Character Study on Hadadezer

Character Study on Hadadezer

2 Samuel 8: David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
2 Samuel 8: And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
2 Samuel 8: And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 8: And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
2 Samuel 8: When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
2 Samuel 8: Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
2 Samuel 8: Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
1 Kings 11: And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:

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Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer
Hadad is help; called also Hadarezer, Adod is his help, the king of Zobah. Hanun, the king of the Ammonites, hired among others the army of Hadadezer to assist him in his war against David. Joab, who was sent against this confederate host, found them in double battle array, the Ammonities toward their capital of Rabbah, and the Syrian mercenaries near Medeba. In the battle which was fought the Syrians were scattered, and the Ammonites in alarm fled into their capital. After this Hadadezer went north "to recover his border" (2 Samuel 8:3 , A.V.); but rather, as the Revised Version renders, "to recover his dominion", i.e., to recruit his forces. Then followed another battle with the Syrian army thus recruited, which resulted in its being totally routed at Helam (2 Samuel 10:17 ). Shobach, the leader of the Syrian army, died on the field of battle. The Syrians of Damascus, who had come to help Hadadezer, were also routed, and Damascus was made tributary to David. All the spoils taken in this war, "shields of gold" and "very much brass," from which afterwards the "brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass" for the temple were made (1 Chronicles 18:8 ), were brought to Jerusalem and dedicated to Jehovah. Thus the power of the Ammonites and the Syrians was finally broken, and David's empire extended to the Euphrates (2 Samuel 10:15-19 ; 1 Chronicles 19:15-19 ).

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer
(See HADAREZER.)

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Hadadezer
Beauty of assistance
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hadadezer
HADADEZER . The name of a king of Zobah (wh. see) in the time of David, 2 Samuel 8:3 ff., 1 Kings 11:23 . In 1 Chronicles 18:3 ff. the same king is called less correctly Hadarezer . He was at the head of the combination of the Aramæans of Northern Palestine against David, was repeatedly defeated, and finally made tributary. The word means ‘Adad is (my) helper’ (cf. Heb. Eliezer, Ebenezer, Azariah , etc.). It is found on the Black Obelisk of the Assyrian Shalmaneser ii. under the more Aramaic form Adadidri , as the equivalent of Benhadad of Damascus, who led the great combination, including Ahab of Israel, against the Assyrians in b.c. 854.

J. F. M’Curdy.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer
Son of Rehob, Syrian king of Zobah. He was defeated by David with great loss, and driven across the Euphrates. David took much spoil and the shields of gold he dedicated to the Lord. Hadadezer was also again totally defeated by David. 2 Samuel 8:3-12 ; 1 Kings 11:23 . Called HADAREZER in 2 Samuel 10:16,19 ; 1 Chronicles 18:3-10 ; 1 Chronicles 19:16-19 .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hadadezer
Hadadezer (hăd-ad-ç'zer), or Hadarezer (hăd-ar-ç'zer), Hadad's help. A king of Zobah. He was twice defeated by king David's armies. 2 Samuel 8:3; 2 Samuel 10:16. On the first occasion 22,000 of the enemy were slain and 1000 chariots were taken. Among the spoils were shields of gold, 1 Chronicles 18:4-7, which David took to Jerusalem. Some years afterward they became tributary to David. 1 Chronicles 19:16-19.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer or Hadarezer
A powerful king of Syria, reigning in Zobah and the surrounding country, even to the Euphrates, 1 Kings 11:23 . He was thrice defeated and his power overthrown by David, 2 Samuel 8:3,4 10:6-14 16:1-19:43 1 Chronicles 18:3 19:6 .

Sentence search

Hadarezer - See Hadadezer
Hadarezer - Same as Hadadezer
Hadarezer - See Hadadezer
Hadarezer - See Hadadezer
Hadarezer - Adod is his help, the name given to Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:3-12 ) in 2 Samuel 10
Betah - City of Hadadezer, from which David took much brass
Berothai - City belonging to Hadadezer king of Zobah
Tibhath - City of Hadadezer, king of Zobah (1 Chronicles 18:8)
Tib'Hath - (extension ), a city of Hadadezer, king of Zobah, ( 1 Chronicles 18:8 ) which in 2 Samuel 8:8 Is called Betah
Betah - Belonging to Hadadezer, king of Zobah
Toi - King of Hamath in Syria, sent his son to rejoice with David on his victories over Hadadezer king of Zobah, 2 Samuel 8:9-11 ; 1 Chronicles 18:9
be'Tah - (confidence ), a city belonging to Hadadezer king of Zobah, mentioned with Berothai
Betah - Confidence, a city belonging to Hadadezer, king of Zobah, which yielded much spoil of brass to David (2 Samuel 8:8 )
Joram - Toi's son, sent from Hamath to congratulate David on his victories over Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:10)
Toi - King of Hamath on the Orontes, who sent costly presents and congratulated David on his victory over Hadadezer
Rezon - Son of Eliadad and a subject of Hadadezer king of Zobah: he fled to Damascus, and established himself as king
Tibhath - City of Hadadezer, king of Zobah
Rezon - He had been an officer under Hadadezer king of Zobah
Toi - ” King of Hammath on the Orontes who sent tribute to David following his defeat of their mutual foe, Hadadezer of Zobah (2 Samuel 8:9-11 ; Tou, 1 Chronicles 18:9-10 )
Betah - ” City from which King David took brass after defeating King Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:8 )
Tou - King of Hamath on the Orontes, who sent an embassy to congratulate David on his defeat of Hadadezer ( 1 Chronicles 18:9 f
Rezon - Gathered the Syrian remnant, after David's slaughter of his master Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:3-8), and set up a petty kingdom at Damascus, and thence harassed Solomon's kingdom
Rezon - Son of Eliadah, a Syrian, who when David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah, put himself at the head of a band of adventurers and set up a petty kingdom at Damascus
to'i - (erring ), king of Hamath on the Orontes, who, after the defeat of his powerful enemy the Syrian king Hadadezer by the army of David, sent his son Joram or Hadoram to congratulate the victory and do him homage with presents of gold and silver and brass
Hadadezer - Hanun, the king of the Ammonites, hired among others the army of Hadadezer to assist him in his war against David. After this Hadadezer went north "to recover his border" (2 Samuel 8:3 , A. The Syrians of Damascus, who had come to help Hadadezer, were also routed, and Damascus was made tributary to David
Zoba - It adjoined the Damascus territory, and stretched toward the Euphrates(See Hadadezer
Helam - Helam is the region, rather than a city, where David defeated the army of Hadadezer and thus gained control of Syria ( 2 Samuel 10:15-19 )
Rezon - Abandoning the service of Hadadezer, the king of Zobah, on the occasion of his being defeated by David, he became the "captain over a band" of marauders, and took Damascus, and became king of Syria (1 Kings 11:23-25 ; 2 Samuel 8:3-8 )
Hadadezer - Hadadezer was also again totally defeated by David
Cun - (cyoon) Place name of city in Syria belonging to Hadadezer, king of Zobah
Toi - King of Hamath on the Orontes; sent his son Hadoram or Joram with presents of gold, silver, and brass, to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer, king of Zobah, whose kingdom bordered on Hamath and who probably had tried to reduce Toi to vassalage
Hadadezer - Hadadezer (hăd-ad-ç'zer), or Hadarezer (hăd-ar-ç'zer), Hadad's help
Rezon - text of 1 Kings 11:23-25 , Rezon, son of Eliada, was one of the military officers of that Hadadezer, king of the little realm of Zobah (cuneiform, Subiti ), S. For some unknown reason he deserted Hadadezer, gathered a band of freebooters, seized Damascus, and founded there the dynasty which created the most powerful of the Syrian kingdoms
Beth-Rehob - Rehob was the father of Hadadezer, the Syrian king of Zobah (2 Samuel 8:3 )
Rehob - The father of Hadadezer ( 2 Samuel 8:3 ; 2 Samuel 8:12 )
Berothai - In 2 Samuel 8:8 a city of Zobah, taken by David from Hadadezer
Rehob -
The father of Hadadezer, king of Tobah (2 Samuel 8:3,12 )
Berothai - ” City in Syria from which David took brass as tribute after he defeated King Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:8 )
re'Hob -
The father of Hadadezer king of Zobah, whom David smote at the Euphrates
Rehob - The father of Hadadezer king of Zobah in Syria, 2 Samuel 8:3
Rehob - Father of Hadadezer king of Zobah
Bethrehob - Hadadezer king of Zobah was son of Rehob (2 Samuel 8)
Hadadezer - Hadadezer
zo'ba, - ( 1 Samuel 14:47 ) Some forty years later than this we find Zobah under a single ruler Hadadezer son of Rehob. (2 Samuel 10:19 ) David, (2 Samuel 8:3 ) attacked Hadadezer in the early part of his reign, defeated his army, and took from him a thousand chariots, seven hundred (seven thousand,) (1 Chronicles 18:4 ) horsemen and 20,000 footmen. Hadadezer's allies, the Syrians of Damascus, were defeated in a great battle
Hamath - ... Toi, king of Hamath, sent his son to congratulate David after David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah. Toi had frequently fought with Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:9-10 ; 1Chronicles 18:3,1 Chronicles 18:9-10 )
Damascus - It is not again noticed till the time of David, when "the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer" (q. In the reign of Solomon, Rezon became leader of a band who revolted from Hadadezer (1 Kings 11:23 ), and betaking themselves to Damascus, settled there and made their leader king
Hadad - He also observes, that, not being able to engage the Edomites to revolt, because of the strong garrisons which Solomon had placed there, Hadad got together such people as were willing, and carried them to Razon, then in rebellion against Hadadezer, king of Syria
Hamath, Hemath - Toi, king of Hamath, sent to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer
Horse - David, however, after the defeat of Hadadezer, reserved 100 horses for chariots
Hadad - 2), confirms 2 Samuel 8:3 as to David's defeating Hadadezer or Hadarezer, king of Zobah, "when he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates"; Nicolaus says, "a certain Hadad, a native Syrian, had great power, ruling over Damascus and all Syria except. Phoenicia (this accords with 2 Samuel 8:5, 'the Syrians of Damascus came to support Hadadezer,' being his vassals); he contended against David king of Judea in many battles; in the last, which was by the Euphrates, he suffered defeat (making his third defeat: 2 Samuel 8:3; 2 Samuel 8:5; 2 Samuel 10:18), showing himself a prince of the greatest prowess
Aramean - He demanded tribute from Hadadezer, king of Zobah, and married Maacah the daughter of Talmui, king of Geshur
Chariots of War - David, having taken one thousand chariots of war from Hadadezer, king of Syria, hamstrung the horses, and burned nine hundred chariots, reserving only one hundred to himself, 2 Samuel 8:4
Chariot, - (1 Samuel 13:5 ) David took from Hadadezer, king of Zobah, 1000 chariots, (2 Samuel 8:4 ) and from the Syrians a little later 700, (2 Samuel 10:18 ) who in order to recover their ground, collected 32,000 chariots
Jehoram -
Son of Toi, king of Hamath, sent by his father to congratulate David on the occasion of his victory over Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:10 )
Syria - David decisively defeated Aram-Zobah (2 Samuel 10:6-19 ) whose king, Hadadezer, had enlisted help from his Aramean subject states (2Samuel 10:16,2 Samuel 10:19 ). Meanwhile, a certain Rezon broke from Hadadezer of Zobah following David's victory and became the leader of a marauding band
Damascus - We hear nothing more of Damascus till 2 Samuel 8:5-6 , which describes David’s capture of the city as a reprisal for its assistance given to Hadadezer, king of Zobah; David garrisoned it and reduced it to a tributary condition (cf. The general of Hadadezer, however, Rezon by name, succeeded in establishing himself as king in Damascus in the time of Solomon, and made himself continuously a very troublesome neighbour ( 1 Kings 11:23-24 )
Euphrates - ... The promise to Abraham that his seed's inheritance should reach the Euphrates (Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 1:4) received a very partial fulfillment in Reuben's pastoral possessions (1 Chronicles 5:9-10) (the Hagarites here encountered them, the inscriptions confirming scripture as to their appearance upon the middle Euphrates in the later empire); a fuller accomplishment under David and Solomon, when an annual tribute was paid from subject petty kingdoms in that quarter, as Hadadezer king of Zobah, etc
Damascus - The Syriansof Damascus sided with Hadadezer, king of Zobah, against Israel, but David slew 22,000 of the Syrians
Damascus - ... Soldiers of Damascus attempted to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah another Syrian city-state against David
Damascus - The next Scriptural notice of Damascus is 2 Samuel 8:5, when "the Syrians of Damascus succored Hadadezer king of Zobah" against David
Arms - In 2 Samuel 8:7 "shields" of gold taken by David from Hadadezer king of Zobah, and dedicated in the temple, used in proclaiming, Joash king (2 Kings 11:10), compare Song of Solomon 4:4)
Ammonites - The ensuing wars between Israel and Ammon involved warfare between David's troops and those of Hadadezer of Zobah (2 Samuel 10:6-19 ) and provided the occasion of David's affair with Bathsheba
Idol - Baal or sun worship appears indicated in the names Bethshemesh, Baal Hermon, Mount Heres ("sun"), Belshazzar, Hadadezer, Hadad Rimmon (the Syrian god)