Easton's Bible Dictionary
A district in Egypt where Jacob and his family settled, and in which they remained till the Exodus (Genesis 45:10 ; 46:28,29,31 , etc.). It is called "the land of Goshen" (47:27), and also simply "Goshen" (46:28), and "the land of Rameses" (47:11; Exodus 12:37 ), for the towns Pithom and Rameses lay within its borders; also Zoan or Tanis (Psalm 78:12 ). It lay on the east of the Nile, and apparently not far from the royal residence. It was "the best of the land" (Genesis 47:6,11 ), but is now a desert. It is first mentioned in Joseph's message to his father. It has been identified with the modern Wady Tumilat, lying between the eastern part of the Delta and the west border of Palestine. It was a pastoral district, where some of the king's cattle were kept (Genesis 47:6 ). The inhabitants were not exclusively Israelites (Exodus 3:22 ; 11:2 ; 12:35,36 ).
A district in Palestine (Joshua 10:41 ; 11:16 ). It was a part of the maritime plain of Judah, and lay between Gaza and Gibeon.
A town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:51 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(goh' sshuhn) 1. The phrase, “land of Goshen,” appears in the general description of territory occupied by Joshua's forces (Joshua 10:41 ; Joshua 11:16 ). Apparently it refers to the hill country between Hebron and the Negev. Some believe the phrase refers to a country.
2. The “land of Goshen” may have been named after the city of Goshen located in the district of Debir (Joshua 15:51 ). Goshen may have been the chief city of the region at one time. The ancient city was either located at Tell el Dhahiriyeh, twelve miles southwest of Hebron or at a location further east.
3. Goshen is primarily recognized as an area in the northeast sector of the Nile Delta. It was occupied by the Hebrews from the time of Joseph until the Exodus.
The original meaning of the term is still debated. Some Egyptomologists suggest an association with the Egyptian word kspgr508/arposem, meaning “inundated land.” The “land of Goshen” first appears in papyrus of the Twelfth Dynasty. See Genesis 47:6 ,Genesis 47:6,47:11 ) Goshen is described as the “best of the land.” In the latter passage it is equated with the “land of Rameses,” which was probably identical with or near to the “field of Zoan.” See Avaris; Rameses ; Tanis; Zoan . Zoan was apparently the Egyptian capital during the Hyksos period.
Goshen has been recognized by various names. (1) Goshen (Genesis 45:10 ; Genesis 46:34 ) is translated in the Septuagint “Arabian Gesem.” The change probably resulted from the translators identifying Gesem with Geshem (Nehemiah 2:19 ; Nehemiah 6:1-2 ,Nehemiah 6:1-2,6:6 ), the Arabian king who was Nehemiah's foe (see Genesis 46:28 ) in the Septuagint. Joseph met his father there. Some scholars equate Heroonpolis with the Egyptian storage city, Pithom (Exodus 1:11 ). See Exodus 8:22 ; Exodus 9:26 ), but began their Exodus from Rameses (Exodus 12:37 ; Numbers 33:3 ), which was a city they helped to build (Exodus 1:11 ). Unfortunately little is known of the region prior to Rameses II. Possibly, the Hebrews settled here with the Hyksos during Joseph's time. Undoubtedly, Goshen, “land of Rameses,” refers to the land around the city of Rameses and in the vicinity of Pithom. (4) It is generally agreed that Goshen is to be located in wadi Tumilat which stretches from the eastern arm of the Nile to the Great Bitter Lakes. Texts from the about 1250 B.C. describe how nomadic tribes moved from Edom past the Merneptah fortress in Teku to the wells of Pithom. See Merneptah . Teku is wadi Tumilat. It is approximately 35 miles long and covers 900 square miles.
Goshen is significant for biblical studies for four reasons. (1) The pharaoh assigned Goshen to Joseph's family when they entered Egypt (Genesis 47:6 ,Genesis 47:6,47:11 ). The “Hebrew Sojourn” occurred there. (2) The territory lay on a route from Palestine to Egypt. (3) It may be possible to date Joseph's entrance to Egypt with the Hyksos control of the Delta. (4) Both the two cities which the Hebrews built, Rameses and Pithom, and the Hyksos capital at Zoan are key issues for settling on a date for the Exodus.
Gary D. Baldwin
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Approaching; drawing near
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
GOSHEN. 1. An unknown city in Judah ( Joshua 15:51 ) 2. An unknown territory in S. Palestine, probably the environs of No. 1 ( Joshua 10:41 ). 3. A division of Egypt in which the children of Israel were settled between Jacob’s entry and the Exodus. It was a place of good pasture, on or near the frontier of Palestine, and plentiful in vegetables and fish ( Numbers 11:5 ). It cannot with exactness be defined. Jdt 1:9-10 is probably wrong in including the nomes of Tanis and Memphis in Goshen. The LXX [Note: Septuagint.] reads ‘Gesem of Arabia’ in Genesis 45:10 ; Genesis 46:34 , elsewhere ‘Gesem.’ Now Arabia is defined by Ptolemy, the geographer, as an Egyptian nome on the East border of the Delta of the Nile, and this seems to be the locality most probably contemplated by the narrator. It runs eastwards from opposite the modern Zagazig (Bubastis) to the Bitter Lakes. There seems to be no Egyptian origin for the name, unless it represented Kesem , the Egyptian equivalent of Phacussa (the chief town of the nome of Arabia according to Ptolemy). It may be of Semitic origin, as is suggested by the occurrence of the name, as noticed above, outside Egyptian territory.
R. A. S. Macalister.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Three Egyptian homes in the Delta, and extending over part of Goshen, bore a name beginning with ka or ga, "a bull," namely, Mnevis, worshipped at On, representing Turn the unknown source of all existence. N.E. of Lower Egypt, having the Mediterranean on N., the desert on E., the Delta and the Tanitic branch of the Nile on W. (hence called the field of Zoan or Tanis, Psalms 78:12; Psalms 78:43), extending S. to the head of the Red Sea and nearly to Memphis. Also called the land of Rameses, in which Israel built (i.e. fortified anew) for Pharaoh Raamses and Pithom as treasure cities (Genesis 47:11; Exodus 1:11). Joseph naturally placed his family on the border land between Egypt and Palestine, the promised land, and at the same time near himself at Tunis or else Memphis the capital of Egypt. Goshen corresponded to Wady-'t-Tumeylat.
The fresh water canal runs through it from the Nile to Ismailia. From El Wady to the head of the gulf of Suez is three days' journey, the distance assigned in Exodus. The answer of Joseph's brethren to Pharaoh (Genesis 46:28; Genesis 46:34), "thy servants have been herdsmen from our youth," (Joseph so instructing them "that ye may dwell in ... Goshen, for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians,") proves that Goshen was regarded by Egyptians as scarcely Egypt proper, though having many Egyptians in it, as is recorded during the ten plagues; also foreigners. (See BERIAH.) The names of sonic places in Goshen are Semitic, as Migdol and Baal-zephon. Joseph lived under the 12th or 13th dynasty, a native not a shepherd dynasty (as Genesis 46:34 proves).
Pharaoh calls Goshen "the best of the land" (Genesis 47:5-11), namely, for a pastoral people as Israel; for in tillage the parts of Egypt next the Nile are more fertile than Goshen. In Goshen Pharaoh implies he kept some of his cattle, over which he proposes to set Israelites as rulers of herdsmen. The separation of Israel from the plagues marks the distinctness of the land. Israel setting out from Rameses in Goshen in two days reached the edge of the Wilderness, and in one day more the Red Sea, i.e. from Rameses (on the old canal from the Tanitic arm of the Nile to lake Timsah) 30 miles direct to the ancient western shore. The Septuagint call Goshen "Gesen of Arabia;" and Pliny "the Arabic nome" from its bordering on Arabia. Now Esh-Shurkiyeh, well intersected by canals; Egypt's best province, yielding the largest revenue.
2. A district in S. Palestine, between Gaza and Gibeon (Joshua 10:41; Joshua 11:16), and a city (Joshua 15:51); between the S. country (the Negeb) and the shephelah (the low hills between the mountain and plain, not as KJV "the valley ") of Judah. Doubtless named in remembrance of Israel's original place of sojourn in Egypt.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. The part of Egypt in which the Israelites were located. It is often called 'the land of Goshen,' and is also termed 'the land of Rameses.' Pharaoh bade Joseph place his father and his brethren in the best of the land. It is generally supposed that Goshen was situated on the east of the ancient Delta of the Nile. Genesis 45:10 ; Genesis 46:28,29,34 ; Genesis 47:1,4,6,11,27 ; Genesis 50:8 ; Exodus 8:22 ; Exodus 9:26 .
2. Land or district in the southern part of Palestine. Joshua 10:41 ; Joshua 11:16 . Not identified.
3. Town in the highlands of Judah. Joshua 15:51 . Not identified.
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Goshen (gô'shen). 1. The portion of Egypt assigned to Israel. Genesis 45:5; Genesis 45:10; Genesis 46:28; Genesis 47:27; Genesis 50:8. It probably bordered on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, hence called Zoan or Tanis, Psalms 78:12, and reached from the Mediterranean to the Red sea. It was suited to shepherds, and abounded in vegetables. It contained the treasure-cities Rameses and Pithom. Goshen was near the royal capital, Genesis 47:27 compared with 48:1, 2; Exodus 5:20; appears to have been the starting-place of the Israelites in their journey to the land of promise. Exodus 12:37; Exodus 38:2. A district in Palestine, perhaps between Gibeon and Gaza. Joshua 10:41; Joshua 11:16. 3. A city in the hill-country of Judah, Joshua 15:51.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
Perhaps so called from Goshen, rain, or the dew of heaven in blessings. For this place being nearer to the Mediterranean sea than Upper Egypt, had plentiful showers to make it fertile. Here it was Jacob and his children dwelt, when brought down into Egypt. (Genesis 47:1-6) Perhaps there might have been even in those days, a remote idea to the times of the gospel in the name of Goshen; for even now in the present hour, that is truly a land of Goshen where Christ is truly known, and where heaven hath shed and is shedding its blessed influences, in the showers of his Holy Spirit; while all the earth is as Egypt in the dryness, where no rains are known, and where the gospel of Christ is not.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
This was the most fertile pasture ground in the whole of Lower Egypt; thence called Goshen, from gush, in Arabic, signifying "a heart," or whatsoever is choice or precious. There was also a Goshen in the territory of the tribe of Judah, so called for the same reason, Joshua 10:41 .
Hence Joseph recommended it to his family as "the best of the land,"
Genesis 47:11 , and "the fat of the land." Genesis 45:18 . The land of Goshen lay along the most easterly branch of the Nile, and on the east side of it; for it is evident that, at the time of the exode, the Israelites did not cross the Nile. In ancient times, the fertile land was considerably more extensive, both in length and breadth, than at present, in consequence of the general failure of the eastern branches of the Nile; the main body of the river verging more and more to the west continually, and deepening the channels on that side.
Smith's Bible Dictionary
The name of a part of Egypt where the Israelites dwelt during the whole period of their sojourn in that country. It was probably situated on the eastern border of the Nile, extending from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea. It contained the treasure-cities of Rameses and Pittim. It was a pasture land, especially suited to a shepherd people, and sufficient for the Israelites, who there prospered, and were separate from the main body of the Egyptians.
A district in southern Palestine conquered by Joshua. (Joshua 10:41 ) It lay between Gaza and Gibeon.
A town in the mountains of Judah, probably in a part of the country of Goshen.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
1. The name of the tract of country in Egypt which was inhabited by the Israelites from the time of Jacob to that of Moses. It was probably the tract lying east of the Pelusian arm of the Nile, towards Arabia. See Exodus 1:22 2:3 , since the Jews ate fish in abundance, Numbers 11:5 , and "practiced artificial irrigation", Deuteronomy 11:10 . It was near Heliopolis and Rameses, and not far from the capital of Egypt, Genesis 45:10 47:11 Exodus 8:1-12:51 . It was a part of "the best of the land," at least for the pastoral Hebrews, Genesis 46:34 , and was evidently better watered and more fertile than at present. Here they greatly multiplied and prospered, Genesis 47:27 , and here they were sorely afflicted, and yet not forgotten of God, Exodus 8:22 9:26 . Many Egyptians dwelt among and around them.
2. A city and the adjacent territory in the mountains of Judah, Joshua 10:41 11:16 15:51 .
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary
Goshen was the territory where the family of Jacob settled in Egypt. It was in the East Nile Delta and was suitable for raising flocks and herds (Genesis 47:1-6). The descendants of Jacob lived there for about four hundred years, and during that time they multiplied enormously. The royal city of Rameses, which the Egyptians forced the Israelites to build by slave labour, was in Goshen (Genesis 47:6; Genesis 47:11; Genesis 47:27; Exodus 1:11; Exodus 12:37). Goshen was largely protected from the plagues that fell on other parts of Egypt during the time of Moses’ conflict with Pharaoh (Exodus 8:22; Exodus 9:26). (See also EGYPT.)
- The phrase, “land of Goshen
,” appears in the general description of territory occupied by Joshua's forces (Joshua 10:41 ; Joshua 11:16 ). The “land of Goshen
” may have been named after the city of Goshen
located in the district of Debir (Joshua 15:51 ). Goshen
may have been the chief city of the region at one time. Goshen
is primarily recognized as an area in the northeast sector of the Nile Delta. ” The “land of Goshen
” first appears in papyrus of the Twelfth Dynasty. See Genesis 47:6 ,Genesis 47:6,47:11 ) Goshen
is described as the “best of the land. ...
has been recognized by various names. (1) Goshen
(Genesis 45:10 ; Genesis 46:34 ) is translated in the Septuagint “Arabian Gesem. Undoubtedly, Goshen
, “land of Rameses,” refers to the land around the city of Rameses and in the vicinity of Pithom. (4) It is generally agreed that Goshen
is to be located in wadi Tumilat which stretches from the eastern arm of the Nile to the Great Bitter Lakes. ...
is significant for biblical studies for four reasons. (1) The pharaoh assigned Goshen
to Joseph's family when they entered Egypt (Genesis 47:6 ,Genesis 47:6,47:11 )
was the territory where the family of Jacob settled in Egypt. The royal city of Rameses, which the Egyptians forced the Israelites to build by slave labour, was in Goshen
(Genesis 47:6; Genesis 47:11; Genesis 47:27; Exodus 1:11; Exodus 12:37). Goshen
was largely protected from the plagues that fell on other parts of Egypt during the time of Moses’ conflict with Pharaoh (Exodus 8:22; Exodus 9:26)
- Three Egyptian homes in the Delta, and extending over part of Goshen
, bore a name beginning with ka or ga, "a bull," namely, Mnevis, worshipped at On, representing Turn the unknown source of all existence. Goshen
corresponded to Wady-'t-Tumeylat. Goshen
, for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians,") proves that Goshen
was regarded by Egyptians as scarcely Egypt proper, though having many Egyptians in it, as is recorded during the ten plagues; also foreigners. ) The names of sonic places in Goshen
are Semitic, as Migdol and Baal-zephon. ...
Pharaoh calls Goshen
"the best of the land" (Genesis 47:5-11), namely, for a pastoral people as Israel; for in tillage the parts of Egypt next the Nile are more fertile than Goshen
. In Goshen
Pharaoh implies he kept some of his cattle, over which he proposes to set Israelites as rulers of herdsmen. Israel setting out from Rameses in Goshen
in two days reached the edge of the Wilderness, and in one day more the Red Sea, i. The Septuagint call Goshen
"Gesen of Arabia;" and Pliny "the Arabic nome" from its bordering on Arabia
- (fountains ), a city in the mountains of Judah, named with Eshtemoh and Goshen
- Perhaps so called from Goshen
, rain, or the dew of heaven in blessings. (Genesis 47:1-6) Perhaps there might have been even in those days, a remote idea to the times of the gospel in the name of Goshen
; for even now in the present hour, that is truly a land of Goshen
where Christ is truly known, and where heaven hath shed and is shedding its blessed influences, in the showers of his Holy Spirit; while all the earth is as Egypt in the dryness, where no rains are known, and where the gospel of Christ is not
- This was the most fertile pasture ground in the whole of Lower Egypt; thence called Goshen
, from gush, in Arabic, signifying "a heart," or whatsoever is choice or precious. There was also a Goshen
in the territory of the tribe of Judah, so called for the same reason, Joshua 10:41 . The land of Goshen
lay along the most easterly branch of the Nile, and on the east side of it; for it is evident that, at the time of the exode, the Israelites did not cross the Nile
- It is often called 'the land of Goshen
,' and is also termed 'the land of Rameses. It is generally supposed that Goshen
was situated on the east of the ancient Delta of the Nile
- The district was, without doubt, identical with Goshen
was near the royal capital, Genesis 47:27 compared with 48:1, 2; Exodus 5:20; appears to have been the starting-place of the Israelites in their journey to the land of promise
- ( Genesis 47:11 ; Exodus 12:37 ; Numbers 33:3,5 ) This land of Rameses either corresponds to the land of Goshen
or was a district of it, more probably the former. (Exodus 1:11 ) (It was probably the capital of Goshen
and situated in the valley of the Pelusiac mouth of the Nile
- Pithom (pî'thom), house or temple, of Tum, who was the sun-god of Heliopolis, a "treasure city," or depot of provisions, built by the Israelites in Goshen
- ’ The corresponding goddess ‘Baalit of the north’ is named along with the god of Kesem (Goshen
), in an Egyp
- A son of Ephraim, so-called "because it went evil with Ephraim's house" at the time, the men of Gath "born in that land" (Goshen
, or else the eastern part of Lower Egypt) having slain his sons in a raid on cattle (1 Chronicles 7:20-23). The men of Gath were children of Philistine settlers in Goshen
or the adjoining region. In Joshua 13:2-3 the Sihor, or (Pelusiac branch of) the Nile, is the boundary between Egypt and Canaan; and in Genesis 46:34 the pastoral population in Goshen
being an "abomination to the Egyptians," Goshen
must have been regarded as non-Egyptian, but a kind of border land between the two countries, Egypt and Canaan
- It is called "the land of Goshen
" (47:27), and also simply "Goshen
" (46:28), and "the land of Rameses" (47:11; Exodus 12:37 ), for the towns Pithom and Rameses lay within its borders; also Zoan or Tanis (Psalm 78:12 )
- It was situated in the land of Goshen
; and appears to have been the capital of that country, Genesis 47:10
. Jdt 1:9-10 is probably wrong in including the nomes of Tanis and Memphis in Goshen
- District in Goshen
in Lower Egypt, east of the Nile, in which Jacob and his descendants were placed, and in which they built a treasure city of the same name for Pharaoh
- By far the most frequent mention of Africa in the Bible has to do with Egypt (see EGYPT; Goshen
- , of Goshen
, the chief city of which was Pithom, "the place of life
A town in the mountains of Judah, probably in a part of the country of Goshen
- or RAAMSES, a city supposed to have been situated in the eastern part of Egypt, called the land of Goshen
, which was also hence termed the land of Rameses
- "The land of" (Genesis 47:11 ), was probably "the land of Goshen
- It was the frontier town of Goshen
- It appears by the history of Joseph that the patriarch used this policy when bringing his father and his brethren before Pharaoh, in order that they might be separated from the Egyptians, and have the land of Goshen
assigned them. There might perhaps be somewhat %in this for which the hatred arose; but then had this been the sole motive in the mind of Joseph, his plan of separation must have had respect still fartherâthe hatred would not have subsided by the %mere separation, in putting his family in Goshen
. It is the felicity of the Lord's people to dwell in Goshen
âthat is, to be separated from men of the world
The name Rama would fitly apply to Goshen
which was especially associated with sun worship
- Joseph instructed his brethren to tell Pharaoh that they were shepherds, and they asked permission to dwell in Goshen
, for every shepherd was an abomination to the Egyptians
- hereditarily; for Pharaoh would be sure then to plant them, not in the heart of the country, but in Goshen
, the border land
- " It did not extend to the land of Goshen
- The eastern edge of the Delta is the site of the land of Goshen
where Jacob/Israel and his descendents were settled. See Goshen
- In a border raid on cattle (1 Chronicles 7:21) the Ephraimites had been slain by the men of Gath who invaded Goshen
; thus Ephraimite heiresses, for lack of Ephraimite husbands, would marry into other tribes
Weaker One, Little One
- 50:7-8: “And Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, and all the house of Joseph, and his brethren and his father’s house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen
- So too it is Judah who is sent before Jacob to smooth the way for him in the land of Goshen
- He was presented to Pharaoh and dwelt for 17 years in Rameses and Goshen
, and died in his 147th year
- He was presented to Pharaoh, and dwelt for seventeen years in Rameses and Goshen
, and died in his 147th year
- " It did not, however, extend to the land of Goshen
- or AVEN, a city of Egypt, situated in the land of Goshen
, on the east of the Nile, and about five miles from the modern Cairo
- ) There were forty-one encampments, from their first in the month of March, at Rameses, in the land of Goshen
, in Egypt, and in the wilderness, until they reached the land of Canaan
- For seventeen years, he enjoyed in the land of Goshen
a serene happiness: he gave a dying blessing in Jehovah's name to his assembled sons; visions of their future prosperity rose before his eyes, especially the long line of the royal race of Judah, culminating in the glorious kingdom of Genesis 24:1-50
- The Israelites in Egypt were employed in building the "treasure cities" of Pithom and Raamses (Exodus 1:11 ); but it does not seem that they had any cities of their own in Goshen
(Genesis 46:34 ; 47:1-11 )
- They were settled in the land of Goshen
, where Joseph met his father, and "fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while" (Genesis 46:29 ). Naville have shown the land of Goshen
to be the Wady Tumilat, between Ismailia and Zagazig. In Goshen
(Egyptian Qosem) they had pasture for their flocks, were near the Asiatic frontier of Egypt, and were out of the way of the Egyptian people
Plagues of Egypt
- One thing that characterises this plague is that these pests were not sent into the land of Goshen
, where the Israelites dwelt. This also had not fallen upon Goshen
Wanderings in the Wilderness
- The “wanderings” refer to that difficult period in Israel's history between their departure from the area of Egyptian enslavement in the land of Goshen
and arrival in the Jordan Valley to claim their long-standing inheritance of the Promised Land
- Pharaoh told Joseph: “The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen
let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity [capable men] among them, then make them rulers over my cattle
- Jacob and his retinue were accustomed to a shepherd's life, and on their arrival in Egypt were received with favour by the king, who assigned them the "best of the land", the land of Goshen
, to dwell in. The descendants of Jacob were allowed to retain their possession of Goshen
undisturbed, but after the death of Joseph their position was not so favourable
Exodus, the Book of
- Israel's "scattering" tended to uproot them from their long settlement in Goshen
and to train them for their approaching wilderness life. Then first Goshen
was severed from Egypt and spared the plague. In Goshen
alone was no hail, so Isaiah 32:18-19
- The Heroopolite Gulf (Gulf of Suez) is of the chief interest; it was near to Goshen
, it was the scene of the passage of the Red Sea, and it was the "tongue of the Egyptian Sea. The point from which they started was Rameses, a place certain in the land of Goshen
, which we identified with the Wadi-t-Tumeylat
Plagues, the Ten,
- --After the river and the land, the air was smitten, being filled with winged insects, which swarmed in the houses and devoured the land, but Goshen
was exempted from the plague. Man and beast were smitten, and the herbs and every tree broken, save in the land of Goshen
Tabernacles, Feast of
- The primary design was a harvest feast kept in autumn bowers, possibly first in Goshen
Plagues of Egypt
- (Exodus 8:20-32) And I beg him also to observe how the Lord, concerning this plague, called upon both the Egyptians and the Israelites to observe the tokens of his discriminating grace over his people; for we are told that the Lord marked the land of Goshen
, where Israel dwelt, that no swarm of flies should be there. )...
The ninth plague was that of "darkness covering Egypt," while Goshen
, the habitation of Israel, had light
Plagues of Egypt
- ] relates that Goshen
enjoyed complete immunity from the insects. And if the insects, which spread disease, did not enter Goshen
, the statement that the murrain did not touch the cattle of the Israelites is also explained
- Moses was born at Goshen
, In Egypt, B. He meets Aaron, his next younger brother, whom God permitted to be the spokesman, and together they return to Goshen
- " Finding Joseph's people Israel settled in fertile Goshen
, commanding the entrance to Egypt from the N
Plagues of Egypt
- And when this end was answered, the Israelites were exempted from the ensuing plagues; for the Lord severed the land of Goshen
from the rest of Egypt; whence the ensuing plagues, confined to the latter, more plainly appeared to have been inflicted by the God of the Hebrews, Exodus 8:20-23 , to convince both more clearly of "the goodness and severity of God," Romans 11:22 ; that "great plagues remain for the ungodly, but mercy embraceth the righteous on every side," Psalms 32:10 . But it may be asked, If all the cattle of the Egyptians were destroyed by the foregoing plague of murrain, as asserted Exodus 9:6 , how came there to be any cattle left? Surely the Egyptians might have recruited their stock from the land of Goshen
, where "not one of the cattle of the Israelites died. Only in the land of Goshen
, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail
- Then follows the story of the famine, and the successive goings down into Egypt to buy corn (42), which led to the discovery of the long-lost Joseph, and the patriarch's going down with all his household, numbering about seventy souls (Exodus 1:5 ; Deuteronomy 10:22 ; Acts 7:14 ), to sojourn in the land of Goshen
- In ancient times there was a fertile valley in Lower Egypt to the east of the delta, the border land watered by the canal of the Red Sea; namely, Goshen
. The reeds and waterplants, haunted by waterfowl and made an article of commerce, are destroyed and Goshen
, once "the best of the land," is now among the worst by sand and drought. Pharaoh's invitation to Joseph's family to settle in Goshen
(Genesis 46:34; Genesis 47:6), not among the Egyptians, may indicate a desire to strengthen himself against the Egyptian party
- Part of the shephelah was called Goshen
, from its resembling in fertility the old Goshen
at the mouth of the Nile (Joshua 10:41; Joshua 11:16); it perhaps contained Beersheba
- Ebers, "may be read today on a hundred monuments in Goshen
. " Among his many structures noted on monuments and in papyri are fortifications along the canal from Goshen
to the Bed Sea, and particularly at Pi-tum and Pi-rameses or Pi-ramessu; these must be the same as the treasure-cities Pithom and Rameses, built or enlarged by the Israelites for Pharaoh
- They moved onward, increasing as they went forward from all the districts of Goshen
, over the whole of which they were scattered, to the common centre
- In Egypt the native prejudice against shepherds kept them separate in Goshen
(Genesis 47:4-6; Genesis 46:34)
- ] , the people are cattle-owners, living apart in Goshen
, where they increase so rapidly as to alarm Pharaoh (Exodus 1:6 ; Exodus 1:8-12 )
- The exile of Joseph and the migration of Jacob to "the land of Goshen
" occurred about 200 years later
- They are supposed to have been assembled at Rameses, or Heroopolis, in the land of Goshen
, about thirty-five miles northwest of Suez, on the ancient canal, which united the Nile with the Red Sea
- Judah too is the one who prepares the way before his father in going to meet Joseph and settle in Goshen
- Jacob dwelt in the land of Goshen
until his death
- to my father and say, God hath made me lord of all Egypt, come down and thou shalt dwell in Goshen
near me. " (See Goshen
- ‡ [Note: The descendants of Jacob who entered Goshen
were seventy (Genesis 46:27)
1734: In North America; Fairfield, in Upper Canada, Goshen
on the river Muskingum. In 1798, a colony of Christian Indians went from thence to take possession of their former settlements on the Muskingum, which have been given to them by an act of congress, and built a new town, called Goshen
Transportation And Travel
- In the patriarchal period, Joseph sent carts to Canaan to carry his father and the households of his brothers to Goshen
(Genesis 45:19-27 )
- Construction of a new capital was begun by Seti I in the eastern Delta, near the biblical Land of Goshen
- Moses' first proposal to Pharaoh had been for a journey into the wilderness adjoining Goshen
, not beyond the frontier, three days in all going and, returning, in order to sacrifice
- The Assyrian governor of Pelusium was accused of treachery with Niku (Neko), prince of Sais and Memphis, and PekrÃ»r of Pisapt (Goshen
), and their correspondence with Tahrak was intercepted. Of localities in Upper Egypt only Syene and Thebes (No) are mentioned; in Middle Egypt, Hanes; while on the eastern border and the route to Memphis (Noph) are Shihor, Shur, Sin, Migdol, Tahpanhes, Pi-beseth, On; and by the southern route, Goshen
, Pithom, Succoth, Rameses, besides lesser places in the Exodus
- In obedience to that intimation, after the forty years' separation, he met Moses in the "mount of God," where the vision of the flaming bush had been vouchsafed to the latter, and conducted him back to Goshen
- So too God materially blessed the Israelites in Goshen
as a testimony to the Egyptians (47:27)
- In Egypt he was met by Joseph, and, after an interview with the Pharaoh, settled in the pastoral district of Goshen
( Genesis 47:6 ), afterwards known as ‘the land of Rameses’ (from Rameses ii
, a pastoral district in the Delta about forty miles north-east of Cairo, was selected for the new home of Jacob
Israel, History of
- Moving from Goshen
in Egypt through God's leadership in the miracle at the sea to the Sinai peninsula under Moses' leadership, the Hebrews at Sinai ratified a covenant with the God Yahweh (Exodus 24:1 ), and thus Israel as a landless people came into being
- Come, let us see what manner of life the people of Israel live in Goshen
- Has there ever been another house gifted like that house in Goshen
on the face of the earth? I have not heard or read of another house in all the world like the house of Amram of the house of Levi, and his wife God-my-glory
- After they set out from Rameses, in the land of Goshen
, in the neighbourhood of Cairo, their first encampment was at Succoth, signifying "booths," or an "enclosure for cattle," after a stage of about thirty miles; their second, at Etham, or Adsjerud, on the edge of the wilderness, about sixty miles farther; "for the Lord led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: but God led the people about by the way of the wilderness of the Red Sea," or by a circuitous route to the land of promise, in order to train them and instruct them, in the solitudes of Arabia Petraea, Exodus 13:17-20 ; Deuteronomy 32:10
- The land of Goshen
, where the Hebrews settled during the time of Joseph, was rich in cattle