Character Study on Jair

Character Study on Jair

Numbers 32: And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the small towns thereof, and called them Havothjair.
Deuteronomy 3: Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this day.
Joshua 13: And their coast was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which are in Bashan, threescore cities:
Judges 10: And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years.
Judges 10: And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.
Judges 10: And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.
2 Samuel 20: And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.
1 Kings 4: The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars:
1 Chronicles 2: And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead.
1 Chronicles 2: And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
1 Chronicles 20: And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.
Esther 2: Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;
Mark 5: And, behold, there cometh one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name; and when he saw him, he fell at his feet,
Luke 8: And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house:

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Dictionary

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jair
(Hebrew: enlightened)

(1) A contemporary of Moses, son of Segub. He was related to two of the most powerful families of Israel, through his paternal grandfather, Hesron, to the tribe of Juda, and on the maternal side to the tribe of Manasses (1Par. 2). Jair acquired glory in the conquest of the promised land, to the east of the Jordan. Placed at the head of valiant men, he conquered all the district of Argob, even to the borders of Machati (Deuteronomy 3). He took 23 cities in Galaad, and named them, Havoth Jair, or "villages of Jair" (Number 32). Among the pasterity of Jair are mentioned Ira the Jairite, priest of David (2 Kings 20) and Jair, a judge of Israel.

(2) Jair of Galaad, a judge of Israel during 22 years (Judges 10). He was a vigorous and suceessful leader, who kept such an approach to royal state, that, as Scripture says, his 30 sons rode like princes, on as many ass colts. Jair possessed in Galaad 30 cities, called Havoth Jair. These cities took their name from Jair, son of Segub, of whom Jair was probably a descendant. He was buried, in Camon.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Havoth-Jair
Hamlets of the enlightener a district in the east of Jordan.
Jair, the son of Manasseh, took some villages of Gilead and called them by this name (Numbers 32:41 ).



Again, it is said that Jair "took all the tract of Argob," and called it Bashanhavoth-jair (Deuteronomy 3:14 ). (See also Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:22,23 .)


Holman Bible Dictionary - Jair
(jay' ir) Abbreviated place name meaning, “Jah shines forth.” 1. Son of Manasseh who took possession of a number of villages in Gilead (Numbers 32:41 ). See Judges 10:3-5 ). He was one of the so-called minor judges. His function probably was primarily judicial rather than military. He is described as having had thirty sons and thirty cities. At his death, he was buried in Camon. See Judges 3 . Father of Elhanan (1 Chronicles 20:5 ), whose name comes from a different Hebrew word possibly meaning, “Jah protects.” His name is Jaare-oregim in 2 Samuel 21:19 , though some translators would read the text “Jair of Bethlehem” (REB). 4. A Benjamite who was the ancestor of Mordecai, Esther's guardian (Esther 2:5 ).

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Bashan-Havoth-Jair
A name given to Argob after Jair's conquest of it. Reuben's and Gad's request to have the eastern Jordanic region followed immediately after Israel's conquest of Og and Sihon, and Jair immediately occupied Bashan The events in Numbers 22, etc., occurred between the occupation of Bashan and Moses' parting address (Deuteronomy 3:4-5; Deuteronomy 3:13-14). The name still adhering to it "unto this day," saith Moses, proves Jair's occupation of it in the face of so mighty a nation as Moab, and is a pledge of further conquests. Ηaoth means "dwelling places," from hawah "life"; as the German leben, "life," is a termination of many towns, e.g. Eisleben. The "Jair's lives" or "dwellings was the collective name given by Jair to all the 60 fortified towns of Argob (Numbers 32:41-42; Joshua 13:30; 1 Kings 4:13). The statement in 1 Chronicles 2:22-23, "Jair had 23 cities in Gilead (i.e. the whole eastern Jordanic region) with Kenath and the towns thereof, even threescore cities," is not at variance but in harmony with the preceding passages.

The 23 Havoth Jair, with Kenath and its dependent towns, 37, conquered by Nobah (a family of sons of Machir related to Jair), amounted to "threescore in all." Bashan or Argob was divided between two chief families of Machir the Manassite, namely, that of Nobah who conquered Kenath and her dependencies, and Jair who conquered and named the Havoth Jair. Jair being supreme, and Nobah a subordinate branch of the Jair family, Moses comprehends the whole 60 under the name Havoth Jair. The words "unto this day" do not imply a long interval between the naming and the time of Moses' address, but mark the wonderful change due to God's gift, that the giant Og's 60 fenced cities are now become Havoth Jair! In the time of the judges, 30 were in possession of the judge Jair (Judges 10:4), so that the old name, Havoth Jair, was revived. In undesigned coincidence the name Jair-us recurs in the same quarter in the New Testament, but W. of the sea of Galilee (Matthew 9:18).

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Bashan-Havoth-Jair
The Bashan of the villages of Jair, the general name given to Argob by Jair, the son of Manasseh (Deuteronomy 3:14 ), containing sixty cities with walls and brazen gates (Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 ). (See ARGOB .)
Holman Bible Dictionary - Havoth-Jair
(hay' vahth-jay' ihr) Place name meaning, “tents of Jair.” Villages in Gilead east of the Jordan which Jair, son of Manasseh, captured (Numbers 32:41 ). Deuteronomy 3:14 says Jair took the region of Argob and named Bashan after himself—Havoth-Jair. This passage equates land of Rephaim, Argod, Bashan, and Havoth-Jair. Compare Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 . Judges 10:3-4 concern Jair the Gileadite, a judge in Israel for 22 years. He “had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havoth-Jair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.” 1 Chronicles 2:18-23 describes the genealogy of Caleb and his father Hezron. In late life Hezron married the daughter of Machir, the father of Gilead. She bore Segub, the father of Jair, who had 23 towns in Gilead. “But Geshur and Aram took from them Havvoth-Jair, Kenath and its villages, sixty towns. All these were descendants of Machir, father of Gilead” ( 1 Chronicles 2:23 NRSV). Apparently a group of villages east of the Jordan, perhaps varying in number at different times, were called Havoth-Jair. Israel laid claim to them and connected the name to that of different Israelite heroes at various time periods.



Holman Bible Dictionary - Havvoth-Jair
(hayv' vahth-jay' ihr) Modern translations' spelling of Havoth-Jair, following Hebrew text more literally. See Havoth-Jair .



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Havvoth-Jair
HAVVOTH-JAIR . The precise meaning of Havvoth is uncertain, but it is taken usually to mean ‘tent-villages.’ In Numbers 32:41 these villages are assigned to Gilead, but in Deuteronomy 3:14 and Joshua 13:30 to Bashan. The difficulty is caused by the attempt of the editors in the last two passages to harmonize the reference in Numbers with the tradition about the sixty fortresses of 1 Kings 4:18 . There is no doubt that the Jair of Numbers and the Jair of Judges are identical.

W. F. Cobb.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Havoth-Jair
The villages that enlighten
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jair
("splendid, shining") (See ARGOB; BASHAN HAVOTH JAIR.)

1. On his father's side, of Judah; on his mother's side, of Manasseh. Son of Segub, who was son of Hezron by his third wife, daughter and heiress in part of Machir (father of Gilead) of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 2:21-22-23; Deuteronomy 3:14-15). His designation from his mother, not his father, was probably owing to his settling in Manasseh E. of Jordan. His brilliant exploit was, he took Argob or Trachonitis, the Lejah, and called from his own name certain villages or groups of tents ("kraals "), 23 originally, Havoth Jair (Numbers 32:41), afterward increased to 30 (Judges 10:4).

2. The Gileadite judge. His 30 sons rode 30 asses, and had 30 cities, the number to which the original Havoth Jair had grown.

3. A Benjamite, son of Kish, father of Mordecai (Esther 2:5).

4. A different Hebrew name, though in English Jair, or Jeer (Hebrew text or kethib). Father of Elhanan, one of David's heroes who slew Lahmi, Goliath's brother (1 Chronicles 20:5).

Holman Bible Dictionary - Bashan-Havoth-Jair
(buh sshan-hay' vuhth-juhihr) KJV translation of Havoth-jair. See Havoth-jair .



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jair
JAIR. 1. A clan of Jairites lived on the east of Jordan who were called after Jair. This Jair was of the children of Manasseh ( Numbers 32:41 ), and if we may assume a traditional fusion a ‘judge’ ( Judges 10:3 ff.). The settlement of this clan marks a subsequent conquest to that of the west of Jordan. The gentilic Jairite is used for Ira ( 2 Samuel 20:26 ). 2. The father of Mordecai ( Esther 2:5 ), 3 . The father of Elhanan. See Elhanan, Jaare-Oregim).

W. F. Cobb.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jair
1. Son of Segub, a descendant of Judah but called 'son of Manasseh' from his mother the daughter of Machir. He is also called one of 'the sons of Machir, the father of Gilead.' He conquered the territory of Argob with some towns, which he called HAVOTH-JAIR, 'the towns of Jair.' Numbers 32:41 ; Deuteronomy 3:14 ; Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:22,23 .

2. A Gileadite who judged Israel twenty-two years. Judges 10:3-5 . He had thirty sons, who had thirty cities in the land of Gilead, which were also called 'HAVOTH-JAIR.'

3. A Benjamite, father of Mordecai. Esther 2:5 .

4. Father of Elhanan who slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath. 1 Chronicles 20:5 . He is called JAARE-OREGIM in 2 Samuel 21:19 .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jair
Jair (jâ'ir), whom Jehovah enlightens. 1. A chief warrior under Moses, descended from the most powerful family of Judah and Manasseh. He took all the country of Argob (the modern Lejah) on the east side of Jordan, and, besides, some villages in Gilead, which he called Havoth-jair, "villages of Jair." 1 Chronicles 2:21-23; Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14 : comp. Joshua 13:30. 2. Jair the Gileadite, who judged Israel 22 years. "He had thirty sons who rode on thirty ass-colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havoth-jair, which are in Gilead." Judges 10:3 to Judges 5:3. A Benjamite, father of Mordecai. Esther 2:6. 4 In 1 Chronicles 20:5, in the A. V., Jair occurs, but it is a totally different name in Hebrew, meaning "whom God awakens." This Jair was the father of Elhanan, who killed Lachmi, the brother of Goliath. He is called Jaare-oregim in 2 Samuel 21:19.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Havoth-Jair
Havoth-Jair (hâ'voth-jâ'ir), villages of Jair. A title applied to certain villages east of the Jordan which Jair captured and held. Numbers 32:41; Judges 10:4. The towns of Jair are included with the 60 cities given to Manasseh, Joshua 13:30; 1 Chronicles 2:23; but the word rendered "villages"usually means a small collection of hovels in a country place. These towns were a part of one of the revenue districts of Solomon. 1 Kings 4:13.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jair
Jairus
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Havoth-Jair
The villages of Jair, so called from being in the lot of Jair the son of Manasseh. (Numbers 32:41)

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jair
of the family of Manasseh. He possessed a large canton beyond Jordan; the whole country of Argob, as far as the borders of Geshur and Maachathi, Judges 10:3 . He succeeded Tola in the judicature or government of the Israelites, and was himself succeeded by Jephthah. His government continued twenty-two years; from A.M. 2795 to 2817. Jair had thirty sons, who rode on asses, and were lords or governors of thirty towns, called Havoth-jair. He was buried at Camon beyond Jordan.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jair
1 A leader in the conquest of Bashan, probably before the Jews crossed the Jordan, B. C. 1451. Twenty-three cities near Argob were called after him Havoth-jair, which see.

2. The eighth judge of Israel, in Gilead of Manasseh, B. C. 1210. He seems to have been a descendant and heir of the former, Judges 10:3 - 5 .

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jair
Enlightener.
The son of Segub. He was brought up with his mother in Gilead, where he had possessions (1 Chronicles 2:22 ). He distinguished himself in an expedition against Bashan, and settled in the part of Argob on the borders of Gilead. The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-jair, i.e., "Jair's villages" (Numbers 32:41 ; Deuteronomy 3:14 ; Joshua 13:30 ).



The eighth judge of Israel, which he ruled for twenty-two years. His opulence is described in Judges 10:3-5 . He had thirty sons, each riding on "ass colts." They had possession of thirty of the sixty cities (1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:23 ) which formed the ancient Havoth-jair.



A Benjamite, the father of Mordecai, Esther's uncle (Esther 2:5 ).



The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chronicles 20:5 ).


Sentence search

Jairite - (jay uhr ite) Member of clan of Jair probably from Havvoth-Jair, though possibly from Kiriath-jearim (1 Samuel 20:26 ). See Jair
Jair - Jair acquired glory in the conquest of the promised land, to the east of the Jordan. He took 23 cities in Galaad, and named them, Havoth Jair, or "villages of Jair" (Number 32). Among the pasterity of Jair are mentioned Ira the Jairite, priest of David (2 Kings 20) and Jair, a judge of Israel. ... (2) Jair of Galaad, a judge of Israel during 22 years (Judges 10). Jair possessed in Galaad 30 cities, called Havoth Jair. These cities took their name from Jair, son of Segub, of whom Jair was probably a descendant
Havoth-Jair - (hay' vahth-jay' ihr) Place name meaning, “tents of Jair. ” Villages in Gilead east of the Jordan which Jair, son of Manasseh, captured (Numbers 32:41 ). Deuteronomy 3:14 says Jair took the region of Argob and named Bashan after himself—Havoth-Jair. This passage equates land of Rephaim, Argod, Bashan, and Havoth-Jair. Judges 10:3-4 concern Jair the Gileadite, a judge in Israel for 22 years. He “had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havoth-Jair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead. She bore Segub, the father of Jair, who had 23 towns in Gilead. “But Geshur and Aram took from them Havvoth-Jair, Kenath and its villages, sixty towns. Apparently a group of villages east of the Jordan, perhaps varying in number at different times, were called Havoth-Jair
Bashan-Havoth-Jair - (buh sshan-hay' vuhth-juhihr) KJV translation of Havoth-Jair. See Havoth-Jair
Havothjair - This signifies 'towns of Jair. ' They were in "the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi;" and were also called Bashan-havoth-Jair. The same are called 'towns of Jair' in Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:23 . See Jair
Havvoth-Jair - (hayv' vahth-jay' ihr) Modern translations' spelling of Havoth-Jair, following Hebrew text more literally. See Havoth-Jair
ba'Shan-ha'Voth-ja'ir - (Bashan of the villages of Jair ), a name given to Argob after its conquest by Jair
Jair - Jair (jâ'ir), whom Jehovah enlightens. He took all the country of Argob (the modern Lejah) on the east side of Jordan, and, besides, some villages in Gilead, which he called Havoth-Jair, "villages of Jair. Jair the Gileadite, who judged Israel 22 years. "He had thirty sons who rode on thirty ass-colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havoth-Jair, which are in Gilead. , Jair occurs, but it is a totally different name in Hebrew, meaning "whom God awakens. " This Jair was the father of Elhanan, who killed Lachmi, the brother of Goliath
Bashan-Havoth-Jair - A name given to Argob after Jair's conquest of it. Reuben's and Gad's request to have the eastern Jordanic region followed immediately after Israel's conquest of Og and Sihon, and Jair immediately occupied Bashan The events in Numbers 22, etc. The name still adhering to it "unto this day," saith Moses, proves Jair's occupation of it in the face of so mighty a nation as Moab, and is a pledge of further conquests. The "Jair's lives" or "dwellings was the collective name given by Jair to all the 60 fortified towns of Argob (Numbers 32:41-42; Joshua 13:30; 1 Kings 4:13). The statement in 1 Chronicles 2:22-23, "Jair had 23 cities in Gilead (i. ... The 23 Havoth Jair, with Kenath and its dependent towns, 37, conquered by Nobah (a family of sons of Machir related to Jair), amounted to "threescore in all. " Bashan or Argob was divided between two chief families of Machir the Manassite, namely, that of Nobah who conquered Kenath and her dependencies, and Jair who conquered and named the Havoth Jair. Jair being supreme, and Nobah a subordinate branch of the Jair family, Moses comprehends the whole 60 under the name Havoth Jair. The words "unto this day" do not imply a long interval between the naming and the time of Moses' address, but mark the wonderful change due to God's gift, that the giant Og's 60 fenced cities are now become Havoth Jair! In the time of the judges, 30 were in possession of the judge Jair (Judges 10:4), so that the old name, Havoth Jair, was revived. In undesigned coincidence the name Jair-us recurs in the same quarter in the New Testament, but W
Havoth-Jair - The villages of Jair, so called from being in the lot of Jair the son of Manasseh
Havoth-Jair - Havoth-Jair (hâ'voth-jâ'ir), villages of Jair. A title applied to certain villages east of the Jordan which Jair captured and held. The towns of Jair are included with the 60 cities given to Manasseh, Joshua 13:30; 1 Chronicles 2:23; but the word rendered "villages"usually means a small collection of hovels in a country place
Havothjair - Huts of Jair, a district in Gilead, containing thirty hamlets belonging to the thirty sons of Jair, judges of Israel, Numbers 32:41 ; Judges 10:3,4
Havoth-Jair -
Jair, the son of Manasseh, took some villages of Gilead and called them by this name (Numbers 32:41 ). ... ... Again, it is said that Jair "took all the tract of Argob," and called it Bashanhavoth-Jair (Deuteronomy 3:14 )
Kenath - of Bashan) and Aram (the Aramaeans or Syrians) took the towns of Jair (rather Havoth Jair) from them (the Jairites) with Kenath and the towns thereof, 60 cities," i. 23 of the Havoth Jair (i. Jair's life, conquered by Jair) and 37 of Kenath and her dependent towns (conquered by Nobah), 60 in all
Havoth-ja'ir - (villages of Jair ), certain villages on the east of Jordan, in Gilead or Bashan, which were taken by Jair the son of Manasseh, and called after his name. ( Numbers 32:41 ; 3:14) In the records of Manasseh in (Joshua 13:30 ) and 1 Chronicles 2:23 The Havoth-Jair are reckoned with other districts as making up sixty "cities. No less doubtful is the number of the Havoth-Jair
Bashan-Havoth-Jair - The Bashan of the villages of Jair, the general name given to Argob by Jair, the son of Manasseh (Deuteronomy 3:14 ), containing sixty cities with walls and brazen gates (Joshua 13:30 ; 1 Kings 4:13 )
Havothjair - (See BASHAN HAVOTH-Jair
Havvoth-Jair - HAVVOTH-Jair . There is no doubt that the Jair of Numbers and the Jair of Judges are identical
Jair - Jair. A clan of Jairites lived on the east of Jordan who were called after Jair. This Jair was of the children of Manasseh ( Numbers 32:41 ), and if we may assume a traditional fusion a ‘judge’ ( Judges 10:3 ff. The gentilic Jairite is used for Ira ( 2 Samuel 20:26 )
Camon - Town where Jair was buried, probably in Gilead
ca'Mon - (full of grain ), the place in which Jair the judge was buried
Jair - ("splendid, shining") (See ARGOB; BASHAN HAVOTH Jair. His brilliant exploit was, he took Argob or Trachonitis, the Lejah, and called from his own name certain villages or groups of tents ("kraals "), 23 originally, Havoth Jair (Numbers 32:41), afterward increased to 30 (Judges 10:4). His 30 sons rode 30 asses, and had 30 cities, the number to which the original Havoth Jair had grown. A different Hebrew name, though in English Jair, or Jeer (Hebrew text or kethib)
Jair - ' He conquered the territory of Argob with some towns, which he called HAVOTH-Jair, 'the towns of Jair. He had thirty sons, who had thirty cities in the land of Gilead, which were also called 'HAVOTH-Jair
ja'ir - ) During, the conquest he took the whole of the tract of Argob (3:14) and in addition possessed himself of some nomad villages in Gilead, which he called after his own name Havoth-Jair. (Numbers 32:41 ; 1 Chronicles 2:23 ) ... Jair THE GILEADITE, who judged Israel for two-and-twenty years. ) He had thirty sons, and possessed thirty cities in the land of Gilead, which like those of their namesakes were called Havoth-Jair
Jaareoregim - Called Jair in 1 Chronicles 20:5
ja'Irite - (descendant of Jair ). The IRA THE JairITE was a priest (Authorized Version "chief ruler") to David (2 Samuel 20:26 )
Bashanhavothjair - The name given to the country of Argob, a district in Bashan, after it had been conquered by Jair
Judah Upon Jordan - " The sixty cities (Havoth-Jair, Numbers 32:41 ) on the east of Jordan were reckoned as belonging to Judah, because Jair, their founder, was a Manassite only on his mother's side, but on his father's side of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:5,21-23 )
Jair - Jair had thirty sons, who rode on asses, and were lords or governors of thirty towns, called Havoth-Jair
Kamon - (kay' mawn) City of Gilead where Jair, judge of Israel, was buried (Judges 10:5 ; KJV has Camon)
Jairus - JairUS (= Jair). Est 11:2) for Mordecai’s father Jair ( Esther 2:5 ); and ( 1Es 5:31 ) for the head of a family of Temple servants
Segub - Son of Hezron and father of Jair
Jaare-Oregim - In 1 Chronicles 20:5 called Jair
Camon - Full of stalks, a place (Judges 10:5 ) where Jair was buried. It is probably, however, the modern Tell-el-Kaimun, on the southern slopes of Carmel, the Jokneam of Carmel (Joshua 12:22 ; 1 Kings 4:12 ), since it is not at all unlikely that after he became judge, Jair might find it more convenient to live on the west side of Jordan; and that he was buried where he had lived
ja'Irus - ) ... (Esther 11:2 ) [Jair , 3]
Kamon - The burial-place of Jair ( Judges 10:5 )
ja'Are-or'Egim - In the parallel passage, (1 Chronicles 20:5 ) Jair is found instead of Jaare, and Oregim is omitted
Jairus - Jairus (ja-î'rus), whom God enlightens. Same as Jair
Elhanan - Son of Jair, or Jaare-oregim: he slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite
Jaare-Oregim - But the true reading is 1 Chronicles 20:5; "Elhanan, the son of Jair, slew Lahmi (eth Lahmi being altered into Βethlehemi ), the brother of Goliath (eth Goliath being substituted for ahiy Goliath ). ) Oregim, "weavers," is a transcriber's accidental interpolation after "Jair," taken from the latter part of the verse
Argob - Manasseh's son Jair conquered Argob (Deuteronomy 3:14 ) and changed the name to Bashan-havoth-Jair
Argob - This was very fertile, and contained at one time sixty walled towns, which were taken by Jair the son of Manasseh, and called after him, Deuteronomy 1:4,13,14 1 Kings 4:13
Jaare-Oregim - According to 2 Samuel 21:19 , the name of the father of Elhanan, one of David’s heroes; but according to 1 Chronicles 20:5 his name was plain Jair
Kenath - It was afterwards re-taken with the villages of Jair by Geshur and Aram, as the passage in Chronicles should read
ge'Ber -
The son of Geber resided in the fortress of Ramoth-gilead, and had charge of Havoth-Jair and the district of Argob
Jair - The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-Jair, i. , "Jair's villages" (Numbers 32:41 ; Deuteronomy 3:14 ; Joshua 13:30 ). " They had possession of thirty of the sixty cities (1 Kings 4:13 ; 1 Chronicles 2:23 ) which formed the ancient Havoth-Jair
Elhanan - The son of Jair according to 1 Chronicles 20:5 , of Jaare-oregim according to 2 Samuel 21:19 ; in the former text he is represented as slaying Lahmi the brother of Goliath, in the latter as slaying Goliath himself. passage; in both the texts the word which should be the equivalent of Jair is wrongly written; the words ‘the Bethlehemite’ (2Sam. The original text, of which each of these two verses is a corruption, probably ran: ‘And Elhanan the son of Jair, the Bethlehemite, slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam. ’ Remembering that the word Jair above is wrongly written in each case, and that it thus shows signs of corruption, it is quite possible that this Elhanan and the one just referred to are one and the same
Jairus - "Jair
Jair - Twenty-three cities near Argob were called after him Havoth-Jair, which see
Aram - Place in the land of Gilead, east of the Jordan, which Jair captured
Aram - Place in the land of Gilead, east of the Jordan, which Jair captured
Bedan - A Bedan is mentioned among Manasseh's descendants (1 Chronicles 7:17), whence some identify him with the Jair (Judges 10:3), and suppose the surname Bedan was added to distinguish him from the elder Jair (Numbers 32:41)
Elhanan - Son of Jaare-Oregim, or Jair, the Bethlehemitc
Lahmi - The brother of Goliath the Gittite, slain by Elhanan the son of Jair ( 1 Chronicles 20:5 )
Jaare-Oregim - Others interpret Oregim as a common noun, identifying Jair as a weaver (NIV translation note)
Lahmi - Elhanan the son of Jair killed him (1 Chronicles 20:5 )
Argob - In the region of Argob there were sixty cities, called Bashan- havoth-Jair, which had very high walls and strong gates, without reckoning many villages and hamlets, which were not inclosed, Deuteronomy 3:4-14 ; 1 Kings 4:13
Gileadites - We also read of Jair a Gileadite, Judges 10:3 ; and Barzillai, 2 Samuel 17:27 ; 2 Samuel 19:31 ; 1 Kings 2:7 ; Ezra 2:61 ; Nehemiah 7:63
Mor'Deca-i - [ ESTHER ] Three things are predicated of Mordecai in the book of Esther: (1) That he lived in Shushan; (2) That his name was Mordecai, son of Jair, son of Shimei, son of Kish the Benjamite who was taken captive with Jehoiachin; (3) That he brought up Esther
Rei - Several attempts have been made to identify him with other figures, as Ira or Jair (Winckler, Gesch
Jair - ” His name is Jaare-oregim in 2 Samuel 21:19 , though some translators would read the text “Jair of Bethlehem” (REB)
el-Hanan - A further variation in the texts from 2Samuel and 1Chronicles lies in the name of El-hanan's father: in 2 Samuel 21:19 it is Jaare-oregim; in 1 Chronicles 20:5 , Jair
Jephthah - The son of Gilead, was a judge of Israel, and successor to Jair
Adoption - Thus, 1 Chronicles 2:21 , Machir, grandson of Joseph, and father of Gilead, Numbers 26:29 , gave his daughter to Hezron, "who took her; and was a son of sixty years," sixty years of age, "and she bare hi Segub; and Segub begat Jair, who had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead," Joshua 13:30 1 Kings 4:13 . Nay, more, it appears, Numbers 32:41 , that this Jair, who was in fact the son of Segub, the son of Segub, the son of Hezron, the son of Judah, is expressly called "Jair, the son of Manasseh," because his maternal great-grandfather was Machir to the son of Manasseh
Ira - Ira was apparently from Havoth-Jair in Gilead (Numbers 32:41 ), though some Bible students think he was from Kiriath-jearim (1 Samuel 7:1 )
Argob - ' Og was conquered by Moses, and Jair of Manasseh took the fortified cities, and it became a part of Manasseh's lot
Geshur, Geshurites - In 1 Chronicles 2:23 Geshur and Aram are said to have taken the ‘tent-villages’ of Jair from the Israelites
Gilead - The Manassite part is distinguished by the name Havvoth-Jair, apparently meaning the ‘Settlements of Jair. ’ Jair was a son of Manasseh, according to Numbers 32:41 , but he seems in Judges 10:5 to be confused with one of the minor Judges of the same name
Ramoth Gilead - ") A fortress commanding Argob and the Jair towns, occupied by Solomon's commissariat officer (1 Kings 4:13)
Geshur - of Bashan, adjoining Argob and Aram, conquered by Jair of Manasseh, but left in the hands of the original inhabitants (Joshua 13:13; Deuteronomy 3:14; 2 Samuel 15:8)
Argob - It was subdued by ‘Jair son of Manasseh,’ and became the possession of his tribe ( Deuteronomy 3:3 ; Deuteronomy 3:13 , 1 Kings 4:15 etc
Judges - Fifth judge: Gideon—40 years; sixth judge: Abimelech—3 years; seventh judge: Tola—23 years; eighth judge: Jair—22 years
Judges - Eighth judge: Jair
Judge - " Of five of the judges, Tola (Judges 10:1 ), Jair (3), Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon (12:8-15), we have no record at all beyond the bare fact that they were judges
Argob (2) - of Jordan, in Bashan, in Og's kingdom, containing 60 great and fortified cities "with walls and brazen bars"; allotted to Manasseh, and taken by Jair a chief of that tribe (Numbers 32:41)
Jairus - JairUS. A, by a curious slip, has ἰατρός), as also in the Apocrypha (Est 11:2), where the Authorized and Revised Versions has ‘Jairus’ as the name of the same person. In any case, however, analogy permits the adoption of ‘Jair’ as the English equivalent of Ἰάειρος; and were the name in familiar vogue, like such names as ‘Paul,’ this would naturally be its form. The Authorized Version ‘Jairus’ follows the Vulgate (Wyclif, ‘Jayrus’). (Note, the name יָצִיר occurs in 1 Chronicles 20:5 as the Keé; Authorized and Revised Versions ‘Jair’). Jairus is described in Mk. has ἄρχων alone (Matthew 9:18); but there is no need to suppose that this is intended to represent Jairus as a member of the Sanhedrin, or in any other capacity than that indicated in the other Gospels. title רא̇שׁ הַכּנֵסֵח, and the office held by Jairus had well-defined functions. The expression used in Mark 5:22 quite agrees with this, as it describes the class to which Jairus belonged (one of the ‘synagogue-rulers’ or ‘synagogue-presidents’) rather than a particular body of ‘rulers’ of which he was a member. In the triple narrative in which Jairus figures, Mark 5:21-43 = Matthew 9:18-26 = Luke 8:40-56, the condensed form of Mt. In addition to the omission of the ruler’s name and the loose use of ἄρχων (see above), there is no mention of the servant who met our Lord and Jairus on the way with the news that the child was dead (Mark 5:35 = Luke 8:49). In the primitive tradition the daughter of Jairus was believed to have been brought back from death to life
Manasseh - Jair, it is said, and Nobah, two other descendants of Manasseh, also look towns in Gilead, to which they gave their own names. Further, in Numbers 32:41 Bashan is conquered by Jair, who, according to Judges 10:3 , was a judge of Israel. One lot only is consequently assigned to them, the limits of which are roughly sketched in Joshua 16:1-3 , Joshua 17:1-18 gives Gilead and Bashan to Machir (making no mention of Jair and Nobah), and Joshua 17:2 begins to tell of the assignments to the remainder of the Manassite clans, but fails to do so
Adoption - ... In 1 Chronicles 2, Machir gives his daughter to Hezron of Judah; she bore Segub, father of Jair. Jair inherited 23 cities of Gilead in right of his grandmother
Judah - Some try to define Judah here as the sixty towns of Jair east of the Jordan (Joshua 13:30 )
Mordecai - was the son of Jair, of the race of Saul, and a chief of the tribe of Benjamin
Manasseh (1) - "Geshur and Aram (Syria) took the 23 towns of Jair and the 37 of Kenath and her daughters, 60 in all, from them"; so 1 Chronicles 2:23 ought to be translated In Judges 10:4 we find Jair the judge in possession of 30 of them, recovered from the enemy
Bashan - Argob in Bashan (See BASHAN-HAVOTH-Jair), with its 60 walled and barred cities still standing, was one of Solomon's commissariat districts (1 Kings 4:13)
Judges - Thus it was chiefly the land east of the Jordan that Ehud, Jephthah, Elon, and Jair delivered and governed; Barak and Tola governed the northern tribes; Abdon the central; and Ibzan and Samson the southern
Judges, Book of - Tola and Jair (Judges 10:1-5 ) ... G. The minor judges are Othniel, Shamgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
Passover - But those who had any lawful impediment, as a journey, sickness, or uncleanness, voluntary or involuntary, for example, those who had been present at a funeral, &c, were to defer the celebration of the passover till the second month of the ecclesiastical year, the fourteenth day of the month Jair, which answers to April and May
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - So a double genealogy of Jair is given, one of the inheritance, the other of birth (1 Chronicles 2:4-5; 1 Chronicles 2:21-22; Numbers 32:41)
Judges, Book of - ... From the Exodus to the crossing the Jordan 40 }... From the Jordan to the division of the land 7 }... Rest under Joshua and the Elders Judges 2:7 12 }... Oppression by the king of Mesopotamia Judges 3:8 8 } ... Othniel judge Judges 3:11 40 } About 338 years -... Oppression by the Moabites Judges 3:14 18 } ... Ehud and Shamgar Judges 3:30 80 } the 300 years... Oppression by king Jabin Judges 4:3 20 } ... Deborah and Barak Judges 5:31 40 } in round... Oppression by the Midianites Judges 6:1 7 } ... Gideon Judges 8:28 40 } numbers... Abimelech Judges 9:22 3 } ... Tola Judges 10:2 23 } of... Jair Judges 10:3 22 } ... } Judges 11:26 ... In the West
Judges - ... These extraordinary judges, raised by God, the temporal as well as spiritual King of Israel, as His vicegerents, between Joshua and the kings were 13: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech (an usurper), Tola, Jair Jephtha, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon (Bedan 1 Samuel 12:11), Samson
Judges (1) - ... The Book of Judges itself is comprised in Judges 2:6 to Judges 16:31 ; and here it is to be noticed, first of all, that a certain artificiality is observable in the structure; the exploits of twelve men are recounted, and the idea seems to be that each represents one of the twelve tribes of Israel, thus: Judah is represented by Othniel, Benjamin by Ehud, the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh by Gideon (West) and Jair (East), Issachar by Tola, Zebulun by Elon, Naphtali by Barak, Ephralm by Abdon, Gad by Jephthah, and Dan by Samson; besides these ten there are Shamgar and Ibzan, two unimportant Judges, but against them there are the two tribes Reuben and Simeon, who, however, soon disappear; while the tribe of Levi, as always, occupies an exceptional position. ] Of the twelve Judges dealt with, seven are of Quite subordinate importance, little more than a bare mention of them being recorded; they are: Othniel ( Judges 3:7-11 ), who delivers the children of Israel from Cushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia; he is mentioned incidentally in Judges 1:13 as marrying the daughter of Caleb; Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), of whom nothing more is said than that he killed six hundred Philistines; Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ); Jair ( Judges 10:3-5 ); Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ); Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ); and Abdon ( Judges 12:13-15 ). In the same way, the brief references to the ‘minor’ judges Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ), Jair ( Judges 10:5 ), Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ), Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ), and Abdon ( Judges 12:13-15 ) are historical notes of value; their Interpretation is another matter; it is possible that these names are the names of clans and not of individuals; some of them certainly occur as the names of clans in later books
Government of the Hebrews - For many of the judges, for instance, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Eli, and Samuel, ruled the nation in peace