Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
SHOBI . According to 2 Samuel 17:27 , a son of Nahash the king of Ammon, who, with Machir of Lo-debar, showed kindness to David when he fled to Mahanaim at the time of Absalom’s rebellion. There is some doubt about the name, however, as in 1 Chronicles 19:1 f. the son of Nahash who succeeded him was Hanun. S. A. Cook ( AJSL xvi. 164) suggests that the text of 2 Samuel 17:27 is corrupt, and that it originally read ‘and Nahash came,’ instead of ‘Shobi, son of Nahash.’ The very existence of Shobi seems, therefore, uncertain. If, however, the present text of Samuel is sound, it is a better historical authority than Chronicles.
George A. Barton.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Captor, son of Nahash of Rabbah, the Ammonite. He showed kindness to David when he fled from Jerusalem to Mahanaim (2 Samuel 17:27 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(sshoh' bi) Personal name of uncertain meaning. Ammonite who helped David as he fled across Jordan from Absalom (2 Samuel 17:27 ).
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Son of Nahash of Rabbah, of the children of Ammon: he sent succour to David when he fled from Absalom. 2 Samuel 17:27 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Son of NAHASH (2 Samuel 17:27). Showed hospitality to David when fleeing from Absalom.
. 164) suggests that the text of 2 Samuel 17:27 is corrupt, and that it originally read ‘and Nahash came,’ instead of ‘Shobi
, son of Nahash. ’ The very existence of Shobi
seems, therefore, uncertain
- Another son, Shobi
, served as David's ally (2 Samuel 17:27 )
- Probably this is the Nahash who was kind to Saul’s enemy David ( 2 Samuel 10:2 , 1 Chronicles 19:1 ), and whos son Shobi
( 2 Samuel 17:27 ) brought supplies to David a Mahanaim
- Yet we read Nahash's son Shobi
(2 Samuel 17:27-29) was one of the three trans-jordanic chieftains who rendered munificent hospitality to David in his hour of need, at Mahanaim, near Jabesh Gilead, when fleeing from Absalom. The old kindness between Nahash and David, and the consciousness that Hanun his brother's insolence had caused the war which ended so disastrously for Ammon, doubtless led Shobi
gladly to embrace the opportunity of showing practical sympathy toward David in his time of distress
Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon
On the other hand, Shobi
, of Rabbah, brought provisions when David fled from Absalom, 2 Samuel 17:27 , and Zelek, an Ammonite, was one of David's thirty valiant men
, the son of David's friend, followed his father's rather than Hanun his brother's steps, showing kindness to David in adversity (2 Samuel 17:27)
- But it is not great lords only like Barzillai of Rogelim and Machir of Lodebar and Shobi
of Rabbah who are summoned to show hospitality
- Nahash was probably one of the royal family of Ammon, which will account for David's friendship with the king of the same name, as also with Shobi
, son of Nahash, from both of whom he received "kindness" in distress (2 Samuel 10:2; 2 Samuel 17:27)