Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, men of understanding.
Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where
David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.
Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.
And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
The lion of God, one of Ezra's chief men, Ezra 8:16 . This word is used, in 2 Samuel 24:25 ; 1 Chronicles 11:22 , as a descriptive or perhaps a family name of two lion-like men of Moab. In another sense, Ezekiel applies it to the altar of God, Ezekiel 43:15 , and Isaiah to Jerusalem, as the hearth on which both the burnt offerings and the enemies of God should be consumed, Isaiah 29:1,2,7 . See also Genesis 49:9 .
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The lion of God.
One of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites for the sanctuary (Ezra 8:16 ).
A symbolic name for Jerusalem (Isaiah 29:1,2,7 ) as "victorious under God," and in Ezekiel 43:15,16 , for the altar (marg., Heb. 'ariel) of burnt offerings, the secret of Israel's lion-like strength.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("lion of God".)
1. A brave "chief," who directed under Ezra (Ezra 8:16) the caravan from Babylon to Jerusalem. ARELI is akin (Numbers 26:17). In 2 Samuel 23:20 Winer translates for "two like-like men" two (sons) of Ariel; but Gesenius supports the KJV.
2. A symbolic name for Jerusalem (Isaiah 29:1-2), the lion of God, rendered by God invincible. For "the lion of the tribe of Judah" is on her side (Revelation 5:5). "It shall be unto Me as Ariel"; it shall emerge from its dangers invincible, Sennacherib's invasion shall recoil on himself. In Ezekiel 43:15 "the altar"; the secret of Israel's lion-like strength, her having God at peace with her through the atoning sacrifice there. Menochius guesses that the lieu (aril ) was carved on it; but as the word in Hebrew of Ezekiel 43:15 (arieil ) is somewhat different from that in Isaiah, perhaps in Ezekiel it menus, from an Arabic root, "the hearth of God." Ganneau has deciphered on the Moabite stone that the Ariel of David is mentioned as taken by Mesha, the Moabite king, at Ataroth, and dragged before the face of Chemosh at Kerioth. The Ariel here must mean a lion carved altar of God.
A squirrel-like Australian marsupial, a species of Petaurus.
A variety of the gazelle (Antilope, / Gazella, dorcas), found in Arabia and adjacent countries.
A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos ariel).
(n.) In the Cabala, a water spirit; in later folklore, a light and graceful spirit of the air.
Alt. of Ariel gazelle
Holman Bible Dictionary
(eh' rih ehl) Personal name meaning, “God's lion.” 1. Jewish leader in captivity who acted as Ezra's messenger to the Levites to send people with Ezra to Jerusalem about 458 B.C. (Ezra 8:16 ). 2 . Code name for Jerusalem in Isaiah 29:1 . Ariel apparently referred to the top of the altar on which the priests burned sacrifices. Jerusalem under Assyrian attack was like the altar. It did not burn but caused everything around it to burn. The sins of Jerusalem had led to the devastation of the rest of Judah in 701 B.C.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary
Symbolic name of Jerusalem, as a strong city, occurring in Isaias, 29, and meaning "lion of God."
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. Symbolical name of Jerusalem, signifying 'Lion of God,' probably in reference to the lion being the emblem of Judah. Isaiah 29:1,2,7 . In the margin of Ezekiel 43:15 , the altar is called the 'lion of God;' but the word is slightly different and is translated by some the 'hearth of God,' the place for offering all sacrifices to God.
2. One whom Ezra sent to Iddo at Casiphia. Ezra 8:16 .
3. In 2 Samuel 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 11:22 , we read that Benaiah slow two 'lion-like men,' which some prefer to translate 'two [sons] of Ariel.' The Hebrew is literally 'two lions of God.'
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Altar; light or lion of God
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ARIEL . 1 . One of Ezra’s chief men ( Ezra 8:16 ). 2 . The name of a Moabite (according to RV [Note: Revised Version.] of 2 Samuel 23:20 , 1 Chronicles 11:22 ) whose two sons were slain by Benaiah. 3 . A name of uncertain meaning, perhaps = ‘God’s altar-hearth,’ given to Jerusalem by Isaiah ( Isaiah 29:1 ff.). It has recently been proposed to read Uri-el (‘city of God’) as a paronomasia or play of words on Uru-salim , the earliest recorded form of the name ‘Jerusalem.’
A. R. S. Kennedy.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
the capital city of Moab, frequently mentioned in Scripture, Ezra 8:16 . See MOAB .
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Ariel (â'ri-el or a-rî'el), lion of God. One of Ezra's chief men who directed the caravan which Ezra led from Babylon to Jerusalem. Ezra 8:16. Jerusalem being the chief city of Judah, whose emblem was a lion, Genesis 49:9, the word Ariel is applied to that city. Isaiah 29:1.
(â'ri-el or a-rî'el), lion of God. Jerusalem being the chief city of Judah, whose emblem was a lion, Genesis 49:9, the word Ariel
is applied to that city
- IDUEL ( 1Es 8:43 ) = Ezra 8:16 Ariel
- In 2 Samuel 23:20 Winer translates for "two like-like men" two (sons) of Ariel
; but Gesenius supports the KJV. "It shall be unto Me as Ariel
"; it shall emerge from its dangers invincible, Sennacherib's invasion shall recoil on himself. " Ganneau has deciphered on the Moabite stone that the Ariel
of David is mentioned as taken by Mesha, the Moabite king, at Ataroth, and dragged before the face of Chemosh at Kerioth. The Ariel
here must mean a lion carved altar of God
- of Ariel
A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos Ariel
) of burnt offerings, the secret of Israel's lion-like strength
- (2 Samuel 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 11:22 ) Many regard the word as an epithet, "lion-like;" but it seems better to look upon it as a proper name, and translate "two [sons] of Ariel
. On the whole it seems most probable that, as a name given to Jerusalem, Ariel
means "lion of God," whilst the word used by Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 43:15,16 ) means "hearth of God
apparently referred to the top of the altar on which the priests burned sacrifices
- In 2 Samuel 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 11:22 , we read that Benaiah slow two 'lion-like men,' which some prefer to translate 'two [sons] of Ariel
- Numbers 2:3; Joshua 14:11; Joshua 15:1; Judges 1:1-2; 1 Chronicles 14:17; Psalms 18:40; Isaiah 29:1 (where its capital is called Ariel
, "lion of God"); Revelation 5:5; the duration of its power—viz
- But the names Lebaoth (Joshua 15:32), Arieh (2 Kings 15:25), Ariel
for Jerusalem (Isaiah 29:1-2; Isaiah 29:7), Laish (Judges 18:7), incidentally, and so undesignedly, confirm the Scripture assertions as to their former existence
- Called also Salem, Ariel
, Jebus, the "city of God," the "holy city;" by the modern Arabs el-Khuds, meaning "the holy;" once "the city of Judah" (2 Chronicles 25:28 ). The name Zion (or Sion) appears to have been, like Ariel
("the hearth of God"), a poetical term for Jerusalem, but in the Greek age was more specially used of the Temple hill
His mother, "Jerusalem," is called "a lioness," referring to her heathenish practices in sad contrast to Jerusalem's name (Isaiah 29:1) Ariel
, "the lion of God," and Judah, "a lion's whelp
- with sketch; see also Ariel
" occurs five times as the name of David's city only in Isaiah 29
Isaiah, Book of
- Judgements are pronounced against Jerusalem under the name of Ariel
, 'lion of God'; deliverance comes when at the last extremity, but a far worse judgement, a spirit of blindness, rests on the people
, "lion of God," is another designation (Isaiah 29:1-2; Isaiah 29:7). (See Ariel
- It is apparently symbolically called SALEM,'peace,' in Psalm 76:2 ;* and Ariel
, 'the lion of God,' in Isaiah 29:1,2,7 ; in Isaiah 52:1 'the holy city,' as it is also in Matthew 4:5 ; Matthew 27:53
- (In the Hebrew variation of the text of this chapter as rendered by Neubauer, we read of ‘the coming of the Redeemer and the building of Ariel