Joshua 15: And
in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,
And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh,
And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.
Then his brethren and all the house of his father came down, and took him, and brought him
up, and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the buryingplace of Manoah his father. And he judged Israel twenty years.
And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, men of valour, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land, and to search it; and they said unto them, Go, search the land: who when they came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they lodged there.
And they came unto their brethren to Zorah and Eshtaol: and their brethren said unto them, What say
And there went from thence of the family of the Danites, out of Zorah and out of Eshtaol, six hundred men appointed with weapons of war.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Narrow pass or recess, a town (Joshua 15:33 ) in the low country, the She-phelah of Judah. It was allotted to the tribe of Dan (Joshua 19:41 ), and was one of their strongholds. Here Samson spent his boyhood, and first began to show his mighty strength; and here he was buried in the burying-place of Manoah his father (Judges 13:25 ; 16:31 ; 18:2,8,11,12 ). It is identified with the modern Yeshua, on a hill 2 miles east of Zorah. Others, however, identify it with Kustul, east of Kirjath-jearim.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Town in the lowlands of Judah, allotted to Dan. It was near to this town that Samson spent his early life, and there he was buried. Joshua 15:33 ; Joshua 19:41 ; Judges 13:25 ; Judges 16:31 ; Judges 18:2,8,11 . Identified with Eshu'a, 31 47' N, 35 E.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ehssh' tay ahl) Place name meaning, “asking (for an oracle).” Town in lowlands of Shephelah of Judah allotted to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:33 ) but also to the tribe of Dan (Joshua 19:41 ). Near there, God's Spirit stirred Samson of the tribe of Dan (Judges 13:25 ). Samson was buried near Eshtaol (Judges 16:31 ). The tribe of Dan sent men from Eshtaol to seek a new homeland (Judges 18:2-11 ). Its citizens were kin to the clan of Caleb and to residents of Kiriath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:53 ). It may be located at modern Irtuf, a mile south of Ishwa.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
A town in the shephelah or low country of Judah (Joshua 15:33; Joshua 19:41), allotted to Daniel On the Philistine border between Azotus and Askelon. Here Samson spent his boyhood, and hither his remains were finally carried to the burying ground of Manoah his father (Judges 13:25; Judges 16:31; Judges 18:2; Judges 18:8; Judges 18:11-12). Between the Danite towns Zorah and Eshtaol and behind Kirjath Jearim was Mahaneh-Dan, the standing camp of the little host exposed to constant warfare with the Philistines; a neighborhood well calculated to train Samson for his after encounters with that race.
As Kirjath Jearim is now Kuriet-el-Enab, and Zorah is Suz'ah, seven miles S.W. of it, Eshtaol is Kustul, a conical hill an hour's journey S.E. from Kuriet-el-Enab toward Jerusalem. This fulfills the requisite condition that Kirjath Jearim should lie between Eshtaol and Zorah. E. Wilton (Imperial Bible Dictionary) identifies Eshtaol with Um Eshteiyeh, 12 Roman miles from Beit Jibrin (Eleutheropolis), agreeing with Eusebius' statement that it is ten miles distant. Jerome says Jarmuth was near, which agrees with the fact that Yarmak is near Eshtaol; Zanua (Zanoah) is also near. Black (Palestine Exploration) identifies Eshtaol with Eshu'a.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ESHTAOL . A lowland city of Judah ( Joshua 15:33 ) on the borders of Dan 19:41), near which Samson began to feel ‘the spirit of the Lord’ ( Judges 13:25 ), and was buried ( Judges 16:31 ); the home of some of the Danites who attacked Laish ( Judges 18:2 ; Judges 18:11 ). It is supposed to be the same as Eshu‘a , near Ain esh-Shems (Beth-shemesh). The Eshtaolites are enumerated among the Calebites ( 1 Chronicles 2:53 ).
R. A. S. Macalister.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
A strong woman
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
A town on the western border of Judah, afterwards given to Dan, Joshua 15:33 ; 19:41 . It is named in the history of Samson, Judges 13:25 ; 16:31 .
- (ehssh' tuh oh lite) Citizen of Eshtaol
. See Eshtaol
- Originally of Judahshephelah Judges 13:25) and Samson's birthplace was between Zorah and Eshtaol
Judges 11-12) between Zorah and Eshtaol
; ; Judges 16:4; Isaiah 5:2; ...
- Between the Danite towns Zorah and Eshtaol
and behind Kirjath Jearim was Mahaneh-Dan, the standing camp of the little host exposed to constant warfare with the Philistines; a neighborhood well calculated to train Samson for his after encounters with that race. of it, Eshtaol
is Kustul, a conical hill an hour's journey S. This fulfills the requisite condition that Kirjath Jearim should lie between Eshtaol
and Zorah. Wilton (Imperial Bible Dictionary) identifies Eshtaol
with Um Eshteiyeh, 12 Roman miles from Beit Jibrin (Eleutheropolis), agreeing with Eusebius' statement that it is ten miles distant. Jerome says Jarmuth was near, which agrees with the fact that Yarmak is near Eshtaol
; Zanua (Zanoah) is also near. Black (Palestine Exploration) identifies Eshtaol
- The locality of this spot is given in these two passages as ‘behind Kiriath-jearim,’ and as ‘between Zorah and Eshtaol
. ’ In the former passage we are told that ‘the Spirit of Jehovah began to move Samson in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol
’; in the latter passage the derivation of the name is given as the place where the last encampment of the band of 600 Danite warriors took place, before they set out on their expedition to Laish. The exact position of the spot has not been identified, as the site of Eshtaol
- colonies from it, founders of Zorah and Eshtaol
- (camp of Dan ), spoken of as "behind Kirjath-jearim," ( Judges 18:12 ) and as between Zorah and Eshtaol
- Between Zorah and Eshtaol
, the scene of Samson's first movements by the Spirit of God, while residing with his parents (Judges 13:25; Judges 16:31). Some identify Eshtaol
with Kustul and Mahaneh Dan with Beit Mahanem (Williams, Holy City, Judges 1:12, note)
- Samson was buried near Eshtaol
(Judges 16:31 ). The tribe of Dan sent men from Eshtaol
to seek a new homeland (Judges 18:2-11 )
- , west of) Kirjath-jearim, where the six hundred Danites from Zorah and Eshtaol
encamped on their way to capture the city of Laish, which they rebuilt and called "Dan, after the name of their father" (18:11-31)
- A town of Judah noticed with Zanoah and Eshtaol
; perhaps the ruin Umm Jina in the valley near Zanoah
- Conder locates it at Beit ʾAtâb, a little north of Eshuʾa (Eshtaol
), which he thinks fully meets all the requisites of the case
. The Eshtaol
ites are enumerated among the Calebites ( 1 Chronicles 2:53 )
- Manaoh is buried between Zorah and Eshtaol
- a site between Zorah and Eshtaol
where the Lord's Spirit first stirred Samson (Judges 13:25 )
- A valley in which Delilah resided, not far from Zorah, and Eshtaol
, Judges 16:4
- A town allotted to Judah, according to Joshua 15:33 ; but elsewhere spoken of as Danite ( Joshua 19:41 , Judges 18:2-3 ; Judges 18:11 ); specially noted as the home of Samson ( Judges 13:2 ; Judges 13:25 ), who was buried between Zorah and Eshtaol
( Judges 16:21 )
- It has been identified with Beit 'Atab, west of Bethlehem, near Zorah and Eshtaol
- On the south is Timnath, where Samson slew the lion; on the north are Sur'a and Eshu'a, the ancient Zoreah and Eshtaol
- The powerful Philistines near them drove them partly toward the mountainous region bordering on Judah, so as to encroach on Judah's towns, Zorah and Eshtaol
and Ir-shemesh or Beth-shemesh; compare Joshua 15:33 with Joshua 19:41. ...
Hence, Samson resides at Mahaneh-Dan (the camp of Dan) in the hills, between Zorah and Eshtaol
, behind Kirjath Jearim, and thence "comes down" to the vineyards of Timnath and the valley of Sorek. to a distance from their original allotment, namely, to Leshem or Laish, (which 600 of their warriors armed went forth from Zorah and Eshtaol
to seize on, in the far N
- Manoah probably died before his son; since not Manoah but Samson's brothers brought Samson's body to the tomb between Zorah and Eshtaol
- The similarity of ‘arim ( Ezra 2:25 ) and ‘erma , and the nearness of the site to Zorah and Eshtaol
, are in its favour
- Lower than Eshu'a (Eshtaol
) toward the S
- Some were forced into the hills near Zorah and Eshtaol
(as was Samson's family, Judges 13:1-2 )
- Six hundred Danites of Zorah and Eshtaol
, led by the spies' report, marched to Dan or Laish