Places Study on Hauran

Places Study on Hauran

Ezekiel 47: Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazarhatticon, which is by the coast of Hauran.
Ezekiel 47: And the east side ye shall measure from Hauran, and from Damascus, and from Gilead, and from the land of Israel by Jordan, from the border unto the east sea. And this is the east side.

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Easton's Bible Dictionary - Hauran
Cave-land, mentioned only in Ezekiel 47:16,18 . It was one of the ancient divisions of Bashan (q.v.), and lay on the south-east of Gaulanitis or the Jaulan, and on the south of Lejah, extending from the Arnon to the Hieromax. It was the most fertile region in Syria, and to this day abounds in the ruins of towns, many of which have stone doors and massive walls. It retains its ancient name. It was known by the Greeks and Romans as "Auranitis."

Holman Bible Dictionary - Hauran
(hayyoor' an) Geographical name of uncertain meaning. One of four or five provinces through which the Assyrians and their successors administered Syria. Its northern boundary was Damascus; eastern, the Jebel Druze; western, the Golan Heights; and Southern, the Yarmuk River. It was a battle ground among Assyria, Syria, Israel, Judah, and Egypt, appearing in Egyptian and Assyrian records. Ezekiel promised it would be in the restored Promised Land (Ezekiel 47:16 ,Ezekiel 47:16,47:18 ). The Maccabeans did control it for a time. The region was noted for its black basalt rocks, volcanoes, and rich harvests of grain.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Hauran
A hole; liberty; whiteness
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hauran
HAURAN . A man ‘far gone in years and no less also in madness,’ who endeavoured to suppress a tumult in Jerusalem provoked by the sacrileges of Lysimachus, brother of the apostate high priest Menelaus ( 2Ma 4:40 ).

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hauran (1)
HAURAN (‘hollow land’). The district S.E. from Mt. Hermon; in particular the fertile basin, about 50 miles square and 2000 feet above sea-level, between the Jaulân and Lejâ . Only in Ezekiel 47:16 ; Ezekiel 47:18 is the name mentioned, and there as the ideal border of Canaan on the east. The modern Arabs call essentially the same district el-Hauran . The name occurs also in the ancient inscriptions of Assyria. In Græco-Roman times the same general region was known as Auranitis ; it was bounded on the N. by Trachonitis, and on the N.W. by Gaulanitis and Batanæa. All these districts belonged to Herod the Great. Upon his death they fell to Philip ( Luke 3:1 ). Troglodytes doubtless once occupied the E. portion; it is now inhabited by Druzes. The entire territory is to-day practically treeless.

George L. Robinson.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Hauran
Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18. Extending from near Damascus southward as far as the Jabbok. The Greek Αuranitis . Derived from hur "a cave," as it abounds in cisterns excavated for storing water or else grain. With rugged Trachonitis (on the N.), mountainous Batanaea (on the E.), and Gaulanitis (on the W.), it formed ancient Bashan. It was N. of the plains of Moab (Jeremiah 48:21). The country is level and among the richest in Syria, free from stones except on a few low volcanic tells here and there. It is still the granary of Damascus.

Ruins of Roman towns abound with buildings untenanted, though perfect with walls, roofs, and doors of black basalt rock, there being no timber in the Hauran. Besides the Roman architectural magnificence traceable in some buildings, each village has its tank and bridge. The style of building in Um er Ruman, in the extreme S., is not Roman but almost like that of Palmyra. El Lejah is a rocky plain N.W. of Hauran proper, and is full of deserted towns and villages. El Gebel is a mountainous region between Hauran and the eastern desert.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hauran
Province on the east of the Jordan forming part of the ancient kingdom of Bashan, lying to the south of Damascus. The half tribe of Manasseh occupied it. Afterwards it became the province, including Ituraea, ruled over by Philip. Luke 3:1 . It is now called the Hauran. It is a fat and fertile plain, but with little natural supply of water. There are many sites of ruined cities and villages, with houses built of hard stone, some of which are in fairly good repair, but with few inhabitants. It is remarkable for its under-ground dwellings, even forming villages, which are difficult of access. The inhabitants are mostly Druzes and nomadic Arabs. When Israel in a future day are in full possession of Palestine, their territory will reach on the N.E. tothe 'coast of Hauran.' Ezekiel 47:16,18 .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hauran
Hauran (haw'ran), caves, caverns. A country east of the Jordan; the northeastern boundary of Palestine, Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18, and the Auranitis of the Greeks, and now known as the Hauran. When the Israelites conquered the land, the whole of this region appears to have been subject to Og, the king of Bashan, Numbers 21:33-35; Deuteronomy 3:1-5, and a large portion of it was allotted to Manasseh. The ruins scattered over the region are very extensive and remarkable; those built in the caverns are regarded by Wetzstein as the most ancient, and possibly reaching back to the times of the Rephaim. Genesis 14:5; Genesis 15:20, and Deuteronomy 3:11.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hauran
The tract of country of this name is mentioned only twice in Scripture, Ezekiel 47:16 ; Ezekiel 47:18 . It was probably of small extent in the time of the Jews; but was enlarged under the Romans, by whom it was called Auranitis. At present it extends from about twenty miles south of Damascus to a little below Bozra, including the rocky district of El Ledja, the ancient Trachonitis, and the mountainous one of the Djebel Haouran. Within its limits are also included, beside Trachonitis, Ituraea or Ittur, now called Djedour, and part of Batanaea or Bashan. It is represented by Burckhardt as a volcanic region, consisting of a porous tufa, pumice, and basalt, with the remains of a crater on the Tel Shoba, on its eastern side. It produces, however, crops of corn, and has many patches of luxuriant herbage, which are frequented in the summer by the Arab tribes for pasturage. It abounds, also, with many interesting remains of cities, scattered over its surface, with Grecian inscriptions. The chief of these are Bozra, Ezra, Medjel, Shoba, Shakka, Souerda, Kanouat, Hebran, Zarle, Oerman, and Aatyl; with Messema, Berak, and Om Ezzeitoun, in the Ledja.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hauran
Ezekiel 47:16 , was originally a small district south of Damascus, and east of the sea of Tiberias, but was afterwards extended to the south and east, and under the Romans was called Auranitis. It now includes the ancient Trachonitis, the Haouran, Ituraea, and part of Batanaea, and is very minutely described by Burckhardt. Many ruins of cities, with Greek inscriptions, are scattered over its rugged surface.

Sentence search

Hazar-Hatticon - ("the middle village"); on the boundary of Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16)
Hazar-Hatticon - Village of the midway, a place near Hamath in the confines of Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16 ), probably on the north brow of Hermon
Beth-Gamul - Camel-house, a city in the "plain country" of Moab denounced by the prophet (Jeremiah 48:23 ); probably the modern Um-el-Jemal, near Bozrah, one of the deserted cities of the Hauran
Hauran - Hauran
Hauran - ... Ruins of Roman towns abound with buildings untenanted, though perfect with walls, roofs, and doors of black basalt rock, there being no timber in the Hauran. of Hauran proper, and is full of deserted towns and villages. El Gebel is a mountainous region between Hauran and the eastern desert
Hauran - Hauran (haw'ran), caves, caverns. A country east of the Jordan; the northeastern boundary of Palestine, Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18, and the Auranitis of the Greeks, and now known as the Hauran
Kenath - It has been identified with Kunawat, on the slopes of Jebel Hauran (Mount Bashan), 60 miles east from the south end of the Sea of Galilee
Nodab - The name is preserved by Nudebe in Hauran
Karkor - The rich plain En Nukrah in the Hauran
Hauran (1) - Hauran (‘hollow land’). The modern Arabs call essentially the same district el-Hauran
Hauran - It is now called the Hauran. tothe 'coast of Hauran
Ishtob - It is supposed to be on the east of Jebel Hauran
Hinge - In Syria, and especially in the Hauran, there are many ancient doors, consisting of stone slabs with pivots carved out of the same piece inserted in sockets above and below, and fixed during the building of the house" (Proverbs 26:14 )
Salchah - A town called Salchat still exists there, on the southeast border of the modern Hauran
Tob - ” Syrian city in southern Hauran to which Jephthah fled from his brothers (Judges 11:3-5 )
Hazer-Hatticon - It is described as ‘by the border of Hauran
Hinge - In the Hauran the door was often a stone slab with a stone pivot above and below of the same piece, fitting into corresponding sockets
Kenath - The city is usually identified with the modern Qanawat in el-Hauran
Bethgamul - Probably now Um el Jemal, "mother of a camel," one of the heretofore deserted cities of the Hauran
Uz - Unspecified territory, most likely in Hauran south of Damascus (Jeremiah 25:20 ) or else between Edom and northern Arabia (Job 1:1 ; Lamentations 4:21 )
Hinge - (1 Kings 7:50 ) In Syria, and especially the Hauran, there are many ancient doors consisting of stone slabs with pivots carved out of the same piece, inserted in sockets above and below, and fixed during the building of the house
Golan - It became the head of the province of Gaulanitis, one of the four provinces into which Bashan was divided after the Babylonish captivity, and almost identical with the modern Jaulan, in Western Hauran, about 39 miles in length and 18 in breath
Ashtaroth - It is identified with Tell Ashterah, in the Hauran, and is noticed on monuments B
Sal'Cah, - (Joshua 12:5 ) It is identical with the town of Sulkhad (56 miles east of the Jordan, at the southern extremity of the Hauran range of mountains
Bashan - ... (2) Auranitis, the Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16), the most fertile region in Syria, S. ... (3) Trachonitis ("rugged"): Argob, now the Lejah, rocky and intricate, in contrast to the rich level of the Hauran and Jaulan. of the Jebel Hauran range, of rich soil, abounding in evergreen oaks; with many towns deserted, but almost as perfect as the day they were built. of Jebel Hauran lies the desert El Harrah covered with black volcanic stones. of Hauran and Jaulan lies Jedur, the Ituraea of the New Testament; the country of Jetur, son of Ishmael; possibly once part of Og's kingdom of Bashan
Zebah - Zebah and Zalmunna were their kings slain by Gideon at Karkor, high up on the Hauran, where they had fled by the ford further to the N
Salcah - end of the jebel Hauran
Zebah - Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon
Kenath - slopes of the Hauran mountains (Numbers 32:41-42)
Nodab - Somewhat more plausible is a combination with a modern village Nudçbe in the Hauran
Trachonitis - Trachonitis included el Lejah and part of the western slopes of jebel Hauran. by Auranitis (Hauran) whereon are the ruins of Bostra, on the N
Trachonitis - It lay to the east of Ituræa and Gaulonitis and to the south of Damascus, and included the remarkable region of the modern Lejah (see Argob) and part of the western slopes of Jebel Hauran
Bashan - After the Exile, Bashan was divided into four districts,
Gaulonitis, or Jaulan, the most western; ... Auranitis, the Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16 ); ... Argob or Trachonitis, now the Lejah; and ... Batanaea, now Ard-el-Bathanyeh, on the east of the Lejah, with many deserted towns almost as perfect as when they were inhabited. (See Hauran
Salecah - But it is better Indicated less theoretically as being in the extreme south-east of the Hauran
Maachah - Oppression, a small Syrian kingdom near Geshur, east of the Hauran, the district of Batanea (Joshua 13:13 ; 2 Samuel 10:6,8 ; 1 Chronicles 19:7 )
Golan - by Hauran
Bozrah - It is near the Hauran, 60 miles south of Damascus
ze'Bah - ) While Oreb and Zeeb, two of the inferior leaders of the incursion, had been slain, with a vast number of their people, by the Ephraimites, at the central fords of the Jordan the two kings had succeeded in making their escape by a passage farther to the north (probably the ford near Bethshean), and thence by the Wady Yabis , through Gilead, to Kurkor, high up on the Hauran
Ituraea - toward Hauran, and from Damascus to northern Bashan
Ebal - The mountain commands an extensive view over almost the whole of Galilee, which includes points from Hermon to Jerusalem and from the sea to the Hauran
Wheat - Palestine, though to a less extent than barley, but it is cultivated in the largest quantities in the Nuqra or plain of the Hauran, one of the finest grain-growing countries in the world
Edrei - The ruins of Edr'a are the most extensive in the Hauran
Bethabara - Hauran passes over by it
Trachonitis - ; Wetzstein, Reisebericht über Hauran, etc
Bashan - AURANITIS, in the centre, now called Hauran , a magnificent plain
Argob (2) - A striking contrast to Argob is the surrounding plain of the Hauran (Bashan) described as "the plain" (mishor ), a high plateau of rich pasture and tillage, stretching from the sea of Galilee to the Lejah and beyond to the desert, aligned without a stone
Caves - Henc,e also comes the name Beth-horon, "the house of caverns," and HORONAIM, "the two caverns;" and Hauran, "the land of caverns" (Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18)
Fenced Cities - ) Villages in the Hauran sometimes consist of houses joined together and the entrance closed by a gate for security against Arab marauders
Manasseh - — The country of Manasseh east of the Jordan included half of Gilead, the Hauran, Bashan, and Argob
Ethnarch - 616) from a village, El-Mâlikîje in the Hauran, mentions by the names ‘ethnarch’ and ‘general (or praetor) of nomads’ a chief of nomad Arabs of the time of Hadrian or Antoninus Pius who must have submitted to the Emperor
Uz - ... Modern tradition, which can be traced back to early Christian times, locates Job in the Hauran, where the German explorer J
Tower - 279) of a stone tower in the Hauran constructed of black basalt, with a stone loft at the height of 14 feet, reached by a spiral staircase (see also Porter, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Bethany, p
Gilead - probably Gilead; having first attacked the Rephaim in Ashteroth Karnaim, now the Hauran, afterward the Emim in Shaveh Kiriathaim, the country subsequently of Moab
Hermon, Mount - Water from its melting snow flows into the rivers of the Hauran and provides the principal source for the Jordan River
Ptolemais - On a coast peculiarly unfriendly to the mariner, the Bay of ‘Akka is one of the few spots where nature has lent its encouragement to the building of a harbour; its importance in history has always been as the port of Galilee and Damascus, of the Hauran and Gilead, while in the days of Western domination the Roman Ptolemais and the Crusading St
Syria - The eastern system, which rises into Anti-Libanus and culminates in Hermon, may be traced in Jebel Hauran and the mountains of Moab as far as Horeb
Cave - In the Haurân there must have been many of these; sometimes regular underground towns, such as the ancient Edrei, existed:† [Note: Wetzstein, Reisebericht über Hauran und die Trachonen, p
Jordan - It drains the plateau of the Hauran
Galilee, Sea of - ... Sudden and violent storms agitate the waters, sweeping down the ravines and gorges converging to the head of the lake, from the vast naked plateau of the Jaulan and the Hauran and mount Hermon in the background
Manasseh - Thus the western Manasseh defended the passes of Esdraelon as the eastern kept the passes of the Hauran
Gad (1) - of the Hauran plain, while Manasseh was pushed further N
Arabia - The portion of it called the Hauran, or Syrian desert, abounds in ruins and inscriptions in Greek, Palmyrene, and an unknown tongue
Agriculture - The Hauran (Peraea) is highly reputed for productiveness
Agriculture - Under favourable conditions, as in the Hauran, wheat is said to yield a hundredfold return
Inn - * [Note: In inscriptions in the Hauran we find δημόσιον πανδοχεῖον (Le Bas and Waddington, vol
Jordan - Three banks may be noted in the Ghor or Jordan valley, the upper or first slope (the abrupt edge of a wide table land reaching to the Hauran mountains on the E
Ammonites - Volney bears witness, "that in the immense plains of the Hauran, ruins are continually to be met with, and that what is said of its actual fertility perfectly corresponds with the idea given of it in the Hebrew writings
Edom - Of its eastern boundary, and of the adjoining part of Arabia Petrea, strictly so called, Burckhardt writes: "It might, with truth, be called Petrea, not only on account of its rocky mountains, but also of the elevated plain already described, which is so much covered with stones, especially flints, that it may with great propriety be called a stony desert, although susceptible of culture; in many places it is overgrown with wild herbs, and must once have been thickly inhabited; for the traces of many towns and villages are met with on both sides of the Hadj road between Maan and Akaba, as well as between Maan and the plains of the Hauran, in which direction are also many springs
Song of Songs - He points out that the wasf is not limited to wedding festivities, but is sung by the tent-fire, in the village inn, in the coffee-house where townsmen gather at night; that it is usually brief when descriptive of the beauty of bride or bridegroom; that in Palestine itself however true Wetzstein’s account of Damascus and the Hauran there are but scanty traces of the temporary royalty of the bridal pair, and none of the threshing-sledge throne
Palestine - Volcanic rock, the result of ancient eruptions, appears in the Hauran, Galilee (especially in the neighbourhood of Safed), and elsewhere
House - In the Hauran, doors of a single slab of stone with stone pivots are still found in situ
Job - , we have to think of him as a Gentile living in patriarchal times either in the Hauran or on the confines of Idumæa and Arabia (see Uz), and his friends also must be regarded as Gentiles
Palestine - Kinglake has described the Jordan as the boundary-line between roofs and tents; and besides the tents of nomad tribes there were also those cities of Edom and the Hauran, where, in a rude kind of civilization, Arab kings ruled their kingdoms