Character Study on Zeruiah

Character Study on Zeruiah

1 Samuel 26: Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.
2 Samuel 2: And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.
2 Samuel 2: And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe.
2 Samuel 3: And I am this day weak, though anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah be too hard for me: the LORD shall reward the doer of evil according to his wickedness.
2 Samuel 8: And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
2 Samuel 14: Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's heart was toward Absalom.
2 Samuel 16: Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head.
2 Samuel 16: And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the LORD hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so?
2 Samuel 17: And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.
2 Samuel 18: And David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.
2 Samuel 19: But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed?
2 Samuel 19: And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel?
2 Samuel 21: But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
2 Samuel 23: And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.
2 Samuel 23: Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,
1 Kings 1: And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.
1 Kings 2: Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.
1 Kings 2: And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.
1 Chronicles 2: Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
1 Chronicles 11: And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief.
1 Chronicles 11: Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armourbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah,
1 Chronicles 18: Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
1 Chronicles 18: And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.
1 Chronicles 26: And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had dedicated; and whosoever had dedicated any thing, it was under the hand of Shelomith, and of his brethren.
1 Chronicles 27: Joab the son of Zeruiah began to number, but he finished not, because there fell wrath for it against Israel; neither was the number put in the account of the chronicles of king David.

Chain Links

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Zeruiah
ZERUIAH . The mother of David’s officers Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, who are always referred to as ‘sons of Zerulah.’ The father’s name is never mentioned, and he may have died early; or the mother may have been so remarkable a woman that her husband’s name was not preserved; or we have a survival of the ancient custom of tracing kinship through the female line.

In 1 Chronicles 2:16 Zeruiah and Abigail are called ‘sisters of the sons of Jesse,’ but in 2 Samuel 17:25 Abigail is called the daughter of Nahash. It seems more probable that for Nahash in 2 Samuel 17:25 we ought to read Jesse , than that Jesse’s wife had previously been married to Nahash the Ammonite. According to this view, Zeruiah would be the daughter of Jesse and sister of David.

W. F. Boyd.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Zeruiah
Stricken of the Lord, David's sister, and the mother of Abishai, Joab, and Asahel (1 Chronicles 2:16 ), who were the three leading heroes of David's army, and being his nephews, they were admitted to the closest companionship with him.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Zeruiah
(zeh ruh i' uh) Personal name meaning, “perfumed with mastix” or “bleed.” Mother of three of David's generals, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel (2 Samuel 2:18 ). According to 1 Chronicles 2:16 , Zeruiah was David's (half) sister. According to 2 Samuel 17:25 , her sister, Abigail, was the (grand)daughter of Nahash rather than of Jesse, David's father. Kinship with David accounts for the positions of trust enjoyed by Zeruiah's sons.



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Zeruiah
Pain or tribulation of the Lord
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Zeruiah
Mother of Abishai (called so from Ishai = Jesse), Joab, and Asahel, "the sons of Zeruiah"; sister of Abigail and of the sons of Jesse (1 Chronicles 2:13-17). The father of her three sons is nowhere mentioned, because their more famous mother challenged the greater attention. Josephus preserves a tradition that he was named Souri (Ant. 7:1, Section 3). Nahash was father of Zeruiah and Abigail. (See NAHASH.) At his death their mother married Jesse, by whom she bore David (2 Samuel 17:25; 1 Chronicles 2:16). Therefore Zeruiah and Abigail are called "David's (half) sisters," but not Jesse's daughters.

Chabad Knowledge Base - Joab ben Zeruiah
(9th century BCE) Nephew of King David and general of his armies, brother of warriors Abishai, and Asahel. Helped David secure his kingship, and loyally served him for the duration of his reign, leading the troops into battle time and again; fighting foreign enemies as well as quashing internal revolts. Nevertheless, he was over-zealous at times. Before his passing, David instructed Solomon to kill Joab to avenge the blood of two innocent generals � Abner and Amasa � whom Joab slew.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Zeruiah
Described with Abigail as 'sisters of the sons of Jesse.' They may have been half-sisters (Abigail was the daughter of Nahash, 2 Samuel 17:25 ). Zeruiah had three sons, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, the leaders of David's army; but it is not stated who was her husband. David declared, after the murder of Abner, that the sons of Zeruiah were too hard for him. 1 Samuel 26:6 ; 2 Samuel 2:13,18 ; 2 Samuel 16:9,10 ; etc.

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Zeruiah
Well known in David's history. Perhaps from Tsarar, chains.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Zeruiah
Sister of David, and mother of his famous generals, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, 1 Chronicles 2:16 . Her husband is unknown.

Sentence search

Zeruiah - Mother of Abishai (called so from Ishai = Jesse), Joab, and Asahel, "the sons of Zeruiah"; sister of Abigail and of the sons of Jesse (1 Chronicles 2:13-17). Nahash was father of Zeruiah and Abigail. Therefore Zeruiah and Abigail are called "David's (half) sisters," but not Jesse's daughters
Zeruiah - Zeruiah had three sons, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, the leaders of David's army; but it is not stated who was her husband. David declared, after the murder of Abner, that the sons of Zeruiah were too hard for him
Zeruiah - Zeruiah . ... In 1 Chronicles 2:16 Zeruiah and Abigail are called ‘sisters of the sons of Jesse,’ but in 2 Samuel 17:25 Abigail is called the daughter of Nahash. According to this view, Zeruiah would be the daughter of Jesse and sister of David
Abishai - the son of Zeruiah, David's sister, who was one of the most valiant men of his time, and one of the principal generals in David's armies
Asahel - Son of David's sister Zeruiah, and brother of Joab; one of David's thirty heroes, and extremely swift of foot; killed by Abner, at the battle of Gibeon, 2 Samuel 2:18,23
Zeru'Iah - (balsam ), the mother of the three leading heroes of David's army --Abishai, Joah and Asahel-- known as the "sons of Zeruiah. " Of Zeruiah's husband there is no mention in the Bible
Asahel - David's nephew, youngest son of Zeruiah, David's sister; brother of Joab and Abishai
Nahash - Apparently father or mother of Abigail and Zeruiah. In 1 Chronicles 2:16 Abigail and Zeruiah are called the sisters of Jesse's sons
Zeruiah - According to 1 Chronicles 2:16 , Zeruiah was David's (half) sister. Kinship with David accounts for the positions of trust enjoyed by Zeruiah's sons
Abigail - David was probably her and Zeruiah's half brother, born of the same mother, but he having Jesse, she and Zeruiah Nahash, for their father. This accounts for the phrase "Abigail, daughter of Nahash, and sister of Zeruiah," not of David. Zeruiah and she were only his step-sisters
Asahel - the son of Zeruiah, and brother of Joab
Nahash - The father of Zeruiah and Abigail, David's half-sisters, 2 Samuel 17:25 1 Chronicles 2:13-16
Asahel - Made by God, the youngest son of Zeruiah, David's sister
Ithra - seduced, Abigail, daughter of Nahash and sister of Zeruiah, Joab's mother Absalom, probably during the sojourn of David's family with the king of Moab (1 Samuel 22:3-4)
Asahel - Nephew of David, being son of his sister Zeruiah; he was a valiant man and one of David's captains; was slain by Abner while pursuing him
Joab - was the son of Zeruiah, David's sister, and brother to Abishai and Asahel
Amasa - She was sister of Zeruiah, Joab's mother (2 Samuel 17:25 ) or sister to David and to Zeruiah, Joab's mother (1 Chronicles 2:16 )
Asahel - The nephew of David, son of his sister Zeruiah, and brother of Joab and Abishai
Asahel - The youngest son of Zeruiah, David’s sister, and the brother of Joab and Abishai
Abishai - A son of Zeruiah, David's sister, brother of Joab and Asahel, one of the bravest of David's mighty men, 1 Chronicles 2:16 , and always faithful to his royal uncle
Abishai - Son of David's sister Zeruiah, and brother of Joab
as'Ahel -
Nephew of David, being the youngest son of his sister Zeruiah
Abisha'i, - (father of a gift ), The eldest of the three sons of Zeruiah, David's sister, and brother to Joab and Asahel
na'Hash - Amasa is there said to have been the son of a certain Ithra by Abigail, "daughter of Nahash and sister to Zeruiah
Joab - Son of Zeruiah, David's sister, and brother of Abishai and Asahel, was the commander of David's army during almost the whole of his reign, 2 Samuel 5:6-10
Abishai - ” Son of David's sister Zeruiah and brother of Joab, David's general (1 Chronicles 2:15-16 )
Abishai - , "desirous of") a gift, the eldest son of Zeruiah, David's sister
Abishai - Son of Zeruiah, David’s step-sister ( 2 Samuel 17:25 , 1 Chronicles 2:16 )
Nahash - Father of David’s half-sisters, Abigai and Zeruiah, if the text of 2 Samuel 17:25 is correct, which is doubtful
Abishai - Abishai (a-bĭsh'a-î or a-bĭ-shâ'i), father of a gift, eldest son of Zeruiah, David's sister, brother of Joab and Asahel, one of the bravest of David's "mighty men," 1 Chronicles 2:16, always faithful to his royal uncle, and usually a personal attendant
Jesse - (On his removal to Moab in David's flight from Saul see DAVID, also see ABIGAIL on Jesse's connection with her and Joab, Abishai and Asahel, and Zeruiah
Joab - The son of Zeruiah, and nephew of David, and commander-in-chief of his army
Joab - Son of Zeruiah the sister of David. David had said before this, "These men, the sons of Zeruiah, be too hard for me;" but his own sin in the matter of Uriah made him feeble in the presence of Joab's murder of Amasa
Zabad - descendant, just as Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, are called from the mother's side sons of Zeruiah, who married a foreigner
Nahash - Father of the sisters Abigail and Zeruiah, whose mother on Nahash's death married Jesse, to whom she bore David (2 Samuel 17:25). 1 Chronicles 2:16 accordingly names Abigail and Zeruiah as "David's sisters," but not as Jesse's daughters
Abishai - ) Nephew of David by his sister Zeruiah; brother of Joab and Asahel
Nahash - Jesse's wife had apparently been first married to this man, to whom she bore Abigail and Zeruiah, who were thus David's sisters, but only on the mother's side (1 Chronicles 2:16 )
Joab - He was the oldest son of Zeruiah, the sister of David (2 Samuel 2:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:16 )
Amasa - ) Joined his rebellion, probably because neglected by David (as appears from his not being mentioned previously) on account of his Ishmaelite parentage (Zeruiah occurs always without mention of her husband; but Abigail always with her husband Jether, as though in disparagement)
Abigail - Abigail was the daughter of Nahash who, because of textual uncertainties has been described as (1) another name for Jesse; (2) the wife of Jesse; and (3) the father of Abigail and Zeruiah, who died and whose widow became a wife of Jesse
Joab -
One of the three sons of Zeruiah, David's sister, and "captain of the host" during the whole of David's reign (2 Samuel 2:13 ; 10:7 ; 11:1 ; 1 Kings 11:15 )
jo'ab - (whose father is Jehovah ), the most remarkable of the three nephews of David, the children of Zeruiah, David's sister
Joab - One of the sons of Zeruiah the eldest according to 2 Samuel 2:18 , the second according to 1 Chronicles 2:16 and thus the nephew of David
Abner - David felt the sons of Zeruiah too strong for him to punish their crime; but, leaving their punishment to the Lord, he showed every honor to Abner's memory by following the bier, and composing this dirge:... "Ought Abner to die as a villain dies?Thy hands not bound,Thy feet not brought into fetters,As one falls before the sons of wickedness, so fellest thou!"... The second and third lines are connected with the last, describing the state in which he was when slain
Joab - Oldest of the three sons of Zeruiah, David's sister. Yet David felt himself powerless to punish Joab and his brother; "these men, the sons of Zeruiah, be too hard for me," at once necessary to him and too formidable to provoke
Joab - Pride, jealousy, malignity, revenge, assassination, with now and then a gleam of satanic loyalty lighting up his terrible heart-such is the son of Zeruiah. And thus it is that, already, and before David has well sat down on the throne, we hear him saying such things as these: 'The sons of Zeruiah,' David burst out, 'be too hard for me. ' And you may be sure that when that so unkingly speech was reported to the sons of Zeruiah, it did not make them any the less hard for David
David - Jesse's wife, David's mother, is not named; but Nahash her former husband is the one by whom she had two daughters, David's half-sisters: Zeruiah, mother of Abishai, Joab and Asahel; and Abigail, mother of Amasa by Jether or Ithra (1 Chronicles 2:13-17; 2 Samuel 17:25)