And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,
1 Kings 9:
And he said, What cities are
these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
On the boundary of Asher (Joshua 19:27). Solomon gave to Hiram a district containing 20 cities, Cabal included. Not liking the district, Hiram said, "What, kind of cities are these?" and called the whole from the one city Cabul, which in Phoenician means displeasing (1 Kings 9:13). From 2 Chronicles 8:2 it seems that Hiram restored the 20 cities. The district was "Galilee of the Gentiles" (Isaiah 9:1), i.e. the N. part of Galilee, only in part occupied by Israel, more completely so after Hiram restored the cities. Tiglath Pileser carried the inhabitants captive to Assyria (2 Kings 15:29). The cities were occupied chiefly by Canaanite pagans (2 Samuel 24:7), and were in a bad condition. Gesenius explains Cabul "the pawned land." Solomon borrowed sixscore talents of gold from Hiram for his extensive buildings, and gave the 20 cities as an equivalent. But on Hiram expressing dissatisfaction with them, he took them back, and, doubtless in course of time, repaid the gold.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(cay' buhl) Place name meaning, “fettered” or “braided.” 1. Town on northeast border of Asher (Joshua 19:27 ). May be located at modern Kabul nine miles southeast of Acco. 2. Region of cities in Galilee Solomon gave Hiram, king of Tyre, as payment for materials and services in building the Temple and the palace. Hiram did not like them and called them Cabul, a Hebrew word play meaning, “as nothing.” Apparently, the “gift” expected a gift in return, according to Near Eastern etiquette, for Hiram gave Song of Solomon 120 talents of gold ( 1 Kings 9:10-14 ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
CABUL ( Joshua 19:27 , 1 Kings 9:13 ). A town of Asher on the border of Zebulun. The district was ceded by Solomon to Tyre. Prob. the large village Kabul , E. of Acco.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. Border city of Asher. Joshua 19:27 . Identified with Kabul, 32 52' N, 35 12' E '.
2. Name given by Hiram king of Tyre to the twenty cities in Galilee given him by Solomon, because he was displeased with them. 1 Kings 9:13 . Josephus says (Ant. viii. 5,3) that the meaning of the term in the Phoenician tongue was 'what does not please.' Apparently Hiram returned them to Solomon. 2 Chronicles 8:2 .
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Easton's Bible Dictionary
How little! as nothing.
A town on the eastern border of Asher (Joshua 19:27 ), probably one of the towns given by Solomon to Hiram; the modern Kabul, some 8 miles east of Accho, on the very borders of Galilee.
A district in the north-west of Galilee, near to Tyre, containing twenty cities given to Hiram by Solomon as a reward for various services rendered to him in building the temple (1 Kings 9:13 ), and as payment of the six score talents of gold he had borrowed from him. Hiram gave the cities this name because he was not pleased with the gift, the name signifying "good for nothing." Hiram seems afterwards to have restored these cities to Solomon (2 Chronicles 8:2 ).
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
So Hiram called the twenty cities Solomon gave him for his aid, in the materials he furnished him with for the building of the temple. (1 Kings 9:13) The word signifies, unpleasant. Probably, it was one of those cities mentioned Joshua 19:27.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
the name which Hiram, king of Tyre, gave to the twenty cities in the land of Galilee, of which Solomon made him a present, in acknowledgment for the great services in building the temple, 1 Kings 9:31. These cities not being agreeable to Hiram, on viewing them, he called them the land of Cabul, which in the Hebrew tongue denotes displeasing; others take it to signify binding, or adhesive, from the clayey nature of the soil.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
Probably meaning displeasing,
1. A name given by Hiram king of Tyre to a district in Northern Galilee containing twenty cities, which Solomon gave him for his help in building the temple, 1 Kings 9:13 ; the term implying his dissatisfaction with the gift.
2. A city of Asher, Joshua 19:27 .
- A town of Zebulun in the border valley, east of Acco, apparently near Cabul
( Joshua 19:27 , 1 Kings 9:13 )
- Not liking the district, Hiram said, "What, kind of cities are these?" and called the whole from the one city Cabul
, which in Phoenician means displeasing (1 Kings 9:13). Gesenius explains Cabul
"the pawned land
- It occurs between Jiphthahel and Cabul
- These cities not being agreeable to Hiram, on viewing them, he called them the land of Cabul
, which in the Hebrew tongue denotes displeasing; others take it to signify binding, or adhesive, from the clayey nature of the soil
- Hiram did not like them and called them Cabul
, a Hebrew word play meaning, “as nothing
A city in the tribe of Zebulun (Judges 12:12 ), the modern Jalun, three miles north of Cabul
- Solomon gave to Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee, but Hiram was not pleased with them: he called them, in Aramaic Cabul
,'displeasing or dirty;' and the cities were eventually returned to Solomon
- When Hiram went to view them he called them the 'land of Cabul
,' as if he included them all under the one name of 'Cabul
- Solomon also gave Hiram 20 cities in Galilee, which did not satisfy him, and which therefore he called Cabul
. (See Cabul
- Solomon paid Hiram of Tyre twenty cities of Galilee for the building materials Hiram supplied for the Temple and royal palace (1 Kings 9:11 ), but the cities did not please Hiram, who called them Cabul
, meaning, “like nothing” (1 Kings 9:12-13 )
- Hiram was dissatisfied with the gift, and called it "the land of Cabul
- This custom has descended to modern times; for in Cabul
the young men who are unable to advance the required dowry "live with their future father-in-law, and earn their bride by their services, without ever seeing the object of their wishes