Places Study on Debir

Places Study on Debir

Joshua 10: Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Joshua 10: And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:
Joshua 10: And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.
Joshua 11: And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.
Joshua 12: The king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;
Joshua 13: And from Heshbon unto Ramathmizpeh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim unto the border of Debir;
Joshua 15: And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of Enshemesh, and the goings out thereof were at Enrogel:
Joshua 15: And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
Joshua 15: And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
Joshua 21: And Holon with her suburbs, and Debir with her suburbs,
Judges 1: And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher:
1 Chronicles 6: And Hilen with her suburbs, Debir with her suburbs,

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Debir
(dee' buhr) Personal and place name meaning, “back, behind.” As a common noun, the Hebrew term refers to the back room of the Temple, the holy of holies. 1. King of Eglon who joined in Jerusalem-led coalition against Joshua and lost (Joshua 10:3 ). Nothing else about him is known. See Eglon .

2. Important city in hill country of tribe of Judah whose exact location is debated by archaeologists and geographers. Joshua annihilated its residents (Joshua 10:38 ; compare Joshua 11:21 ; Joshua 12:13 ). Joshua 15:15 describes Caleb's challenge to Othniel to capture Debir, formerly called Kiriath Sepher. Compare Judges 1:11 . Joshua 15:49 gives yet another name, Kiriath Sannah, to Debir. It became a levitical city for the priests ( Joshua 21:15 ). Different scholars locate Debir at tell beit Mirsim, thirteen miles southwest of Hebron; khirbet Tarrameh, five miles southwest of Hebron; and khirbet Rabud, seven and a half miles west of Hebron. It may have been the most important town south of Hebron.

3. A town on the northern border of Judah (Joshua 15:7 ). This may be located at thoghret ed Debr, the “pass of Debir,” ten miles east of Jerusalem.

4. A town in Gad east of the Jordan given various spellings in the Hebrew Bible: Lidebor ( Joshua 13:26 ); Lwo Debar ( 2 Samuel 9:4-5 ); Lo' Debar ( 2 Samuel 17:27 ); Lo' Dabar ( Amos 6:13 ). The city may be modern Umm el-Dabar, twelve miles north of Pella. It apparently was near Mahanaim, where first Ish-bosheth and then David while fleeing Absalom, made their headquarters. Some Bible students have suggested a location at tell el-Chamme or khirbet Chamid.



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Debir
DEBIR . The king of Eglon, who acc. to Joshua 10:3 joined other four kings against Joshua, but was defeated and put to death along with his allies at Makkedah.

DEBIR . 1. A town first known as Kiriath-sepher ( Joshua 15:15 , Judges 1:11 ) in the neighbourhood of Hebron, and inhabited by Anakim ( Joshua 11:21 ), conquered by Joshua ( Joshua 10:38 ; Joshua 11:21 ; Joshua 12:13 ), or more specifically by Othniel ( Joshua 15:15 ), assigned as a Levitical city ( Joshua 21:15 , 1 Chronicles 6:58 ) in the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:49 ). An alternative name Kiriath-sannah , once recorded ( Joshua 15:49 ), is probably a corruption of Kiriath-sepher, due primarily to the similarity of p and n in the old Hebrew alphabet. It has been doubtfully identified with edh-Dhaheriyeh near Hebron; till the site can be identified and examined, the attractive speculations based on the apparent meaning of the older name (‘City of Books’ or ‘Scribes’) must be left in the region of theory.

2. A place named in the northern boundary of Judah, near the valley of Achor ( Joshua 15:7 ). The name still survives as the appellation of a place in this neighbourhood.

3. A place, not identified, in the border of the trans-Jordanic territory of Gad ( Joshua 13:26 ). An alternative reading is Lidebir (cf. Lo-debar).

R. A. S. Macalister.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Debir (1)
1. In the highlands of Judah, near Hebron. First taken by Joshua (Joshua 10:38-39; Joshua 11:21; Joshua 12:13; Joshua 15:49). Formerly Kirjath Sepher (city of the book), or K. Sannah (palm). There is still a Dewirban three miles W. of Hebron. But Debir was S. of Hebron (Joshua 15:49); so Van de Velde identifies it with Dilbeh, S.W. of Hebron. Conder (Palestine Exploration) identifies it better with El hoheriyeh, a corruption of the old name Deberah, meaning in Arabic "the village on the ridge." Exactly at 3,000 (16-inch) cubits on the main S. road a large stone still there marked the bounds assigned outside to Debir as a Levitical city (which also may be the limit of a sabbath day's journey); and another stone on the W.

At 6 1/2 miles northward are the "upper and lower springs," which Caleb's daughter begged for, in the valley Seil el Dilbeh, in all 14 springs divided into three groups; no other such are found in the Judah "south country," or Negeb; a brook flows through the small gardens for four or five miles (Judges 1:15; Joshua 15:19). Conder states the important discovery that "the list in Joshua 12, which precedes all the other topographical lists, forms the key of the whole system." They are the 31 royal cities; these divide the country into districts which have natural boundaries, and contain severally one or more of the royal cities. Debir stood, according to Joshua 15:19, in "a dry and" ("south land"), therefore Dilbeh near fine springs cannot be the site. Dhoheriyeh is remarkable for its broad rolling downs and fruitful soil; it is truly "a dry land" without a spring.

"Joshua returned to (made a detour to attack) Debir" (Joshua 10:38-40.) His direct march after Eglon and Lachish would have been northwards from Hebron to Gilgal, therefore it was probably S.W. of Hebron. The Negeb or "south land" consists of soft, porous, chalky limestone extending from the desert on the E. (the Jeshimon) to 'Anab and the plain on the W., and from Dilbeh and Yutta on the N. to Beersheba on the S. The dwellings of Dhoheriyeh are mostly caves in the rock, with rude arches carved over doorways; rock excavation is a mark of great antiquity, and is a relic of the troglodyte or primitive Canaanite way of living. It was originally the seat of a king of the Anakim. This people reoccupied it when the Israelite army withdrew and was engaged with the northern Canaanites. Othniel, son of Kenaz, for love of Achsah, Caleb's daughter, took it again. It was allotted to the priests (Joshua 21:15; 1 Chronicles 6:58).

2. A place on the northern bound of Judah, near the valley of Achor (Joshua 15:7), between Jericho and Jerusalem (Joshua 15:7).

3. Part of the boundary of Gad (Joshua 13:26); in the high pastures E. of Jordan, and possibly akin to dabar, Hebrew for a wilderness pasture, Reland identifies it with Lodebar.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Debir (2)
King of Eglon (a town in the lowland of Judah), one of the five hanged by Joshua (Joshua 10:3; Joshua 10:23).

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Debir
Oracle town; sanctuary.
One of the eleven cities to the west of Hebron, in the highlands of Judah (Joshua 15:49 ; Judges 1:11-15 ). It was originally one of the towns of the Anakim (Joshua 15:15 ), and was also called Kirjath-sepher (q.v.) and Kirjath-sannah (49). Caleb, who had conquered and taken possession of the town and district of Hebron (Joshua 14:6-15 ), offered the hand of his daughter to any one who would successfully lead a party against Debir. Othniel, his younger brother (Judges 1:13 ; 3:9 ), achieved the conquest, and gained Achsah as his wife. She was not satisfied with the portion her father gave her, and as she was proceeding toward her new home, she "lighted from off her ass" and said to him, "Give me a blessing [i.e., a dowry]: for thou hast given me a south land" (Joshua 15:19 , A.V.); or, as in the Revised Version, "Thou hast set me in the land of the south", i.e., in the Negeb, outside the rich valley of Hebron, in the dry and barren land. "Give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs." Debir has been identified with the modern Edh-Dhaheriyeh, i.e., "the well on the ridge", to the south of Hebron.





A place near the "valley of Achor" (Joshua 15:7 ), on the north boundary of Judah, between Jerusalem and Jericho.



The king of Eglon, one of the five Canaanitish kings who were hanged by Joshua (Joshua 10:3,23 ) after the victory at Gibeon. These kings fled and took refuge in a cave at Makkedah. Here they were kept confined till Joshua returned from the pursuit of their discomfited armies, when he caused them to be brought forth, and "Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees" (26).
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Debir
An orator; a word
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Debir
1. Amorite king of Eglon, slain by Joshua. Joshua 10:3,23,26 .

2. City in the highlands of Judah near Hebron. It was one of the cities of the Amorites that was destroyed and its king slain. Joshua as the leader of Israel is represented as taking it, but in Judges we find that it was actually taken by Othniel, to whom Caleb gave his daughter Achsah in marriage for its capture. It was eventually given to the priests. Its former name was KIRJATH-SEPHERor KIRJATH-SANNAH.Joshua 10:38,39 ; Joshua 11:21 ; Joshua 12:13 ; Joshua 15:7,15,49 ; Joshua 21:15 ; Judges 1:11,12 ; 1 Chronicles 6:58 . Identified with edh Dhaheriyeh, 31 25' N, 34 58' E .

3. Place on the north boundary of Judah, near the valley of Achor. Joshua 15:7 . Identified by some with Thoghret ed Debr, 31 49' N, 35 21' E .

4. Place on the boundary of Gad, mentioned after Mahanaim. Joshua 13:26 .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Debir
A word, an oracle, Judges 1:11 , a place called also KIRJATH-SEPHER, a city of books; and KIRJATH-SANNAH, a city of literature, Joshua 5:15,15 . Judging from the names, it appears to have been some sacred place among the Canaanites, and a repository of their records. It was a city in the south-west part of Judea, conquered from the Anakim by Joshua, but recaptured by the Canaanites, and resubdued by Othniel, and afterwards given to the priests, Joshua 10:38,39 15:15-17 21:15 . Its site is wholly lost. There was another Debir in Gad, and a third on the border of Benjamin, Joshua 13:26 15:7 .

Sentence search

Kirjath-Sannah - (kihr' jath-ssan' nuh) KJV spelling of Kiriath-Sannah; another name for the city of Debir (Joshua 15:49 ). See Debir 2
Kirjath-Sepher - (kihr' jath-ssee' fuhr) KJV spelling of Kiriath-Sepher; another name for the city of Debir (Joshua 15:15-165 ). See Debir 2
Kiriath-Sepher - ” Used in Joshua 15:15-16 as another name for Debir. See Debir 2
Kiriath-Sannah - ” Another name for the city of Debir, also known as Kiriath-Sepher (Joshua 15:15-16 ,Joshua 15:15-16,15:49 ). See Debir 2
Kir'Jath-San'Nah - [ Debir ]
Lidebir - LIDebir. See Debir, No
Kir'Jath-se'Pher - ( Joshua 15:15,16 ; Judges 1:11,12 ) [Debir ]
Kirjath-Sepher - This was the portion which Joshua assigned to Caleb, and it was called Debir before. What the ancient inhabitants meant by the name of Debir, meaning words, is not so generally understood
de'Bir - The earlier name of Debir was Kirjath-sepher, "city of book," (Joshua 15:15 ; Judges 1:11 ) and Kirjath-sannah, "city of palm. (Joshua 21:15 ; 1 Chronicles 6:58 ) Debir has not been discovered with certainty in modern times; but about three miles to the west of Hebron is a deep and secluded valley called the Wady Nunkur , enclosed on the north by hills, of which one bears a name certainly suggestive of Debir-- Dewir-ban. ... The "border of Debir" is named as forming part of the boundary of Gad, (Joshua 13:26 ) and as apparently not far from Mahanaim
de'Bir - The earlier name of Debir was Kirjath-sepher, "city of book," (Joshua 15:15 ; Judges 1:11 ) and Kirjath-sannah, "city of palm. (Joshua 21:15 ; 1 Chronicles 6:58 ) Debir has not been discovered with certainty in modern times; but about three miles to the west of Hebron is a deep and secluded valley called the Wady Nunkur , enclosed on the north by hills, of which one bears a name certainly suggestive of Debir-- Dewir-ban. ... The "border of Debir" is named as forming part of the boundary of Gad, (Joshua 13:26 ) and as apparently not far from Mahanaim
Dannah - of Dhoheriyeh (Debir)
Anab - Now the ruin ‘Anab near Debir
a'Nab - (grape-town ), a town in the mountains of Judah, ( Joshua 15:50 ) named with Debir and Hebron as once belonging to the Anakim
Dannah - A town of Judah mentioned next to Debir and Socoh
lo-Debar - It is probably identical with Debir (Joshua 13:26 )
Achsah - The daughter of Caleb, given in marriage with a large dowry to his nephew Othniel, as a prize for taking the city Debir, Joshua 15:15 - 17 ; Judges 1:12,13
Anab - City mentioned with Debir and Hebron in the mountains of Judah, where the Anakims dwelt
gi'Loh - (exile ), a town in the mountainous part of Judah, named in the first group with Debir and Eshtemoh, ( Joshua 16:51 ) it was the native place of the famous Ahithophel
Beth-Biri - The ruin Bireh on the west slopes of the Debir hills may be intended
Betharam - A city of Gad, east of the Jordan, between Succoth and Debir
Anab - ” Joshua eliminated the Anakim from southern Judah including Hebron, Debir, and Anab (Joshua 11:21 )
ho'Lon - One of the first group, of which Debir was apparently the most considerable
Debir - Joshua 15:15 describes Caleb's challenge to Othniel to capture Debir, formerly called Kiriath Sepher. Joshua 15:49 gives yet another name, Kiriath Sannah, to Debir. Different scholars locate Debir at tell beit Mirsim, thirteen miles southwest of Hebron; khirbet Tarrameh, five miles southwest of Hebron; and khirbet Rabud, seven and a half miles west of Hebron. This may be located at thoghret ed Debr, the “pass of Debir,” ten miles east of Jerusalem
Ashan - It was a town of Judah, near Libnah and Rimmon, belonging to Simeon, and not far from Debir
Othniel - His wife Achsa, daughter of his uncle Caleb, was the reward of his valor in taking the city of Debir, Joshua 15:17 ; Judges 1:13 ; 3:9-10
Kirjath-Sannah - , of the palm(?), Joshua 15:49 ; the same as Kirjath-sepher (15:16; Judges 1:11 ) and Debir (q
Ach'Sah - Her father promised her in marriage to whoever should take Debir
Achsa Achsah - Caleb promised her in marriage to any one who should take Kirjath-sepher, or Debir
Dehir - The earlier name of Debir was Kirjath-sepher, "city of book," Joshua 15:15; Judges 1:11, and Kirjath-sannah, "city of palm," Joshua 15:49. Debir has not been discovered with certainty in modern times
Achsah - Her father promised her in marriage to the man who should capture Debir or Kiriath-sepher a feat accomplished by Othniel, the brother of Caleb
Othniel - Othniel received Caleb's daughter Achsah as his wife as a reward for his capture of Kiriath-sepher (Debir) (Joshua 15:15-19 ; Judges 1:11-15 )
Lodebar - Some suppose it to be the same as Debir, Joshua 13:26, but by modern travellers it has not yet been identified
Lodebar - Here at the house of Machir, son of Ammiel, Mephibosheth found a home after Saul's death (2 Samuel 9:4-5) Perhaps the Debir of Joshua 13:26, where LiDebir is the Hebrew (the "l" is part of the word, not as KJV "of")
Kenaz - They were a nomadic people from the southeast who inhabited Hebron, Debir, and parts of the Negev See Kenizzites
Debir - Debir . ... Debir . An alternative reading is LiDebir (cf
Debir (1) - But Debir was S. road a large stone still there marked the bounds assigned outside to Debir as a Levitical city (which also may be the limit of a sabbath day's journey); and another stone on the W. Debir stood, according to Joshua 15:19, in "a dry and" ("south land"), therefore Dilbeh near fine springs cannot be the site. ... "Joshua returned to (made a detour to attack) Debir" (Joshua 10:38-40
Oth'ni-el - ) The first mention of Othniel is on occasion of the taking of Kirjath-sepher, or Debir as it was afterward called
Othniel - He gained her hand as a reward for his bravery in leading a successful expedition against Debir (q
Myrtle - There are many near Bethlehem and about Hebron, especially near Dewir Dan, the ancient Debir
Debir - There was another Debir in Gad, and a third on the border of Benjamin, Joshua 13:26 15:7
lo-Debar - ... The Hebrew text of Joshua 13:26 mentions the name of the city LiDebir near Mahanaim. This is usually translated “to Debir,” but many see this as an alternate spelling of Lo-Debar. See Debir
lo-Debar - ... The Hebrew text of Joshua 13:26 mentions the name of the city LiDebir near Mahanaim. This is usually translated “to Debir,” but many see this as an alternate spelling of Lo-Debar. See Debir
Othniel - Took Kirjath Sepher (Debir), in the mountainous region of Hebron in Judah (Joshua 14:12-14), and received Achsah, his wife, as the prize. (But see Debir
Debir - Caleb, who had conquered and taken possession of the town and district of Hebron (Joshua 14:6-15 ), offered the hand of his daughter to any one who would successfully lead a party against Debir. " Debir has been identified with the modern Edh-Dhaheriyeh, i
Kirjath Sannah - It was then called also Debir (an inner place, namely, among the mountains) in the center of Judah, not the Debit on the N
Eglon - Its king, Debir, joined the coalition against the Gibeonites ( Joshua 10:3 ), and after the reduction of Lachish Joshua captured and destroyed it ( Joshua 10:34 f
Josh'ua, Book of - Some events, such as the capture of Hebron, of Debir, (Joshua 15:13-19 ) and Judges 1:10-15 Of Leshem, ( Joshua 19:47 ) and Judges 18:7 And the joint occupation of Jerusalem, ( Joshua 15:63 ) and Judges 1:21 Probably did not occur till after Joshua's death
Achsah - Daughter of Caleb, son of Jephunneh, the Kenezite; given by him in marriage to his younger brother, Othniel, for having taken Debir, or Kirjath Sepher (i
Caleb - He gave a portion also with his daughter Achsah to Othniel his nephew, who had earned the reward by his valor in the capture of Debir, Joshua 15:13-19 21:12
Caleb - , Debir, and when Othniel, his brother or nephew, had performed the feat, he not only gave him his daughter to wife, but with her the upper and nether springs of water which she desired
ca'Leb - Debir; and how when Othniel, his younger brother, had performed the feat, he not only gave him his daughter to wife, but with her the upper and nether springs of water which she asked for
Soco, Socoh - Another Socoh (apparently) is mentioned in Joshua 15:48 , along with Jattir and Debir
Caleb - He dislodged the three sons of Anak , Joshua 15:14, and gave Achsah his daughter to Othniel, son of Kenaz his brother, for taking Debir. (See ANAK; ACHSAH; Debir
Goshen - The “land of Goshen” may have been named after the city of Goshen located in the district of Debir (Joshua 15:51 )
Caleb - Having set an example by his conquest of Hebron, he offered his daughter as a wife to any man who could conquer the neighbouring town of Debir
Mountain Range - ... Har signifies inhabitable sites situated on hills and/or mountainsides: “And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakim from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities” (Josh
Caleb - Assisted by a portion of his tribe, he marched against Hebron, and slew the children of Anak: thence he proceeded to Debir, and finding the place almost impregnable, he offered his daughter Achsah in marriage to the hero that should take it
Giants - Moreover nephilim is applied to the giant in the report of the spies (Numbers 13:33); compare on the Anakim ("longnecked") about Hebron, Debir, Ahab, and the mountains of Judah and Israel, Deuteronomy 2:10; Deuteronomy 2:21; Deuteronomy 9:2
Games - Excavations at Debir (tell beit Mirsim) in Southern Palestine unearthed a limestone board with ten glazed playing pieces and an ivory “die
Judah - From the last passage we see that Othniel, whose chief centre was Kiriathsepher (Debir), was another closely related tribe, and both appear from Genesis 36:16 ; Genesis 36:42 (P [Note: Priestly Narrative
Joshua, the Book of - The capture of Hebron and Debir by Judah and its hero Caleb is repeated in Judges 1:9-15 from Joshua 15:13-20
Judah - Joshua prepared the way by destroying the chief towns and slaying their kings, penetrating even to Hebron and Debir in the hill country
Divination - The only true "oracle" (Debir ) was the holy of holies (1 Kings 6:16; Psalms 28:2); previously, consultation of the Lord through the priest with the ephod (2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:23)
Pentateuch - ... Joshua took a Hittite city, Kirjath Sepher, "the city of the book" (Joshua 15:15), and changed the name to Debir of kindred meaning
Archaeology And Biblical Study - Cities on the Palestinian hill country like Shiloh, Bethel, Gibeah, Bethzur, Debir, and Hazor underwent destruction in the late Bronze Age, and poorer cities rose on their mounds; but the destroyer and rebuilder remain unidentified