And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.
After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:
Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.
All the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, unto Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was
of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,
All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Moses smite, and cast them out.
And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining
unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even
to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
One of the chief towns of the kingdom of Bashan (Joshua 12:4,5 ). Here Og was defeated by the Israelites, and the strength of the Amorites broken (Numbers 21:33-35 ). It subsequently belonged to Manasseh, for a short time apparently, and afterwards became the abode of banditti and outlaws (Joshua 13:31 ). It has been identified with the modern Edr'a, which stands on a rocky promontory on the south-west edge of the Lejah (the Argob of the Hebrews, and Trachonitis of the Greeks). The ruins of Edr'a are the most extensive in the Hauran. They are 3 miles in circumference. A number of the ancient houses still remain; the walls, roofs, and doors being all of stone. The wild region of which Edrei was the capital is thus described in its modern aspect: "Elevated about 20 feet above the plain, it is a labyrinth of clefts and crevasses in the rock, formed by volcanic action; and owing to its impenetrable condition, it has become a refuge for outlaws and turbulent characters, who make it a sort of Cave of Adullam...It is, in fact, an impregnable natural fortress, about 20 miles in length and 15 in breadth" (Porter's Syria, etc.). Beneath this wonderful city there is also a subterranean city, hollowed out probably as a refuge for the population of the upper city in times of danger. (See BASHAN .)
A town of Naphtali ( Joshua 19:37 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ehd' rih i) Place name of unknown meaning. 1. Royal city of Og, king of Bashan (Joshua 12:4 ). Invading Israel defeated Og there (Numbers 21:33-35 ). It is also known from Egyptian records. Its location is modern Dera halfway between Damascus and Amman. The clan of Machir in the tribe of Manasseh laid claim to the city (Joshua 13:31 ). 2 . A fortified city in the tribal territory of Naphtali (Joshua 19:37 ).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. One of Bashank, two capitals (Numbers 21:33; Deuteronomy 1:4; Deuteronomy 3:10; Joshua 12:4). Mentioned only in connection with the victory over Og, and the acquisition of the Amorite territory. Allotted to Manasseh (Numbers 33:33). Its rains, Edra, stand in black masses, stone roofed and doored houses, of massive walls, on a projection of the S.W. angle of the Lejah or Argob. The site is without water, without access except through rocky defiles, strong and secure, one mile and a half wide by two and a half long, about 25 ft. above the fertile plain. It seems to have been the stronghold of the Geshurites subsequently.
2. A town of Naphtali, near Kedesh (Joshua 19:37). Now Aitherun (Conder).
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Edrei (ĕd're-i) strength, stronghold. 1. A capital city of Bashan. Numbers 21:33; Deuteronomy 1:4; Deuteronomy 3:1-10; Joshua 12:4. It was in the territory of Manasseh beyond (east of) Jordan. Numbers 32:33. It is not noticed in later Bible history, although it was an important city until the seventh century of the Christian era. Its ruins, called Derʾat, cover a circuit of three miles. Among the ruins are remains of churches, temples, and mosques. The place has now about 500 population. 2. A town of Naphtali. Joshua 19:37. Porter identifies it with Tel Khuraibeh, near Kedesh; Conder, with Yàter.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
A very great mass
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
EDREI . 1. A royal city of Og, king of Bashan ( Deuteronomy 1:4 ; Deuteronomy 3:10 , Joshua 12:4 ; Joshua 13:12 ), the scene of the battle at which Og was defeated ( Numbers 21:33 , Deuteronomy 3:1 ); assigned to the eastern division of Manasseh ( Joshua 13:31 ). It seems to be the modern ed-Der’a , where are several important remains of antiquity, including a great subterranean catacomb. 2. A town in Naphtali ( Joshua 19:37 ), not identified.
R. A. S. Macalister.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
One of the capitals of Bashan, near which Og and his forces were destroyed, Numbers 21:33-35 Deuteronomy 1:4 3:1-3 . It afterwards fell within the limits of Manasseh, Joshua 13:31 . Its ruins cover a large space; it was a place of some note in the early ages of Christianity and in the era of the crusades. It is now called Draa, and lies about thirty-five miles east of the outlet of the Sea of Galilee.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. One of the chief towns of Bashan, where Og was defeated by the Israelites. Numbers 21:33-35 ; Deuteronomy 1:4 ; Deuteronomy 3:1,10 ; Joshua 12:4 ; Joshua 13:12,31 . It fell to the lot of Manasseh. It is identified with ed Deraah, 32 38' N, 36 6' E . It is a place of great natural strength, being surrounded by a labyrinth of clefts and crevasses in the rock. The houses are of stone, with stone roofs and stone doors. There is no water there, and the spot seems chosen for security. About 50 families of desperate character inhabit the place. Underneath the city are many large caves, forming a subterranean city, with streets and houses; but a recent traveller found the entrance blocked by a rock, and was told that the passage had been blown up to prevent the caves being used as a hiding place from justice.
2. City of Naphtali in the north, near Kedesh. Joshua 19:37 . Identified by some with Yater, 33 9' N, 35 20' E .
- Gigantic, the king of Bashan, who was defeated by Moses in a pitched battle at Edrei
, and was slain along with his sons (Deuteronomy 1:4 ), and whose kingdom was given to the tribes of Reuben and Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh (Numbers 21:32-35 ; Deuteronomy 3:1-13 )
- The king of Bashan, who, with his children and people, was defeated and destroyed by the Israelites at Edrei
, directly after the defeat of Sihon. His rule extended over sixty cities, of which the two chief were Ashtaroth and Edrei
( Joshua 12:4 )
- ( Joshua 13:12 ) He was one of the last representatives of the giant race of Rephaim, and was, with his children and his people, defeated and exterminated by the Israelites at Edrei
immediately after the conquest of Sihon
- He was defeated in a pitched battle in Edrei
, and, together with his sons, was slain
(ĕd're-i) strength, stronghold
- Ashtaroth-carnaim and Edrei
were his chief cities; but there were many other walled towns, and the land was rich in flocks and herds
- of Jordan, called so from being a seat of Ashtoreth's worship, "Og dwelt in Ashtaroth, in Edrei
" (Deuteronomy 1:4; Joshua 12:4; Joshua 13:12-31; Joshua 9:10)
- The battle in which the king of Bashan was defeated was fought at Edrei
(Deuteronomy 3:1-3). This Bashan region included within it sixty cities, the most important of which were Edrei
, Ashtaroth and Golan (Deuteronomy 3:4; Joshua 12:4-5; Joshua 21:27)
- (Joshua 19:37 ) About two miles south of Kedesh is a conical rocky hill called Tell Khuraibeh , the "tell of the ruin," which may be the site of Edrei
- An Amorite king of Bashan, ruling 60 cities, including Ashteroth Karnaim and Edrei
(Joshua 13:12; Joshua 12:4; Genesis 14:5). ) Og met them and perished with all his people at Edrei
, and Israel took his land (Numbers 21:33-35)
Kedesh; also Kedesh in Galilee; and once, (Judges 4:6 ) Kedesh-naphtali, one of the fortified cities of the tribe of Naphtali, named between Hazor and Edrei
, (Joshua 19:37 ) appointed as a city of refuge, and allotted with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites
- The wild region of which Edrei
was the capital is thus described in its modern aspect: "Elevated about 20 feet above the plain, it is a labyrinth of clefts and crevasses in the rock, formed by volcanic action; and owing to its impenetrable condition, it has become a refuge for outlaws and turbulent characters, who make it a sort of Cave of Adullam
- It included Salecah ( Salkhat , on the borders of the desert), Edrei
( ed-Der‘a ?), Ashtaroth (perhaps Tell Ashareh ), and Golan, one of the cities of refuge, the name of which may be preserved in the Jaulan , the region immediately east of the Sea of Tiberias
- They "turned and went up by the way of Bashan," the route to Edrei
on the W. " Ashtaroth (Beeshterah, Joshua 21:27, compare 1 Chronicles 6:71), Golan (a city of refuge, assigned with Ashtaroth to the Gershomite Levites), Edrei
, Salkah, were the chief cities
- Its principal cities were Ashtaroth (or Beeshterah) given to the Levites, Golan a 'city of refuge,' Edrei
, and Salcah on its border
- Eusebius relates that there were at his time two villages of the same name, separated by a distance of 9 miles, lying between Adara (Edrei
) and Abila; viz
- In the Haurân there must have been many of these; sometimes regular underground towns, such as the ancient Edrei
, existed:† [Note: Wetzstein, Reisebericht über Hauran und die Trachonen, p
Numbers, the Book of
- Then follows Sihon's and Og's overthrow at Jahaz and Edrei
, about the middle of the third of the six months
- Batanaea, anciently Basan, now Bitinia, in 32 25' north latitude, formerly celebrated for its oaks and pastures, was situated to the north of Galaadites, and contained the cities of Adrea, or Edrei
, Astaroth, and Bathyra