Character Study on Jabin

Character Study on Jabin

Joshua 11: And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph,
Judges 4: And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.
Judges 4: And I will draw unto thee to the river Kishon Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand.
Judges 4: Howbeit Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite.
Judges 4: So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel.
Judges 4: And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.
Psalms 83: Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:

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Dictionary

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jabin
King of Caanan. A mighty oppressor of Israel, (Judges 4:2-3) His name signifies to understand, from Binah.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Jabin
(jay' bihn) Personal name meaning, “he understands.” King of Hazor (Joshua 11:1 ; Judges 4:1 ; Psalm 83:10 ). Leader of northern coalition of kings who attacked Joshua at the water of Merom and met their death (compare Joshua 12:19-24 ). Jabin, king of Hazor, controlled the Israelites when they turned away from God at Ehud's death (Judges 4:1-2 ). The biblical writer referred to him as “King of Canaan,” a title representing his strong power in the northern part of the country, but a title kings of the other Canaanite city states probably would have strongly contested, since Canaan lacked political unity in that period. Jabin does not act in the story of Judges 4:1 ; rather Sisera, his general, represents him and is killed, leading to Jabin's loss of power. This Jabin must certainly be differentiated from the one Joshua fought, leading to the assumption by many scholars that a dynasty of kings in Hazor carried the name Jabin. Some have gone so far to identify him with Ibni-Adad, who appears in Near Eastern documents from Mari.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jabin
1. King of Hazor in northern Palestine, near the Merom waters. Headed the confederacy of northern kings (Jobab of Madon, the kings of Shimron, Achshaph, etc., N. of the mountains of Naphtali and in the Arabah S. of Chinneroth, i.e. the Ghor, S. of the sea of Galilee, etc.) against Israel: Joshua 11:1-4. Their army was "even as the sand upon the sea shore in multitude, with horses and chariots very many." Lest Joshua should be affrighted at this formidable array, Jehovah in vision promised "I will deliver them up all slain before Israel"; I am infinitely more than a match for them, and I am on thy side.

The "I" is emphatic in the Hebrew. Joshua suddenly fell upon them and "chased them unto great Zidon (then the metropolis of Phoenicia, but later in David's time outstripped by Tyre), and Misrephoth Maim and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward, until they left them none remaining." (See MISREPHOTH MAIM.) Then he "houghed" (lamed by cutting the hoof sinew) their horses, and burnt their chariots. The cities he did not burn except Hazor, which he burnt and slew its king, probably on account of some renewed hostility (Joshua 11:1-13).

2. The king of Hazor whose general, Sisera, was defeated by Deborah and Barak. (See DEBORAH; BARAK; HAROSHETH.) "For 20 years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel," until their "cry unto the Lord" brought a deliverer (Judges 4-5).

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jabin
JABIN (‘[God] perceives’). A Canaanite king who reigned in Hazor, a place near the Waters of Merom, not far from Kedesh. In the account, in Judges 4:1-24 , of the defeat of Jabin’s host under Sisera, the former takes up quite a subordinate position. In another account ( Joshua 11:1-9 ) of this episode the victory of the two tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali is represented as a conquest of the whole of northern Canaan by Joshua. Both accounts ( Joshua 11:1-9 , Judges 4:1-24 ) are fragments taken from an earlier, and more elaborate, source; the Jabin in each passage is therefore one and the same person.

W. O. E. Oesterley.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jabin
1. King of Hazor in the north, who, with confederate kings, raised an enormous army 'as the sand that is upon the sea shore,' but was signally defeated by Joshua, after he had overthrown the confederacy in the south. Joshua 11:1-11 . Thus early in the history of Israel the kings of the south and the north appear on the scene, and perish.

2. Another king of Hazor, who oppressed Israel twenty years; he was defeated by Deborah and Barak. Judges 4:2-24 . Psalm 83:9 calls upon God to do to the great northern confederacy in the last days as was done to this king.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jabin
Jabin (jâ'bin), whom he—i.e., God—observes. 1. King of Hazor, a northern district of Canaan. Joshua 11:1. He and his allies were utterly defeated in a battle with Joshua at Merom, the city of Hazor was taken, and Jabin put to death. 2. Another king of the same name and place, who had great wealth and power, and oppressed the children of Israel for 20 years. Judges 4:2. His army was defeated by Deborah and Barak, and Sisera, Ms principal general, put to death.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jabin
Jabneh
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jabin
1. A powerful king in the time of Joshua, at Hazor in the north of Canaan. The league which he organized to crush Joshua, only made his own ruin more complete, Joshua 11:1-23 B. C. 1450.

2. Another king of Hazor, a century and a half later, who sorely oppressed Israel for twenty years, till Deborah and Barak were raised up as deliverers, Judges 4:1-24 Psalm 83:9 .

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jabin
Discerner; the wise.
A king of Hazor, at the time of the entrance of Israel into Canaan (Joshua 11:1-14 ), whose overthrow and that of the northern chief with whom he had entered into a confederacy against Joshua was the crowning act in the conquest of the land (11:21-23; comp 14:6-15). This great battle, fought at Lake Merom, was the last of Joshua's battles of which we have any record. Here for the first time the Israelites encountered the iron chariots and horses of the Canaanites.



Another king of Hazor, called "the king of Canaan," who overpowered the Israelites of the north one hundred and sixty years after Joshua's death, and for twenty years held them in painful subjection. The whole population were paralyzed with fear, and gave way to hopeless despondency (Judges 5:6-11 ), till Deborah and Barak aroused the national spirit, and gathering together ten thousand men, gained a great and decisive victory over Jabin in the plain of Esdraelon (Judges 4:10-16 ; Compare Psalm 83:9 ). This was the first great victory Israel had gained since the days of Joshua. They never needed to fight another battle with the Canaanites (Judges 5:31 ).


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Sentence search

Sisera - Military leader of Jabin, king of Canaan (Judges 4:2 ) who was killed by Heber's wife, Jael (Judges 4:21 ). See Jabin ; Judges
Sisera - Military leader of Jabin, king of Canaan (Judges 4:2 ) who was killed by Heber's wife, Jael (Judges 4:21 ). See Jabin ; Judges
Jabin - Jabin, king of Hazor, controlled the Israelites when they turned away from God at Ehud's death (Judges 4:1-2 ). Jabin does not act in the story of Judges 4:1 ; rather Sisera, his general, represents him and is killed, leading to Jabin's loss of power. This Jabin must certainly be differentiated from the one Joshua fought, leading to the assumption by many scholars that a dynasty of kings in Hazor carried the name Jabin
Jabin - Jabin (jâ'bin), whom he—i. He and his allies were utterly defeated in a battle with Joshua at Merom, the city of Hazor was taken, and Jabin put to death
Harosheth of the Gentiles - Sisera, captain of Jabin II king of Canaan, resided there (Judges 4:2). Jabin's own residence and seat of government was Hazor, N. To Harosheth Barak pursued Jabin's routed army. Joshua (Joshua 11:6; Joshua 11:10) had 150 years before routed the confederate kings of northern Canaan, headed by Jabin I, at the waters of Merom, the first occasion of Israel's having to encounter "chariots and horses. Hazor was rebuilt in the interval between Jabin I and Jabin II; the latter of whom was the first who threw off Israel's yoke and oppressed Israel in turn (for their previous oppressors, the kings of Mesopotamia and Moab, Chushan Rishathaim and Eglon, were outside not within the promised land, as Jabin II)
Sisera - Sisera is represented as captain of the host of Jabin , a Canaanite king; his army is overcome by the Israelites under Barak. In another account ( Judges 5:1-31 , the older account) Sisera appears as an independent ruler, and Jabin is not even mentioned; the two accounts differ in a number of subsidiary details, but in two salient points they agree, namely, as to the defeat of Sisera and as to the manner of his death. It is clear that two traditions, one concerning Jabin and another concerning Sisera, have been mixed up together; in order to harmonize them Sisera has been made Jabin’s captain (see Barak, Deborah, etc
Barak - Together with Deborah led a small Israelite army in battle against the occupying armies of the Canaanite king, Jabin, and his general, Sisera
Barak - At the summons of Deborah he made war against Jabin. She accompanied him into the battle, and gave the signal for the little army to make the attack; in which the host of Jabin was completely routed
Jabin - Jabin (‘[God] perceives’). In the account, in Judges 4:1-24 , of the defeat of Jabin’s host under Sisera, the former takes up quite a subordinate position. Both accounts ( Joshua 11:1-9 , Judges 4:1-24 ) are fragments taken from an earlier, and more elaborate, source; the Jabin in each passage is therefore one and the same person
ma'Don - Its king joined Jabin and his confederates in their attempt against Joshua at the waters of Xierom, and like the rest was killed
Sisera - A general in the army of Jabin king of Hazor, sent by his master against Barak and Deborah, who occupied Mount Tabor with an army
ba'Rak - (lightning ), son of Abinoam of Kedesh, a refuge city in Mount Naphtali, was incited by Deborah, a prophetess of Ephraim, to deliver Israel from the yolk of Jabin
Barak - Incited by Deborah the prophetess to deliver Israel from the yoke of Jabin II, king of northern Canaan, of which Hazor, on lake Merom (now Hulah), was the capital. Hazor had been destroyed with Jabin I, its king, more than a century before, under Joshua; but owing to Israel's unfaithfulness had been permitted to be rebuilt, and a succeeding Jabin regained the possessions taken from his forefather. ... This little army, aided by a providential storm in the enemy's face (according to Josephus), rushed down the hill of their encampment, Tabor, and routed Jabin's 900 iron chariots and unwieldy host in the plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon), "the battlefield of Palestine. Harosheth was taken, Sisera slain by Heber's wife, Jabin's country taken, and a peace of 40 years secured. Lord Hervey makes the narrative a repetition of Joshua 11:1-12, from the sameness of names, Jabin and Hazor; the subordinate kings (Judges 5:19; Joshua 11:2, etc. ... But if fancied chronological difficulties Judges be hereby removed, geographical difficulties are thus created; above all, the plain word God, which "cannot be broken" makes Jabin's oppression of Israel: Hazor to be "when Ehud was dead"; it is impossible then it can be identical with the narrative in Joshua. Jabin ("prudent") was probably a standing title of the kings of Hazor. Heretofore, foes without, Mesopotamia and Moab, had chastised Israel; but now their sin provokes God to raise an oppressor within their own borders, Canaan itself! Jabin seduced them into idolatry, besides oppressing them (Judges 5:8)
Machir - His posterity were active in the conquest of Gilead, Numbers 32:39 ; Joshua 17:1 ; and in the war with Jabin and Sisera, Judges 5:14
Misrephoth-Maim - Burning of waters, supposed to be salt-pans, or lime-kilns, or glass-factories, a place to which Joshua pursued a party of Canaanites after the defeat of Jabin (Joshua 11:8 )
Endor - A place in Issachar, possessed by Manasseh, Joshua 17:11, where Sisera and Jabin were slain, Psalms 83:9-10, and where Saul consulted the witch
Deborah - Wife of Lapidoth: she became a 'mother in Israel,' and was a prophetess and 'judged Israel;' it was she who incited Barak to attack Jabin, who had oppressed Israel twenty years. This led to the defeat of their enemies, the death of Sisera by the hand of Jael, and the destruction of Jabin
Achshaph - ” City state which joined Jabin, King of Hazor, in opposing Joshua as he invaded northern Israel (Joshua 11:1 )
Shimron - One of the towns whose kings Jabin called to his assistance ( Joshua 11:1 )
Deborah - Jabin, the king of Hazor, had for twenty years held Israel in degrading subjection. She gave the signal for attack, and the Hebrew host rushed down impetuously upon the army of Jabin, which was commanded by Sisera, and gained a great and decisive victory. (See LAPIDOTH, Jabin [2]
Endor - Psalm 83:10 says Jabin died there
Misrephoth-Maim - (mihss' rih fahth may' ihm) Limit of pursuit of the coalition of King Jabin of Hazor (Joshua 11:8 ; Joshua 13:6 )
Hazor - The city of King Jabin: destroyed by Joshua, Joshua 11:1; Joshua 11:10-11; given to Naphtali, Joshua 19:36; again possessed by the Canaanites, Judges 4:2. who had for its king Jabin—a generic reigned in Hazor and whose general was Sisera
Hazor - ... Joshua 11:1-15 ; Joshua 12:19 relate how Jabin, king of Hazor, rallied the forces of the northern cities of Canaan against Joshua. Joshua defeated the Canaanite forces, slew the leaders, including Jabin, and burned the city of Hazor. In Judges 4:1 we again find a Jabin as king of Canaan ruling from Hazor. Some Bible students see a discrepancy between this story and the story in Joshua, saying Jabin was killed generations earlier and Hazor destroyed and taken into Israelite control. The traditional solution to this discrepancy stresses that Jabin is referred to in the past tense—”who reigned in Hazor. ” Jabin was not alive at the time of the battle with Deborah, but Sisera had previously been commander of Jabin's forces. ) A different solution on the basis of archaeological excavations claims the story concerning Jabin in Joshua is accurate. The most ancient account of the defeat of Sisera by Deborah and Barak appears in the poetic account of Judges 5:1 , which mentions neither Jabin nor Hazor (compare 1 Samuel 12:9 ). The Canaanite dynasty of Jabin maintained or regained control with one or more kings named Jabin
Deborah - When the Israelites relapsed into idolatry they were subjected to the rule of the Canaanite king, Jabin, and his general, Sisera
ja'Bin - ) During the ensuing wars Joshua again attacked Jabin, and burnt his city
en-Dor - A town of Manasseh in the territory of Issachar ( Joshua 17:11 ); the home of a woman with a familiar spirit consulted by Saul on the eve of the battle of Gilboa ( 1 Samuel 28:1-25 ); and, according to a psalmist ( Psalms 83:10 ), the scene of the rout of Jabin and Sisera
Heber - He must have been a person of consequence, from the fact that it is stated that there was peace between him and the powerful king Jabin
Harosheth of the Gentiles - This is said to have been the residence of Sisera, the general of the armies of Jabin, king of Canaan, who reigned at Hazor
Jobab - King of city state of Madon who joined Jabin of Hazor in northern coalition against Joshua (Joshua 11:1 )
Merom - ” Place in Galilee where Joshua led Israel to defeat a coalition of Canaanite tribes under king Jabin of Hazor in a surprise attack (Joshua 11:1-7 )
Sis'Era -
Captain of the army of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor
Chariots - Sisera, general of Jabin king of Hazor, had nine hundred chariots of iron, Judges 4:3
en'-Dor - ( Joshua 17:11 ) Endor was the scene of the great victory over Sisera and Jabin
Har'Osheth - It was the residence of Sisera captain of Jabin king of Canaan, ( Judges 4:2 ) and it was the point to which the victorious Israelites under Barak pursued the discomfited host and chariots of the second potentate of that name
Endor - , "of the age", a place in the territory of Issachar (Joshua 17:11 ) near the scene of the great victory which was gained by Deborah and Barak over Sisera and Jabin (Compare Psalm 83:9,10 )
Sisera - Captain of the army of Jabin king of the northern Canaanites
Barak - God summoned him, by means of Deborah the prophetess, to release Israel from the yoke of Jabin king of Canaan
Heber (2) - ) Besides this general migration Heber's family migrated to Kedesh in Naphtali, the debatable ground between northern Israel and Jabin
Hazor - A chief city of northern Canaan, whose king Jabin, at the head of an allied host, was defeated by Joshua, Joshua 11:1-13
Sisera - Captain of the host of Jabin, the Canaanite king who reigned in HAZOR. (See Jabin; JAEL; BARAK; DEBORAH; KISHON
Dor - One of the cities which joined Jabin against Joshua ( Joshua 11:2 ), and whose king was killed ( Joshua 12:23 )
Dor - (dwelling ), ( Joshua 17:11 ; 1 Kings 4:11 ) an ancient royal city of the Canaanites, (Joshua 12:23 ) whose ruler was an ally of Jabin king of Hazor against Joshua
Jobab - A king of Madon, ally of Jabin of Hazor against Joshua ( Joshua 11:1 )
Hazor - Jabin the king with his allied tribes here encountered Joshua in a great battle. This city was, however, afterwards rebuilt by the Canaanites, and was ruled by a king with the same hereditary name of Jabin
Jael - When Sisera's army was defeated by Barak and Deborah, he left his chariot and fled on foot to the tent of Jael, whose husband was at peace with Jabin. ... Great indignation has been expressed at this act of Jael, and even Christians have blamed her severely; but it was foretold that Jehovah would "sell Sisera into the hand of a woman;" and immediately after the deed, it is added, "So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel
Barak - son of Abinoam, chosen by God to deliver the Hebrews from that bondage under which they were held by Jabin, king of the Canaanites, Judges 4:4-5 , &c
Jeb'Usites - (Numbers 13:29 ) When Jabin organized his rising against Joshua, the Jebusites joined him
Deborah - Deborah incited Barak to deliver his people from the oppression of Jabin; at his desire accompanied him, though with a rebuke, and after the victory uttered a triumphal song of praise
Harosheth - Home of Sisera, captain of the army of Jabin of Hazor (Judges 4:2 )
Hazor - The city of Jabin ( Joshua 11:1 etc
Captivity - Six captivities are reckoned during the government by judges: the first, under Chushanrishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, which continued about eight years; the second, under Eglon, king of Moab, from which the Jews were delivered by Ehud; the third, under the Philistines, from which they were rescued by Shamgar; the fourth, under Jabin, king of Hazor, from which they were delivered by Deborah and Barak; the fifth, under the Midianites, from which Gideon freed them; and the sixth, under the Ammonites and Philistines, during the judicatures of Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Eli, Samson, and Samuel
ha'Zor - There is no reason for supposing it a different place from that of which Jabin was king
Shamgar - This tribe took a foremost part in the war with Jabin (Judges 4:6; Judges 4:10; Judges 5:18)
me'Rom - Here Joshua completely routed the confederacy of the northern chiefs under Jabin
Chariots - Sisera, general of Jabin, king of Hazor, had 900 chariots of iron, Judges 4:3; and Solomon raised 1400, 1 Kings 10:26, in spite of the prohibition in Deuteronomy 17:16; 1 Samuel 8:11-12
Heber - His wife Jael killed Sisera, the Canaanite general, breaking a political alliance between Heber's clan and Jabin, Sisera's king (Judges 4:17 )
Endor - Here it was that Sisera and Jabin perished (Psalms 83:9-10)
Hazor - It was taken and burnt by Joshua; rebuilt and allotted to Naphtali, but was retaken by a second Jabin, king of Canaan, who was defeated by Deborah and Barak
Jabin - The whole population were paralyzed with fear, and gave way to hopeless despondency (Judges 5:6-11 ), till Deborah and Barak aroused the national spirit, and gathering together ten thousand men, gained a great and decisive victory over Jabin in the plain of Esdraelon (Judges 4:10-16 ; Compare Psalm 83:9 )
Judges - Third oppression, by Jabin and Sisera—20 years
Deb'Orah - " The tyranny of Jabin, a Canaanitish king, was peculiarly felt in the northern tribes, who were near his capital and under her jurisdiction
Esdraelon - Here Deborah and Barak routed the hosts of Jabin and Sisera (Judges 4:1-24 ), and here Gideon defeated the Midianites (7)
Barak - He was called by Deborah the prophetess (who judged Israel at that time) to collect from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulon 10,000 men that God might deliver into his hand Sisera, the captain of the army of Jabin, king of Canaan, who had 900 chariots of iron, and who had mightily oppressed the children of Israel twenty years
Megiddo - It was here Barak gained a notable victory over Jabin, the king of Hazor, whose general, Sisera, led on the hostile army
Chariot - Jabin, king of Canaan, it is said, had nine hundred chariots of iron, and mightily oppressed the children of Israel
Judges - --- Third servitude, to Jabin and Sisera-- 20 years
Mizpah, Mizpeh - LAND OF MIZPEH, the resort of the Hivites, who joined with Jabin to attack Joshua
Chariots of War - Sisera, the general of Jabin, king of Hazor, had nine hundred chariots of iron in his army, Judges 4:3
Jael - The Kenites were on friendly terms both with the Israelites ( Judges 1:16 ) and with the Canaanites, to whom Jabin and his general, Sisera, belonged
Jael - )... He kept a neutral position, being at peace with both Jabin and Israel (Judges 4:17) Her tent, not Heber's, is specified as that to which Sisera fled, because the women's tent seemed a more secure asylum and Jael herself "went out to meet" and invite him
Naphtali - Under Barak, their general, they and the Zebulunites fought with distinguished bravery against the army of Jabin the younger; and at the desire of Gideon they pursued the Midianites, Judges 4:10 ; Judges 5:18 ; Judges 7:23
Gideon - After the victory gained by Deborah and Barak over Jabin, Israel once more sank into idolatry, and the Midianites (q
Chariot - Jabin, the king of Canaan, had 900 chariots (Judges 4:3 ); and in Saul's time the Philistines had 30,000
Jebus - Jabin, king in the N
Zebulun - The tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali distinguished themselves in the war of Barak and Deborah against Sisera, the general of the armies of Jabin, Judges 4:5-6 ; Judges 4:10 ; Judges 5:14 ; Judges 5:18
Josh'ua - He defeated the Canaanites under Jabin king of Hazor
Hart - " His active energy was shown against Jabin the Canaanite oppressor (Judges 4:6-9; Judges 5:18)
Merom, Waters of - 2:20, section 6; 3:3, section 1; Life 37) says, "these kings (under Jabin of Hazor) encamped at Berothe or Meroth, a city the western limit of upper Galilee, not far from Kedes
Mizpah, Mizpeh - The account of Joshua's encounter with Jabin, king of Hazor (Joshua 11:1 ) refers to “the land of Mizpah” (Joshua 11:3 ) and “the valley of Mizpeh” (Joshua 11:8 ), a region in north Palestine, the location of which is unknown
Joshua - He defeated the Canaanites under Jabin king of Hazor, In six years six tribes, with 31 petty chiefs, were conquered
Megiddo - "The kings of Canaan (Jabin and Sisera his captain) fought in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo" (namely, Kishon, or else a copious stream flowing down into Kishon) with Deborah and Barak
Miz'Pah - (1 Samuel 22:3 ) ... A third was "the land of Mizpeh," or more accurately "of Mizpah," the residence of the Hivites who joined the northern confederacy against Israel, headed by Jabin king of Hazor
Megiddo - Deborah and Barak fought the Canaanites and their leaders King Jabin and Sisera near the “waters of Megiddo,” possibly the wadi Qina running through the surrounding hills (Judges 5:19 )
Deborah - She was the real deliverer of the Israelites, who had sunk into a state of feebleness and impotence, through the oppression of Jabin, king of Hazor (see Barak)
Hymn - ... Old Testament Ceremonial religious singing is mentioned in the Old Testament in connection with important events, such as the songs in celebration of the Hebrews' passage through the Red Sea (Exodus 15:1-21 ), Deborah and Barak's triumph song after the defeat of the forces of Jabin, king of Hazor (Judges 5:1-31 ), and the women's song at David's victorious return from battle with the Philistines (1 Samuel 18:6-7 )
Zebulun - Distinguished in the contest with Jabin as "jeoparding their lives unto the death in the high places of the field," literally, "despised life even unto death" at the call of fatherland
Naphtali - ... Barak with 10,000 men of Naphtali, at Deborah's call, fought and delivered Israel from Jabin of Canaan
Judges, the Book of - A time "when there was no king in Israel" (Judges 19:1), before Samson's days (compare Judges 13:25 margin with Judges 18:12); also before Jabin, 150 years after Joshua, had established a strong Canaanite kingdom in the N. The servitudes increase in length successively for the most part: Chushan Rishathaim 8 years, Eglon 18, Jabin 20; also in the humiliation... (1) a distant king,... (2) a neighbouring king,... (3) a king in Canaan itself. Jabin disarmed (as in 1 Samuel 13:22 the Philistines are stated to have done) and brought them into union with Canaan by constraining them to worship his idols (Judges 4:3; Judges 5:8)
Peace - 9:8); in diplomacy: “Howbeit Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite” (Judg
Deborah - Jabin oppressed the northern tribes adjacent to Hazor his capital (Zebuhn, Naphtali, and Issachar, which she judged)
Mizpah - The land of Mizpah, the abode of the Hivites, "under Hermon," who joined Jabin against Joshua (Joshua 11:8). To "the valley of Mizpah eastward" Joshua chased Jabin's conquered hosts (Joshua 11:8)
Reuben - Occupation with their flocks made them dilatory and unwilling to join in the struggle for national independence against Jabin (Judges 5:15-16)
Zebulun - ... In the war against Jabin 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali went with Barak against Sisera, and in the battle, whose issues were of decisive importance to the tribes of Israel, they immortalized themselves by their bravery (Judges 4:10 )
Judges, Book of - ... From the Exodus to the crossing the Jordan 40 }... From the Jordan to the division of the land 7 }... Rest under Joshua and the Elders Judges 2:7 12 }... Oppression by the king of Mesopotamia Judges 3:8 8 } ... Othniel judge Judges 3:11 40 } About 338 years -... Oppression by the Moabites Judges 3:14 18 } ... Ehud and Shamgar Judges 3:30 80 } the 300 years... Oppression by king Jabin Judges 4:3 20 } ... Deborah and Barak Judges 5:31 40 } in round... Oppression by the Midianites Judges 6:1 7 } ... Gideon Judges 8:28 40 } numbers... Abimelech Judges 9:22 3 } ... Tola Judges 10:2 23 } of... Jair Judges 10:3 22 } ... } Judges 11:26 ... In the West
Conquest of Canaan - In that region King Jabin of Hazor formed a coalition of neighboring kings to battle with the Israelites
Issachar - " But in the conflict with Jabin and Sisera "the princes of Israel were with Deborah, even Israel and also Barak"; indeed the battle was perhaps on Israel's territory, "by Tadhath at the waters of Megiddo" (Judges 5:15; Judges 5:19)
Triumphs - The song of Deborah and Barak, after the decisive battle in which Sisera lost his life, and Jabin his dominion over the tribes of Israel, is a production of the same sort, in which the spirit of genuine heroism and of true religion are admirably combined
Egypt - There occur the names of three kings killed by Joshua, Adoni-zedec, king of Jerusalem, Japhia, king of Lachish (Joshua 10:3 ), and Jabin, king of Hazor (11:1); also the Hebrews (Abiri) are said to have come from the desert
Captivity - Besides minor captivities six under the judges, namely, that by Chushan-rishathaim, Eglon, the Philistines, Jabin of Canaan, Midian, Ammon (Judges 3; Judges 4; Judges 6; Judges 10), and that by Hazael of Syria (2 Kings 10:32), there were three great captivities
Joshua - to Kadesh Barnea and Gaza, then the northern confederated kings under Jabin, at Merom, and the country even unto Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon under Mount Hermon and unto "great Zidon
Music, Instruments, Dancing - Judges 5:1 stands as musical witness to Israel's victory over Jabin, the king of Canaan
Egypt - ' The translator (Major Conder) believes he has identified the names of three of the kings smitten by Joshua: Adoni-zedec, king of Jerusalem; Japhia, king of Lachish; and Jabin, king of Hazor