1 Chronicles 3:
And the sons of Elioenai were
, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.
Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib: and when
he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink water: for he mourned because of the transgression of them that had been carried away.
Of the singers also; Eliashib: and of the porters; Shallum, and Telem, and Uri.
And of the sons of Zattu; Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, and Jeremoth, and Zabad, and Aziza.
Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel.
After him Baruch the son of Zabbai earnestly repaired the other piece, from the turning of the wall
unto the door of the house of Eliashib the high priest.
After him repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah the son of Koz another piece, from the door of the house of Eliashib even to the end of the house of Eliashib.
And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim also begat Eliashib, and Eliashib begat Joiada,
The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, were
recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.
The sons of Levi, the chief of the fathers, were
written in the book of the chronicles, even until the days of Johanan the son of Eliashib.
And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, was
allied unto Tobiah:
And I came to Jerusalem, and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God.
of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was
son in law to Sanballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Whom God will restore.
A priest, head of one of the courses of the priests of the time of David (1 Chronicles 24:12 ).
A high priest in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:22,23 ). He rebuilt the eastern city wall (3:1), his own mansion being in that quarter, on the ridge Ophel (3:20,21). His indulgence of Tobiah the Ammonite provoked the indignation of (Nehemiah 13:4,7 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(uh li' uh sshihb) Personal name meaning, “God repays or leads back.” 1. A descendant of David in Judah after the return from Exile in Babylon (1 Chronicles 3:24 ). 2 . A leading priest under David (1 Chronicles 24:12 ). 3 . High priest in time of Nehemiah who led in rebuilding the sheep gate in the Jerusalem wall, a gate through which sheep were led to the nearby Temple for sacrifice (Nehemiah 3:1 ). His house was built into the city wall (Nehemiah 3:20 ). He was the son of Joiakim and the father of Joiada (Nehemiah 12:10 ). His grandson married the daughter of Sanballat, who strongly opposed Nehemiah's efforts (Nehemiah 13:28 ), possibly indicating some tension between Nehemiah and the priestly leaders. He may be the Eliashib whose son had a room in the Temple (Ezra 10:6 ). 4 . A priest in the time of Nehemiah who administered the Temple storerooms and provided a place for Tobiah, Nehemiah's strong opponent (Nehemiah 13:4-9 ). This may be the Eliashib of Ezra 10:6 . 5 . A Levite and Temple singer in Ezra's day who agreed to divorce his foreign wife to avoid tempting Israel to worship other gods (Ezra 10:24 ). 6 . Two Israelites who agreed to divorce his foreign wife under Ezra's leadership (Ezra 10:27 ,Ezra 10:27,10:36 ).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. 1 Chronicles 24:12.
2. 1 Chronicles 3:24.
3. High priest when Nehemiah rebuilt the walls (Nehemiah 3:1-20-21). Energetic in building the sheepgate, sanctifying and setting up its doors; but relationship to Tobiah the Ammonite outweighed regard for the sanctity of the temple. Nehemiah was angry with him for preparing a room therein for his pagan connection (Nehemiah 13:4-7), in opposition to God's prohibition (Deuteronomy 23:3-4). His grandson too had married the pagan Horonite Sanballat's daughter (Nehemiah 13:28). Ungodly alliances are a snare to religious professors (2 Corinthians 6:14-18; Matthew 10:37). "Therefore (says Nehemiah) I chased him from me. Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood and the covenant of the priesthood." His genealogy is given (Nehemiah 12:10; Nehemiah 12:22), see Ezra 10:6.
4. Ezra 10:24.
5. Ezra 10:27.
6. Ezra 10:36.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ELIASHIB . 1. The high priest who was contemporary with Nehemiah. He was son of Joiakim, grandson of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, the contemporary of Zerubbabel ( Nehemiah 12:10 , Ezra 3:1 ), and father of Joiada ( Nehemiah 12:10 ; Nehemiah 13:28 ). He assisted in the rebuilding of the walls of Jerus, during Nehemiah’s governorship ( Nehemiah 3:1 ). He can have had no sympathy with the exclusive policy of Ezra and Nehemiah, for both he himself and members of his family allied themselves with the leading foreign opponents of Nehemiah. See Joiada, No. 2, Tobiah, and Sanballat. 2. A singer of the time of Ezra, who had married a foreign wife ( Ezra 10:24 ); called in Esther 9:24 Esther 9:24 Eliasibus . 3. An Israelite of the family of Zattu ( Ezra 10:27 ; in 1E Esther 9:28 Eliasimus ); and 4. another of the family of Bani ( Ezra 10:36 ; called in 1Es 9:34 Enasibus ), who had married foreign wives. 5. A son of Elioenai ( 1 Chronicles 3:24 ). 6. The name of a priestly house ( 1 Chronicles 24:12 ). 7. Father of Jehohanan, to whose chamber in the Temple Ezra resorted ( Ezra 10:6 ); possibly identical with No. 1.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. Headof the eleventh course of priests. 1 Chronicles 24:12 .
2. Son of Elioenai, a descendant of the royal house of Judah. 1 Chronicles 3:24 .
3. High priest at Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah. He was allied to Tobiah, for whom he unfaithfully prepared a chamber in the courts of the temple. Ezra 10:6 ; Nehemiah 3:1,20,21 ; Nehemiah 12:10,22,23 ; Nehemiah 13:4,7,28 .
4-6. Three who had married strange wives. Ezra 10:24,27,36 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
A high priest in the days of Nehemiah, who took part in rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem, Nehemiah 3:1 . The same person probably was afterwards censured for profaning the temple, by giving the use of one of its chambers to a heathen and an Ammonite, his relative, Deuteronomy 23:3,4 Nehemiah 12:10 13:1-9 .
Hitchcock's Bible Names
The God of conversion
- ELIASIMUS , Esther 9:28 Esther 9:28 = Ezra 10:27 Eliashib
- (whom Jehovah favors ), high priest after his father Eliashib
- Son of Eliashib
, a descendant of Jeshua the priest
- ENASIBUS ( 1Es 9:34 ) = Ezra 10:36 Eliashib
- This name and Enasibus may be duplicate forms answering to Eliashib
in Ezra 10:36
- High-priest after his father Eliashib
- High priest, son of Eliashib
( Nehemiah 12:10-11 ; Nehemiah 12:22 )
- He afterwards became allied to Eliashib
the priest, but Nehemiah turned out his goods from a chamber he occupied in the court of the house
the priest" prepared for him during Nehemiah's absence "a chamber in the courts of the house of God," which on his return grieved Nehemiah sore, and therefore he "cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber" (13:7,8)
- He may be the Eliashib
whose son had a room in the Temple (Ezra 10:6 ). This may be the Eliashib
of Ezra 10:6
- The only other incident in his life is his alliance with the high priest's family by the marriage of his daughter with one of the grandsons of Eliashib
; but the expulsion from the priesthood of the guilty son of Joiada by Nehemiah promptly followed
- His daughter married the high-priest Eliashib
's grandson, Joiada's son; therefore Nehemiah chased him from him (Nehemiah 13:28). Tobiah had formed a similar alliance with Eliashib
, so that it looks as if Eliasbib concerted with the Samaritan party to thwart Nehemiah's reforming plans
- He is called son of Eliashib
in Ezra 10:6 , Nehemiah 12:23 , but was probably his grandson, Joiada being his father ( Nehemiah 12:11 ; Nehemiah 12:22 )
- This Jehohanan is sometimes equated with the high priest of Nehemiah 12:22-23 who is considered then to be a grandson of the high priest Eliashib
and also to be the high priest mentioned in the Elephantine Papyri as serving about 411 B. The relationships between the priestly Eliashib
s and Jehohanans of Scripture are too unclear to make dating decisions on them. This Jehohanan may have been related to the Eliashib
of Nehemiah 13:4 who was not a high priest but was closely connected to Temple chambers
was allied to Tobiah; possibly Sanballat, Eliashib
's son in law, was related to Tobiah, and so Tobiah was connected with Eliashib
(Nehemiah 13:4). , Eliashib
having dared, in defiance of the law, to prepare it for him
- On Nehemiah’s second visit he banished from Jerusalem Manasseh (a son-in-law of Sanballat, and grandson of Eliashib
), who founded the Samaritan sect
- Son of Eliashib
, a Levite
- 441, in his absence the high priest Eliashib
married his grandson Manasseh son of Joiada to a daughter of Sanballat and allowed Tobiah, a kinsman of Sanballat, an apartment in the temple
- (Ezra 8:12 ) ...
The son of Eliashib
, one of the chief Levites
- Tobiah took this opportunity to come and dwell at Jerusalem; and even obtained of Eliashib
, who had the care of the house of the Lord, to have an apartment in the temple
- I understood of the evil that Eliashib
Nehemiah, the Book of
- The register of Levites in "the book of Chronicles" reached only down to "Johanan son of Eliashib
," Nehemiah 12:23. Nehemiah was governor for 12 years (Nehemiah 12:14), then in Artaxerxes' 32nd year returned to his post as "cupbearer"; he "at the end of days" (margin, so 1 Samuel 27:7 "a full year," margin "a year of days") after a full year obtained leave to return; "all this time," namely, a year, Nehemiah was not at Jerusalem, and Eliashib
introduced the abuses (Nehemiah 13:1; Nehemiah 13:4-6 ff)
- Manasseh, the grandson of Eliashib
, the high priest, and brother to Jaddus, high priest of the Jews, having been driven from Jerusalem in the year of the world 3671, and not enduring patiently to see himself deprived of the honour and advantages of the priesthood, Sanballat, his father-in- law, addressed himself to Alexander the Great, who was then carrying on the siege of Tyre; and having paid him homage for the province of Samaria, whereof he was governor, he farther offered him eight thousand of his best troops, which disposed Alexander to grant what he desired for his son-in- law, and for many other priests, who being married, as well as he, contrary to the law, chose rather to forsake their country than their wives, and had joined Manasseh in Samaria
‘the priest’ had provided Tobiah with quarters in one of the Temple-chambers (Nehemiah 13:4 f. One characteristic sentence vividly illustrates this relentless zeal: ‘And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib
the high priest, was son-in-law to San-ballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me’ ( Nehemiah 13:28 )
- He insisted upon the sanctity of the precincts of the temple being preserved inviolable, and peremptorily ejected the powerful Tobiah from one of the chambers which Eliashib
had assigned to him
- Even Eliashib
the half hearted high priest repaired. ...
"Turners aside unto their own crooked ways" were those who held correspondence with Tobiah, as Shemaiah and the nobles of Judah (Nehemiah 6:10-14; Nehemiah 6:17-19; Nehemiah 13:4, Eliashib
). ) Nehemiah severed from Israel all the mixed multitude (Nehemiah 13), Ammonites and Moabites, and boldly cast out Tobiah from the chamber in the temple which Eliashib
his connection had assigned him, and restored to it, after its cleansing, the temple vessels, meat offerings, and frankincense which had been previously kept there
- According to Nehemiah 13:28, a grandson of Eliashib
the high priest was son-in-law to Sanballat, and was expelled for this ‘mixed marriage
- And, to begin with, as was but natural and seemly, Eliashib
the high priest began first to build; and, as was to be expected, he held a special sacrifice and spiritual service both at the beginning and at the end of his portion of the wall. A volunteer party from the neighbouring city of Jericho took up the portion of the wall adjoining Eliashib
; and next to them a man whose name we do not know
- His successors were Joiakim, Eliashib
, Joiada, Johanan (Jonathan), and Jaddua. (See Eliashib