American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
The Assyrian king or satrap, under whose direction the territory of the ten tribes was peopled by emigrants from beyond the Euphrates, 2 Kings 17:24 ; Ezra 4:10 . Some identify him with Esar-haddon, and some with Shalmaneser. Ezra styles him "great and noble;" but no other trace of him is left.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Probably the same as Assur-bani-pal (Sardanapalos of the Greeks), styled the "great and noble" (Ezra 4:10 ), was the son and successor (B.C. 668) of Esar-haddon (q.v.). He was "luxurious, ambitious, and cruel, but a magnificent patron of literature." He formed at Nineveh a library of clay tablets, numbering about 10,000. These are now mostly in the British Museum. They throw much light on the history and antiquities of Assyria. Assur-bani-pal was a munificent patron of literature, and the conqueror of Elam. Towards the middle of his reign his empire was shaken by a great rebellion headed by his brother in Babylon. The rebellion was finally put down, but Egypt was lost, and the military power of Assyria was so exhausted that it could with difficulty resist the hordes of Kimmerians who poured over Western Asia. (See NINEVEH .)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
"The great and noble" (Ezra 4:10). He planted the Cuthaeans, etc., in Samaria, after the deportation of the Israelites. He is either Esarhaddon, as Ezra 4:2 implies, or some able general under him who effected the plantation = Asardanaper = Esarhaddon.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ass napuhr) KJV reading in Ezra 4:10 . Modern translations read Osnappar (NAS, RSV) Ashurbanipal (TEV, NIV). See Osnappar .
Morrish Bible Dictionary
One called 'great and noble' who brought colonists from Assyria to Samaria. Ezra 4:10 .
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ASNAPPER . See Osnappar.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Unhappiness; increase of danger
- Descendants of some of the nations planted by Asnapper
- Villagers, one of the Assyrian tribes which Asnapper
sent to repopulate Samaria (Ezra 4:9 )
- The inhabitants were among those settled in Samaria by Asnapper
- It was probably the city of the Archevites, who were transplanted to Samaria by Asnapper
(Ezra 4:9 )
of AV [Note: Authorized Version
Ashurbanipal was also known by the name Osnappar and appears in the KJV as Asnapper
- After Shalmaneser's capture of Samaria and carrying away of Israel to Halah and Habor, and in the cities of the Medes (2 Kings 17:5-6; 2 Kings 17:23-24), Esarhaddon or Asnapper
planted "instead" men of Babylon (where Esarhaddon resided in part: 2 Chronicles 33:11), Cuthah, Ava, and Sepharvaim (Ezra 4:2-3; Ezra 4:10). (See ESARHADDON; Asnapper
Assur-bani-pal, the son of Esarhaddon, became king, and in Ezra 4:10 is referred to as Asnapper
- Esarhaddon succeeded, as he styles himself "king of Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Meroe, and Ethiopia;" or Asnapper
; he imprisoned Manasseh. (See Asnapper