Fausset's Bible Dictionary
The tenth judge of Israel (Judges 12:13; Judges 12:15), probably the same as Bedan, 1 Samuel 12:11; for the Phoenicians often omitted the 'Αyin (ע). Son of Hillel, of the tribe of Ephraim. He succeeded Elon, and judged Israel eight years. His rule was a peaceful one, since no oppression of Israel during his time is mentioned. The record that he had 40 sons and 30 nephews (or rather grandsons) who rode on young donkeys, implies their high dignity and consequence: compare Judges 5:9. He died in 1112 B.C. Of him Josephus (Ant. 5:7, 15) writes: "He alone is recorded to have been happy in his children; for the public affairs were so peaceable and secure that he had no occasion to perform glorious actions." A prophetical type of Israel's and the world's coming millennial blessedness (Isaiah 1:26-27). Pirathon, the city to which he belonged, is identified by Robinson with the modern Fer'ata, six miles W. of Shechem or Nablous (Bibl. Res., 3).
1 Chronicles 8:30, akin to Saul's forefathers, 1 Chronicles 9:35-36
1 Chronicles 8:23.
2 Chronicles 34:20; called Achbor 2 Kings 22:12.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
A city of Asher given to the Levites of Gershom's family: Joshua 21:30; 1 Chronicles 6:74. Hebron is substituted for it in Joshua 19:28. Many manuscripts there read "Abdon"; the Hebrew letters Resh ( ר ) and Daleth ( ד ) are very similar, and therefore often interchanged.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ab' dahn) Geographical and personal name meaning “service” or “servile.” 1. A city from the tribe of Asher given the Levites (Joshua 21:30 ; 1 Chronicles 6:74 ). Its modern name is Khirbet Abdeh. It lies about three miles from the Mediterranean coast between Tyre and Acco. 2. A judge of Israel from the town of Pirathon in the tribe of Ephraim. He had a large family and personal wealth (Judges 12:13-15 ). 3 . Two men of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:23 , 1 Chronicles 8:30 ; 1 Chronicles 9:36 ). The second of these was an ancestor of King Saul. 4. A member of the team named by King Josiah to seek God's guidance as to the meaning of the book Hilkiah, the priest, found in the Temple (2 Chronicles 34:20 ). Known in 2 Kings 22:12 as Achbor or Acbor (NIV).
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Servant; cloud of judgment
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, the tenth judge of Israel (Judges 12:13-15 ). He is probably the Bedan of 1Samuel 12:11.
The first-born of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin (1Chronicles 8:30; 9:36).
The son of Micah, one of those whom Josiah sent to the prophetess Huldah to ascertain from her the meaning of the recently discovered book of the law (2Chronicles 34:20). He is called Achbor in 2Kings 22:12.
One of the "sons" of Shashak (1Chronicles 8:23).
This is the name also of a Levitical town of the Gershonites, in the tribe of Asher ( Joshua 21:30 ; 1Chronicles 6:74). The ruins of Abdeh, some 8 miles (14 kilometers) north-east of Accho, probably mark its site.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ABDON (‘servile’). 1. The last of the minor judges Judges 12:13 to Judges 15:2 . A family of Benjamites, 1 Chronicles 8:23 . 1 Chronicles 8:3 . A Gibeonite family, 1 Chronicles 8:30 ; 1 Chronicles 9:36 . 1 Chronicles 9:4 . A courtier of Josiah, 2 Chronicles 34:20 ; in 2 Kings 22:12 called Achbor . 5. A Levitic city of Asher ( Joshua 21:30 , 1 Chronicles 6:74 ), perhaps (v. d. Velde) ‘Abdeh E. of Achzib on the hills.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary
Martyrs. Persian noblemen, died Rome, Italy, c250 They were tortured and beheaded in the persecution under Decius. First buried in the house of Quirinus, their bodies were later translated to the cemetery of Pontianus. Patrons of coopers. Relics according to Bollandists at Rome. Feast, Roman Calendar, July 30,.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. The tenth judge of Israel: he succeeded Elon, and ruled eight years. Judges 12:13,15 .
2. Son of Shashak. 1 Chronicles 8:23 .
3. Son of Jehiel, of Gibeon. 1 Chronicles 8:30 ; 1 Chronicles 9:35,36 .
4. Son of Micha, 2 Chronicles 34:20 : the same as ACHBOR, q.v.
5. City in the tribe of Asher, one of the four given to the Gershonites. Joshua 21:30 ; 1 Chronicles 6:74 . Probably the same as Hebron in the list of the cities of Asher in Joshua 19:28 . According to Gesenius, Abdon is read here in twenty Hebrew MSS. instead of Hebron, though most of the ancient versions favour Hebron. This is not the well-known Hebron which is in Judah's lot. Abdon is identifiedwith Abdeh , 333' N, 35 9' E.
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Abdon (ăb'dŏn), servile. 1. A Levitical city in Asher. Joshua 21:30; 1 Chronicles 6:74. 2. The tenth judge of Israel, Judges 12:13; Judges 12:15, probably the same as Bedan, 1 Samuel 12:11, son of Hillel, of the tribe of Ephraim. He succeeded Elon, and judged Israel eight years. His rule was a peaceful one, as no oppression of Israel during his time is mentioned. The record that he bad 40 sons and 80 nephews (or rather grandsons) who rode on young asses, implies their high dignity and consequence: comp. Judges 5:9; Judges 10:3. Also two Benjamites. 1 Chronicles 8:23; 1 Chronicles 8:30; 1 Chronicles 9:36. 4. A son of Micah. 2 Chronicles 34:20. See Achbor.
- Several manuscripts in Joshua 19:28 plus the lists in Joshua 21:30 ; 1 Chronicles 6:39 have Abdon
. See Abdon
- Father of Abdon
( Judges 12:13 ; Judges 12:15 )
- Praising, a Pirathonite, father of the judge Abdon
(Judges 12:13,15 )
- A Pirathonite, father of Abdon
one of the judges of Israel
- Of Pirathonin mount Ephraim, father of the judge Abdon
(Judges 12:13; Judges 12:15)
- (praise ), a native of Pirathon in Mount Ephraim, father of Abdon
, one of the judges of Israel
- Place in Ephraim where Abdon
was buried 'in the mount of the Amalekites
- This was the home of Abdon
- Two such are named in the Bible:--
- Some suppose that Barak is meant, others Samson, but most probably this is a contracted form of Abdon
(Judges 12:13 )
- (Genesis 36:38,39 ; 1 Chronicles 1:49 ) ...
Son of Michaiah, a contemporary of Josiah, (2 Kings 22:12,14 ; Jeremiah 26:22 ; 36:12 ) called Abdon
in (2 Chronicles 34:20 ) (B
- He is also called Abdon
- 2 Kings 22:12,14 ; Jeremiah 26:22 ; Jeremiah 36:12 : called Abdon
, the son of Micah, in 2 Chronicles 34:20
- A town in the territory of Asher, elsewhere called Abdon
- Called Abdon
( 2 Chronicles 34:20 )
- Many manuscripts there read "Abdon
"; the Hebrew letters Resh ( ר ) and Daleth ( ד ) are very similar, and therefore often interchanged
- According to Gesenius, Abdon
is read here in twenty Hebrew MSS. Abdon
is identifiedwith Abdeh , 333' N, 35 9' E
- Pirathon ‘in the land of Ephraim’ was the home of Abdon
‘the Pirathonlte’ ( Judges 12:13 ; Judges 12:15 ), and of Benaiah, one of David’s heroes ( 2 Samuel 23:30 etc
- Called Abdon
, the son of Micah, in 2 Chronicles 34:20-21
- Ewald suggests that it may be a false reading for Abdon
- The town in the hill country of Ephraim was the home of the judge Abdon
(Judges 12:13 ,Judges 12:13,12:15 ) and of Benaiah, one of David's elite warriors (2 Samuel 23:30 ; 1 Chronicles 11:31 )
- Father of the judge Abdon
(Judges 12:13 )
- The burial place of the judge Abdon
, on a height six miles W
- Father of Abdon
, a contemporary of Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:20 ); at 2 Kings 22:12 , the form Micaiah is used
- The province allotted to this tribe was a maritime one, stretching along the coast from Sidon on the north to Mount Carmel on the south; including the cities Abdon
, Achshaph, Accho, Achzib, Sarepta, Sidon, and Tyre
- Others read Abdon
(Judges 12:13-15 )
- Six captivities are reckoned during the government by judges: the first, under Chushanrishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, which continued about eight years; the second, under Eglon, king of Moab, from which the Jews were delivered by Ehud; the third, under the Philistines, from which they were rescued by Shamgar; the fourth, under Jabin, king of Hazor, from which they were delivered by Deborah and Barak; the fifth, under the Midianites, from which Gideon freed them; and the sixth, under the Ammonites and Philistines, during the judicatures of Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon
, Eli, Samson, and Samuel
- Seemingly not, mentioned in Judges, but the name is probably identical with Abdon
, which has the same radical consonants (Judges 12:13-15)
- Ninth judge: Jephthah—6 years; tenth judge: Ibzan—7 years; eleventh judge: Elon—10 years: twelfth judge: Abdon
- a high priest of the Hebrews, of the race of Ithamar, who succeeded Abdon
, and governed the Hebrews, both as priest and judge, during forty years
- (1 Chronicles 23:30 ) ...
The father of Abdon
, a man of high station in the reign of Josiah
- " Of five of the judges, Tola (Judges 10:1 ), Jair (3), Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
(12:8-15), we have no record at all beyond the bare fact that they were judges
- They are frequently spoken of as having been ridden upon, as by Abraham (Genesis 22:3 ), Balaam (Numbers 22:21 ), the disobedient prophet (1 Kings 13:23 ), the family of Abdon
the judge, seventy in number (Judges 12:14 ), Zipporah (Exodus 4:20 ), the Shunammite (1 Samuel 25:30 ), etc
is read in many manuscripts...
- Thus it was chiefly the land east of the Jordan that Ehud, Jephthah, Elon, and Jair delivered and governed; Barak and Tola governed the northern tribes; Abdon
the central; and Ibzan and Samson the southern
Judges, Book of
- Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
(Judges 12:8-15 ) ...
I. The minor judges are Othniel, Shamgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
Judges, Book of
- | Ibzan Judges 12:9 7...
Judges 13 :1 40 | Elon Judges 12:11 10...
From Mizpeh | Abdon
Judges 12:14 8...
(1 Samuel 7:12,13 ) |...
to the anointing of Saul 9 |...
Saul (in the former part of which Samuel was judge) Acts 13:21 40...
David 1 Kings 2:11 40...
Solomon's fourth year 1 Kings 6:1 3...
Deduct for parts of years being reckoned as full years 12...
These extraordinary judges, raised by God, the temporal as well as spiritual King of Israel, as His vicegerents, between Joshua and the kings were 13: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech (an usurper), Tola, Jair Jephtha, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon
(Bedan 1 Samuel 12:11), Samson
- of Jerusalem, Acacius of the Phrygian Antioch, Epimachus and Nemesius of Alexandria, Peter and his companions of Lampsacus, Irenaeus of Neo-Caesarea, Martial of Limoges, Abdon
and Sennen (Persians then at Rome), Cassian of Imola, Lucian a Thracian, Trypho and Respicius of Bithynia, the Ten Martyrs of Crete, have all found a place in the martyrologies of this period, and, after allowing uncertainty to some of the names, the list is enough to shew that there was hardly a province of the empire where the persecution was not felt
The Book of Judges itself is comprised in Judges 2:6 to Judges 16:31 ; and here it is to be noticed, first of all, that a certain artificiality is observable in the structure; the exploits of twelve men are recounted, and the idea seems to be that each represents one of the twelve tribes of Israel, thus: Judah is represented by Othniel, Benjamin by Ehud, the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh by Gideon (West) and Jair (East), Issachar by Tola, Zebulun by Elon, Naphtali by Barak, Ephralm by Abdon
, Gad by Jephthah, and Dan by Samson; besides these ten there are Shamgar and Ibzan, two unimportant Judges, but against them there are the two tribes Reuben and Simeon, who, however, soon disappear; while the tribe of Levi, as always, occupies an exceptional position. ] Of the twelve Judges dealt with, seven are of Quite subordinate importance, little more than a bare mention of them being recorded; they are: Othniel ( Judges 3:7-11 ), who delivers the children of Israel from Cushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia; he is mentioned incidentally in Judges 1:13 as marrying the daughter of Caleb; Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), of whom nothing more is said than that he killed six hundred Philistines; Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ); Jair ( Judges 10:3-5 ); Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ); Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ); and Abdon
( Judges 12:13-15 ). In the same way, the brief references to the ‘minor’ judges Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ), Jair ( Judges 10:5 ), Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ), Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ), and Abdon
( Judges 12:13-15 ) are historical notes of value; their Interpretation is another matter; it is possible that these names are the names of clans and not of individuals; some of them certainly occur as the names of clans in later books
Government of the Hebrews
- For many of the judges, for instance, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon
, Eli, and Samuel, ruled the nation in peace