Character Study on Shammai

Character Study on Shammai

1 Chronicles 2: And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur.
1 Chronicles 2: And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died without children.
1 Chronicles 2: And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai.
1 Chronicles 2: And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur.
1 Chronicles 4: And the sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon: and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.

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Holman Bible Dictionary - Shammai
(ssham' may i) Abbreviated form of personal name, perhaps meaning, “He heard.” 1. Member of tribe of Judah and clan of Jerahmeel (1Chronicles 2:28,1 Chronicles 2:32 ). 2 . Descendant of Caleb (1 Chronicles 2:44 ). 3 . Another descendant of Caleb (1 Chronicles 4:17 ).



Chabad Knowledge Base - House of Shammai
The Torah academy founded by Shammai was known as the �House of Shammai.� The Mishnah records 316 disagreements between the House of Shammai and the school founded by Hillel, known as the "House of Hillel." The House of Shammai generally takes the stringent view and the House of Hillel, the more lenient one. In all but 18 cases, the halachah is accordance with the House of Hillel.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Shammai
SHAMMAI . 1 . A Jerahmeelite ( 1 Chronicles 2:28 ). 2 . The ‘son’ of Rekem and ‘father’ of Maon ( 1 Chronicles 2:44 f.). 3 . A Judahite ( 1 Chronicles 4:17 ).

Chabad Knowledge Base - Shammai
(1century BCE) Mishnaic sage, student of Shemaiah and Abtalion, served as the head of the Sanhedrin under Hillel. Known for his quick temper and strict interpretation of the Torah. His Torah academy was known as the “House of Shammai.”

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Shammai
1. Son of Onam, a descendant of Judah. 1 Chronicles 2:28,32 .

2. Son of Rekem, and father or founder of Maon. 1 Chronicles 2:44,45 .

3. Brother of Miriam, in an obscure genealogy of Judah. 1 Chronicles 4:17 .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Shammai
My name; my desolations
Chabad Knowledge Base - Beit Shammai
The Torah academy founded by Shammai was known as the �House of Shammai.� The Mishnah records 316 disagreements between the House of Shammai and the school founded by Hillel, known as the "House of Hillel." The House of Shammai generally takes the stringent view and the House of Hillel, the more lenient one. In all but 18 cases, the halachah is accordance with the House of Hillel.

Sentence search

House of shammai - The Torah academy founded by Shammai was known as the �House of Shammai. � The Mishnah records 316 disagreements between the House of Shammai and the school founded by Hillel, known as the "House of Hillel. " The House of Shammai generally takes the stringent view and the House of Hillel, the more lenient one
Beit shammai - The Torah academy founded by Shammai was known as the �House of Shammai. � The Mishnah records 316 disagreements between the House of Shammai and the school founded by Hillel, known as the "House of Hillel. " The House of Shammai generally takes the stringent view and the House of Hillel, the more lenient one
House of hillel - � The Mishnah records 316 disagreements between the House of Hillel and the school founded by Shammai, known as the " House of Shammai. " The House of Hillel generally takes the lenient view and the House of Shammai, the more stringent one
Beit hillel - � The Mishnah records 316 disagreements between the House of Hillel and the school founded by Shammai, known as the " House of Shammai. " The House of Hillel generally takes the lenient view and the House of Shammai, the more stringent one
Abishur - One of the sons of Shammai
ab'Ishur - (father of the wall ), son of Shammai
Abishur - , "mason", one of the two sons of Shammai of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:28,29 )
ja'da - (wise ), son of Onam and brother of Shammai, in the genealogy of the sons of Jerahmeel by his wife Atarah
Shammai - Shammai
re'Kem - (Numbers 31:8 ; Joshua 13:21 ) ... One of the four sons of Hebron, and father of Shammai
re'Kem - (Numbers 31:8 ; Joshua 13:21 ) ... One of the four sons of Hebron, and father of Shammai
Shammai - His Torah academy was known as the “House of Shammai
Nadab - And Nadab, son of Shammai, 1 Chronicles 2:30
Maon - Son of Shammai, a descendant of Caleb
Amnon -
One of the sons of Shammai, of the children of Ezra (1 Chronicles 4:20 ; Compare 17)
Tarfon, rabbi - 117) Mishnaic sage, an adherent of the House of Shammai, a contemporary of Rabbis and Joshua ben Hananiah
Yochanan ben zakkai - Mishnaic sage, student of Hillel and Shammai, was appointed as the head the Sanhedrin in 50 CE
Johanan ben zakkai, rabbi - Mishnaic sage, student of Hillel and Shammai, was appointed as the head the Sanhedrin in 50 CE
Hillel - He and his colleague Shammai presided over the two most important rabbinic schools of their time
Bithiah - Bithiah was the mother of Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah
Nadab - Son of Shammai, of the tribe of Judah
Nadab - ... ... One of the sons of Shammai in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:28,30 )
Divorce, - , (22:19,29) The ground of divorce is appoint on which the Jewish doctors of the period of the New Testament differed widely; the school of Shammai seeming to limit it to a moral delinquency in the woman, whilst that the Hillel extended it to trifling causes, e
Divorce - The ground of divorce is a point on which the Jewish doctors of the New Testament era differed widely; the school of Shammai seeming to limit it to a moral delinquency in the woman, whilst that of Hillel extended it to trifling causes, e
na'Dab - ... A son of Shammai (1 Chronicles 2:28 ) of the tribe of Judah
Caraites - The name signifies Textualists, or Scripturists, and was originally given to the school of Shammai, (about thirty years or more before Christ,) because they rejected the traditions of the elders, as embraced by the school of Hillel and the Pharisees, and all the fanciful interpretations of the Cabbala
Scribe - Further, the Pharisee scribes were divided into two great schools, the followers of Hillel and of Shammai. On the whole, the school of Shammai was the more rigid
Divorce - The school of Shammai explained the phrase, nakedness of a thing, to mean actual adultery. Our Lord agreed with the school of Shammai as far as this, that the ground of divorce should be one of a moral nature, and not less than adultery; but he does not appear to have agreed with them in their opinion in respect to the Mosaic statute
Trades - ] , Hillel and Shammai learned and wrought the trade of mechanics
Philosophy - No less than eighteen nice questions, if we may believe the Jewish rabbins, were contested at that period between the schools of Hillel and Shammai; one of which questions, was an inquiry, what cause was sufficient for a bill of divorce. If the Shammai and Hillel of the Talmud are the same with the learned men mentioned in Josephus, namely, Sameas and Pollio, who flourished thirty-four years before Christ, then Shammai, or Sameas is undoubtedly the same with the Simeon who is mentioned, Luke 2:25-35 ; and his son Gamaliel, so celebrated in the Talmud, is the same with the Gamaliel mentioned, Acts 5:34 ; Acts 22:3
Scribes - Shammai headed a school of greater scrupulosity than Hillel's (Mark 7:1-4), making it unlawful to relieve the poor, visit the sick, or teach children on the Sabbath, or to do anything before the Sabbath which would be in operation during the Sabbath. A proselyte begged of Shammai instruction in the law, even if it were so long as he could stand on his foot. Shammai drove him away; but Hillel said kindly, "do nothing to thy neighbour that thou wouldest not he should do to thee; do this, and thou hast fulfilled the law and the prophets" (Matthew 22:39-40). With all his straitness of theory Shammai was rich and self indulgent, Hillel poor to the day of his death. This school was better disposed to Christ than Shammai's; to it probably belonged Nicodemus, Joseph of Arimathea, and others too timid to confess Jesus (John 12:42; John 19:38; Luke 23:50-51)
Maon - Descendant of Caleb, son of Shammai, father of founder of Bethzur (1 Chronicles 2:45)
Scribes - (Matthew 4:17 ) In our Lord's time there were two chief parties:
the disciples of Shammai, conspicuous for their fierceness, appealing to popular passions, using the sword to decide their controversies. " In most of the points at issue between the two parties, Jesus must have appeared in direct antagonism to the school of Shammai, in sympathy with that of Hillel
Divorce - ... The school of Shammai represented fornication or adultery as the "uncleanness" meant by Moses
Merom, Waters of - 5:5, section 1) that Hazor was above lake Samochonitis, presuming that the battle was at Hazor and that Samochonitis ("high") (Arabic samaca ), as Merom (marom ) means height, so that the waters were called "Me-Merom," the higher waters, the uppermost of the Jordan lakes; but Keil makes Merom now Meirom, a village visited by Jewish pilgrims because Hillel and Shammai, noted rabbis, were buried there, two hours' journey N
Pharisees - A numerous and dominant sect of the Jews, agreeing on some main points of doctrine and practice, but divided into different parties or schools on minor points; as for instance, the schools or followers of Hillel and Shammai, who were celebrated rabbins or teachers
Hallel - The contenta of the first part were, however, a subject in dispute between the schools of Shammai and Hillel, the former concluding it at Psalms 113, the latter at Psalms 114. —It is usually assumed that the hymn referred to in Matthew 26:30 | Mark 14:26 (‘when they had sung a hymn’ [ὑμνήσαντες]) was the second part of the Hallel (Psalms 115-118)* [Note: According to the school of Shammai, Psalms 114-118
Mishnah - The major representatives of this party in the Mishnah are Hillel and Shammai who taught around A. For example, almost always the halakah is according to Hillel rather than Shammai, even though Shammai's opinion is also quoted
Scribes - Such were Hillel and Shammai, elder contemporaries of our Lord
Phar'Isees, - In the time of Christ they were divided doctrinally into several schools, among which those of Hillel and Shammai were most noted
Pharisees - Hillel and Shammai were leaders of two schools of the Pharisees, differing on slight points; the Mishna refers to both (living before Christ) and to Hillel's grandson, Paul's' teacher, Gamaliel. An egg laid on a festival may be eaten according to the school of Shammai, but not according to that of Hillel; for Jehovah says in Exodus 16:5, "on the sixth day they shall prepare that which, they bring in," therefore one must not prepare for the Sabbath on a feast day nor for a feast day on the Sabbath
Gamaliel - Gamaliel was a representative of a broader and more liberal school among the Pharisees, the school of Hillel as opposed to that of Shammai
Tradition - This principle was explicitly taught in the schools of both Hillel and Shammai, and was accepted by the Pharisees generally, while the conservative Sadducees rejected the claims of tradition in toto (Jos
Scribes - In the time of Christ the great mass of the Scribes was divided into two schools, named after the famous leaders, Hillel and Shammai, about whom little is certainly known. The School of Hillel was distinguished for its mildness in the interpretation of the Law, and that of Shammai for its strictness, corresponding to the traditional characters of the respective founders; but the points of difference between them concerned only the trivial minutiae, and never touched the weightier matters of the Law
Dropsy - ... Whatever might be the differences between the schools of Shammai and Hillel as to the class of works forbidden on the Sabbath day, the general practice of the Jews themselves was based on the recognition that danger to life superseded the Sabbath law, and the question of Jesus points out this with force
Home (2) - Some of the Jewish Rabbis also (as Shammai) set themselves against the laxity that had grown up
Learning - The schools of Hillel and Shammai were rival institutions in the years preceding the birth of our Lord
Talmud - But it is clear that the ‘investigations’ must have led to different explanations; so that in order to fix authoritatively what in later days were considered the correct explanations, and thus to ensure continuity of teaching, it became necessary to reduce these to writing; there arose thus (soon after the time of Shammai and Hillel) the ‘Former Mishna’ ( Mishna Rishonah ), Mishna meaning ‘Second’ Law. This earliest Mishna, which, it is probable, owed its origin to pupils of Shammai and Hillel, was therefore compiled for the purpose of affording teachers both a norm for their decisions and a kind of book of reference for the explanation of difficult passages
Divorce (2) - ] Gittin, 90a, where the views of the Schools of Hillel and of Shammai are given
Education - At the beginning of our era the two most important of these colleges were taught by the famous ‘doctors of the law,’ Hillel and Shammai
Parable - The rabbis of Christ's time and previously often employed parable, as Hillel, Shammai, the Gemara, Midrash (Lightfoot, Hor
Pharisees - Probably a short time before the fall of the city eighteen points of difference between the schools of Hillel and Shammai, all dealing with relations with Gentiles, were decided in favour of the Shammaists, the more rigid school
Sanhedrin - Dissensions arose when the disciples of Hillel and Shammai increased in number and failed to acquire through personal contact with their master the necessary knowledge and thus the doctrine was divided into many doctrines. Sheṭaḥ, and Shammai above Hillel (Ḥag
Education (2) - The strict school of Shammai permitted divorce only on the ground of unfaithfulness; but that of Hillel granted greater facility, allowing a man to put away his wife if he hated her; if he was dissatisfied with her cooking; if she went deaf or insane; if he saw another women whom he fancied more
Nazirite - The school of Shammai held that it was necessary to observe only 30 days in Palestine
Nazirite - The school of Shammai held that it was necessary to observe only 30 days in Palestine
Immorality, Sexual - Thus some scholars have seen the Matthean explanatory clause as indicating immorality as the sole ground for divorce, following the contemporary rabbinical school of Shammai, and not for some purely frivolous cause, as the school of Hillel taught
Old Testament - The learning of the schools of Hillel and Shammai in Christ's time was preserved, after Jerusalem's fall, in those of Jabneh, Sepphoris, Caesarea, and Tiberias
Marriage - ‘son’), and the school both of Shammai and of the Sadducees apparently confined the law to the case of a betrothed, not a wedded, wife
Proverbs - The prevailing sentiment, however, was that of the school of Shammai, which pronounced a common malediction on one who reared swine and one who taught his son Greek (Otho, Hist
Boyhood - 51) quotes a decision of the school of Shammai as to the meaning of ‘child’ (kâtân): ‘Every one who cannot yet ride on his lather’s shoulders from Jerusalem to the temple mount’; while the school of Hillel said: ‘Every one who cannot yet go up from Jerusalem to the temple mount led by his father’s hand