American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
Mountain of Megiddo,
A place mentioned, Revelation 16:16 . Megiddo is a city in the great plain at the foot of Mount Carmel, which had been the scene of much slaughter. Under this character it is referred to in the above text as the place in which God will collect together his enemies for destruction.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Occurs only in Revelation 16:16 (RSV, "Har-Magedon"), as symbolically designating the place where the "battle of that great day of God Almighty" (ver. 14) shall be fought. The word properly means the "mount of Megiddo." It is the scene of the final conflict between Christ and Antichrist. The idea of such a scene was suggested by the Old Testament great battle-field, the plain of Esdraelon (q.v.).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("Mount of Megiddo": from a root gadad , "to cut off," i.e. "slaughter" (Revelation 16:16)). The plain of Esdraelon, the great Old Testament battle field between Israel and the various enemies of Jehovah's people: the scene of Barak's victory over Canaan, and Gideon's over Midian (Judges 4; 5; 7), the scene also of Saul's death and Israel's defeat before the Philistines (1 Samuel 31), and of Josiah's death in battle with Pharaoh Necho (2 Kings 23:29-30). Both this and "the valley of Jehoshaphat" (the scene of his great victory, 2 Chronicles 20:26, compare Zechariah 14:2-4) may be figurative phrases for the scene of the final conflict of Christ and Antichrist. But they may also be literal.
The mourning at Josiah's death in the valley of Megiddo became proverbial for the most poignant grief. As he and his army represent the professing church, so Pharaoh Necho and the Egyptians the God-opposed world. The triumph of Pharaoh then shall be utterly reversed in the last conflict of the ten confederate kings under Antichrist against the Lamb and His hosts (not merely professors, but "called, chosen, and faithful") (Revelation 17:12-14; Revelation 19:11-21). The last Antichrist is developed after executing judgment on the whore, the apostate church; he then, with his ten confederate kings and the false prophet, opposes Christ Himself, and perishes.
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology
A name occurring only once in the Bible and designating the place where the last great battle of the ages will take place (Revelation 16:16 ). It will coincide with the second coming of Christ (Revelation 16:15 ) and there all of the hosts of evil will be defeated (Revelation 19:11-21 ).
Armageddon is a Hebrew word, although it does not occur in the Old Testament. Its meaning is not exactly clear, but it is best taken to mean Mount Megiddo, since "Har" in Hebrew means mountain and "Mageddon" is the place-name of Megiddo.
In Old Testament history Megiddo was a place of numerous decisive battles because of the broad plain that stood before it. Deborah and Barak defeated Sisera and his Canaanite army there (Judges 4-5 ), Gideon drove off the Midianites and Amalekites (Judges 6 ), Saul and the army of Israel were defeated because of their failure to trust in God (1 Samuel 31 ), and the Egyptian army under Pharaoh Neco killed Josiah, king of Judah (2 Kings 23:29 ). Although these decisive battles were fought before Megiddo, the place-name never became fixed in Jewish tradition as designating the place of decisive battle. However, given the fact that it was such a place, it is natural that John should use it to locate the final great battle on earth.
Some interpreters take John's designation literally, expecting the armies of the earth to gather against God in the endtimes below the remains of Old Testament Megiddo; others see in it a more figurative element. They point out that Megiddo was not really a mountain at all and that the battle will take place in the plain. Perhaps John designated it Mount Megiddo as a clue to its symbolic meaning, drawing together the historic place of conflict in Israel's history with the prophecies of Ezekiel that speak of the great eschatological conflict taking place in the mountains of Israel (Ezekiel 39:2,4,17 ).
In any case, John sees the final triumph of God at Armageddon and offers that to the persecuted Christians as a word of comfort and hope that evil will not win, but is doomed to ultimate destruction.
Walter A. Elwell
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ahr muh gehd' dahn) A Middle East site of the final battle between the forces of good and evil (Revelation 16:16 ). The word “Armageddon” appears once in Scripture and is not found in Hebrew literature. Translators transliterate the term from Greek into English in several ways: Armageddon (KJV); Har Magedon (NAS); and Harmageddon (Moffatt). The Greek is a transliteration of the Hebrew har megiddo , literally, “mountain of Megiddo.” Revelation promises that in the face of defeat of God's saints by military forces from the east, south, and the north, the Lord Jesus Christ will return to defeat His enemies and deliver His people.
The location of Armageddon indicates that the Middle East has historical importance in the last days. Armageddon, or the Mount of Megiddo, is located in the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel, a valley fourteen by twenty miles in size. The location is near the ancient city of Megiddo. Here ran the ancient highway between Egypt and Damascus.
Many decisive battles had been fought here. It would be natural to think of it as the site of the last and greatest battle of all. One of the most stunning and decisive defeats for God's people took place here when King Josiah perished in battle with Pharaoh-nechoh (2 Kings 23:29-30 ). This defeat burned deeply in the Jewish mind. The final battle of history, discussed in Revelation 19:17-21 , will be one of victory.
Even the secular world has popularized Armageddon, especially since the coming of the Atomic Age, as that catastrophic event in history that would destroy the human race. The reality that God will bring defeat on the forces of evil at Armageddon should lead all people to examine themselves, their plans, and their actions to see if they might be part of the evil forces rather than part of the work of God's kingdom.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
The Hebrew name of the place where the kings of the earth and of the whole world will be gathered together to make war against the Lord Jesus in the great day of Almighty God. Revelation 16:16 . There seems to be an allusion to the great battle field of Palestine in the Esdraelon, and to the Megiddo mentioned in Judges 5:19 ; 1 Kings 4:12 ; 2 Kings 23:29,30 .The word itself is translated 'the mountain of slaughter,' and may be used symbolically for the destruction that will surely fall upon the enemies of the Lord Jesus.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ARMAGEDDON . See Har-Magedon.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Hill of fruits; mountain of Megiddo
CARM Theological Dictionary
The word "armageddon" only occurs in Revelation 16:16. It is the location of the final great battle between good and evil called the Great Day of God Almighty.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
a place spoken of, Revelation 16:16 , which literally signifies "the mountain of Mageddon," or "Megiddo," a city situated in the great plain at the foot of Mount Carmel, where the good prince Josiah received his mortal wound, in the battle against Necho, king of Egypt. At Armageddon, the three unclean spirits coming out of the dragon's mouth shall gather together the kings of the earth, to the battle of the great day of God Almighty, Revelation 16:13-14 ; where the word Armageddon, according to Mr. Pool, does not signify any particular place, but is used in allusion to Megiddo, mentioned Judges 5:19 , where Barak overcame Sisera with his great army, and where Josiah was slain, 2 Kings 23:30 . If so, the term must have been a proverbial one for a place of destruction and mourning.
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Armageddon (är-ma-gĕd'don), the hill, or, perhaps, the city of Megiddo. A symbolical name for the place where a final struggle between the hosts of good and evil must take place. Revelation 16:16. Spelled Har-Magedon in R. V. For an exposition of the apostle's meaning, the reader must be referred to commentaries; it will be sufficient here to say that there is an allusion to that great battle-field where Barak and Gideon conquered, Judges 4:1-24; Judges 5:19; Judges 6:33; Judges 7:1-25; where Saul and Josiah fell, 1 Samuel 29:1; 1 Samuel 31:1-13; 2 Samuel 4:4; 2 Chronicles 35:20-24; the plain of Esdraelon, on the southern border of which Megiddo stood.
- (hahr-muh gehd' ahn) NAS, NRSV transliteration of Greek transliteration from Hebrew in Revelation 16:16 for place name other English translations transliterate as Armageddon
. See Armageddon
- " It is synonymous with Armageddon
and refers to those future things dealing with the return of Christ and the great battle of Armageddon
- (hill of Megiddo ), ( Revelation 16:16 ) in the Revised Version for Armageddon
- The word “Armageddon
” appears once in Scripture and is not found in Hebrew literature. Translators transliterate the term from Greek into English in several ways: Armageddon
(KJV); Har Magedon (NAS); and HArmageddon
The location of Armageddon
indicates that the Middle East has historical importance in the last days. Armageddon
, or the Mount of Megiddo, is located in the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel, a valley fourteen by twenty miles in size. ...
Even the secular world has popularized Armageddon
, especially since the coming of the Atomic Age, as that catastrophic event in history that would destroy the human race. The reality that God will bring defeat on the forces of evil at Armageddon
should lead all people to examine themselves, their plans, and their actions to see if they might be part of the evil forces rather than part of the work of God's kingdom
- The word "Armageddon
" only occurs in Revelation 16:16
- At Armageddon
, the three unclean spirits coming out of the dragon's mouth shall gather together the kings of the earth, to the battle of the great day of God Almighty, Revelation 16:13-14 ; where the word Armageddon
, according to Mr
Gog And Magog
- The prophecy of Ezekiel, Ezekiel 39:1-22 , seems to be revived in the Apocalypse, where the hosts of Gog and Magog are represented as coming to invade "the beloved city," and perishing with immense slaughter likewise in Armageddon
, "the mount of Mageddo," or Megiddo, Revelation 16:14-16 ; Revelation 20:7-10
(är-ma-gĕd'don), the hill, or, perhaps, the city of Megiddo
- Eschatological subjects include the Resurrection, Resurrection, the Rapture, the Tribulation, the Millennium, the Binding of Satan, the Three witnesses, the Final Judgment, Armageddon
, and The New Heavens and the New Earth
Gog And Magog
- The names reappear in the later predictions of John as enemies of the people of God, who are to be signally overthrown in Armageddon
, Revelation 16:14-16 ; 20:7-9
is a Hebrew word, although it does not occur in the Old Testament. ...
In any case, John sees the final triumph of God at Armageddon
and offers that to the persecuted Christians as a word of comfort and hope that evil will not win, but is doomed to ultimate destruction
’ means ‘hill of Megiddo’ )
- ] Armageddon
) , the kings of the lower world are to be gathered together by the Dragon, the Beast, and the false prophet, to make war upon God
- ) Megiddo thus became a component part of Armageddon
, the scene of the last conflict with Antichrist (Revelation 16:16). (See Armageddon
Lake of Fire
- After Armageddon
the beast and false prophet will be tossed into this "lake of burning sulfur, " joined by Satan at the millennium's end, and "tormented day and night for ever and ever" (Revelation 19:20 ; 20:10 )
- (Revised Version ; Armageddon
Authorized Version )...
According to Revelation 16:16 this is the name in Heb. -The articles ‘Har-Magedon’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) and ‘Armageddon
’ in Encyclopaedia Biblica ; J
- The kings of the habitable world will be gathered at Armageddon
to the battle of that great day of God the Almighty
Jehoshaphat, Valley of
" in Revelation 16:16 corresponds: from har "a mountain", and Megiddo "the valley of Jezreel", the great battle field of Canaan, where godly Josiah fell before Pharaoh Necho. (See Armageddon
- It is also perhaps the place where the great battle of Armageddon
will be fought
- It is the ancient Megiddo plain, the Armageddon
of Revelation 16:16. (See Armageddon
- Finally, it was at Armageddon
(RV [Note: Revised Version
- The sixth vial will be poured upon the great river Euphrates, that it may be dried up and a way be made for the kings from the East to come unto the great battle of Armageddon
New Testament Esdraelon is mentioned in the New Testament as Armageddon
or har-Megiddon, meaning hill or city of Megiddo
Finally, in the New Testament, the Mount of Megiddo (har-Megiddon thus “Armageddon
”) will be where the kings of the world are gathered for that final battle in the last day of the Lord
- " ...
A — 2: δεῖπνον (Strong's #1173 — Noun Neuter — deipnon — dipe'-non ) denotes (a) "the chief meal of the day," dinner or supper, taken at or towards evening; in the plural "feasts," Matthew 23:6 ; Mark 6:21 ; 12:39 ; Luke 20:46 ; otherwise translated "supper," Luke 14:12,16,17,24 ; John 12:2 ; 13:2,4 ; 21:20 ; 1 Corinthians 11:21 (of a social meal); (b) "the Lord's Supper," 1 Corinthians 11:20 ; (c) "the supper or feast" which will celebrate the marriage of Christ with His spirtual Bride, at the inauguration of His Kingdom, Revelation 19:9 ; (d) figuratively, of that to which the birds of prey will be summoned after the overthrow of the enemies of the Lord at the termination of the war of Armageddon
, Revelation 19:17 (cp
- Christ will return with the church, conclude the battle of Armageddon
, and rule for a thousand years
Antichrist superseding spiritual Babylon appropriately falls at Armageddon
Second Coming of Christ
See also Antichrist ; Apocalyptic ; Armageddon
; Judgment ; Resurrection ; Revelation, Theology of ...