Holman Bible Dictionary
(ehl lay' ssahr) Babylonian place name of unknown meaning. The capital city of King Arioch, who joined the eastern coalition against Sodom and Gomorrah, resulting in Abraham's involvement in war (Genesis 14:1 ). Identification with Larsa in Babylon was based on a false identification of Arioch. The Mari texts mention Ilanzura between Carchemish and Harran. Other scholars suggest Ellasar is an abbreviation for Til-Asurri on the Euphrates River. Others suggest it is located on the southern coast of the Black Sea near Pontus in Asia Minor. Thus the question of exact identification still remains open.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The oak or heap of Assyria, a territory in Asia of which Arioch was king (Genesis 14:1,9 ). It is supposed that the old Chaldean town of Larsa was the metropolis of this kingdom, situated nearly half-way between Ur (now Mugheir) and Erech, on the left bank of the Euphrates. This town is represented by the mounds of Senkereh, a little to the east of Erech.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
The invader Arioch's kingdom (Genesis 14:1). The Chaldeaan Larsa, Greek Larissa, a town of lower Babylon, half way between Ur (Mugheir) and Erech (Warka) on the left bank of the Euphrates. Now Senkereh. The inscriptions prove it a primitive capital, probably older than Babylon.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ELLASAR . Arioch king of Ellasar was allied with Chedorlaomer in the campaign against the kings of the plain ( Genesis 14:1 ). He has been identified with Rim-sin, king of Larsa, and consequently ‘Ellasar’ is thought to be for al-Larsa , ‘the city of Larsa.’ Larsa, modern Senkereh in Lower Babylonia on the east bank of the Euphrates, was celebrated for its temple and worship of the sun-god Shamash.
C. H. W. Johns.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
District in the East, of which Arioch was the king. Genesis 14:1,9 . It is supposed that Larsa or Larissu in Lower Babylonia, between Ur and Erech, was its capital, which is identified with ruins at Senkereh, about 31 30' N, 45 50' E .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
Genesis 14:1,9 , perhaps the same country as Thelassar, 2 Kings 19:12 ; Isaiah 37:12 . The Arabic version calls it Armenia.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Revolting from God
- King of Ellasar
. (See Ellasar
. Arioch king of Ellasar
was allied with Chedorlaomer in the campaign against the kings of the plain ( Genesis 14:1 ). He has been identified with Rim-sin, king of Larsa, and consequently ‘Ellasar
’ is thought to be for al-Larsa , ‘the city of Larsa
- King of Ellasar
, and ally of Chedorlaomer, Genesis 14:1
A king of Ellasar
who was confederate with Chedorlamer (Genesis 14:1,9 )
- King of Ellasar
, who joined alliance against Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 14:1 ) but was eventually defeated by Abraham
- The king of Ellasar
( Genesis 14:1 )
- Other scholars suggest Ellasar
is an abbreviation for Til-Asurri on the Euphrates River
- A king of Goiim, or ‘the nations,’ who accompanied Amraphel of Shinar and Arioch of Ellasar
in the expedition made by Chedorlaomer of Elam against Sodom and the cities of the plain ( Genesis 14:1 )
- In the 13th they revolted, whereupon he, with his subordinate allies, the kings of Shinar (Babylonia), and Ellasar
, and Tidal, "king of nations" (Median Scyths, belonging to the old population) smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzims in Ham, the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, the Horites in mount Seir, the Amalekites, and the Amorites in Hazezon Tamar; and finally encountered and defeated the five allied kings in the vale of Siddim. He was Semitic, and had made himself lord paramount over the Hamite kings of Shinar and Ellasar
- His vassals, Amraphel, king of Shinar, Arioch, king of Ellasar
, and Tidal, king of Goiim, helped him to defeat the Canaanite princes of Sodom, Gomorrah, Adman, Zeboiim, and Zoar, who had rebelled against him after having acknowledged his authority for twelve years
- In the time of Abram the king of Larsa was Eri-Aku, the son of an Elamite prince, and Eri-Aku, as has long been recognized, is the Biblical "Arioch king of Ellasar
" ( Genesis 14:1 )
Babylon, Kingdom of
- Among its chief cities may be mentioned Ur (now Mugheir or Mugayyar), on the western bank of the Euphrates; Uruk, or Erech (Genesis 10:10 ) (now Warka), between Ur and Babylon; Larsa (now Senkereh), the Ellasar
of Genesis 14:1 , a little to the east of Erech; Nipur (now Niffer), south-east of Babylon; Sepharvaim (2 Kings 17:24 ), "the two Sipparas" (now Abu-Habba), considerably to the north of Babylon; and Eridu, "the good city" (now Abu-Shahrein), which lay originally on the shore of the Persian Gulf, but is now, owing to the silting up of the sand, about 100 miles distant from it
The early seat of empire was in the southern part of Babylonia, where Niffer represents either Babel or Calneh, Warka Erech, Mugheir Ur, Senkereh Ellasar
- " Originally "the gate of the god's" temple, whereat justice used to be ministered, Babel or Babylon was secondary in importance at first to the other cities, Erech, Ur, and Ellasar
. The southern tetrarchy (arba lisun , "the four tongues," or kiprat 'arbat , "the four nations") consisted of Ur, Huruk, Nipur, and Larsa or Laruncha, answering to the scriptural Ur of the Chaldees, Erech, Calneh, and Ellasar
- of Persia, Susiana), the chief sovereign, with Amrephar of Shinar (Babylon), Arioch of Ellasar
(the Chaldean Larissa, or Larsa, half way between Ur, or Mugheir, and Erech, or Warka, in Lower Babylonia), and Tidal, king of nations, attacked Bera of Sodom, Birsha of Gomorrah, Shinab of Admah, and Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela or Zoar, because after twelve bears of subordination they "rebelled" (Genesis 14)