the summer supplies of the Jordan
Lebanon - ; and Hermon in Antilebanon is 10,125 ft. Shenir and Hermon . the mountains of the leopards," referring to the two higher peaks, Hermon, and that near the fountain of Abana, where panthers still are found. "The tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus" is Hermon (Song of Solomon 7:4)
Hauran (1) - Hermon; in particular the fertile basin, about 50 miles square and 2000 feet above sea-level, between the Jaulân and Lejâ
Pharpar - The most probable is that suggested by Thomson, namely, the ‘Awaj , a river rising east of Hermon
Dew - Maundrell tells us that the tents of his company, when pitched on Tabor and Hermon, "were as wet with dew as if it had rained on them all night," Judges 6:38 Song of Song of Solomon 5:2
Baal - Mount Baal-Hermon (bâ'al-hêr'mon), lord of Hermon, Judges 3:3, and simply Baal-Hermon, 1 Chronicles 5:23. This is usually considered as a distinct place from Mount Hermon; but we know that this mountain had at least three names, Deuteronomy 8:9, and Baal-Hermon may have been a fourth in use among the Phœnician worshippers of Baal
Hivites - Hivites are found in Gibeon (Joshua 9:7 ; Joshua 11:19 ), Shechem (Genesis 34:2 ), below Hermon in the land of Mizpah (Joshua 11:3 ), and in the Lebanon mountains (Judges 3:3 )
Laish (2) - ) Laish being near its haunt, the wooded slopes of Bashan, Hermon, and Lebanon, and the jungles of Lake Merom (see Deuteronomy 33:22, "Dan
Moreh - On the northern side of the valley of Jezreel, and of the height where Gideon's 300 were; jebel ed Duhy, "little Hermon," answers to Moreh
Transfiguration, the - The place of the transfiguration was probably Mount Hermon (q
Jezreel (2) - From the base of this triangular plain three branches stretch out eastward, divided by two bleak gray ridges, one called Mount Gilboa, the other Little Hermon
Mount Amana - It was from hence Christ called his Spouse the church--"Come with me from Lebanon, (my spouse) with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions' den, from the mountains of the leopards;" (Song of Song of Solomon 4:8
Caesare'a Philip'pi - The spring rises from and the city was built on a limestone terrace in a valley at the base of Mount Hermon 20 miles north of the Sea of Galilee
Amorite (the) - (Judges 11:21-22), was specially the "land of the Amorites"; but their possessions embraced all Gilead and Bashan, to Hermon (Deuteronomy 3:8; Deuteronomy 4:48-49), "the land of the two kings of the Amorites," Sihon and Og (Deuteronomy 31:4). ... The Amorite name Senir (not Shenir) for mount Hermon (Deuteronomy 3:9) is mentioned; but this may be the Canaanite term, as distinguished from the Hebrew "Hermon" (lofty peak) and the Phoenician "Sirion" (glittering as a breast-plate; senir too means a breast-plate, from a root, "clatter," the snowy round top glittering like a breast-plate)
Meroz - of Beisan on the southern slopes of the hills continuing "little Hermon," they had command of the pass and might have prevented the escape m that quarter of any of Sisera's host
Lasha - The gorge of wady el Asal, descending from Mount Hermon over against Laish, between two high bulwarks, fulfills the requirements of the derivation
Bear - ] dûbb ) is still fairly common in Hermon and the Anti-Lebanon, and is occasionally found in the Lebanon and east of the Jordan; it is practically extinct in Palestine
Transfiguration - This remarkable event in the life of Christ probably took place on Hermon or some other mountain not far from Caesarea Philippi; the tradition which assigns it to Tabor not being sustained
Caesarea-Philippi - It stood where the mountains south-west of Hermon join the plain above lake Huleh, on an elevated plateau surrounded by ravines and water-courses; and its walls were thick and strong
Hor - The location is unknown, though some would see Hor as a variant name for Mount Hermon
Snow - (Psalm 147:16 ; 148:8 ) The snow lies deep in the ravines of the highest ridge of Lebanon until the summer is far advanced and indeed never wholly disappears; the summit of Hermon also perpetually glistens with frozen snow
Leopard - "The mountains of the leopard" (Song of Solomon 4:8), namely, Lebanon and Hermon, where still they are found; "the mountains of prey" (Psalms 76:4), symbolizing the rapacious world kingdoms
Hor - In all probability this is meant for Hermon
Tabor - Tradition makes this the mount of Transfiguration; but it is more probable that some part of mount Hermon was chosen for the transfiguration
c Sarea-Philippi - Cæsarea-Philippi (sĕs-a-rç'ah-fĭ-lĭp'pî), now called Banias by the Arabs, is a town at the base of Mount Hermon, about 20 miles north of the Sea of Galilee and 45 miles southwest of Damascus
Ebal - The mountain commands an extensive view over almost the whole of Galilee, which includes points from Hermon to Jerusalem and from the sea to the Hauran
Mizpah or Mizpeh - A valley near Mount Hermon, towards Zidon, Joshua 11:3,8
ba'Shan - It extended from the "border of Gilead" on the south to Mount Hermon on the north, (3:3,10,14; Joshua 12:5 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ) and from the Arabah or Jordan valley on the west to Salchah (Sulkhad ) and the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites on the east
mo'Reh - These conditions are most accurately fulfilled if we assume Jebel ed-Duhy , the "Little Hermon" of the modern travellers, 1815 feet above the Mediterranean, to be Moreh, the Ain-Jalood to be the spring of Harod, and Gideon's position to have been on the northeast slope of Jebel Fukua (Mount Gilboa), between the village of Nuris and the last-mentioned spring
Endor - of jebel Duhy, "the little Hermon
Maacah - son of Nahor, Abraham's brother (Genesis 22:24 ); this Maacah perhaps gave his name to the Aramean kingdom west of Basham and southwest of Mount Hermon; the residents of this kingdom, the Maachathites (ma a thites), were not driven out during the Israelite conquest of Canaan (Joshua 13:13 )
Brass - Copper is not found in Palestine proper, but in the Lebanon and Hermon (possibly the ‘mountains of brass’ of Zechariah 6:1 )
High Places - Probably the massive circular ruins on the summits of Hermon are the remains of such places of ancient idolatrous worship
Leopard - " The spouse in the Canticles speaks of the mountains of the leopards, Song of Song of Solomon 4:8 ; that is to say, such as Lebanon and Hermon, where wild beasts dwelt
ar'Abah - It indicates more particularly the deep-sunken valley or trench which forms the most striking among the many striking natural features of Palestine, and which extends with great uniformity of formation from the slopes of Hermon to the Elanitic Gulf (Gulf of Akabah ) of the Red Sea; the most remarkable depression known to exist on the surface of the globe
Hivites - In Joshua 11:3 and Judges 3:3 they seem to be located near Hermon in the Lebanon, but ‘Hivite’ is probably here a corruption of ‘Hittite’ (cf
Abana, And Pharpar - It is a clear, cold, and swift mountain stream, rising in Anti-Lebanon, north east of Hermon, flowing south east into the plain, and near Damascus turning eastward, skirting the northern wall of the city, and terminating 20 miles east in one of three large lakes
Nebo - It rises over 4000 feet above the Dead Sea and gives an excellent view of the southwest, west, and as far north as Mount Hermon
Caesarea Philippi - above the sea in a recess of the Hermon mountains, and is well watered
Mount Tabor - ) And the Psalmist celebrates this mountain as rejoicing with Hermon in the Lord
Lebanon - One summit, however, in the eastern range, namely, Mount Hermon, now called Jebel-esh-Sheikh, is higher still, and rises nearly into the region of perpetual ice. See Hermon
Transfiguration - ... Early writers fixed on Mount Tabor as the Mount of Transfiguration; but it is more probable that it was on some part of Mount Hermon, which would have been more private
Transfiguration - Though tradition locates the transfiguration on Mount Tabor, there is little to confirm this view, and modern scholars favor some spur of Mount Hermon, Jesus frequently went to the mountains to spend the night In prayer
Manas'Seh - (Joshua 13:29-33 ) Here they throve exceedingly, pushing their way northward over the rich plains of Jaulan and Jedur to the foot of Mount Hermon
Maacah or Maachah - A city and region of Syria or Aram, 1 Chronicles 19:6 ; somewhere near the foot of mount Hermon, and Geshur
Bashan - Fat, fruitful, Numbers 21:33 , a rich hilly district lying east of the Jordan, and between the mountains of Hermon on the north, and those of Gilead and Ammon on the south
Manas'Seh - (Joshua 13:29-33 ) Here they throve exceedingly, pushing their way northward over the rich plains of Jaulan and Jedur to the foot of Mount Hermon
Jezreel - Its elevated site gives one a fine view of the great plain of Esdraelon on the west, and the hills that border it; and towards the east it overhangs the wide and fertile "valley of Jezreel," Joshua 17:16 Judges 6:33 Hosea 1:5 , which runs down east-south-east from the great plain to the Jordan, between Gilboa and little Hermon. The western part is level; on the east it is more undulating, and is at length broken by mount Gilboa and "little Hermon" into three valleys two or three miles wide, which sink down into the valley of the Jordan
Willows - He says, "It fringes the Upper Jordan, dipping its wavy crown of red into the spray in the rapids under Hermon, and is nutured by the oozy marshes in the Lower Jordan nearly as far as to Jericho
Hill, Hill-Country - Among the eminences of Palestine as distinct from hill-districts are Zion, the hill of Samaria, the triple-peaked Hermon, Tabor, and Carmel
am'Orite, the am'Orites - This rich tract, bounded by the Jabbok on the north, the Arnon on the south, the Jordan on the west and "the wilderness" on the east, (Judges 11:21,22 ) was, perhaps in the most special sense the "land of the Amorites," (Numbers 21:31 ; Joshua 12:2,3 ; 13:10 ; Judges 11:21,22 ) but their possessions are distinctly stated to have extended to the very foot of Hermon, (3:8; 4:48) embracing "Gilead and all Bashan," (3:10) with the Jordan valley on the east of the river
Macarius, Bishop of Jerusalem - of Jerusalem, the 39th from the Apostles, Hermon being his predecessor
Tabor (1) - Though only 1843 feet high, Tabor is, from its isolation and remarkable rounded shape, a most prominent object from great distances around; hence, though so very different in size from the great mountain mass of Hermon, it was yet associated with it ( Psalms 89:12 ). Although not directly recorded, the condition of the hill before and after would lead one to suppose that it was an inhabited site at the time of Christ, while the requirements of the Biblical narrative ( Mark 8:27 ; Mark 9:2-10 , Luke 9:28-36 ) suggest a site near Cæsarea Philippi, such, for example, as an isolated spur of Hermon
Tabor - ) and Hermon (E. Moreover, the transfiguration took place near Caesarea Philippi; this fact, and the reference to the "snow," accord best with Mount Hermon being the scene (Mark 8:27; Mark 9:1-3)
Leb'Anon, - --The main chain of Anti-Libanus commences in the plateau of Bashan, near the parallel of Caesarea Philippi, runs north to Hermon, and then northeast in a straight line till it stinks down into the great plain of Emesa, not far from the site of Riblah. Hermon is the loftiest peak; the next highest is a few miles north of the site of Abila, beside the village of Bludan , and has an elevation of about 7000 feet. Three side ridges here radiate from Hermon, like the ribs of an open fan, and form the supporting walls of three great terraces
Shunem - It has been identified from early times with Sôlam , a village five miles south of Tabor, on the south slope of Little Hermon
Tent - σκηνή may also mean a hut, booth, or other temporary structure, like those made by the Arabs of el-Huleh from the reeds that abound in the marshes close by the base of Hermon
Lebanon - Its highest point is Mount Hermon
Dan - Dan was seated at the foot of Mount Hermon, four miles west of Paneas, near one source of the Jordan, on a hill now called Tell-el-Kady
Transfiguration, the - Much more likely is Mount Hermon (9,100 feet) to the north of Caesarea Philippi. See Hermon
Jordan - It originates in the snows of Hermon, which feed its perennial fountains. ... But besides these two historical fountains there is a third, called the Hasbany, which rises in the bottom of a valley at the western base of Hermon, 12 miles north of Tell-el-Kady. Along the whole eastern bank of the river and the lakes, from the base of Hermon to the ravine of Hieromax, a region of great fertility, 30 miles long by 7 or 8 wide, there are only some three inhabited villages
Merom - On the west it is walled in by the steep and lofty range of the hills of Kedesh-Naphtali; on the east it is bounded by the lower and more gradually ascending slopes of Bashan; on the north it is shut in by a line of hills hummocky and irregular in shape and of no great height, and stretching across from the mountains of Naphtali to the roots of Mount Hermon, which towers up at the north-eastern angle of the plain to a height of 10,000 feet
Jezreel - A city in the plain of the same name between Gilboa and Little Hermon
Bashan - A district reaching from Hermon to Gilead at the river Arnon, and from the Jordan valley eastward to Salcah
Esdra-e'Lon - From the base of this triangular plain three branches stretch out eastward, like fingers from a hand, divided by two bleak, gray ridges --one bearing the familiar name of Mount Gilboa, the other called by Franks Little Hermon, but by natives Jebel ed-Duhy
Valley - bik'ah, a "cleft" of the mountains (Deuteronomy 8:7 ; 11:11 ; Psalm 104:8 ; Isaiah 41:18 ); also a low plain bounded by mountains, as the plain of Lebanon at the foot of Hermon around the sources of the Jordan (Joshua 11:17 ; 12:7 ), and the valley of Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:22 )
Hamath - Fortress, the capital of one of the kingdoms of Upper Syria of the same name, on the Orontes, in the valley of Lebanon, at the northern boundary of Palestine (Numbers 13:21 ; 34:8 ), at the foot of Hermon (Joshua 13:5 ) towards Damascus (Zechariah 9:2 ; Jeremiah 49:23 )
Transfiguration - Jesus’ transfiguration took place on a high mountain, possibly Mt Hermon, not far from Caesarea Philippi in northern Palestine (Matthew 16:13; Matthew 17:1)
Bashan - This country extended from Gilead in the south to Hermon in the north, and from the Jordan on the west to Salcah on the east
Gilead or Galeed - Genesis 31:45-48 , the mound of witness, lay east of the Jordan, in the mountainous tract which runs from mount Hermon southward, between the Jordan and Arabia Deserta
Nazareth - Towards the north, the eye glances over the countless hills of Galilee, and reposes on the majestic and snow-crowned Hermon. Towards the south, spreads the broad and beautiful plain of Esdraelon, with the bold outline of Mount Tabor, and parts of Little Hermon and Gilboa visible on its eastern border, and the hills of Samaria on the south, while Carmel rises on the west of the plain, and dips his feet in the blue waters of the Mediterranean
Moreh, - The conspicuous hill on the other side of the vale, Jebel ed-Duhy , popularly now called Little Hermon, round the W
Riblah - Hermon, and the centre of the kingdom of Hamath of the time of David
Thorns - Roses of the most prickly kinds abound on the lower slopes of Hermon; while the sub-tropical valleys of Judea are choked up in many places by the thorny lycium
Mizpah - ... Other places in Palestine named Mizpah were near Mount Hermon in the far north (Joshua 11:3), in Gilead east of Jordan (Judges 10:17; Judges 11:11; Judges 11:29; Judges 11:34), and in the low foothills west of the central highlands (Joshua 15:38)
Trachonitis - limit extended to the districts of Ulatha and Paneas, at the southern base of Mount Hermon; and also that it bordered on Auranitis (en-Nukra) and Batanaea (Ant
Bashan - Now best known for the Golan Heights, it is a large district on the east of the Jordan, having Gilead on the south and extending northward to Mount Hermon; westward to the Jordan valley, and eastward nearly as far as 37 E
Mizpah, Mizpeh - It was 'under Hermon,' and therefore in the north of Palestine, Joshua 11:3 ; this is possibly the same as ... 3
Pisgah - rose Tabor's outline, Gilboa and little Hermon (jebel Duhy); in front rose Ajlun's dark forests, ending in Mount Gilead, behind Es Salt (Ramoth Gilead) The name Pisgah survives only on the N
Lebanon - Mount Hermon is its southern point
Dan - Hence they had another portion granted them, near Mount Hermon, Judges 18:1-31, where they set up a graven image stolen from Micah 3:1-12
Jordan River - It rises from the foot of Mount Hermon and flows into the Dead Sea. They all arise at the foothills of Mount Hermon
Lebanon - The proper noun literally means the “White” (mountain), probably derived from the snow-capped Mount Hermon, also known as Sirion (Psalm 29:6 ). Hermon is often covered with snow, and its white crown offers a majestic and impressive view
Weather - In the central mountains the temperature dropped to about 10 degrees in the middle of winter, but only at Mt Hermon in the far north was there usually any snow (Jeremiah 18:14; cf
Allotment - Hermon, and eastward into the hill country of Gilead
Esdraelon - Jews, Gentiles, Saracens, Christians, crusaders, and antichristian Frenchmen, Egyptians, Persians, Druses, Turks, and Arabs, warriors out of every nation which is under heaven, have pitched their tents in the Plain of Esdraelon; and have beheld the various banners of their nations wet with the dews of Tabor and of Hermon
Damas'Cus, - Two other streams the Wady Helbon upon the north and the Awaj, which flows direct from Hermon upon the south, increase the fertility of the Damascene plain, and contend for the honor of representing the "Pharpar" of Scripture
Syria - The eastern system, which rises into Anti-Libanus and culminates in Hermon, may be traced in Jebel Hauran and the mountains of Moab as far as Horeb. To the east of Hermon, the Abana (or Barada), after creating the oasis of Damascus, loses itself in desert marshes
Vale - of Gerizim, and between Gerizim and Ebal, and between Gilboa and Little Hermon the undulating and English like valley of Jezreel
Bitumen - Hermon, and in the neighbourhood of the Dead Sea (hence called Asphaltitis Limnç by Josephus [ BJ IV
Weather - Snow covers the higher elevations of Mount Hermon throughout most of the winter and occasionally falls on Jerusalem and the surrounding hills
Merom, the Waters of - Hermon and the neighbouring slopes also drain into the basin
Arabah - It refers to the plain situated between two series of hills that run from the slopes of Hermon in the north to the Gulf of Akaba in the far south
Nain - slope of Jebel cd-Duhy (Little Hermon), 2 miles W
Lebanon - Its highest peak is Hermon (q
Kishon River - as Tabor and Mount Gilboa ("Little Hermon"
Mountain - ... Some of the more famous biblical mountains with their feet elevations are: Ebal (3,084), Gehyrezim (2,890), Gilboa (1,630), Hermon (9,230), Nebo (2,630), Tabor (1,930), Sinai (7,500)
Dead Sea - This fault took place towards the end of the Eocene period; it extends along the whole Jordan valley from the Gulf of Akabah to Hermon; and it may be taken as fairly certain that the general appearance of the Lake has not radically altered during the whole time that the human race has existed in the world
Peraea - Alexander Jannæus held sway from the Dead Sea to the roots of Hermon
Galilee - " In the time of our Lord, Galilee embraced more than one-third of Western Palestine, extending "from Dan on the north, at the base of Mount Hermon, to the ridges of Carmel and Gilboa on the south, and from the Jordan valley on the east away across the splendid plains of Jezreel and Acre to the shores of the Mediterranean on the west
Galilee, Sea of - is seen snowy Hermon. ... Sudden and violent storms agitate the waters, sweeping down the ravines and gorges converging to the head of the lake, from the vast naked plateau of the Jaulan and the Hauran and mount Hermon in the background
Transfiguration - The mountain on which it took place was probably Hermon
ta'Bor - Tabor, therefore, could not have been the Mount of Transfiguration [see Hermon ]; for when it is said that Jesus took his disciples "up into a high mountain apart, and was transfigured before them (Matthew 17:1,2 ) we must understand that he brought them to the summit of the mountain, where they were alone by themselves
Mizpah - ... ... Another place in Gilead, at the foot of Mount Hermon, inhabited by Hivites (Joshua 11:3,8 )
Merom, Waters of - irregular low hills stretching from the mountains of Naphtali to snowy, double peaked Mount Hermon, which rises on the N
Manasseh - The eastern part of the tribe of Manasseh prospered much and spread to Mount Hermon, but they finally mixed with the Canaanites, adopted their idolatry, became scattered as Bedouins in the desert, and were the first to be carried away into captivity by the kings of Assyria
ta'Bor - Tabor, therefore, could not have been the Mount of Transfiguration [see Hermon ]; for when it is said that Jesus took his disciples "up into a high mountain apart, and was transfigured before them (Matthew 17:1,2 ) we must understand that he brought them to the summit of the mountain, where they were alone by themselves
Dan - On receiving this report, 600 Danites girded on their weapons of war, and taking with them their wives and their children, marched to the foot of Hermon, and fought against Leshem, and took it from the Sidonians, and dwelt therein, and changed the name of the conquered town to Dan (Joshua 19:47 )
Hunting - Hermon
Kishon - and more important tributaries from ‘Little Hermon,’ the Mountains of Gilboa, and the whole southern range of Samaria and Carmel on the E
Baal - The noun appears in a number of compound forms which are proper names for locations where Canaanite deities were worshiped, such as Baal-peor (Numbers 25:5 ; Deuteronomy 4:3 ; Psalm 106:28 ; Hosea 9:10 ), Baal-Hermon (Judges 3:3 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ), and Baal-gad (Joshua 11:17 ; Joshua 12:7 ; Joshua 13:5 )
Damascus - On the right towers the snowy height of Hermon, overlooking the whole scene
Carmel - On reaching, at last, the opposite summit, and coming out of a wood, we saw the celebrated plain of Esdraelon beneath, with the river Kishon flowing through it; mounts Tabor and Little Hermon were in front, (east); and on the right, (south,) the prospect was bounded by the hills of Samaria
Plain - ’ It generally designates a broad vale between hills; among the localities to which it was applied the most notable are the pass between Lebanon and Hermon (‘the valley of Lebanon,’ Joshua 11:17 ; Joshua 12:7 ), and the plain of Esdraelon (‘the valley of Megiddo,’ 2 Chronicles 35:22 , Zee 12:11)
Arms, Armor - " ( 1 Samuel 17:5 ) This word has furnished one of the names of Mount Hermon
Lebanon - The western range, Lebanon proper, is nearly 100 miles long, but the eastern, if Hermon is deducted as a separate entity, is only 65 miles long. ’ Anti-Lebanon is somewhat arbitrarily divided from Hermon, which is structurally its S
Mount Mountain - This was very probably one of the spurs of Mount Hermon, Jebel esh-Sheikh, ‘the mount of the chief. The name ‘Hermon’ signifies that it was considered sacred
Mount Mountain - This was very probably one of the spurs of Mount Hermon, Jebel esh-Sheikh, ‘the mount of the chief. The name ‘Hermon’ signifies that it was considered sacred
Bashan - ) The tract beyond Jordan (Deuteronomy 3:3; Deuteronomy 3:10; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 12:5; 1 Chronicles 5:23), between mount Hermon on the N
Arabah - ) The article in Hebrew marks it as some definite spot, namely, the deep sunken gorge extending from mount Hermon to the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea; the most extraordinary depression on the earth
Caesarea - Anciently Paneas or Panium (from the sylvan god Pan, whose worship seemed appropriate to the verdant situation, with groves of olives and Hermon's lovely slopes near); the modern Bahias. The transfiguration probably took place on mount Hermon
Jordan - The northernmost near Hasbeya between Hermon and Lebanon; the stream is called Hasbany. The next crossing recorded is that of Joshua over against Jericho, the river being then flooded, in harvest time in April, in consequence of the rainy season and the melting of the snow of Hermon (Joshua 3:15-16; Joshua 4:12-13; Joshua 5:10-12). ... Anciently, when forests abounded more than now, Mount Hermon had more snow and rain falling on it, and Jordan was therefore flooded to overflow
Lion - Lions haunted dens in Lebanon and Hermon (Song of Solomon 4:8)
Jezreel (1) - , divided by bleak Mount Gilboa and Little Hermon
Transfiguration, the - Though tradition locates the transfiguration on Mount Tabor there is little to confirm this view and modern critics favor Mount Hermon, the highest mountain-top in Gaulanitis, or one of the spurs of the Anti-Lebanus
Flock - Hence Jesus is represented as calling to his church in those sweet words: "Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon; look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir, and Hermon, from the lions' dens, and from the mountains of the leopards
Nazareth - ... On a hill behind is the tomb of neby Ismail, commanding one of the most lovely prospects in the world, Lebanon and snowy Hermon on the N
Tabor, Mount - Apart from this objection, not in itself decisive, all the events immediately associated with it unquestionably took place on or about the southern slope of Mount Hermon (Matthew 16:17-28, Mark 8:27-38, Luke 9:18-37)
Transfiguration - Several geographical locations have been suggested: Mount Hermon (truly "high, " at 9,200 ft
Dan - Hermon an isolated city, Laish or Leshem, situated in a fertile tract of country ( Joshua 19:47 , Judges 18:1-31 )
Crowd - And yet from the shore of the Dead Sea one may view the glittering snow of Hermon, while from the hill above Nazareth may be seen on the one hand the ships in the Mediterranean, and on the other the rolling hills of Gilead
Judea - Gaulonitis, a narrow strip of land between Batanaea and the shore of the sea of Tiberias, stretching northward to Mount Hermon, and containing Gamala, a strong town near the southern extremity of the sea of Tiberias; Argob, between this sea and Mount Hippos; Julias, supposed to be the same as Chorazin, and by others to be Bethsaida; and Seleuca, a fortified place on the east border of Lacus Samochonitis. Auranitis, or Ituraea, a mountainous and barren tract north of Batantaea, and bounded on the west by a branch of Mount Hermon, contained Bostra, or Bozra, about fifty miles east from the sea of Tiberias, bordering on Arabia Petraea, afterward enlarged by Trajan, and named Trajana Bostra; and Trachonitis, in 33 15' north latitude, between Hermon and Antilibanus, eastward from the sources of Jordan, and containing Baal-gad, Mispah, Paneas, or Caesarea Philippi, and AEnos, nearly twenty-five miles east of Panaeas, and as far south south-west of Damascus. One of them, namely, Scythopolis, already described in the account of Samaria, was situated to the west of Jordan; but the other nine were all to the east of that river, namely, Gadara, or Kedar, a strong place on a hill, the capital of Peraea in the time of Josephus, about sixty stadia east from the sea of Tiberias, and much frequented for its hot baths: Hippos, sometimes called Susitha, thirty stadia northwest of Gadara; Dium, or Dion, of which the situation is unknown, but conjectured by D'Anville to have been about seven leagues eastward from Pella, a considerable town supplied with copious fountains, on the river Jabbok, fourteen miles south-east of Gadara, and celebrated as the place to which the Christians retired, by divine admonition, before the destruction of Jerusalem; Canatha, south-east of Caesarea, and between the Jordan and Mount Hermon; Garasa, afterward Jaras, three leagues north- east from the upper extremity of the sea of Tiberias, and much noted during the crusades; Rabbath-Ammon, the capital of the Ammonites, south-east of Ramoth, and near the source of the Jabbok, on the confines of Arabia, afterward called Philadelphia by Ptolemy Philadelphus, from whom it had received considerable improvements, of which the ruins are still visible; Abila, four leagues east from Gadara, in a fertile tract between the river Hieromax and Mount Gilead; and Capitolais, a town in Batanaea, five or six leagues east north-east of Gadara
Canaan - The northern boundary is at the lofty mountains of Lebanon and Hermon, some peaks of which are ten thousand feet high. Around the base of mount Hermon are the various sources of the Jordan
Damascus, Damascenes - The green oasis between Mount Hermon and the desert must always be a theatre of human activity
Geology of Palestine - side of the Arabian desert from Hermon to the Gulf of ‘Akabah
Mark, Gospel by - After returning through Decapolis, and ( Mark 8 ) feeding the four thousand at Gennesaret, He went to the north-east, and ( Mark 9 ) was transfigured before His three disciples; it was probably on Mount Hermon
Jordan - Hermon, it flows almost due south by a most tortuous course, through the two lakes of Huleh and Galilee, following the bottom of a rapidly descending and most remarkable geological fissure, and finally emptying itself into the Dead Sea, which is 1292 feet below the level of the Mediterranean. Hermon, near Hasbeiya , at an altitude of 1700 feet; (2) the Leddan , which gushes forth from the celebrated fountain under Tell el-Qadl, or Dan, at an altitude of 1500 feet the most copious source of the Jordan; and (3) the river Banias , which issues from an immense cavern below Banias or Cæsarea Philippi, having an altitude of 1200 feet
Mizpah - The land of Mizpah, the abode of the Hivites, "under Hermon," who joined Jabin against Joshua (Joshua 11:8)
Jordan - But besides these, there is a third and longer stream, which rises beyond the northern limit of Palestine, near Hasbeia on the west side of mount Hermon, flows twenty-four miles to the south, and unites with the other streams before they enter the "waters of Merom," now lake Huleh, the Jordan flows about nine miles south-ward to the sea of Tiberias, through which its clear and smooth course may be traced twelve miles to the lower end
Dan - Hermon
Bless - In the fellowship of the saints, the Lord commands His “blessing”: "[It is] as the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the Lord commanded the blessing, even life for evermore” (Ps
Gad (1) - to mount Hermon (1 Chronicles 5:23)
Palestine - , 2,650; Bethel, 2,400; Ebal and Gerizim, 2,700; Little Hermon and Tabor, N. of Esdraelon the Galilee hills abound in timber, the land round Tabor is clad in dark oak, forming a contrast to jebel ed Duhy (Little Hermon) and Nazareth's white hills. The range of Lebanon and Hermon crosses this valley between its northern portion, the valley of the Orontes. There is a remarkable variety of climate and natural aspect, due to the differences of level between the different parts, and also to the vicinity of snowy Hermon and Lebanon on the N
Palesti'na - Eastward of these hills rises the round mass of Tabor dark with its copses of oak, and set on by contrast with the bare slopes of Jebel ed-Duhy (the so called "Little Hermon") and the white hills of Nazareth. This valley begins with the river at its remotest springs of Hasbeiya , on the northwest side of Hermon, and accompanies it to the lower end of the Dead Sea, a length of about 1,50 miles. On Mount Hermon, at its northern border there is perpetual snow. Of the Pachydermata the wild boar, which is frequently met with on Taber and Little Hermon, appears to be the only living wild example
Damascus - Standing 2300 feet above sea level, it lay northeast of Mount Hermon and about 60 miles east of Sidon, the Mediterranean port city
Manasseh (1) - They advanced from Bashan northwards to the base of Mount Hermon (1 Chronicles 5:23)
Arms - From its breast-plate-like outline Hermon is called Sirion, contracted into Sion (Deuteronomy 3:9; Deuteronomy 4:48)
Canaan - ... The hills of Judea frequently rise into mountains; the most considerable of which are those of Lebanon and Hermon, on the north; those which surround the sea of Galilee, and the Dead Sea, also attain a respectable elevation. ... Maundrell, when travelling near Mount Hermon, says, "We were instructed by experience what the Psalmist means by ‘the dew of Hermon,' Psalms 133:3 ; our tents being as wet with it, as if it had rained all night
Palestine - ... For the purposes of this article, Palestine extends to the north ten to fifteen miles beyond the ancient site of Dan and New Testament Caesarea Philippi into the gorges and mountains just south of Mount Hermon. ... The Jordan River has its source in several springs, primarily on the western and southern slopes of Mount Hermon
Sea of Galilee - The rise and fall are dependent on the rainy season on the one hand, and, on the other, on the melting of the snows on Hermon as the spring advances; and it is this latter cause that generally, in conjunction with the later rains, brings about the high level at the time of harvest (Joshua 3:15). ... The temperature of the waters of the Lake does not vary so much as might be expected, and is very little lowered even by the melting of the snows on Hermon. Strong winds sometimes come from the north-east, and when they diverge to the north and come over Hermon the temperature is still more reduced, and a sensation of chill is felt in the atmosphere
Canaan - The Arabah, reaching from the foot of mount Hermon to the gulf of Akabah, is the most remarkable depression on the earth. ... The Jordan, rising in the slopes of Hermon, spreads out in the waters of Merom 126 feet above the level of the ocean; after ten miles' swift descent it enters the sea of Chinneroth, 650 feet below the ocean
Issachar - Jezreel (whose name = "the seed plot of God" implies fertility) stood in the center, with Mount Gilboa on one hand and Little Hermon (Ed Duhy) on the other (Joshua 19:17-23)
Sea, the Salt - Midway in the great valley stretching from Mount Hermon to the gulf of Akabah (Genesis 14:3; Numbers 34:3; Numbers 34:12)
Palestine - Hermon is the one great mountain which Anti-Lebanon rises to, standing off to the south, and detached from the continuous range by the deep-cut gorge of the Abana, but sending on the ridge again unbroken, though rugged in outline, past the Sea of Merom on the eastern side, to the shores of the Sea of Galilee. Hermon dominated the landscape on the north-east, and Tabor thrust its irrelevant cone, conspicuous and unique, over the undulating sky-line of the mountains between Nazareth and the Lake—a gigantic intruder which had reared its huge head to look down into Nazareth from over the wall of mountains. Probably it was on some of the slopes of Hermon that such a season of communion brightened to the wonder of Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1 etc. Hermon’s summit is always white, and many a ‘bright cloud overshadows’ it, until it shines upon the plain for miles around, in a white glory of frosted silver
Palestine - On the one hand, the summits of Hermon and of certain peaks of the Lebanon are covered with snow for the greater part of the year; on the other hand, the tremendous depression, in the bottom of which lies the Dead Sea, is practically tropical, both in climate and in vegetation. The bear is now confined to Hermon, and possibly one or two places in Lebanon; the cheetah is rare, and the lion ( 1 Samuel 17:34 , 1 Kings 13:24 etc
City - Hermon, in a situation of remarkable beauty and fertility
Saul - ... After some time the Philistines "gathered themselves together" in the plain of Esdraelon, and pitched their camp at Shunem, on the slope of Little Hermon; and Saul "gathered all Israel together," and "pitched in Gilboa" (1 Samuel 28:3-14 )
Zebedee - Little Hermon—the Hill of Moreh—and Gideon’s fountain (Judges 7:1) would recall the ‘day of Midian’; while Gilboa would bring thoughts of Israel’s darker days, and Jezreel memories of sad declension in the time of Ahab
Joram - probably the region round about the sources of the river, which is confirmed by the mention of Hermon or rather the Hermons (in the plural) in the same verse. The most northerly of its sources, the one which gives rise to the stream which covers the longest distance, is found near Hasbeya, at 1846 feet above the sea, at the foot of the Great Hermon
Joshua - to Kadesh Barnea and Gaza, then the northern confederated kings under Jabin, at Merom, and the country even unto Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon under Mount Hermon and unto "great Zidon
Political Conditions - Hermon (Luke 3:1)
Song of Songs - And there is no proof that the writer was specially connected with the North; if he mentions Lebanon, Amana, Shenir, Hermon, Tirzah, he also knows En-gedi, Heshbon, the wilderness (of Judah), the ‘daughters of Jerusalem
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - Jordan River A series of springs and tributaries, resulting from the rains and snows on the heights of Mount Hermon (up to 9,100 feet above sea level) at the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountains east of the Rift Valley, converge in Lake Huleh to form the headwaters of the Jordan River
Tribes of Israel, the - Manasseh's terrotory east of the Jordan included the regions of Gilead and Bashan and most likely extended from the Jabbok River to near Mount Hermon
Idol - Baal or sun worship appears indicated in the names Bethshemesh, Baal Hermon, Mount Heres ("sun"), Belshazzar, Hadadezer, Hadad Rimmon (the Syrian god)
Transfiguration (2) - Hermon, either one of its spurs or even its summit (Conder, Tent-Work in Palestine). It is perhaps, too, not a mere fancy that Hermon’s glittering cone of snow suggested Mk. For an interesting note against Hermon’s claims, see ExpT xviii
Caesarea Philippi - Situated to the north of the Sea of Galilee on a plateau at the southern foothills of Mount Hermon, it lay in the territory that Philip received from his father, Herod the Great
Animals - Hermon
Elisha - of Jezreel, on the southern slopes of Jebel ed Duhy, the little Hermon
Announcements of Death - ... (b) On the Mount of Transfiguration a week later, somewhere on the spurs of Hermon, Peter, James, and John get a fresh word from Jesus about His death (Mark 9:9)