Character Study on Elhanan

Character Study on Elhanan

2 Samuel 21: And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.
2 Samuel 23: Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
1 Chronicles 11: Also the valiant men of the armies were, Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
1 Chronicles 20: And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.

Chain Links

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Elhanan
Whom God has graciously bestowed.
A warrior of the time of David famed for his exploits. In the Authorized Version (2 Samuel 21:19 ) it is recorded that "Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath." The Revised Version here rightly omits the words "the brother of." They were introduced in the Authorized Version to bring this passage into agreement with 1 Chronicles 20:5 , where it is said that he "slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath." Goliath the Gittite was killed by David (1 Samuel 17 ). The exploit of Elhanan took place late in David's reign.



The son of Dodo, and one of David's warriors (2 Samuel 23:24 ).


Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Elhanan
1. Son of Jaare-Oregim, or Jair, the Bethlehemitc. (See JAARE-OREGIM.) Slew Lahmi, brother of Goliath the Gittite (2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 20:5). The 'oregim seems to have crept into the first line from the second, where it means "weavers." "The Bethlehemite" is an alteration of eth Lahmi, a confusion being made with

2. Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem; first of "the thirty" of David's guard (2 Samuel 23:24; 1 Chronicles 11:26).

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Elhanan
ELHANAN (‘God is gracious’). 1. The son of Jair according to 1 Chronicles 20:5 , of Jaare-oregim according to 2 Samuel 21:19 ; in the former text he is represented as slaying Lahmi the brother of Goliath, in the latter as slaying Goliath himself. A comparison of the Hebrew of these two texts is instructive, because they offer one of the clearest and simplest examples of how easy it is for corruptions to creep into the OT text. It is difficult, without using Hebrew letters, to show bow this is the case here; but the following points may be noticed. Oregim means ‘weavers,’ a word which occurs in the latter half of the verse in each case, and may easily have got displaced in the 2Sam. passage; in both the texts the word which should be the equivalent of Jair is wrongly written; the words ‘the Bethlehemite’ (2Sam.) and ‘Lahmi the brother of’ (1 Chr.) look almost identical when written in Hebrew. The original text, of which each of these two verses is a corruption, probably ran: ‘And Elhanan the son of Jair, the Bethlehemite, slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.’ But if this is so, how are we to reconcile it with what we read of David’s killing Goliath? Judging from what we know of the natural tendency there is to ascribe heroic deeds to great national warriors, realizing the very corrupt state of the Hebrew text of the Books of Samuel, and remembering the conflicting accounts given of David’s first introduction to public life (see David, § 1 ), the probability is that Elhanan slew Goliath, and that this heroic deed was in later times ascribed to David.

2. In 2 Samuel 23:24 and 1 Chronicles 11:26 Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem is numbered among David’s ‘mighty men.’ Remembering that the word Jair above is wrongly written in each case, and that it thus shows signs of corruption, it is quite possible that this Elhanan and the one just referred to are one and the same.

W. O. E. Oesterley.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Elhanan
Grace
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Elhanan
1. Son of Jair, or Jaare-oregim: he slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite. 2 Samuel 21:19 ; 1 Chronicles 20:5 .

2. Son of Dodo, and one of David's thirty valiant men. 2 Samuel 23:24 ; 1 Chronicles 11:26 .

Sentence search

Jaare-Oregim - ” Father of Elhanan from Bethlehem, who killed Goliath. See Elhanan. This is partly based on 2 Samuel 23:24 , where an Elhanan of Bethlehem is identified as the son of Dodo
Jaare-Oregim - According to 2 Samuel 21:19 , the name of the father of Elhanan, one of David’s heroes; but according to 1 Chronicles 20:5 his name was plain Jair. See Elhanan
Lahmi - Elhanan the son of Jair killed him (1 Chronicles 20:5 ). The parallel passage (2 Samuel 21:19 ) says Elhanan the Bethlehemite killed Goliath. See Elhanan; Goliath
Lahmi - Brother of Goliath, killed by Elhanan
Lahmi - (See Elhanan; JAARE OREGIM
Jaare-Oregim - Father of Elhanan, a Bethlehemite, who slew Goliath (KJV "the brother of Goliath," to accord with 1 Chronicles 20:5 and not to contradict 1 Samuel 17 where David kills Goliath). But the true reading is 1 Chronicles 20:5; "Elhanan, the son of Jair, slew Lahmi (eth Lahmi being altered into Βethlehemi ), the brother of Goliath (eth Goliath being substituted for ahiy Goliath ). (See Elhanan
Jaareoregim - Father of Elhanan who killed one of the giants
Lah'mi - (warrior ), the brother of Goliath the Gittite, slain by Elhanan the son of Zair or Zaor
Lahmi - The brother of Goliath the Gittite, slain by Elhanan the son of Jair ( 1 Chronicles 20:5 ). There is a discrepancy between this passage and the parallel passage in 2 Samuel 21:19 , where we read that ‘Elhanan [wh
Jaare-Oregim - Forests of the weavers, a Bethlehemite (2 Samuel 21:19 ), and the father of Elhanan, who slew Goliath
Jair - The father of Elhanan. See Elhanan, Jaare-Oregim)
Goliath - See Elhanan
ja'Are-or'Egim - (forests of the weavers ), ( 2 Samuel 21:19 ) a Bethlehemite, and the father of Elhanan who slew Goliath
Elhanan - In the Authorized Version (2 Samuel 21:19 ) it is recorded that "Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath. The exploit of Elhanan took place late in David's reign
Elhanan - Elhanan (‘God is gracious’). The original text, of which each of these two verses is a corruption, probably ran: ‘And Elhanan the son of Jair, the Bethlehemite, slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam. ’ But if this is so, how are we to reconcile it with what we read of David’s killing Goliath? Judging from what we know of the natural tendency there is to ascribe heroic deeds to great national warriors, realizing the very corrupt state of the Hebrew text of the Books of Samuel, and remembering the conflicting accounts given of David’s first introduction to public life (see David, § 1 ), the probability is that Elhanan slew Goliath, and that this heroic deed was in later times ascribed to David. In 2 Samuel 23:24 and 1 Chronicles 11:26 Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem is numbered among David’s ‘mighty men. ’ Remembering that the word Jair above is wrongly written in each case, and that it thus shows signs of corruption, it is quite possible that this Elhanan and the one just referred to are one and the same
Dodo - Father of Elhanan, one of David's mighty men
Dodo - Citizen of Bethlehem and father of Elhanan, one of David's warriors ( 2 Samuel 23:24 )
do'do -
A man of Bethlehem, father of Elhanan, who was one of David's thirty captains
Dodo - ... ... A Bethlehemite, and father of Elhanan, who was one of David's thirty heroes (2 Samuel 23:24 )
Goliath - In 2 Samuel 21:19 we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by Elhanan, also a Bethlehemite
Elhanan - Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem; first of "the thirty" of David's guard (2 Samuel 23:24; 1 Chronicles 11:26)
Goliath - He was slain, in single combat, by David (or, according to another tradition, by Elhanan) at Ephes-dammim, before an impending battle between the Philistines and the Israelites. ); see, further, David, Elhanan
Jair - Father of Elhanan (1 Chronicles 20:5 ), whose name comes from a different Hebrew word possibly meaning, “Jah protects
Goli'Ath - In (2 Samuel 21:19 ) we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by Elhanan, also a Bethlehemite
Jair - Father of Elhanan who slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath
ja'ir - ) ... The father of Elhanan, one of the heroes of David's army
Dodo - A Bethlehemite, father of Elhanan, one of ‘the thirty’ ( 2 Samuel 23:24 , 1 Chronicles 11:26 )
Jair - ... ... The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chronicles 20:5 )
Jair - " This Jair was the father of Elhanan, who killed Lachmi, the brother of Goliath
Jair - Father of Elhanan, one of David's heroes who slew Lahmi, Goliath's brother (1 Chronicles 20:5)
Goliath - ... ... In 2 Samuel 21:19 there is another giant of the same name mentioned as slain by Elhanan
Goliath - , (See DAVID and (See Elhanan
Bethlehem - Here Asahel was huried ( 2 Samuel 2:32 ), and hence came Elhanan, one of the mighty men ( 2 Samuel 23:24 ; cf
Giant - This, which ascribes his death to Elhanan, is probably the earliest form of that story, and it is probable that the reading of Chronicles is a gloss intended to reconcile this passage with 1 Samuel 17:1-58
Samuel, Books of - with 13 14; and ( j ) the story that Goliath was slain by David in 1 Samuel 17:1-58 , but by Elhanan in 2 Samuel 21:19
David - Thereupon panic takes hold of the Philistine host, and they flee, pursued by the Israelites, who thus gain a complete victory (see Elhanan)
Christ in Jewish Literature - Elhanan, and by his conduct causes the Rabbis to suspect his birth