And reigned in mount Hermon, and in Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.
And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan unto Salcah;
Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.
1 Samuel 27:
And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were
of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
- Geshur, Geshurites
GESHUR, GESHURITES . A small AramÃ¦an tribe, whose territory, together with that of Maacah (wh. see), formed the W. border of Bashan ( Deuteronomy 3:14 , Joshua 12:6 ; Joshua 13:11 ). The Geshurites were not expelled by the half-tribe of Manasseh, to whom their land had been allotted ( Joshua 13:13 ), and were still ruled by an independent king in the reign of David, who married the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur ( 2 Samuel 3:3 ). After the murder of his half-brother Amnon, Absalom took refuge with his maternal grandfather in ‘Geshur of Aram’ ( 2 Samuel 13:37 ; 2 Samuel 15:8 ). Geshur and Maacah were probably situated in the modern JaulÃ¢n , if they are not to be identified with it. In 1 Chronicles 2:23 Geshur and Aram are said to have taken the ‘tent-villages’ of Jair from the Israelites. On the strength of Joshua 13:2 and 1 Samuel 27:8 , it has been maintained that there was another tribe of this name in the neighbourhood of the Philistines; but the evidence in support of this view is very precarious.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
- Geshuri, Geshurites
1. Inhabitants of Geshur. Deuteronomy 3:14 ; Joshua 12:5 ; Joshua 13:11,13 .
2. A tribe in the southern desert. Joshua 13:2 ; 1 Samuel 27:8 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
- Geshur, Geshuri, Geshurites
The name of a district and people in Syria. Geshur lay upon the eastern side of the Jordan between Bashan, Maachah, and Mount Hermon, and within the limits of the Hebrew territory; but the Israelites did not expel its inhabitants, Joshua 12:5 ; 13:13 . They appear to have been brought under tribute, 1 Chronicles 2:23 , but to have retained their own kings. One of David's wives, Maachah the mother of Absalom, was daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; and it was here that Absalom found refuge after the murder of Amnon, and remained three years with his grandfather, 2 Samuel 3:3 ; 13:37 ; 15:8 . The word Geshur signifies bridge; and in the border of the region, where, according to the above data, we must place Geshur, between mount Hermon and the lake of Tiberias, there still exists an ancient stone bridge of four arches over the Jordan, called Jisr-Beni-Jakub, that is, the bridge of the children of Jacob. There seems to have been here an important pass on the route to Damascus and the East.
There was also a people of the same name in the south of Palestine, near the Philistines, Joshua 13:2 ; 1 Samuel 27:8 .
- (gih sshyoo' ri) KJV spelling for Geshurites
- to 1 Samuel 27:8 , David and his men’ while living at the court of Achish king of Gath, ‘made a raid upon the Geshurites
and the Girzites (RVm [Note: Revised Version margin. ] (B) is probably correct in reading only one name ‘Gizrites’ for ‘Geshurites
and Girzites,’ viz
- Yet there may have been some connection, a portion of the Geshurites
possibly passing southwards. ...
David's attack on the southern Geshurites
, or else his stay near Moab (1 Samuel 22), may have first brought him into connection with Talmai king of the northeastern Geshur (2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37. Geshur was probably part of the rugged Argob, now Lejah, where amidst those basaltic fastness the Geshurites
would be secure from the Israelites in the plains
- Only in (2 Samuel 2:9 ) By some of the old interpreters the name is taken as meaning the Geshurites
; but if we follow the Targum of Jonathan, "the Asherites" will denote the inhabitants of the whole of the country west of the Jordan above Jez-reel
- (dwellers in the desert ), The, a tribe who with the Geshurites
and the Amalekites occupied the land between the south of Palestine and Egypt in the time of Saul
- GESHUR, Geshurites
. The Geshurites
were not expelled by the half-tribe of Manasseh, to whom their land had been allotted ( Joshua 13:13 ), and were still ruled by an independent king in the reign of David, who married the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur ( 2 Samuel 3:3 )
- The Geshurites
probably inhabited the rocky fastness of Argob, the modern Lejah, in the north-east corner of Bashan
- While dwelling with the Philistines, David told them he was fighting in the territory of the Jerahmeelites (1 Samuel 27:10 ), making Achish, the Philistine king, think he was fighting against parts of Judah, while he actually fought the other groups in the south who opposed Judah—Geshurites
, Gezrites, Amalekites (1 Samuel 27:8 )
- , and Vulgate versions have it the Geshurites
- David formed the unfortunate connection doubtless in his invasion of the Geshurites
(1 Samuel 27:8; 2 Samuel 3:3)
- The mention of Maacah with the Geshurites
points to a connection between them; probably by affinity, as the Geshurite Talmai's daughter bears the name Maacah
- ] read ‘the Geshurites
,’ whose territory bordered on that of Gilead ( Joshua 12:5 ; Joshua 13:11 ), and who might therefore be suitably included here
- It seems to have been the stronghold of the Geshurites
- It extended from the "border of Gilead" on the south to Mount Hermon on the north, (3:3,10,14; Joshua 12:5 ; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ) and from the Arabah or Jordan valley on the west to Salchah (Sulkhad ) and the border of the Geshurites
and the Maachathites on the east
- The Geshurites
, Gezrites, and Amalekites dwelt close to southern Judah, so that David's march against them seemed a march against southern Judah
Thence David went up against the Geshurites
, Gezrites, and Amalekites (1 Samuel 27:8-9; 1 Samuel 30:14; 1 Samuel 30:26), for these tribes occupied the plateau overhanging the Philistine plain to the W
- , and Salkah and the Geshurites
and Maacathites on the E
- David settles in Ziklag, and stays there for a year and four months ( 1 Samuel 27:7 ), occupying the time by fighting against the enemies of his country, the Geshurites
, Amalekites, etc