Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and builded the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings thereon, as it is
written in the law of Moses the man of God.
Now in the second year of their coming unto the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, began Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and the remnant of their brethren the priests and the Levites, and all they that were come out of the captivity unto Jerusalem; and appointed the Levites, from twenty years old and upward, to set forward the work of the house of the LORD.
Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is
at Jerusalem: and with them were
the prophets of God helping them.
Now these are
the priests and the Levites that went up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra,
In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying,
Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD.
And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,
Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying,
In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(sshih al' tih ehl) Personal name meaning, “I have asked of God.” Father of Zerubbabel, the governor of Jerusalem under the Persian regime following the Exile (Ezra 3:2 , Nehemiah 12:1 ; Haggai 1:1 ). 1 Chronicles 3:17 makes him Zerubbabel's uncle. This could involve the practice of Levirate marriage ( Deuteronomy 25:5-10 ). He was included in the genealogy of Christ (Matthew 1:12 ; Luke 3:27 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Asked for of God, father of Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:2,8 ; Nehemiah 12:1 ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
SHEALTIEL (Salathiel of Esther 5:5 Esther 5:5 ; 1Es 5:48 ; 1Es 5:56 ; Esther 6:2 Esther 6:2 , AV [Note: Authorized Version.] of Matthew 1:12 and Luke 3:27 ). The father of Zerubbabel ( Ezra 3:2 ; Ezra 3:6 ; Ezra 5:2 , Nehemiah 12:1 , Haggai 1:1 ; Haggai 1:12 ; Haggai 1:14 ; Haggai 2:2 ; Haggai 2:23 ). According to 1 Chronicles 3:17 , Shealtiel was the eldest son of king Jeconiah. In 1 Chronicles 3:10 the MT [Note: Massoretic Text.] makes Pedaiah (a brother of Shealtiel) the father of Zerubbabel.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
SHEALTIEL.—A link in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:12, Luke 3:27, Authorized Version both times Salathiel).
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
The father of Zerrubabel. (Ezra 3:2) The name is derived from Sheal, to ask-and El, God.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Morrish Bible Dictionary
- Salathiel, Shealtiel
Son or grandson of Jehoiachin or Jeconiah, king of Judah. 1 Chronicles 3:17 ; Ezra 3:2,8 ; Ezra 5:2 ; Nehemiah 12:1 ; Haggai 1:1,12,14 ; Haggai 2:2,23 ; Matthew 1:12 .
In Luke 3:27 , Salathiel is called the son of Neri, and this is supposed to be the true descent, and that Salathiel was the heir of Jehoiachin. The royal line would thus revert from the descendants of Solomon (Jeremiah 22:30 ), to those of David through Nathan.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Same as Salathiel
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Ezra 3:2; Ezra 3:8; Nehemiah 12:1; Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:12; Haggai 1:14; Haggai 2:2; Haggai 2:23; 1 Chronicles 3:17 SALATHIEL. Father of Zerubbabel in a legal point of view (Luke 3:27; Matthew 1:12). Pedaiah was natural father of Zerubbabel (1 Chronicles 3:18-19). Shealtiel dying without male issue, Pedaiah by the Levirate law married his brother's widow (Deuteronomy 25:5-10; Matthew 22:24-28). Shealtiel was son of Jeconiah not by natural birth but by heritage only on his mother's side. Luke 3:27; Luke 3:31, makes Shealtiel son of Neri, a descendant of David, through Nathan not Solomon; probably Jeconiah, (besides the Zedekiah in 1 Chronicles 3:16 who died childless), had another son, Assir, who left only a daughter, who, according to the law as to heiresses (Numbers 27:8; Numbers 36:8-9), married a man of her paternal tribe, namely, Neri, of David's family in Nathan's line. From this marriage sprang Shealtiel, Malchiram, and the other "sons," i.e. grandsons, of Jeconiah in 1 Chronicles 3:17-18.
- Son of Shealtiel
or Salathiel (1 Chronicles 3:18, Kimchi); rather, brother of Shealtiel
, as the "also" with Malchiram proves (Keil)
- Brother of Salathiel or Shealtiel
; father of Zerubbabel who is called "son of Shealtiel
" as being heir and successor of Shealtiel
his uncle, issue failing in the direct line (1 Chronicles 3:17-19; Haggai 1:1; Matthew 1:12)
- (ssuh lay' thih ehl) Variant spelling of Shealtiel
(Salathiel of Esther 5:5 Esther 5:5 ; 1Es 5:48 ; 1Es 5:56 ; Esther 6:2 Esther 6:2 , AV [Note: Authorized Version. According to 1 Chronicles 3:17 , Shealtiel
was the eldest son of king Jeconiah. ] makes Pedaiah (a brother of Shealtiel
) the father of Zerubbabel
- (splendid leader ), son of Salathiel or Shealtiel
dying without male issue, Pedaiah by the Levirate law married his brother's widow (Deuteronomy 25:5-10; Matthew 22:24-28). Shealtiel
was son of Jeconiah not by natural birth but by heritage only on his mother's side. Luke 3:27; Luke 3:31, makes Shealtiel
son of Neri, a descendant of David, through Nathan not Solomon; probably Jeconiah, (besides the Zedekiah in 1 Chronicles 3:16 who died childless), had another son, Assir, who left only a daughter, who, according to the law as to heiresses (Numbers 27:8; Numbers 36:8-9), married a man of her paternal tribe, namely, Neri, of David's family in Nathan's line. From this marriage sprang Shealtiel
, Malchiram, and the other "sons," i
- ( 1 Chronicles 3:17 ) The Authorized Version has Salathiel in (1 Chronicles 3:17 ) but everywhere else in the Old Testament Shealtiel
- ( Esther 5:5 Esther 5:5 ; 1Es 5:48 ; 1Es 5:56 ; 1E Esther 6:2 ) = Shealtiel
- 1 Corinthians 3:17 , or Shealtiel
, father of Zerubbabel, Ezra 3:2 Nehemiah 12:1 Haggai 1:1 ; one of the ancestors of Christ, named in both the gospel genealogies, Matthew 1:14 Luke 3:27
- Greek Shealtiel
, Hebrew "I have asked God" (compare 1 Samuel 1:20; 1 Samuel 1:27-28). On Jeconiah's dying childless, as Jeremiah foretold, and Solomon's line thereby failing, Salathiel was heir to David's throne (See Shealtiel
- Brother of Salathiel or Shealtiel
; son, i
- First Chronicles presents Pedaiah and Shealtiel
- There are several of this name in Scripture: one among the sons of Jeconiah, (1 Chronicles 3:17) and another mentioned Ezra 3:2âbut here it is spelt according to the Hebrew, Shealtiel
, but both is the same name, and derived from the same root, Sheal, a loan
- , was the leader of the first colony of Jews that returned from the captivity in Babylon, Ezra 2:2, and was of the family of David, a son of Salathiel or Shealtiel
, Haggai 1:1; Matthew 1:12, but called a son of Pedaiah, the brother or son of Salathiel, in 1 Chronicles 3:17-19
- Son of Jeconiah ( 1 Chronicles 3:15 ), in 1 Chronicles 3:19 called the father of Zerubhabel, who, however, is otherwise represented as the son of Pedaiah’s brother Shealtiel
- The seed of Babylon, the son of Salathiel or Shealtiel
(Haggai 1:1 ; Zorobabel, Matthew 1:12 ); called also the son of Pedaiah (1 Chronicles 3:17-19 ), i
Genealogy of Jesus Christ
- Both lists agree from Abraham to David, except that Aram or Ram in Matthew 1:3 = Arm in Luke 3:33 (best text); but between David and Joseph the lists have only Shealtiel
and Zerubbabel, and possibly two other names (see below), in common. In the third division the names Shealtiel
, Zerubbabel (both in Lk. and Ezra Zerubbabel is called son of Shealtiel
, whereas in 1 Ch (except in some MSS of the LXX [Note: Septuagint. Shealtiel
is called son of Jechoniah. (see above) from Abraham to David, but then gives the line to Shealtiel
through David’s son Nathan, making Shealtiel
the son of Neri, not of king Jechoniah (see 2 below). The names between Nathan and Shealtiel
are not derived from the OT, and those between Zerubbabel and Joseph are otherwise unknown to us, unless, as Plummer supposes ( ICC [Note: CC International Critical Commentary. It is not difficult to understand why Shealtiel
and Zerubbabel appear in both lists. Jechoniah was childless, or at least his heirs died out ( Jeremiah 22:24 ; Jeremiah 22:30 ), and Shealtiel
, though called his ‘son’ in 1 Chronicles 3:17 , was probably only his legal heir, being son of Neri ( Luke 3:27 )
- The exact parentage of Zerubbabel is a little obscure, from his being always called the son of Shealtiel
, (Ezra 3:2,8 ; 5:2 ) etc. , end appearing as such in the genealogies of Christ (Matthew 1:12 ; Luke 3:27 ) whereas in (1 Chronicles 3:19 ) he is represented as the son of Pedaiah, Shealtiel
or Salathiel's brother, and consequently as Salathiel's nephew
- by Nebuchadnezzar; 2 Kings 24:10-17 ) and the son of Shealtiel
(Ezra 3:2 ), second son of Jehoiachin (1 Chronicles 3:16-17 )
- The son of Shealtiel
, and related to the house of David
- Probably son of Pedaiah, and nephew and heir of Salathiel, or Shealtiel
, though called his son
Genealogies of Jesus Christ
- Matthew (Matthew 1:2-17) begins with Abraham, and traces the line in fourteen generations to David; then through Solomon in fourteen generations to Jechoniah at the time of the carrying away to Babylon: then in fourteen (or thirteen according to our present text) generations through Shealtiel
and Zerubbabel to Matthan, Jacob, Joseph, and Jesus. Luke (Luke 3:23-38) makes Joseph the son of Heli, and grandson of Matthat (by some identified without any proof with Matthan of Matthew 1:15), and traces his descent through Zerubbabel and Shealtiel
to Nathan the son of David; then (with only slight or textually doubtful divergences from Mt. In the third section only Shealtiel
and Zerubbabel are mentioned in the OT [the latter in 1 Chronicles 3:19 is called son of Pedaiah, the brother of Shealtiel
, but in Haggai 1:1 and numerous other passages, he is called son of Shealtiel
, or Shaltiel, but without any intimation that he was of Davidic descent; it is often assumed that Shealtiel
adopted his nephew]. Matthew’s genealogy in the names Zerubbabel and Shealtiel
has not been satisfactorily explained; it is, of course, open to any one to assume, without the possibility of either proof or refutation, that Jechoniah was actually childless, and adopted Shealtiel
, a descendant of Nathan; but even so the further divergence in the descent from Zerubbabel remains as difficult as ever, for the pedigrees disagree with each other, and with the names given in 1 Chronicles 3:19 ff
- Son of Shealtiel
(Salathiel) (Ezra 3:2; Ezra 3:8; Ezra 5:2; Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:12; Matthew 1:12; Luke 3:27); but in 1 Chronicles 3:19 "son of Pedaiah," Shealtiel
's brother. "Son" probably means next heir, the direct line failing; by the Levirate law Shealtiel
's widow would marry her brother-in-law Pedaiah, who would raise seed to his brother Shealtiel
(Deuteronomy 25:5-10; Matthew 22:24-28)
- In Luke 3:27 Shealtiel
(Salathiel) is son of Neri of the lineage of David's son Nathan, not Solomon. Shealtiel
is called Assir's "son" (1 Chronicles 3:17), i
- ), Zechariah first prophesied with Haggai (who began two months earlier) in support of Zerubbabel and Shealtiel
in the building of the temple, which had been suspended under Pseudo-Smerdis Artaxerxes (Ezra 4:24; Ezra 5:1-2; Ezra 6:14)
Ezra, the Book of
- : possibly Haggai who supported him, for the title "the prophet" (Ezra 5:1; Ezra 6:14) is the one found also Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:3; Haggai 1:12; Haggai 2:1; Haggai 2:10; so whereas Zechariah names Zerubbabel and Jeshua separately and without addition, the formula in Ezra 3:2; Ezra 3:8; Ezra 5:2, as in Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:12; Haggai 1:14; Haggai 2:2; Haggai 2:4; Haggai 2:23, is "Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel
and Jeshua the son of Jozadak"; compare also Ezra 5:1-2, with Haggai 1, also the older people's sorrowful regrets for the former temple in seeing the new one (Ezra 3:12; Haggai 2:3); both mark dates by the year of "Darius the king" (Ezra 4:24; Ezra 6:15; Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:15; Haggai 2:10); also the phrase "Zerubbabel, Jeshua, and the remnant of their brethren" (Ezra 3:8; Haggai 1:12; Haggai 1:14); also Ezra 6:16 with Haggai 2:2; also "the work of the house of the Lord" (Ezra 3:8-9; Haggai 1:14); "the foundation of the temple was laid" (Ezra 3:6; Ezra 3:10-12; Haggai 2:18); "the house of the Lord" 25 times to six wherein Ezra uses "the temple of the Lord"; Haggai "the house" seven times to "the temple" twice