Character Study on Shebna

Character Study on Shebna

2 Kings 18: And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.
2 Kings 18: Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.
2 Kings 18: Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
2 Kings 19: And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
Isaiah 22: Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get thee unto this treasurer, even unto Shebna, which is over the house, and say,
Isaiah 36: Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son, which was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder.
Isaiah 36: Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews' language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.
Isaiah 36: Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
Isaiah 37: And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Shebna(h)
(sshehb' nuh) Personal name meaning, “He came near.” Royal scribe (2Kings 18:18,2 Kings 18:37 ; 2 Kings 19:2 ; Isaiah 36:3 ,Isaiah 36:3,36:22 ; Isaiah 37:2 ) and “comptroller of the household” (Isaiah 22:15 REB) under King Hezekiah about 715 B.C. See Scribe .



Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shebna
Tender youth, "treasurer" over the house in the reign of Hezekiah, i.e., comptroller or governor of the palace. On account of his pride he was ejected from his office, and Eliakim was promoted to it (Isaiah 22:15-25 ). He appears to have been the leader of the party who favoured an alliance with Egypt against Assyria. It is conjectured that "Shebna the scribe," who was one of those whom the king sent to confer with the Assyrian ambassador (2 Kings 18:18,26,37 ; 19:2 ; Isaiah 36:3,11,22 ; 37:2 ), was a different person.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Shebna
SHEBNA (in 2 Kings 18:18 ; 2 Kings 18:26 SHEBNAH ). A major-domo or palace-governor of king Hezekiah, against whom is directed one of the recorded utterances of Isaiah ( Isaiah 22:15-25 ). The prophetic denunciation appears to have found its fulfilment in Shebna’s degradation to the office of ‘scribe’ or secretary, and the elevation of Eliakim (wh. see) to the post of palace-governor ( 2 Kings 18:18 ; 2 Kings 18:26-27 ; 2 Kings 19:2 = Isaiah 36:3 ; Isaiah 36:11 ; Isaiah 37:2 ). Shebna was in all probability a foreigner.

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Shebna
The scribe. He was in the court of Hezekiah. (2 Kings 18:18)

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Shebna
Treasurer to Hezekiah. He was denounced by God through the prophet Isaiah; apparently he afterwards became scribe or secretary. 2 Kings 18:18,26,37 ; 2 Kings 19:2 ; Isaiah 22:15 ; Isaiah 36:3,11,22 ; Isaiah 37:2 .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Shebna
Who rests himself; who is now captive
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Shebna
Hezekiah, whose treasurer or prefect, of the palace Shebna was (Isaiah 22:15); also see Eliakim. (See HEZEKIAH; ELIAKIM.) For pride (Isaiah 22:16), luxury (Isaiah 22:18), oppression (in contrast to Eliakim a "father" to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Isaiah 22:21), and alienation from God (contrasted with "God's servant," Isaiah 22:20), he was doomed to be "tossed" away as a ball. Repenting, he was only degraded to the lower post of scribe (Isaiah 36:3). Whether the threat was finally fulfilled on himself, he apostatizing, or on his posterity, is uncertain. (See TOMB.)

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Shebna
Steward of King Hezekiah's palace, Isaiah 22:15 , afterwards his secretary, 2 Kings 18:18,37 .

Sentence search

Shebna - Shebna (in 2 Kings 18:18 ; 2 Kings 18:26 ShebnaH ). The prophetic denunciation appears to have found its fulfilment in Shebna’s degradation to the office of ‘scribe’ or secretary, and the elevation of Eliakim (wh. Shebna was in all probability a foreigner
Eliakim - That responsibility had previously belonged to Shebna; Isaiah 22:15-25 deals with the displacing of Shebna by Eliakim
Shebna - It is conjectured that "Shebna the scribe," who was one of those whom the king sent to confer with the Assyrian ambassador (2 Kings 18:18,26,37 ; 19:2 ; Isaiah 36:3,11,22 ; 37:2 ), was a different person
Ambassador - Eliakim, Shebna, and Josh, the servants of king Hezekiah, were called "ambassadors of peace
Eliakim - Successor of Shebna, whose deposition for his pride was foretold (Isaiah 22:15-20). ... As Eliakim supplanted Shebna, so Christ the Heir of David's throne shall supplant all the stewards who abuse their trust in God's spiritual house, the church and the world (hereafter to become coextensive with the church): Hebrews 3:2-6. For the rest of Isaiah's imagery as to Eliakim, (See NAIL; Shebna, when degraded, was "scribe" (i
Shebna - Hezekiah, whose treasurer or prefect, of the palace Shebna was (Isaiah 22:15); also see Eliakim
Eliakim - In his office as governor of the palace of Hezekiah he succeeded Shebna (Isaiah 22:15-25 )
Scribe - Thus when the king of Assyria sent to Hezekiah a blasphemous message and letter, we are told that then came out to the messengers Eleakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Josh the recorder
Ambassador - ... Men of high rank usually; as Sennacherib sent his chief captain, Chief cupbearer, and chief eunuch, Tartan, Rabsaris, Rabshakeh, whom Hezekiah's chief men of the kingdom, Eliakim over the household, Shebna the secretary, and Joab the recorder, met (2 Kings 18:17-18; Isaiah 30:4; Isaiah 33:7; compare Isaiah 18:2)
Key - , knowledge of the revealed will of God, by which men entered into the life that pleases God; this the religious leaders of the Jews had presumptuously "taken away," so that they neither entered in themselves, nor permitted their hearers to do so; (c) of "the keys of death and of Hades," Revelation 1:18 , RV (see HADES), indicative of the authority of the Lord over the bodies and souls of men; (d) of "the key of David," Revelation 3:7 , a reference to Isaiah 22:22 , speaking of the deposition of Shebna and the investiture of Eliakim, in terms evidently Messianic, the metaphor being that of the right of entrance upon administrative authority; the mention of David is symbolic of complete sovereignty; (e) of "the key of the pit of the abyss," Revelation 9:1 ; here the symbolism is that of competent authority; the pit represents a shaft or deep entrance into the region (see ABYSS), from whence issued smoke, symbolic of blinding delusion; (f) of "the key of the abyss," Revelation 20:1 ; this is to be distinguished from (e): the symbolism is that of the complete supremacy of God over the region of the lost, in which, by angelic agency, Satan is destined to be confined for a thousand years
Nail - The nail fastened in the sure place (Shebna) shall be . all Shebna's offspring and dependants and all his emoluments and honours shall fall with himself, as the ornaments hanging upon a peg fall when it falls
Grave - Shebna, the royal steward, was told that he would be hurled out of the country for chiseling out a resting place for himself on the high rock (Isaiah 22:15-19 )
Proverbs - Eliakim, Shebna, Josh, Isaiah, Hosea, and Micah, personages of eminence and worth, were contemporary with Hezekiah; but whether these or others executed the compilation, it is now impossible to determine
Sepulchre - Many of their sepulchres were hewn in rocks: as that of Shebna, Isaiah 22:16 ; those of the kings of Judah and Israel; and that in which our Savior was laid on Calvary
Hezekiah - Shebna was one of these half hearted, self indulgent, and ostentatious officers at court. His father's name is not given, though his office is," the scribe" (2 Kings 18:18; 2 Kings 19:2); whereas the fathers of Eliakim and Joah, with Shebna, are named. The reason appears quite incidentally in Isaiah 22:15, "Say unto Shebna
Tombs - Shebna "hewed out a sepulchre on high," namely, in the rocks, for himself and his family. Isaiah (Isaiah 22:16) at the very spot accosts him, "what hast thou here, and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?" (See Shebna
Scribes - In the reign of David, Seraiah, 2 Samuel 8:17 , in the reign of Hezekiah, Shebna, 2 Kings 18:18 , and in the reign of Josiah, Shaphan, 2 Kings 22:3 , are called scribes, and are ranked with the chief officers of the kingdom; and Elishama the scribe, Jeremiah 36:12 , in the reign of Jehoiakim, is mentioned among the princes
Proselytes - ... Under the kings strangers rose to influential positions: Doeg the Edomite (1 Samuel 21:7), Uriah the Hittite (2 Samuel 11:3), Araunah the Jebusite (2 Samuel 24:23), Zelek the Ammonite (2 Samuel 23:37), Ithmah the Moabite (1 Chronicles 11:46, the law in Deuteronomy 23:3 forbidding an Ammonite or Moabite to enter the congregation to the tenth generation does not forbid their settlement in Israel, the law must have been written in times long before David whose great grandmother was Ruth the Moabtress), Ittai the Gittite (2 Samuel 15:19), Shebna the secretary of state under Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:37; Isaiah 22:15), Ebedmelech the Ethiopian under Zedekiah (Jeremiah 38:7), the Cherethites and Pelethites
Proverbs, the Book of - "Hezekiah" directed his pious "men" (perhaps Isaiah, Micah, Shebna, and Joah: 2 Kings 18:18) to supplement the collection with a series of proverbs of Solomon, not included in the collection by the royal author (Proverbs 25:1; compare Sirach 47:14; Sirach 47:17)
Transportation And Travel - In this passage the prophet condemns Shebna, the king's household steward for his extravagance and pride