Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ZABUD . The son of Nathan ( 1 Kings 4:6 ); cf. Zabad , 1 .
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Gift, the son of Nathan, who was "king's friend" in the court of Solomon (1 Kings 4:5 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(zay' buhd) Personal name meaning, “endowed.” Son of Nathan, a priest and Solomon's friend (1 Kings 4:5 ).
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Son of Nathan, and 'principal officer and friend of Solomon.' 1 Kings 4:5 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Son of Nathan (1 Kings 4:5). Priest (kohen , KJV "principal officer") and "king's friend" to Solomon, i.e. privy councillor, i.e. confidential adviser, of the king.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
A son of Nathan the prophet, the confidential friend and adviser of king Solomon, probably having shared with him the instructions of the venerable prophet, 1 Kings 4:5 .
Friend of the King
- Hushai evidently held this office in David's court; Zabud
held it in Solomon's
- 1 Chronicles 2:36-37 , a descendant of Judah, perhaps the same as the Zabud
of 1 Kings 4:6
- The two Nathans mentioned as fathers of Azariah and Zabud
may be same man and identified as the prophet Nathan (1 Kings 4:5 ) during Solomon's reign. If Zubad (1 Chronicles 2:36 ) is the same as Zabud
, his father Nathan may be the prophet; thus, the prophet's father was Attai, a descendant of Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:25 )
- Father of Azariah and Zabud
- His service to Solomon was recognized by the king, who appointed his sons, Azariab and Zabud
, to important offices ( 1 Kings 4:5 )
"Azariah son of Nathan was over the officers, and Zabud
son of Nathan was the king's friend" under Solomon (1 Kings 4:5; 1 Chronicles 27:33; 2 Samuel 15:37)
- ” This noun appears in 1 Kings 4:5: “… Zabud
the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king’s friend
, Nathan's son, is called cohen in 1 Kings 4:5, "principal officer