Character Study on Ashkenaz

Character Study on Ashkenaz

Genesis 10: And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ashkenaz
ASHKENAZ in Genesis 10:3 ( 1 Chronicles 1:6 ) appears as a son of Gomer (wh. see), which means apparently that the name represents a people akin to the Cimmerians, an Indo-European people who made trouble for the Assyrians in and about Armenia in the later days of their empire, in the 7th cent. b.c. In Jeremiah 51:27 Ashkenaz is coupled with Ararat and Minni. The view now generally accepted by scholars is that Ashkenaz in the Hebrew text is a slight misreading for Ashkûz , an important tribe akin to the Cimmerians who had to do with Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal, the last great kings of Assyria, the name appearing in the inscriptions as Ashgûz . Further, it is probable that the Skythoi , ‘Scythians,’ represent the same people and word.

J. F. McCurdy.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Ashkenaz
One of the three sons of Gomer (Genesis 10:3 ), and founder of one of the tribes of the Japhetic race. They are mentioned in connection with Minni and Ararat, and hence their original seat must have been in Armenia (Jeremiah 51:27 ), probably near the Black Sea, which, from their founder, was first called Axenus, and afterwards the Euxine.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Ashkenaz
One of the three sons of Gomer, Japhet's son, i.e. of the Gomerian branch of the Japhetic division of the human race. Mentioned by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 51:27) in connection with Ararat and Minni, so that their locality then must have been the Armenan highland. (See ARARAT.) Their accompanying Cyrus to the siege of Babylon (588 B.C.) is there foretold. Probably a Cymric tribe. The name perhaps appears in Ascanias, a river in Asia Minor, and in Scandinavia. Knobel derives the German race from Ashkenaz, the name still given by the robbins to Germany. He derives the name from As (the original of As-ia) and genos , gens , "a race," our "kin." Hasse suggests a connection with Axenus, Euxine Sea.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Ashkenaz
See Ashchenaz .



Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ashkenaz, Ashchenaz
Son of Gomer, the son of Japheth, and his descendants, who settled in the vicinity of Armenia. Genesis 10:3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:6 ; Jeremiah 51:27 .

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Ashkenaz
one of the sons of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth, who gave his name to the country first peopled by him in the north and north- western part of Asia Minor, answering to Bithynia; where were traces long after of his name, particularly in that of Ascanius, applied to a bay and city, as well as to some islands lying along the coast. It was also from this country, most probably, that the king Ascanius, mentioned by Homer, came to the aid of Priamus at the siege of Troy. From the same source, likewise, the Pontus Euxinus, or Black Sea, derived its name. It may farther be remarked on the identity of these countries, that the Prophet Jeremiah, predicting the capture of Babylon, and calling by name the countries which were to rise against it, exclaims, "Call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, (or Armenia,) Minni, and Ashkenaz:" which was literally fulfilled; as Xenophon informs us that Cyrus, after taking Sardis, became master of Phrygia on the Hellespont, and took along with him many soldiers of that country.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ashkenaz
Ashkenaz (ăsh'ke-năz), strong, fortified. 1. A district, probably in Armenia, the home of a tribe of the same name. In 1 Chronicles 1:6; Jeremiah 51:27 it is called Ashchenaz. See Armenia. 2. Son of Gomer, Genesis 10:3, of the family of Japhet, and the probable ancestor of those who inhabited the country of the same name, Jeremiah 51:27, lying along the eastern and southeastern shore of the Black Sea. The precise district is unknown.

Sentence search

Ashchenaz - (assh' chih naz) Ashkenaz Personal and national name given two spellings in KJV but spelled Ashkenaz in modern translations. A son of Gomer (Genesis 10:3 ) and original ancestor of people called kingdom of Ashkenaz (Jeremiah 51:27 )
Ashchenaz - See Ashkenaz
Ash'Chenaz - (1 Chronicles 1:6 ; Jeremiah 51:27 ) [Ashkenaz ]
Ash'Kenaz - ( Genesis 10:3 ) We may probably recognize the tribe of Ashkenaz on the northern shore of Asia Minor in the name of Lake Ascanius, and in Europe in the name Scandia, Scandinavia . Knobel considers that Ashkenaz is to be identified with the German race
Ashkenaz - Ashkenaz in Genesis 10:3 ( 1 Chronicles 1:6 ) appears as a son of Gomer (wh. In Jeremiah 51:27 Ashkenaz is coupled with Ararat and Minni. The view now generally accepted by scholars is that Ashkenaz in the Hebrew text is a slight misreading for Ashkûz , an important tribe akin to the Cimmerians who had to do with Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal, the last great kings of Assyria, the name appearing in the inscriptions as Ashgûz
Minni - A people named in Jeremiah 51:27 along with the Armenians (‘Ararat’) and Scythians (‘Ashkenaz’) as coming assailants of Babylon
Togar'Mah, - a son of Gomer, of the family of Japheth, and brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath
Gomer - Eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah
Ashkenaz - Ashkenaz (ăsh'ke-năz), strong, fortified
Gomer - One of the sons of Japheth and the father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah ( Genesis 10:2 f
Togarmah - The third son of Gomer, his brothers being Ashkenaz and Riphath ( Genesis 10:3 )
Ashkenaz - Knobel derives the German race from Ashkenaz, the name still given by the robbins to Germany
Sepharad - The modern Jews think that Spain is meant, and hence they designate the Spanish Jews "Sephardim," as they do the German Jews by the name "Ashkenazim," because the rabbis call Germany Ashkenaz
Gomer - Genesis 10:2,3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ; Ezekiel 38:6 , a son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah
Gomer - ... ... The eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Genesis 10:2,3 ), whose descendants formed the principal branch of the population of South-eastern Europe
Ashkenaz - It may farther be remarked on the identity of these countries, that the Prophet Jeremiah, predicting the capture of Babylon, and calling by name the countries which were to rise against it, exclaims, "Call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, (or Armenia,) Minni, and Ashkenaz:" which was literally fulfilled; as Xenophon informs us that Cyrus, after taking Sardis, became master of Phrygia on the Hellespont, and took along with him many soldiers of that country
Togarmah - Son of Gomer, brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath (Genesis 10:8)
Caphtor - Compare the similar case Ashkenaz
Gomer - He was the father of Ashkenaz or the Scythians of Jeremiah 51:27 who displaced the Cimmerians from their home in Russia
Gomer - Japhet's oldest; son; father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Genesis 10:2-3)
Division of the Earth - " Of Gomer's sons, Ashkenaz appears to have settled on the coasts of the Euxine Sea, which from him seems to have received its primary denomination of Αξενος , Axenus, nearly resembling Ashkenaz; but forgetting its etymology in process of time, the Greeks considered it as a compound term in their own language, Α - ξενος , signifying inhospitable; and thence metamorphosed it into Ευ - ξενος , Eu-xenus, "very hospitable. " His precise settlement is represented in Scripture as contiguous to Armenia, westward; for the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz, are noticed together; Jeremiah 51:27