Places Study on Gezer

Places Study on Gezer

Joshua 10: Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.
Joshua 12: The king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one;
Joshua 16: And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea.
Joshua 16: And they drave not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites unto this day, and serve under tribute.
Joshua 21: For they gave them Shechem with her suburbs in mount Ephraim, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Gezer with her suburbs,
Judges 1: Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.
1 Kings 9: And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.
1 Kings 9: For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife.
1 Kings 9: And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether,
1 Chronicles 6: And they gave unto them, of the cities of refuge, Shechem in mount Ephraim with her suburbs; they gave also Gezer with her suburbs,
1 Chronicles 7: And their possessions and habitations were, Bethel and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof:
1 Chronicles 20: And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Gezer
(gee' zuhr) Place name meaning, “isolated area.” Major Canaanite city nineteen miles northwest of Jerusalem at tell Gezer on the edge of the foothills of Judah near the Shephelah, seven miles southeast of Ramleh. It provides a military post for the highway junction of the Via Maris and the road leading to the valley of Ajalon to Jerusalem, Jericho, and over the Jordan. A site of 30 acres, it was one of the largest and most important cities in Palestine from 1800 B.C. onwards, though occupation reaches back to 3500 B.C. Archaeologists have found important inscriptions here such as the Gezer calendar, one of, if not the, earliest (before 900 B.C.) examples of Hebrew writing known. Even earlier is an inscribed piece of broken pottery in the “Proto-Sinaitic” script. The largest stone structure in Palestine, a fifty-foot wide wall from about 1600 B.C. was found here. A high place or sanctuary with ten stone stele or masseboth demonstrates Canaanite worship practices about 1600 B.C. Some of these tower over nine feet high. Egyptian sources mention Gezer about 1410 B.C., as do the Amarna letters of 100 years later. Three different kings of Gezer wrote the Egyptian pharaoh. Merneptah's stele from about 1200 B.C. claims the pharaoh captured Gezer. Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria pictured the capture of Gezer about 734 B.C. in his palace at Nimrud.

Joshua defeated the king of Gezer when he tried to aid the king of Lachish (Joshua 10:33 ). Gezer formed the boundary for Ephraim's tribal allotment (Joshua 16:3 ), but Israel did not control the city (Joshua 16:10 ; Judges 1:29 ). Still, it was assigned as a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:21 ). David finally wrested control of it from the Philistines (2 Samuel 5:25 ; 1 Chronicles 20:4 ). A few years later, Egypt's pharaoh captured the city from the Canaanites and gave it to Solomon as a wedding gift for Solomon's marriage with the pharaoh's daughter. Solomon rebuilt its walls (1 Kings 9:15-17 ). Between the Testaments, Gezer became known as Gazara. The Seleucid general Bacchides fortified it (1 Maccabees 9:52 ). In 142 B.C. the Jewish leader Simon Maccabeus captured Gazara and built himself a home there. Then John Hyrcanus, his son, assumed command of the Jewish army and established his headquarters there (1 Maccabees 13:43-53 ).

Gezer thus is a peripheral city in the Bible whose magnificent history had begun to recede a century before Joshua entered Palestine. Still, it marked an important military outpost for Philistines, Egyptians, Israelites, and Assyrians trying to control the important trade and military routes.



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Gezer
Dividing
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Gezer
("cut off," i.e. "isolated".) An old Canaanite city, whose king, Horam or Elam, helping Lachish, was slain with his people by Joshua (Joshua 10:33; Joshua 12:12). A landmark of Ephraim, between lower Beth-horon and the Mediterranean (Joshua 16:3), on the S.W. border (1 Chronicles 7:28). Now Tell el Djezir near Abou Shusheh (Ganneau). Allotted to the Kohathite Levites (Joshua 21:21; 1 Chronicles 6:67). At a short distance from Tel el Djezir, on the E. side, engraved on a horizontal rock, is a bilingual Greek and Hebrew inscription marking the limit of Gezer (Numbers 35:5) as a Levitical city with its portion without the city.

The inscription is at least as old as one century B.C.; also a second similar inscription exists on the N.W. Thus the sacred boundary was a square, having its four angles at the four cardinal points (Ganneau). The original inhabitants remained and paid tribute to Israel (Judges 1:29; 1 Kings 9:16-17). It must have been independent when Pharaoh slew the Canaanite inhabitants, burnt the city, and gave it a present to his daughter, Solomon's wife. Solomon rebuilt it. Gob is identified with it 1 Chronicles 20:4; compare 2 Samuel 21:18. It lay in the maritime plain, on the coast road to Egypt, an important post to fortify as it lay between Egypt and Jerusalem

It is the last point to which David pursued the Philistines (2 Samuel 5:25; 1 Chronicles 14:16). Being 50 miles distant from "the S. of Judah ... and the Kenites," it cannot be meant in 1 Samuel 27:8. (See GERZITES.) The inscription in the rock discovered by Ganneau, "the boundary of Gezer," verifies the conjecture that Abou Shusheh on the plain between Jaffa and Jerusalem is the site of Gezer The discovery of the limit outside the city probably defines "a sabbath day's journey."

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gezer
GEZER . A very ancient city of the Shephçlah, on the borders of the Philistine Plain; inhabited c [Note: circa, about.] . b.c. 3000 by a race probably kin to the Horites, who were succeeded by the Semitic Canaanites about b.c. 2500. These were not driven out by the invading Israelites ( Judges 1:29 ). In David’s time the city was in Philistine hands ( 1 Chronicles 20:4 ). The king of Egypt captured it, and gave it as a dowry to his daughter, Solomon’s wife ( 1 Kings 9:16 ). Simon Maccabæus besieged and captured it, and built for himself a dwelling-place ( 1Ma 13:43-53 Gazara RV [Note: Revised Version.] ). The city has been partly excavated by the Palestine Exploration Fund, and Simon’s dwelling-place discovered, as well as a great Canaanite high place, and innumerable other remains of early Palestinian civilization.

R. A. S. Macalister.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gezer, Gezrites
Ancient Canaanite city and its inhabitants. It was taken by Joshua, and allotted to Ephraim, and afterwards to the Kohathites, 1 Chronicles 6:67 ; 1 Chronicles 7:28 ; but the ancient inhabitants held possession. It was taken and burnt by Pharaoh as a Canaanitish city, and the site given to his daughter whom Solomon had married. Solomon rebuilt the city. Joshua 10:33 ; Joshua 12:12 ; Joshua 16:3,10 ; Joshua 21:21 ; Judges 1:29 ; 1 Samuel 27:8 ; 1 Kings 9:15-17 . It is called GAZERin 2 Samuel 5:25 ; 1 Chronicles 14:16 . Compare 1 Chronicles 20:4 with 2 Samuel 21:18,19 , GEZERin the former passage refers to GOB in the latter. Gezer is identified with ruins at Tell Jezar, 31 52' N, 34 55' E .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gezer
Gezer (gç'zer), steep place, called also Gazer, Gazara, Gazera, and Gad, a royal city of Canaan, and one of the oldest cities of the land. Joshua 10:33; Joshua 12:12. Gezer was in Ephraim; given to Kohath, Joshua 21:21; 1 Chronicles 6:67; noticed in the wars of David, 1 Samuel 27:8; 2 Samuel 5:25; 1 Chronicles 20:4; burned by Pharaoh in Solomon's days, 1 Kings 9:15-17; given to Solomon's Egyptian wife, and rebuilt by him; was an important city in the time of the Maccabees.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gezer
A royal city of the Canaanites, Joshua 10:33 12:12 ; between Bethhoron and the Mediterranean, Joshua 16:3 ; afterwards on the western border of Ephraim, and assigned to the Levites, Joshua 16:3 21:21 . The Canaanites long retained a foothold in it, Joshua 16:10 Judges 1:29 ; but were dispossessed by a king of Egypt, and the place given to his daughter, the wife of Solomon, 1 Kings 9:16 , who fortified it.

Sentence search

Gazer - (gay' zuhr) KJV spelling of Gezer based on Hebrew accented form (2 Samuel 5:25 ; 1 Chronicles 14:16 ). See Gezer
Gazer - See Gezer
Gazer - (See Gezer
Horam - King of Gezer conquered by Joshua
ga'Zer - (2 Samuel 5:25 ; 1 Chronicles 14:16 ) [Gezer ]
Gezer - ” Major Canaanite city nineteen miles northwest of Jerusalem at tell Gezer on the edge of the foothills of Judah near the Shephelah, seven miles southeast of Ramleh. Archaeologists have found important inscriptions here such as the Gezer calendar, one of, if not the, earliest (before 900 B. Egyptian sources mention Gezer about 1410 B. Three different kings of Gezer wrote the Egyptian pharaoh. claims the pharaoh captured Gezer. Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria pictured the capture of Gezer about 734 B. ... Joshua defeated the king of Gezer when he tried to aid the king of Lachish (Joshua 10:33 ). Gezer formed the boundary for Ephraim's tribal allotment (Joshua 16:3 ), but Israel did not control the city (Joshua 16:10 ; Judges 1:29 ). Between the Testaments, Gezer became known as Gazara. ... Gezer thus is a peripheral city in the Bible whose magnificent history had begun to recede a century before Joshua entered Palestine
Horam - A king of Gezer defeated and slain by Joshua ( Joshua 10:33 )
Horam - King of Gezer, who helped Lachish, but fell before Joshua (Joshua 10:33)
Gizrite - (gihz' rite) Citizen of Gezer
Gob - A pit, a place mentioned in 2 Samuel 21:18,19 ; called also Gezer, in 1 Chronicles 20:4
ho'Ram - (mountainous ), king of Gezer at the time of the conquest of the southwestern part of Palestine
Gob - The parallel passage (1 Chronicles 20:4 ) names Gezer as the place. The Greek manuscripts presuppose either in Gath or in Gezer
Gezrite - Gezrite or Gizrite would refer to inhabitants of Gezer, but Gezer is too far north for the Samuel context
Sip'pa-i - (threshold ), Saph, one of the sons of Rephaim, or "the giants," slain by Sibbechai at Gezer
Gezer - Gezer (gç'zer), steep place, called also Gazer, Gazara, Gazera, and Gad, a royal city of Canaan, and one of the oldest cities of the land. Gezer was in Ephraim; given to Kohath, Joshua 21:21; 1 Chronicles 6:67; noticed in the wars of David, 1 Samuel 27:8; 2 Samuel 5:25; 1 Chronicles 20:4; burned by Pharaoh in Solomon's days, 1 Kings 9:15-17; given to Solomon's Egyptian wife, and rebuilt by him; was an important city in the time of the Maccabees
Gob - By comparing this passage with 1 Chronicles 20:4 it appears that the same place is there called Gezer, q
Walls - That of Gezer, for instance, was fourteen feet thick. The choice of material varied with the locality: Lachish ( Tell el-Hesy ), for example, was almost entirely a brick town; in Gezer brick is the exception
Gob - "Gezer" in 1 Chronicles 20:4
Gob - In the parallel account in (1 Chronicles 20:4 ) the name is given as Gezer
Ashurbanipal - He included Manasseh of Judah among his tributaries, and kept an Assyrian garrison at Gezer
Horam - ” King of Gezer whose attempt to deliver Lachish from Joshua resulted in his death and the annihilation of his army (Joshua 10:33 ), though his city remained a Canaanite stronghold (Joshua 16:10 ; compare 1 Kings 9:16 )
Beth-Gader - Some students of Joshua suggest the original text read Gezer or Gerar
Baalath - It may have been near Gezer on the road to Beth-horon and Jerusalem
Gob - In the parallel passage 1 Chronicles 20:4 Gob appears as Gezer ; many texts read it as Nob
Gazara - There seems to be no doubt that it is the OT Gezer (wh
Sibbecai - Fought singly with Saph or Sippal, the Philistine giant in the battle at Gezer or Gob (1 Chronicles 20:4)
Japhia - In one of the Amarna tablets he speaks of himself as king of Gezer
Girzite - Gizrite would refer to Gezer, which is too far north for the present context
Gerrenians - Gezer or Gazara, not far from Lydda (cf
Geder - Some scholars believe a copyist confused this text with the preceding Gezer or miscopied a similar-appearing Gerar
Gezer - side, engraved on a horizontal rock, is a bilingual Greek and Hebrew inscription marking the limit of Gezer (Numbers 35:5) as a Levitical city with its portion without the city. ) The inscription in the rock discovered by Ganneau, "the boundary of Gezer," verifies the conjecture that Abou Shusheh on the plain between Jaffa and Jerusalem is the site of Gezer The discovery of the limit outside the city probably defines "a sabbath day's journey
Elteke - It has been variously located at khirbet el-Muqenna on the eastern edge of the coastal plain, at tell esh-Shalaf, and at tell el-Melat, northwest of Gezer
Joktheel - Perhaps the ruin Kutlaneh, south of Gezer
Bezek - If so, it would be at tell Bezqah near Gezer
Shishak - Some equate him with the pharaoh whose daughter married Solomon (1 Kings 3:1 ) and who later burned Gezer and gave it to his daughter (1 Kings 9:16 )
Girzites - the Canaanite inhabitants of Gezer (wh
Merneptah - The stele praises Merneptah's conquest of Canaan, Ashkelon, Gezer, Yanoam, and Israel, Israel being marked as a people rather than a geographical place
Gezer, Gezrites - Compare 1 Chronicles 20:4 with 2 Samuel 21:18,19 , Gezerin the former passage refers to GOB in the latter. Gezer is identified with ruins at Tell Jezar, 31 52' N, 34 55' E
Bell - A number of small bronze bells, both of the ordinary shape with clapper and of the ‘ball and slit’ form, have been found at Gezer ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Gezer - Gezer
Shuthelah - The Ephraimite settlements in the mountain district containing Bethhoron, Gezer, and Timnath Serah, were suited for a descent on the Philistine plain containing Gath
Gates of Jerusalem And the Temple - This latter gate may date to the reign of Solomon, being similar to Solomonic gates found at Megiddo, Gezer, and Hazor
Rephaim, Valley of - Again warned by a divine oracle, David led his army to Gibeon, and attacked the Philistines from the south, inflicting on them another severe defeat, and chasing them with great slaughter to Gezer (q
Ornaments - For illustrations of gold ear-rings found at Gezer see Macalister, Bible Sidelights from Gezer , Fig. There seems to be no reference in OT to the ornamental pins in gold, silver, and bronze which are found in considerable numbers at Gezer and elsewhere. For illustrations of typical pins and brooches found at Gezer, see Macalister, op. The excavations at Gezer, Taanach, and Megiddo have revealed an unexpected wealth of gold and silver ornaments. ... The ornaments found in still greater variety in the mounds of Gezer are described and illustrated in the PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Horites - 129, 134), and some of these, like some at Beit Jibrin and some recently discovered at Gezer (cf
Bath, Bathing - Recently a remarkable series of bath-chambers have been discovered at Gezer in connexion with a building, which is supposed to be the palace built by Simon Maccabæus (illust
Ekron - This city is commonly identified with ‘Akir , a village on the Philistine plain between Gezer and the sea, where there is now a Jewish colony
Cave - The aboriginal race of Horites were cave-dwellers, and the excavation at Gezer has revealed remains of a probably analogous race in W
Architecture - When the excavations at Gezer, where Mr
Amulets And Charms - Our knowledge of early Palestinian amulets has been greatly increased by the recent excavations at Gezer, Taanach, and Megiddo. The influence of Egypt, where amulets were worn by men and gods, by the living and the dead, is shown by the great number of scarabs and ‘Horus eyes’ unearthed at Gezer and Taanach
Lachish - In the Biblical records it first appears as joining the coalition headed by the king of Jerusalem against the Gibeonites ( Joshua 10:3 ), and as being in consequence reduced by Joshua ( Joshua 10:31 ) in spite of the assistance given to it by the king of Gezer ( Joshua 10:33 )
Mortar And Pestle - The mortars found at Gezer, as elsewhere,’ are simply heavy stones, a foot or two across, in whose upper surface a hemispherical hollow is cut
Fort, Fortification - Beginning in the Early Bronze Age mudbrick walls, towers, and gates were built on stone foundations at Ai, Arad, Beth Yerah, Gezer, Jericho, Megiddo, and elsewhere
Cistern - Thus at Gezer it has been found that ‘the rock was honeycombed with cisterns, one appropriated to each house [cf
Idumaea - The apparent meaning of the name (‘cave-dwellers’) and comparison with the remains of what seems to have been an analogous race discovered in the excavations at Gezer, shew that this race was at a low stage of civilization
Pillar - Archaeologists found pillars, at Gezer
Cities of Refuge - Clermont-Ganneau has discovered a bilingual inscription, Greek and Hebrew, "limit of Gezer" (now Tel-el-Jezer), on a horizontal slab E
Bird - It is a curious thing that the duck is not apparently (unless, as some think, in 1 Kings 4:23 , under the ‘fatted fowl’ barburîm ’abûsîm ) mentioned in the OT, although a beautifully modelled clay duck of an early period, certainly earlier than the OT records, was found during the recent excavations in Gezer
Pharaoh - This Pharaoh captured and burntthe city of Gezer in Canaan, and gave the site to his daughter
City - Gezer, at the time of its greatest expansion, did not exceed 23 acres, or thereby, the circuit of its outer wall being only 1500 yards, about 1 / 3 of the extent of the present wall of Jerusalem. ‘The cities of Canaan,’ says Vincent, ‘were almost invariably perched upon a projecting spur of a mountain slope, or upon an isolated eminence in the plain: Megiddo, Gezer, Tell-es-Safy [Gath?] not to mention the hill of the primitive Jerusalem are characteristic examples of the former site, Taanach and Lachish of the latter. ... The streets are now seen to have been exceedingly narrow and to have been laid out on no definite plan, ‘a maze of narrow crooked causeways and blind alleys,’ as at Gezer
Swine - In a cave associated with the earliest place of sacrifice at ancient Gezer, in use certainly before b
Kiriath-Jearim - It was probably, like Kedesh, Gezer, etc
Sickle - Macalister, The Excavation of Gezer, 3 vols
Glass, Looking-Glass, Mirror - Two specimens of circular mirrors of bronze, one 5 inches, the other 4 1 / 2, in diameter, have recently been discovered in Philistine (?) graves at Gezer ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
High Place, Sanctuary - Ezekiel 6:3 ), and the high place, as we must call it, of the city of Gezer, presently to be described, lay in the depression between the two hills on which the city was built. Thus the excavations at Gezer, Taanach, and elsewhere have laid hare a series of rock surfaces fitted with cup-marks , which surely can have been intended only for the reception of sacrificial blood. The sanctuary of the Gezer cave-dwellers measures 90 by 80 feet, and ‘the whole surface is covered with cup-marks and hollows ranging from a few inches to 5 or 6 feet in diameter. ... The excavations at Gezer have also furnished us with by far the most complete example of a high place of the Semitic invaders who took possession of the country about the middle of the third millennium b. The high place of Gezer consists of a level platform about 33 yards in length, lying north and south across the middle of the tell . ; Macalister, Bible Sidelights from the Mound of Gezer , 54 ff
Irrigation - In larger cities such as Gezer, Megiddo, Hazor, and Jerusalem engineers and workmen produced huge underground tunnel systems to provide the citizens with ample supplies of water
House - Macalister in the lowest stratum at Gezer, and which are regarded by him as the work of the cave-dwellers of the later stone age ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same. At Gezer a common size is a square brick 15 inches in the side and 7 inches’ thick ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same. The recent excavations at Gezer and elsewhere have shown that the simplest type of house in Palestine has scarcely altered in any respect for four thousand years. ... The Canaanite houses, which the Hebrews inherited (Deuteronomy 6:10 ) and copied, are now known to have been arranged on similar lines (see the diagram of a typical Canaanite house in Gezer, restored by Mr. Macalister in his Bible Sidelights from Gezer [1906], fig. At Gezer Mr. As a rule, however, the Gezer house walls consisted of common field stones, among which dressed stones even at corners and door posts are of the rarest possible occurrence. In the Gezer houses of the post-exilic period, however, ‘the stones are well dressed and squared, often as well shaped as a modern brick’ ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same. In several houses at Gezer a primitive drain of jars was found for carrying the water from the leaking roof ( Ecclesiastes 10:18 RV [Note: Revised Version
Hazor - 1 Kings 9:15 mentions that Solomon rebuilt the walls of Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer. Comparing the gates at Hazor with those at Gezer and Megiddo, Yadin found them to be identical in both design and dimension
Pharaoh - This Pharaoh afterward made an expedition into Palestine, took Gezer, and gave it to his daughter, Solomon's wife
Megiddo - Certainly by the time of Solomon the city was firmly Israelite, since he fortified the city (1 Kings 9:15 ), including his mighty six chambered gate which followed the pattern of his other two key fortress cities of Hazor and Gezer
Calendars - ... First, a basically agricultural society is reflected in the “Gezer Calendar” discovered by R. These are all agricultural names and reflect a seasonal pattern of reckoning, as in the Gezer calendar
Vine - Macalister, The Excavation of Gezer, 3 vols
Solomon - See Archaeology; Gezer ; Hazor ; Megiddo ; Temple
Camel - The bones of camels are found among the remains of the earliest Semitic civilization at Gezer, b
Shishak - A Pharaoh of the 21st dynasty took Gezer in Palestine from the Canaanites (1 Kings 9:16) and gave it as a present to his daughter, Solomon's wife
Mill, Millstone - The Gezer specimens described in detail in PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Fortification And Siegecraft - 4000 by the neolithic cave-dwellers of Gezer. Where, on the other hand, the city was perched upon an elevated tell , as at Gezer, Lachish, and in the Shephçlah generally, a trench was not required. The outer wall of Gezer, of date cir. This estimate receives a striking confirmation from the earlier of the two walls of Gezer, of date cir. ) At the siege of Gezer (such is the best reading, 1Ma 13:45 ) Simon is even said to have used effectively a piece of the most formidable siege-artillery then known, the helepolis (lit
Transportation And Travel - Protecting the valleys and highways which led to the capital at Jerusalem were a series of fortresses including Gezer, Beth Horon, Baalath, and Tadmor (1 Kings 9:17-19 , NIV). Solomon demonstrated his awareness of its strategic importance for fortifying the site, along with Hazor and Gezer, to protect the borders of Israel (1 Kings 9:15 ). Some, like those at Gezer and Megiddo, had a cobblestone or crushed-stone roadbed within the heavily traveled gate complex
Pillar - It must suffice to refer briefly to the magnificent series of mazzçbâhs which formed part of the high place at Gezer (for full details see PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same. The second of the Gezer mazzçbâhs shows an exact counterpart to this
Serpent - It was held in much veneration by the ancient Egyptians, and a little bronze serpent recently found in the excavations of ancient Gezer probably an object of worship in pre-Israelite times was of this form
Key - Macalister, The Excavation of Gezer, 1912, i
Cave - ] and, above all, as burying-places (Genesis 23:19; Genesis 49:29, John 11:38); the accounts of the burial caves discovered in the lower strata of the site of ancient Gezer are of the highest interest
Olive - Macalister, The Excavation of Gezer, 1912, ii
Games - ... Playing pieces of varying designs as well as game boards of ivory and stone have been discovered at Samaria, Gezer, Megiddo, and other sites in Palestine
Chronicles, Books of - This is seen particularly in the substitution of modern names of places, such as were in use in the writer's day, for the old names; thus Gezer (1 Chronicles 20:4 ) is used instead of Gob (2 Samuel 21:18 ), etc
Lamp Lampstand - The recently published Memoir, The Excavation of Gezer (R
Bread - In the first process, not yet extinct in Egypt for certain grains, the grain was rubbed between two stones, the ‘corn-rubbers’ or ‘corn-grinders,’ of which numerous specimens have been found at Lachish and Gezer ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
High Place - Archaeologists have discovered the remains of high places at Megiddo, Gezer, and numerous other sites
Altar - A small limestone altar, showing the horns in the form of rounded knobs at the four corners, has just been discovered at Gezer ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Lamp - As in other lands, the Palestinian potter sometimes gave his lamp the shape of an animal, such as the remarkable clay duck from Gezer described and illustrated in PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Hebrew - Some of the most important inscriptional evidence includes the Gezer calendar (tenth century), the Hazor ostraca (ninth century), the Samaria ostraca (early eighth century), the Siloam inscription (late eighth century), Yavneh-yam ostracon (late seventh century), jar handles from Gibeon (late seventh century), the Lachish ostracon (early sixth century), and the Arad ostraca (late seventh and early sixth centuries)
Joshua, the Book of - God designed that Israel should occupy the land by degrees, lest the beasts should multiply and the land be desolate (Exodus 23:28-30); for instance, though the kings of Jerusalem and Gezer were slain, their people were not rooted out until long after
Boyhood - Such draught-boards have also been found at Gezer and at Tell-es-Sáfî. A collection of small waterworn pebbles, each about the size of an ordinary ivory card counter and three times as thick, was found in the lower Jewish stratum at Gezer. ... Two small draughtsmen of green enamelled paste (possibly Egyptian), found at Gezer, are described PEFSt [Note: EFSt Quarterly Statement of the same
Cloth, Clothing - The importance of flax production in Palestine is reflected in the Gezer calendar
Philistia - The Egyptian Pharaoh took Gezer at the head of the Philistia plain, and gave it as his daughter's marriage portion to Solomon (1 Kings 9:16-17); and Solomon fortified it and Bethhoron, to command the passes from the Philistia plain to the central region
Solomon - Solomon also built the walls of Jerusalem, and the place called Millo in this city; he repaired and fortified Hazor, Megiddo, Gezer, the two Bethhorons, Upper and Lower, Baal-ath, and Palmyra, in the desert of Syria
Solomon - Gezer was her dowry. (See Gezer
Archaeology And Biblical Study - ... In Israel, the modern approach was pioneered at Tell Gezer in the 1960's and early 1970's and was continued at numerous sites, such as Tell el-Hesi and Tell Halif in the 1970's and 1980's. Examples of decipherable Hebrew found by archaeologists begin at about the time of Solomon with the Gezer calendar. Twenty-eight jar handles found in the cistern at El Jib made certain the location of ancient Gibeon; six stone carvings with the name “Gezer” identify that place, and “Arad” seven times scratched on a potsherd confirms its location
Palestine - The excavation of Gezer has shown that the site of that city was occupied by an extensive community of this race. Tangible remains of the Assyrian domination were found at Gezer, in the shape of a couple of contract-tablets written there in the Assyrian language and formulæ about b
Sol'Omon - The new queen brought with her as a dowry the frontier city of Gezer
Commerce - He also purchased horses and chariots for his fortress garrisons like those at Gezer, Hazor, and Megiddo (1 Kings 10:26 )
Sabbath - (See Gezer
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - Also, the Gezer Calendar (ca. The Gezer Calendar is a schoolboy's exercise and not an official calendar
Palestine - The Jews, though this region with its towns was assigned to them (Joshua 15:45-47; Joshua 13:3-6; Joshua 16:3 Gezer, Joshua 17:11 Dor), never permanently occupied it. ... The Canaanites held Dor (Judges 1:27) and Gezer until Pharaoh took it and gave it to his daughter, Solomon's wife (1 Kings 9:16)
Pharaoh - In the inscription the name of the Israelites has no determinative of 'country' or 'district' attached to it, as is the case with all the other names (Canaan, Ashkelon, Gezer, Khar or Southern Palestine, etc
Spinning And Weaving - In view of the numerous ‘weavers’ weights’ recently unearthed at Gezer and elsewhere (illust
Levites - (See Gezer
Egypt - It was likely a pharaoh of this dynasty, perhaps Siamun, who took Gezer in Palestine and gave it to Solomon as his daughter's dowry (1 Kings 3:1 ; 1 Kings 9:16 )
Sepulchre - Macalister, Bible Side-Lights from the Mound of Gezer, 1906, p
Solomon - ( a ) Early in his reign he married Pharaoh’s daughter ( 1 Kings 3:1 ), who brought as her marriage portion Gezer ( 1 Kings 9:16 )
Egypt - ; Solomon made a treaty with king Pharaoh and married his daughter, 1 Kings 3:1; Gezer was spoiled by Pharaoh and given to Solomon's wife, 1 Kings 9:16; Solomon brought horses from Egypt; Hadad fled thither for refuge, as did also Jeroboam, 1 Kings 10:28; 1 Kings 11:17; 1 Kings 12:2; Shishak plundered Jerusalem and made Judæa tributary, 1 Kings 14:25, and a record of this invasion and conquest has been deciphered on the walls of the great temple at Karnak, or el-Karnak
Food - Ostrich eggs have recently been found in an early grave at Gezer ( PEFSt [Note: Quarterly Statement of the same
Animals - From bones found at Megiddo, one archaeologist has identified cattle in ancient Israel as the present small Beiruti race, while another has identified five types of cattle of Gezer
Money - Larger values were made up in the shape of bars, such as Schliemann discovered at Troy and Macalister found at Gezer (illust
Israel - while, holding as they did Jerusalem, Aijalon, Har-heres (Beth-shemesh), and Gezer, they cut the tribe of Judah off from their northern kinsfolk
Jerusalem - A similar drain was found in the excavation at Gezer, with a device in the middle to prevent its being used for this purpose