Places Study on Gihon

Places Study on Gihon

Genesis 2: And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
1 Kings 1: The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon:
1 Kings 1: So Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's mule, and brought him to Gihon.
1 Kings 1: And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This is the noise that ye have heard.
2 Chronicles 32: This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
2 Chronicles 33: Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah.

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Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gihon
A stream.
One of the four rivers of Eden (Genesis 2:13 ). It has been identified with the Nile. Others regard it as the Oxus, or the Araxes, or the Ganges. But as, according to the sacred narrative, all these rivers of Eden took their origin from the head-waters of the Euphrates and the Trigris, it is probable that the Gihon is the ancient Araxes, which, under the modern name of the Arras, discharges itself into the Caspian Sea. It was the Asiatic and not the African "Cush" which the Gihon compassed (Genesis 10:7-10 ). (See EDEN .)



The only natural spring of water in or near Jerusalem is the "Fountain of the Virgin" (q.v.), which rises outside the city walls on the west bank of the Kidron valley. On the occasion of the approach of the Assyrian army under Sennacherib, Hezekiah, in order to prevent the besiegers from finding water, "stopped the upper water course of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David" ( 2 Chronicles 32:30 ; 33:14 ). This "fountain" or spring is therefore to be regarded as the "upper water course of Gihon." From this "fountain" a tunnel cut through the ridge which forms the south part of the temple hill conveys the water to the Pool of Siloam, which lies on the opposite side of this ridge at the head of the Tyropoeon ("cheesemakers'") valley, or valley of the son of Hinnom, now filled up by rubbish. The length of this tunnel is about 1,750 feet. In 1880 an inscription was accidentally discovered on the wall of the tunnel about nineteen feet from where it opens into the Pool of Siloam. This inscription was executed in all probability by Hezekiah's workmen. It briefly narrates the history of the excavation. It may, however, be possible that this tunnel was executed in the time of Solomon. If the "waters of Shiloah that go softly" (Isaiah 8:6 ) refers to the gentle stream that still flows through the tunnel into the Pool of Siloam, then this excavation must have existed before the time of Hezekiah. In the upper part of the Tyropoeoan valley there are two pools still existing, the first, called Birket el-Mamilla, to the west of the Jaffa gate; the second, to the south of the first, called Birket es-Sultan. It is the opinion of some that the former was the "upper" and the latter the "lower" Pool of Gihon (2 Kings 18:17 ; Isaiah 7:3 ; 36:2 ; 22:9 ). (See CONDUIT; SILOAM .)


Holman Bible Dictionary - Gihon
(gi' huhn) Place name meaning, “gushing fountain.” The primary water supply for Jerusalem and one of the four rivers into which the river of Eden divided (Genesis 2:13 ). The river cannot be identified with any contemporary river.

During the Old Testament period the spring of Gihon was the primary water supply for the city of Jerusalem. The name comes from a Hebrew word meaning, “a bursting forth,” and is descriptive of the spring which is located in the Kidron Valley. It does not produce a steady flow, but gushes out at irregular intervals, twice a day in the dry season to four or five times in the rainy season. Water issues from a crack sixteen feet long in the rock. At some point in the ancient past a wall was built at the eastern end of the crack, diverting water into a cave at the other end. In the Jebusite period before David a shaft went from the spring to a pool under the city. Water jugs were let down into the pool through another vertical shaft. This probably was the way Joab entered into the city and captured it for David (2 Samuel 5:8 ; 1 Chronicles 11:6 ). During the early Israelite occupation, water was collected outside the city walls in an open basin called the “upper pool” (Isaiah 7:3 ). An open aqueduct carried water from there to the “old pool” at the southern end of the city (Isaiah 22:11 ; cf. Isaiah 8:6 ). Along this conduit Isaiah confronted Ahaz (Isaiah 7:3 ), and later Sennacherib's army demanded the city's surrender (2 Kings 18:17 ). Before Sennacherib's arrival, Hezekiah plugged the aqueduct and dug his famous water tunnel (2 Kings 20:20 ; 2 Chronicles 32:30 ). See Eden ; Hezekiah ; Jerusalem ; Kidron Valley ; Siloam ; Water .

LeBron Matthews



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Gihon
Valley of grace
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Gihon
1. Genesis 2:13. (See EDEN.) The Septuagint, Jeremiah 2:18, identify it with the Nile; but the writer of Genesis, so well acquainted with Egypt, would never have connected the Nile with the Euphrates. The Cush which the Gihon "compassed" was the Asiatic not the African Cush (Genesis 10:7-10); The Septuagint being Alexandrian Jews, to glorify their adopted country, made the Nile one of the rivers of paradise.

2. A fountain near Jerusalem, where Solomon was anointed king (1 Kings 1:33; 1 Kings 1:38; 1 Kings 1:45). The "down" in going and "up" in returning show it was below the city. Manasseh built a wall outside the city of David from the W. of Gihon in the valley (nachal ), "wady", or "torrent", the word employed for the valley of Kedron or Jehoshaphat E. of Jerusalem; ge being employed for the valley of Hinnom S.W. of Jerusalem) to the entrance of the fish gate." Hezekiah stopped its upper source, at some distance off, at a higher level (2 Chronicles 32:30), and "brought it straight down to the W. side of the city of David" (2 Chronicles 33:14). The Targum of Jonathan, Arable and Syriac, has Siloam for Gihon in 1 Kings 1. A wall from W. of Gihon to the fish gate (near the Jaffa gate, Jerome) would be the course of a wall enclosing the city of David (2 Chronicles 33:14).

An aqueduct discovered lately (1872) runs from near the Damascus gate, on the Bezetha hill, to the souterrain at the convent of the Sisters of Zion. It probably brought the water from the pool N. of the tombs of the kings (probably the "upper pool," 2 Kings 18:17; Isaiah 7:3; Isaiah 36:2, and "upper watercourse of Gihon" stopped by Hezekiah) to the pool of Bethesda. Siloam was the lower Gihon. It is suggested that the city of David was on the eastern hill, so Hezekiah by bringing it W. of the city of David brought it within the city, and so out of the enemy's reach. Psalms 48:2 confirms the view that mount Zion was to the N. of Moriah, the temple hill: "the joy of the whole earth is mount Zion, on the sides of the N. the city of the great Kine."

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gihon
GIHON (from root ‘to burst forth,’ 1 Kings 1:33 ; 1 Kings 1:35 ; 1Ki 1:45 , 2 Chronicles 32:30 ; 2 Chronicles 33:14 ). 1. A spring near Jerusalem, evidently sacred and therefore selected as the scene of Solomon’s coronation ( 1 Kings 1:32 ). Hezekiah made an aqueduct from it ( 2 Chronicles 32:30 ). Undoubtedly the modern ‘Ain umm ed-deraj or ‘Virgin’s Fount.’ See Siloam. 2. One of the four rivers of Paradise. See Eden [Garden of].

E. W. G. Masterman.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gihon
1. One of the rivers in the garden of Eden, now quite unknown. Genesis 2:13 .

2. Place near Jerusalem where Solomon was anointed and proclaimed king. Hezekiah stopped the upper water-courses of Gihon and brought the water down to the west side of the city of David. Manasseh also built a wall "on the west side of Gihon, in the valley even to the entering in at the fish-gate." 1 Kings 1:33,38,45 ; 2 Chronicles 32:30 ; 2 Chronicles 33:14 . Some locate Gihon at the Pool of Siloam, others at the Fountain of the Virgin; and some associate the 'lower pool of Gihon' with the Birket es Sultan at the S.W. of the city.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gihon
Gihon (gî'hŏn), fountain, or stream, 1. The name of a river of Eden, Genesis 2:13. 2. A place near Jerusalem where Solomon was proclaimed king. 1 Kings 1:33-45. Hezekiah stopped the upper water-course of Gihon, and Manasseh built a wall on the west side of Gihon. 2 Chronicles 32:30; 2 Chronicles 33:14

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Gihon
the name of one of the four rivers the source of which was in paradise, Genesis 2:13 . ( See EDEN. ) Reland, Calmet, &c, think that Gihon is the Araxes, which has its source, as well as the Tigris and Euphrates, in the mountains of Armenia, and, running with almost incredible rapidity, falls into the Caspian Sea. Gihon was also the name of a fountain to the west of Jerusalem, at which Solomon was anointed king by the high priest Zadok, and the Prophet Nathan, 1 Kings 1:33 .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gihon
1. One of the four rivers of Paradise; as some suppose, the Araxes, Genesis 2:13 . See EDEN , and EUPHRATES .

2. A fountain near Jerusalem on the west, besides which Solomon was anointed king, 1 Kings 1:33,38 . Hezekiah covered it over, and brought its waters by a subterranean channel into the city, 2 Chronicles 32:3,30 33:14 . A pool still exists in the spot referred to, three hundred feet long, two hundred wide, and twenty deep, with steps at two corners; and recently, in digging to lay the foundations of the Anglican church, an immense conduit was discovered running east and west, thirty feet under ground built of stone and coated with cement, and partly cut out of solid rock. Probably this was connected with the fountain of Gibon.

Sentence search

Gihon - Gihon (gî'hŏn), fountain, or stream, 1. Hezekiah stopped the upper water-course of Gihon, and Manasseh built a wall on the west side of Gihon
Gihon - Hezekiah stopped the upper water-courses of Gihon and brought the water down to the west side of the city of David. Manasseh also built a wall "on the west side of Gihon, in the valley even to the entering in at the fish-gate. Some locate Gihon at the Pool of Siloam, others at the Fountain of the Virgin; and some associate the 'lower pool of Gihon' with the Birket es Sultan at the S
Dragon Well - (Nehemiah 2:13 ), supposed by some to be identical with the Pool of Gihon
Dragon-Well - Nehemiah 2:13 ; probably the fountain of Gihon, on the west side of Jerusalem
Shiloah, Waters of - ” Waters supplying Jerusalem diverted from the Gihon spring and representing God's supply making reliance on foreign kings unnecessary (Isaiah 8:6 ). The background may be anointing of kings at the Gihon (1 Kings 1:33-40 ), thus implying rejection of God's kingship represented through His anointed king
Gihon - ) Reland, Calmet, &c, think that Gihon is the Araxes, which has its source, as well as the Tigris and Euphrates, in the mountains of Armenia, and, running with almost incredible rapidity, falls into the Caspian Sea. Gihon was also the name of a fountain to the west of Jerusalem, at which Solomon was anointed king by the high priest Zadok, and the Prophet Nathan, 1 Kings 1:33
Gihon - The Cush which the Gihon "compassed" was the Asiatic not the African Cush (Genesis 10:7-10); The Septuagint being Alexandrian Jews, to glorify their adopted country, made the Nile one of the rivers of paradise. of Gihon in the valley (nachal ), "wady", or "torrent", the word employed for the valley of Kedron or Jehoshaphat E. The Targum of Jonathan, Arable and Syriac, has Siloam for Gihon in 1 Kings 1. of Gihon to the fish gate (near the Jaffa gate, Jerome) would be the course of a wall enclosing the city of David (2 Chronicles 33:14). of the tombs of the kings (probably the "upper pool," 2 Kings 18:17; Isaiah 7:3; Isaiah 36:2, and "upper watercourse of Gihon" stopped by Hezekiah) to the pool of Bethesda. Siloam was the lower Gihon
Dragon Well - The Dragon Well has been identified with the Gihon spring, the main water source during the time of Hezekiah, the Siloam pool which was fed by the Gihon, the En-rogel spring located 210 meters south of the confluence of the Hinnom and Kidron valleys, or with a spring along the east side of the Tyropoeon Valley which has since dried up
Gihon - But as, according to the sacred narrative, all these rivers of Eden took their origin from the head-waters of the Euphrates and the Trigris, it is probable that the Gihon is the ancient Araxes, which, under the modern name of the Arras, discharges itself into the Caspian Sea. It was the Asiatic and not the African "Cush" which the Gihon compassed (Genesis 10:7-10 ). On the occasion of the approach of the Assyrian army under Sennacherib, Hezekiah, in order to prevent the besiegers from finding water, "stopped the upper water course of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David" ( 2 Chronicles 32:30 ; 33:14 ). This "fountain" or spring is therefore to be regarded as the "upper water course of Gihon. It is the opinion of some that the former was the "upper" and the latter the "lower" Pool of Gihon (2 Kings 18:17 ; Isaiah 7:3 ; 36:2 ; 22:9 )
Conduit - Hezekiah stopped the "upper watercourse of Gihon," and brought it down straight to the W. Robinson identifies Gihon with the pool Birket-es-Mamilla at the head of the valley of Hinnom S. Williams places Gihon N
Cush - A country near the Gihon, Genesis 2:13 (margin A
Conduit - The "conduit of the upper pool" (Isaiah 7:3 ) was formed by Hezekiah for the purpose of conveying the waters from the upper pool in the valley of Gihon to the west side of the city of David (2 Kings 18:17 ; 20:20 ; 2 Chronicles 32:30 ). , "the upper water-course of Gihon", and conveyed it down from the west through a canal into the city, so that in case of a siege the inhabitants of the city might have a supply of water, which would thus be withdrawn from the enemy
Fountain Gate - A city gate at the southeast corner of the walls of ancient Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:14 ; Nehemiah 3:15 ; Nehemiah 12:37 ), probably so named because people brought water from the En-rogel or Gihon springs into the city through this gate
Hinnom, Valley of - " The reservoir, supposed by some to be "the upper Pool," or Gihon, is 700 yards from the Jaffa gate. (See Gihon
Kidron Valley - The Spring of Gihon lies on the western slope. See City of David ; Jerusalem ; Mount of Olives; Spring of Gihon; Valley of Hinnom
Conduit - The location of the Jerusalem conduit is a matter of debate with different scholars favoring the Pool of Siloam, the Gihon Spring, or outside the wall to the northwest of the city beside the major north-south highway leading to Samaria. In a marvelous engineering feat, Hezekiah had workmen start at both ends and meet in the middle to construct a water tunnel connecting Gihon Spring and the Pool of Siloam (2 Kings 20:20 ; 2Chronicles 32:2-4,2 Chronicles 32:30 )
Gareb - of the valley of Gihon
Gihon - Gihon (from root ‘to burst forth,’ 1 Kings 1:33 ; 1 Kings 1:35 ; 1Ki 1:45 , 2 Chronicles 32:30 ; 2 Chronicles 33:14 )
Siloah - A rivulet on the southeast of Jerusalem, at the foot of Zion and Moriah; supposed by some to be the same with En-rogel and Gihon
e'Den - With regard to the Pison and Gihon a great variety of opinion exists, but the best authorities are divided between (1) Eden as in northeast Arabia, at the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris, and their separation again, making the four rivers of the different channels of these two, or (2), and most probably, Eden as situated in Armenia, near the origin of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, and in which same region rise the Araxes (Pison of Genesis) and the Oxus ( Gihon )
e'Den - With regard to the Pison and Gihon a great variety of opinion exists, but the best authorities are divided between (1) Eden as in northeast Arabia, at the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris, and their separation again, making the four rivers of the different channels of these two, or (2), and most probably, Eden as situated in Armenia, near the origin of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, and in which same region rise the Araxes (Pison of Genesis) and the Oxus ( Gihon )
Adoni'Jah - " [EN-ROGEL] Apprised of these proceedings, David immediately caused Solomon to be proclaimed king, (1 Kings 1:33,34 ) at Gihon. [Gihon ] This decisive measure struck terror into the opposite party, and Adonijah fled to the sanctuary, but was pardoned by Solomon on condition that he should "show himself a worthy man
Zion - Hezekiah brought his aqueduct (2 Chronicles 22:30; 2 Chronicles 33:14) from Gihon, the Virgin's fountain, to the western side of the city of David (which is thus Ophel). On its eastern side near the" brook" was an intermittent fountain, called then Enrogel, once Gihon in the "brook," afterward Siloah, now the fountain of the Virgin
Cush - ... Cush is mentioned in Genesis 2:13 as surrounded by the Gihon River. The Gihon is usually associated with Jerusalem as a spring ( 1 Kings 1:33 ). Other Bible students would see Gihon here as another name for the Nile River and Cush as referring to the land south of Egypt
David, City of - ... Both Hezekiah (2Chronicles 32:5,2 Chronicles 32:30 ) and Manasseh strengthened the defenses of the city of David, concerned especially with the water supply provided by the Gihon spring (2 Chronicles 33:14 ). See Gihon
Eden - Some say Gihon was the Kile and Pison the Indus
Pool - ... The following are some of the principal pools mentioned in Scripture: pool of Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:20 ), upper and lower pools of Gihon (Isaiah 7:3 ; Isaiah 22:9 ), old pool (Isaiah 22:11 ), King's pool at Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:14 ), pool of Bethesda (John 5:2 ,John 5:2,5:4 ,John 5:4,5:7 ), and pool of Siloam (John 9:7 ,John 9:7,9:11 )
Bethesda - (See FOUNTAIN; Gihon
Cush - Hither we may refer the river Gihon, Genesis 2:13 Zephaniah 3:10
Kedron - He sealed its source, "the upper spring head of Gihon," where it came forth N. (See Gihon; JERUSALEM
Eden - The Euphrates and the Tigris can be identified, but there is no agreement on the location of the Pishon and the Gihon
Gihon - ... During the Old Testament period the spring of Gihon was the primary water supply for the city of Jerusalem
Aqueducts - Hezekiah's tunnel, the Siloam tunnel, was a twisting underground aqueduct that diverted water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam (2 Kings 20:20 )
Eden, Garden of - One is that the Gihon is the Nile, and the Pishon the Persian and Arabian Gulfs, conceived of as a great river, with its source and that of the Nile not far from those of the Euphrates and the Tigris. The third puts Eden near Erldu (once the seaport of Chaldæa on the Persian Gulf), and takes the Pishon to be the canal afterwards called Pallakottas, and the Gihon to be the Khoaspes (now Kerkha)
Pools of Solomon - From the lower pool an aqueduct has been traced conveying the water through Bethlehem and across the valley of Gihon, and along the west slope of the Tyropoeon valley, till it finds its way into the great cisterns underneath the temple hill
Cush (2) - ) in Africa, its chief representative, but the Cush of Asia, watered by the Gihon river of paradise (Genesis 2:13)
Eden - This fourth river may have been the Pishon of Eden; and the Araxes may well be the Gihon, since both words mean the same, and describe its dart-like swiftness
Eden - Wells, in order to support his hypothesis of the situation of Eden on the lower parts of the Euphrates and Tigris, after giving these rivers a distribution which has now no existence, makes the Pison and Gihon to be parts of the Tigris and Euphrates themselves: an arrangement at perfect disagreement with the particular description of Moses; beside, that the Gihon thus called, instead of compassing the whole land of Cush, can only be said to skirt an extreme corner of it
Fountain - There were several celebrated fountains in Judea, such as that of Rogel, of Gihon, of Siloam, of Nazareth, &c; and allusions to them are often to be met with in both the Old and New Testament
Hinnom - That is, the valley of Hinnom, or of the son of Hinnom, a narrow valley just south of Jerusalem, running up westward from the valley of the Cedron, and passing into the valley of the Cedron, and passing into the valley of Gihon, which follows the base of mount Zion north, up to the Joppa gate
Eden - The primitive Eden was somewhere in the locality containing the conjoined Euphrates and the Tigris (or Hiddekel) which branch off northward into those two rivers, and southward branch into two channels again below Bassera, before failing into the sea, Gihon the E
Adonijah - Nathan and Bathsheba foiled his plot by inducing David to have Solomon conducted in procession on the king's mule to Gihon, a spring W
Zadok - Zadok, with Nathan the prophet, anointed Solomon at Gihon by David's command (a second anointing took place subsequently: 1 Chronicles 29:22)
Zion or Sion - It was separated from Akra on the north and Moriah on the north-west by the valley Tyropeon; and had the valley of Gihon on the west, that of Hinnom on the south, and that of the Kidron on the south-east
Nathan - Nathan by David's direction with Zadok the priest brought Solomon to Gihon on the king's own mule, and anointed him king (1 Kings 1:10-38)
Kidron (1) - Here lies the ‘Virgin’s Fount,’ ancient Gihon (wh
Hezekiah - Knowing that a source of water was crucial, Hezekiah constructed a tunnel through solid rock from the spring of Gihon to the Siloam pool
Siloam, the Pool of - Into Siloam probably Hezekiah led by a subterranean aqueduct down the Tyropoeon valley the waters on the other side of the city when "he stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon and brought it straight down to the W
Jerusalem - Its main water source was the Gihon Spring at the foot of the hill of Zion. ) had a 1750 foot tunnel dug out of solid rock to provide water from the Gihon Spring in time of seige (2 Kings 20:20 )
Jerusalem - See Gihon . In the valley west and northwest of Zion are the two pools of Gihon, the lower being now broken and dry
Sol'Omon - When David was old and feeble, Adonijah, Solomon's older brother attempted to gain possession of the throne; but he was defeated, and Solomon went down to Gihon and was proclaimed and anointed king
Nehemiah, Theology of - This entrance led to the spring of Gihon, the source of the city's water supply
Jerusalem - Between the mountains and the city there are valleys on three sides: on the east the valley of the Kidron, or Jehoshaphat; on the west the valley of Gihon; and on the south the valley of Hinnom
Cosmas (3), Indian Navigator - The Nile is the Gihon of Eden
Adam (1) - Rawlinson identified with Babylonia; the Babylonian documents giving an exact geographical account of the garden of Eden, and the rivers bearing the same names: the Hiddekel is certainly the Tigris, and the Phrath the Euphrates; the other two seem tributary branches, though some make Gihon the Nile and Pison the Indus (?)
Jerusalem (2) - The Birket es-Sultân, the misnamed ‘Lower Pool of Gihon’ in the Valley of Hinnom, was probably first constructed by German knights in the 12th cent. The Birket Mamilla, incorrectly called the ‘Upper Pool of Gihon,’ lies at the head of the Valley of Hinnom, about 700 yards W
Temple - Beneath the vast area of El-Haram still exist immense arched ways and vaults of unknown date; also a large and deep well, and other indications that the temple always possessed a copious and perennial supply of water, derived perhaps in part from Gihon by Hezekiah's aqueduct, and in part from Solomon's pools, and flowing off through the fountain of the Virgin and the pool of Siloam
Jerusalem - Second Samuel recounts David's conquest of Jebus, exploiting the secret watershaft from the spring Gihon outside the city wall to its exit within the city
Hezekiah - ... Hezekiah had used this interval to "stop the waters of the fountains without the city, stopping the upper watercourse (rather 'spring head') of Gihon (i
Solomon - ) By the interposition of Nathan the prophet, Zadok the priest, Benaiah, Shimei, and Rei, David's mighty men, Solomon was at David's command taken on the king's own mule to Gihon, anointed, and proclaimed king
Jeru'Salem - Outside the walls on the west side were the Upper and Lower Pools of Gihon , the latter close under Zion, the former more to the northwest on the Jaffa road
Jerusalem - ... The Pools of Gihon, Siloam, Hezekiah, Bethesda, En-rogel, etc
Jerusalem - are the upper and lower reservoirs of Gihon (Birket Momilla and Birket es Sultan)
Palestine - (See FOUNTAINS; EN HAKKORE; Gihon; ENGEDI; HAROD; ENGANNIM; ENDOR; JEZREEL
Jerusalem - Several conduits are mentioned in the OT: the ‘conduit of the upper pool, in the highway of the fuller’s field ’ ( Isaiah 7:3 ), which has not been identified; the conduit whereby Hezekiah ‘brought the waters of Gihon straight down on the west side of the city of David,’ also referred to as the ‘conduit’ whereby he ‘brought water into the city’ ( 2 Kings 20:20 , 2 Chronicles 32:30 ), is probably to be identified with the Siloam tunnel, famous for its (unfortunately undated) Old Hebrew inscription
Jerusalem - The territory and places adjacent were well watered, having the fountains of Gihon and Siloam, and the brook Kidron, at the foot of its walls; and, beside these, there were the waters of Ethan, which Pilate had conveyed through aqueducts into the city