What does εἰμί mean in the Greek?

Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Active, 1st Person Singular
Root: G1488 (εἰμί)
Sense: you are, thou art (more info)

Discover εἰμί

Frequency of εἰμί

How εἰμί is translated (KJV)

English Occurance
i am 47
am 66
i [am] 1
am i 6
am [he] 12
it is 1
is it 2

Verses with εἰμί

Colossians 2:5
If truly indeed in the flesh I am absent yet - in spirit with you I am rejoicing and seeing your - good order the firmness of the in Christ faith of you

Acts 10:21
Having gone down then Peter to the men who were sent from - Cornelius him he said Behold I am whom you seek what [is] the cause for which you are here

Acts 10:26
- But Peter lifted up him saying Rise up also I myself a man am

Acts 13:25
While then was fulfilling John the course he was saying Whom me do you suppose to be Not am I [he] but behold He comes after of whom I am worthy a sandal of the feet to untie

Acts 18:10
because I am with you and no one will lay a hand on you - to harm you people there are to me many in the city this

Acts 20:26
Therefore I testify to you in - this day that innocent I [am] of the blood of all

Acts 21:39
Said however - Paul I a man indeed am a Jew of Tarsus - of Cilicia not [of an] insignificant city a citizen I implore now you allow me to speak to the people

Acts 22:3
I am a man a Jew born in Tarsus - of Cilicia brought up now the city this at the feet of Gamaliel having been instructed according to [the] exactness of the of our fathers law a zealous one being - for God even as all you are this day

Acts 22:8
I then answered Who are You Lord He said then to me I am Jesus of Nazareth whom you are persecuting

Acts 23:6
Having known then - Paul that the one part consists of Sadducees - but the other of Pharisees he began crying out in the Council Men brothers I a Pharisee am [the] son of a Pharisee concerning [the] hope and resurrection of [the] dead I am judged

Acts 25:10
Said then - Paul Standing before the judgment seat of Caesar I am where me it behooves to be judged To [the] Jews nothing I have done wrong as also you very well know

Acts 26:15
I then said Who are You Lord - And the Lord said I am Jesus whom you are persecuting

Acts 26:29
- And Paul [said] I would wish - - to God both in a little and much not only you but also all those hearing me this day to become such as I am except the chains these

Acts 27:23
Stood by for me this - night - of God whose am I whom and I serve an angel

Acts 9:5
He said then Who are You Lord - And [He said] I am Jesus whom you are persecuting [It is] hard for you against [the] goads to kick He trembling both and being astonished said what me do you want to do

Luke 1:18
And said Zechariah to the angel By what will I know this I for am an old man the wife of me is advanced in the years of her

Luke 1:19
And answering the angel said to him I am Gabriel the [one] standing before - God I was sent to speak to you to bring glad tidings to you these

Luke 15:19
no longer am I worthy to be called son of you Make me like one of the servants

Luke 15:21
Said then the son to him Father I have sinned against - heaven and before you no longer am I worthy to be called son of you make me as one of the hired servants of you

Luke 18:11
The Pharisee having stood thus toward himself was praying - God I thank You that not I am like the rest of the men swindlers unrighteous adulterers or even like this - tax collector

Luke 19:22
He says to him Out of the mouth of you I will judge you evil servant You knew that I a man harsh am taking up what not I did lay down and reaping I did sow

Luke 21:8
- And He said Take heed lest you be led astray many for will come in the name of Me saying I am [He] and The time is drawn near Not go after them

Luke 22:27
Who for [is] greater the [one] reclining or serving [Is] not I however in [the] midst of you am as

Luke 22:33
- And he said to Him Lord with You ready I am both to prison and death to go

Luke 22:58
And after a little another having seen him was saying Also you of them are - But Peter Man not I am

Luke 22:70
They said then all You then are the Son - of God - And to them He was saying You say that I am

Luke 24:39
See the hands of Me and the feet that I am He Touch Me for a spirit flesh bones not has as Me you see having

Luke 3:16
Answered saying [to] all - John I indeed with water baptize you comes however the [One] mightier than I of whom not I am worthy to untie the strap of the sandals of Him He will baptize with [the] Spirit Holy and with fire

Luke 5:8
Having seen now Simon Peter fell at the knees of Jesus saying Depart from me for a man sinful am I Lord

Luke 7:6
- And Jesus was going with them Already then He not far being distant from the house sent friends the centurion saying to Him Lord not trouble Yourself for worthy I am that under the roof of me You should come

Luke 7:8
Also for I a man am under authority appointed having under me soldiers and I say to this [one] Go he goes to another Come he comes to [the] servant of me Do this he does [it]

Mark 1:7
And he was preaching saying He comes who [is] mightier than I after me of whom not I am sufficient having stooped down to untie the strap of the sandals of Him

Mark 13:6
Many will come in the name of Me saying - I am [He] and many they will mislead

Mark 14:62
- And Jesus said I am And you will see the Son - of Man at [the] right hand sitting of Power coming with the clouds of heaven

Mark 6:50
All for Him saw and were troubled - And immediately He spoke with them says to them Take courage I am [He] not fear

Matthew 11:29
Take the yoke of Me upon you and learn from Me for gentle I am humble [in] the heart you will find rest [for] the souls of you

Matthew 14:27
Immediately now spoke - Jesus to them saying Take courage I it is not fear

Matthew 18:20
Where for are two or three gathered together unto - My name there am I in [the] midst of them

Matthew 20:15
Or not is it lawful for me what I will to do with that which [is] mine Or the eye of you envious is because I generous am

Matthew 22:32
I am the God of Abraham and of Isaac of Jacob Not He is of [the] dead but of [the] living

Matthew 24:5
Many for will come in the name of Me saying I am the Christ and many they will mislead

Matthew 26:22
And being grieved exceedingly they began to say to Him one each Not I is it Lord

Matthew 26:25
Answering now Judas who was betraying Him said Not I is it Rabbi He says to him You have said

Matthew 27:24
Having seen now - Pilate that nothing it availed but rather a riot is arising having taken water he washed the hands before the crowd saying Guiltless I am of the blood of this For yourselves you will see

Matthew 27:43
He trusted on - God Let Him deliver now if He wants Him He said for - Of God I am [the] Son

Matthew 28:20
teaching them to observe all things whatever I commanded you And behold I with you am all the days until the completion of the age

Matthew 3:11
I indeed you baptize with water to repentance - but after me is coming mightier than I He of whom not I am fit the sandals to carry He you will baptize [the] Spirit Holy and with fire

Matthew 8:8
Answering however the centurion said Lord not I am worthy that of me under the roof You should come but only speak the word and will be healed servant

Matthew 8:9
Also for I a man am under authority I appoint having under me soldiers and I say to this [one] Go he goes to another Come he comes to [the] servant of me Do this he does [it]

1 Corinthians 1:12
I mean now this that each of you says I indeed am of Paul and of Apollos of Cephas of Christ

1 Corinthians 12:15
If should say the foot Because not I am a hand of the body not on account of this is it

1 Corinthians 12:16
And if should say the ear Because not I am an eye of the body not on account of this is it

1 Corinthians 13:2
And if I should have prophecy understand the mysteries all all the knowledge faith so as mountains to remove love however not have nothing I am

1 Corinthians 15:9
I for am the least of the apostles who not am fit to be called an apostle because I persecuted the church - of God

1 Corinthians 15:10
[By the] grace however of God I am what and the grace of Him - toward me not void has been Rather more abundantly than them all I toiled not I but - that [was] with me

1 Corinthians 3:4
When for might say one I indeed am of Paul another however of Apollos not fleshly are you

1 Corinthians 9:1
Not am I free an apostle Not Jesus the Lord of us have I seen Not the work of me you are in [the] Lord

1 Corinthians 9:2
If to others not I am an apostle yet at least to you I am the for seal of my the apostleship you are in [the] Lord

2 Corinthians 12:10
Therefore I take pleasure in weaknesses insults hardships persecutions and difficulties for Christ when for I might be weak then strong I am

2 Corinthians 12:11
I have become a fool you me compelled I for ought by you to have been commended In no way was I inferior to those most eminent apostles though even nothing I am

John 1:20
And he confessed not denied but confessed - I am the Christ

John 1:21
And they asked him What then You Elijah are he says Not I am The Prophet you he answered No

John 1:27
the [One] after me coming of whom not am I worthy that I should untie of Him the strap of the sandal

John 10:7
Said therefore again to them - Jesus Truly I say to you - I am the door of the sheep

John 10:9
I am the door by Me if anyone enters in he will be saved and he will go in will go out pasture will find

John 10:11
I am the shepherd - good good the life of Him lays down for the sheep

John 10:14
I am the shepherd - good and I know - My own am known I by Mine

John 10:36
[of Him] whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world you do say - You blaspheme because I said Son - of God I am

John 11:25
Said to her - Jesus I am the resurrection and life the [one] believing in Me even if he should die he will live

John 12:26
If Me anyone serves Me let him follow and where am I there also the servant - of Me will be If will honor him Father

John 13:13
You call Me - Teacher and Lord rightly you say I am for

John 13:19
From this time I am telling you before - it comes to pass so that you should believe when it comes to pass that I am [He]

John 13:33
Little children yet a little while with you I am You will seek Me and as I said to the Jews - Where I go you not are able to come also to you I say now

John 14:3
And if I go prepare a place for you again I am coming will receive you to Myself that where am I also you may be

John 14:6
Says to him - Jesus I am the way and truth life No one comes to the Father if not by Me

John 14:9
Says to him - Jesus So long a time with you am I and not you have known Me Philip The [one] having seen Me has seen the Father how you say Show us

John 15:1
I am the vine - TRUE and the Father of Me vinedresser is

John 15:5
I am the vine you [are] the branches The [one] abiding in Me and I him he bears fruit much For apart from Me not you are able to do nothing

John 16:32
Behold is coming an hour and has come when you will be scattered each to the own and I alone you shall leave yet not I am alone for the Father with Me is

John 17:11
And no longer I am in the world and yet themselves they are and I to You am coming Father Holy keep them the name of You which You have given Me that they may be one as we [are]

John 17:14
I have given them the word of You and the world hated them because not they are of the world even as am

John 17:16
Of the world not they are as I am

John 17:24
Father [those] whom You have given Me I desire that where am I they also may be with Me they may behold - glory My that You gave because You loved Me before [the] foundation of [the] world

John 18:5
They answered Him Jesus of Nazareth He says to them I am [He] Had been standing now also Judas who is delivering up Him with them

John 18:6
When therefore He said to them I am [He] they drew toward the back and fell to [the] ground

John 18:8
Answered Jesus I have told you that I am [He] If therefore Me you seek Allow these to go away

John 18:17
Says therefore - to Peter the servant girl doorkeeper Not also you of the disciples are of the man this he Not I am

John 18:25
Was now Simon Peter standing and warming himself They said therefore to him Not also you of the disciples of Him are Denied he said Not I am

John 18:35
Answered - Pilate Not I a Jew am The nation - of You and the chief priests delivered You to me What have You done

John 18:37
Said therefore to Him - Pilate Then a king are You Answered Jesus You say that a king I am I for this have been born and I have come into the world that I may bear witness to the truth Everyone being of the truth hears of Me voice

John 19:21
Were saying therefore - to Pilate the chief priests of the Jews Not write The King but that He said King I am of the Jews

John 3:28
Yourselves you to me bear witness that I said - Not am I the Christ but - sent I am before Him

John 4:26
Says to her - Jesus I am [He] the [One] speaking to you

John 6:20
- And He says to them I am [He] not fear

John 6:35
Said to them - Jesus I am the bread - of life the [one] coming to Me never not shall hunger and believing in no shall thirst at any time

John 6:41
Were grumbling therefore the Jews about Him because He said I am the bread - having come down from - heaven

John 6:48
I am the bread - of life

John 6:51
I am the bread - living from - heaven having come down if anyone shall have eaten of this bread he will live to the age and also that I will give the flesh of Me is for the of the world life

John 7:28
Cried out therefore in the temple teaching - Jesus and saying Me you know from where I am of Myself not I have come but is TRUE the [One] having sent Me whom you know

John 7:29
But I know Him because from Him I am and He Me sent

John 7:33
Said therefore - Jesus Yet time a little with you I am and I go to the [One] having sent Me

John 7:34
You will seek Me and not will find Me where am I you not are able to come

John 7:36
What is the word this that He said You will seek Me and not will find Me Where am I you not are able to come

John 8:12
Again therefore to them spoke - Jesus saying I am the light of the world the [one] following Me no not shall walk in the darkness but will have the light - of life

John 8:16
And if judge however I - judgment My TRUE is because alone not I am but I the having sent Me Father

John 8:18
I am the [One] bearing witness concerning Myself and bears witness Me the having sent Me Father

John 8:23
And He was saying to them You from - below are I above am of this the world not am

John 8:24
I said therefore to you that you will die in the sins of you if for not you believe I am [He]

John 8:28
Said therefore to them - Jesus When you shall have lifted up the Son - of Man then you will know that I am [He] and from Myself I do nothing but as taught Me the Father these things I speak

John 8:58
Said to them Jesus Truly I say to you before Abraham was I am

John 9:5
While in the world I shall be [the] light I am of the world

John 9:9
Some were saying - He it is but others No but like him he is He kept saying I am [he]

Revelation 1:8
I am the Alpha and Omega [the] Beginning [the] End says Lord - God the [One] being who was is coming the Almighty

Revelation 1:11
saying I am the Alpha and Omega the First Last and What you see write in a book send to the seven churches to Ephesus Smyrna Pergamum Thyatira Sardis Philadelphia Laodicea

Revelation 1:17
And when I saw Him I fell at the feet of Him as though dead He placed the right hand upon me saying Not fear I am the First Last

Revelation 1:18
and the Living [One] I was dead behold living I am to the ages of the ages I have the keys of Death Hades

Revelation 18:7
So much as she has glorified herself and lived in luxury as much give to her torment misery because in the heart of herself she says - I sit [as] a queen a widow never I am mourning never not shall I see

Revelation 19:10
And I fell before the feet of him to worship him he says to me See that you not A fellow servant with you I am brothers of you - holding the testimony of Jesus - God worship The for testimony is the spirit - of prophecy

Revelation 2:23
And the children of her I will kill with death will know all the churches that I am the [One] searching affections hearts I will give of you to each according to works of you

Revelation 22:9
And he says to me See that you not Fellow servant of you I am with the brothers of you the prophets with those keeping the words of the book this - God worship

Revelation 22:16
I Jesus have sent the angel of Me to testify to you these things in the churches I am the root and the offspring of David the star - bright morning

Revelation 3:17
For you say - Rich I am and I have grown rich of nothing need I have not do you realize that you are - wretched miserable poor blind naked

Romans 1:14
To Greeks both and to barbarians to [the] wise [the] foolish a debtor I am

Romans 11:1
I ask then not did reject - God the people of Him Never may it be Also for I an Israelite am of [the] seed of Abraham of [the] tribe of Benjamin

Romans 11:13
To you now I am speaking the Gentiles Upon as much as indeed therefore am I of [the] Gentiles apostle the ministry of me I magnify

Romans 7:14
We know for that - [the] Law spiritual is I however fleshly am having been sold under - sin

Philippians 4:11
Not that as to destitution I speak I for have learned in that which I am content to be

1 Timothy 1:15
Trustworthy [is] the saying and of full acceptance worthy that Christ Jesus came into the world sinners to save of whom [the] foremost am I

Hebrews 12:21
And so fearful was the thing appearing [that] Moses said Greatly afraid I am and trembling

2 Peter 1:13
Right now I esteem it as long as I am in this - tabernacle to stir up you by putting [you] in remembrance

Greek Commentary Search

Matthew 18:20 There am I [εκει ειμι]
This blessed promise implies that those gathered together are really disciples with the spirit of Christ as well as “in his name” One of the Oxyrhynchus Sayings of Our Lord is: “Wherever there are (two) they are not without God, and wherever there is one alone I say I am with him.” Also this: “Raise the stone and there thou shalt find me, cleave the wood and there am I.” See Malachi 3:16. [source]
Matthew 26:22 Is it I, Lord? [μητι εγω ειμι Κυριε]
The negative expects the answer No and was natural for all save Judas. But he had to bluff it out by the same form of question (Matthew 26:25). The answer of Jesus, [source]
Mark 6:50 It is I [εγο ειμι]
These were the astounding words of cheer. They did not recognize Jesus in the darkness. They had never seen him or any one walk on the water. His voice reassured them. [source]
Mark 14:62 I am [εγο ειμι]
Matthew has it, “Thou hast said,” which is the equivalent of the affirmative. But Mark‘s statement is definite beyond controversy. See notes on Matthew 26:64-68 for the claims of Jesus and the conduct of Caiaphas. [source]
Luke 7:6 For I am not worthy that [ου γαρ ικανος ειμι ινα]
The same word ικανος — hikanos not αχιος — axios as in Matthew 8:8, which see, from ικω ικανω — hikō ινα — hikanō to fit, to reach, be adequate for. στεγην — Hina in both places as common in late Greek. [source]
John 4:26 I that speak unto thee am he [Εγω ειμι ο λαλων σοι]
“I am he, the one speaking to thee.” In plain language Jesus now declares that he is the Messiah as he does to the blind man (John 9:37). [source]
John 6:48 I am the bread of life [εγω ειμι ο αρτος της ζωης]
Jesus repeats the astounding words of John 6:35 after fuller explanation. The believer in Christ has eternal life because he gives himself to him. [source]
John 6:35 I am the bread of life [Εγω ειμι ο αρτος της ζωης]
This sublime sentence was startling in the extreme to the crowd. Philo does compare the manna to the τειος λογος — theios logos in an allegorical sense, but this language is far removed from Philo‘s vagueness. In the Synoptics (Mark 14:22; Matthew 26:26; Luke 22:19) Jesus uses bread He is the bread of life in two senses: it has life in itself, the living bread (John 6:51), and it gives life to others like the water of life, the tree of life. John often has Jesus saying “I am” As also in John 6:41, John 6:48, John 6:51; John 8:12; John 10:7, John 10:9, John 10:11, John 10:14; John 11:25; John 14:6; John 15:1, John 15:5. He that cometh to me The first act of the soul in approaching Jesus. See also John 6:37. Shall not hunger Strong double negative ου με — ou me with first aorist (ingressive) active subjunctive, “shall not become hungry.” He that believeth on me The continuous relation of trust after coming like πιστευητε — pisteuēte (present tense) in John 6:29. See both verbs used together also in John 7:37. Shall never thirst So the old MSS. the future active indicative instead of the aorist subjunctive as above, an even stronger form of negation with πωποτε — pōpote (John 1:18) added. [source]
John 10:14 I am the good-shepherd [εγω ειμι ο ποιμην ο καλος]
Effective repetition. And mine own know me Jesus as the Good Shepherd knows his sheep by name as he had already said (John 10:3) and now repeats. Yes, and they know his voice (John 10:4), they have experimental knowledge (γινωσκω — ginōskō) of Jesus as their own Shepherd. Here (in this mutually reciprocal knowledge) lies the secret of their love and loyalty. [source]
John 11:25 I am the resurrection and the life [Εγω ειμι η αναστασις και η ζωη]
This reply is startling enough. They are not mere doctrines about future events, but present realities in Jesus himself. “The Resurrection is one manifestation of the Life: it is involved in the Life” (Westcott). Note the article with both αναστασις — anastasis and ζωη — zōē Jesus had taught the future resurrection often (John 6:39), but here he means more, even that Lazarus is now alive. Though he die “Even if he die,” condition (concession) of third class with και εαν — kai ean Yet shall he live Future middle of ζαω — zaō (spiritual life, of course). [source]
John 10:11 I am the good shepherd [εγω ειμι ο ποιμην ο καλος]
Note repetition of the article, “the shepherd the good one.” Takes up the metaphor of John 10:2. Vulgate pastor bonus. Philo calls his good shepherd αγατος — agathos but καλος — kalos calls attention to the beauty in character and service like “good stewards” (1 Peter 4:10), “a good minister of Christ Jesus” (1 Timothy 4:6). Often both adjectives appear together in the ancient Greek as once in the New Testament (Luke 8:15). “Beauty is as beauty does.” That is καλος — kalos Layeth down his life for his sheep For illustration see 1 Samuel 17:35 (David‘s experience) and Isaiah 31:4. Dods quotes Xenophon (Mem. ii. 7, 14) who pictures even the sheep dog as saying to the sheep: “For I am the one that saves you also so that you are neither stolen by men nor seized by wolves.” Hippocrates has πσυχην κατετετο — psuchēn katetheto (he laid down his life, i.e. died). In Judges 12:3 ετηκα την πσυχην — ethēka tēn psuchēn means “I risked my life.” The true physician does this for his patient as the shepherd for his sheep. The use of υπερ — huper here (over, in behalf of, instead of), but in the papyri υπερ — huper is the usual preposition for substitution rather than αντι — anti This shepherd gives his life for the sin of the world (John 1:29; 1 John 2:2). [source]
John 14:6 I am the way, and the truth, and the life [Εγω ειμι η οδος και η αλητεια και η ζωη]
Either of these statements is profound enough to stagger any one, but here all three together overwhelm Thomas. Jesus had called himself “the life” to Martha (John 11:25) and “the door” to the Pharisees (John 10:7) and “the light of the world” (John 8:12). He spoke “the way of God in truth” (Mark 12:14). He is the way to God and the only way (John 14:6), the personification of truth, the centre of life. Except by me There is no use for the Christian to wince at these words of Jesus. If he is really the Incarnate Son of God (John 1:1, John 1:14, John 1:18), they are necessarily true. [source]
John 18:35 Am I a Jew? [μητι εγω Ιουδαιος ειμι]
Proud and fine scorn on Pilate‘s part at the idea that he had a personal interest in the question. Vehement negation implied. Cf. John 4:29 for μητι — mēti in a question. The gulf between Jew and Gentile yawns wide here. Nation For παρεδωκαν — paredōkan see John 18:30. What hast thou done? First aorist active indicative of ποιεω — poieō Blunt and curt question. “What didst thou do?” “What is thy real crime?” John‘s picture of this private interview between Pilate and Jesus is told with graphic power. [source]
Acts 18:10 Because I am with thee [διοτι εγω ειμι μετα σου]
Jesus had given this promise to all believers (Matthew 28:20) and here he renews it to Paul. This promise changes Paul‘s whole outlook. Jesus had spoken to Paul before, on the way to Damascus (Acts 9:4), in Jerusalem (Acts 22:17.), in Troas (Acts 16:9), in great crises of his life. He will hear him again (Acts 23:11; Acts 27:23). Paul knows the voice of Jesus. [source]
Acts 20:26 I am pure from the blood of all men [καταρος ειμι απο του αιματος παντων]
Paul was sensitive on this point as in Corinth (Acts 18:6). It is much for any preacher to claim and it ought to be true of all. The papyri also give this use of απο — apo with the ablative rather than the mere ablative after καταρος — katharos Acts 20:27 Paul here repeats the very words and idioms used in Acts 20:20, adding “the whole counsel of God” All the counsel of God that concerned Paul‘s work and nothing inconsistent with the purpose of God of redemption through Christ Jesus (Page). [source]
Acts 21:39 I am [Εγω μεν ειμι]
In contrast with the wild guess of Lysias Paul uses μεν — men and δε — de He tells briefly who he is: [source]
Acts 22:3 I am a Jew [Εγω ειμι ανηρ Ιουδαιος]
Note use of Εγω — Egō for emphasis. Paul recounts his Jewish advantages or privileges with manifest pride as in Acts 26:4.; 2 Corinthians 11:22; Galatians 1:14; Philemon 3:4-7. [source]
Acts 25:10 I am standing before Caesar‘s judgment-seat [εστως επι του βηματος Καισαρος ειμι]
Periphrastic present perfect indicative Paul means to say that he is a Roman citizen before a Roman tribunal. Festus was the representative of Caesar and had no right to hand him over to a Jewish tribunal. Festus recognized this by saying to Paul “wilt thou” (τελεις — theleis). [source]
Acts 23:6 I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees [Εγω Παρισαιος ειμι υιος Παρισαιων]
This was strictly true as we know from his Epistles (Philemon 3:5). Touching the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question (περι ελπιδος και αναστασεως νεκρων κρινομαι — peri elpidos kai anastaseōs nekrōn krinomai). This was true also and this is the point that Paul mentions in Acts 24:21. His failure to mention again the fact that he was a Pharisee throws no discredit on Luke‘s report here. The chief point of difference between Pharisees and Sadducees was precisely this matter of the resurrection. And this was Paul‘s cardinal doctrine as a Christian minister. It was this fact that convinced him that Jesus was the Messiah and was “the very centre of his faith” (Page) and of his preaching. It was not a mere trick for Paul to proclaim this fact here and so divide the Sanhedrin. As a matter of fact, the Pharisees held aloof when the Sadducees persecuted Peter and the other apostles for preaching resurrection in the case of Jesus and even Gamaliel threw cold water on the effort to punish them for it (Acts 5:34-39). So then Paul was really recurring to the original cleavage on this point and was able to score a point against the Sadducees as Gamaliel, his great teacher, had done before him. Besides, “Paul and Pharisaism seem to us such opposite ideas that we often forget that to Paul Christianity was the natural development of Judaism” (Page). Paul shows this in Galatians 3; Romans 9-11. [source]
Acts 26:29 Such as I am [τοιουτους οποιος και εγω ειμι]
Accusative τοιουτους — toioutous with the infinitive γενεσται — genesthai Paul uses these two qualitative pronouns instead of repeating the word “Christian.” [source]
Romans 7:14 But I am carnal [εγω δε σαρκινος ειμι]
“Fleshen” as in 1 Corinthians 3:1 which see, more emphatic even than σαρκικος — sarkikos a creature of flesh.” Sold under sin (πεπραμενος υπο την αμαρτιαν — pepramenos hupo tēn hamartian). Perfect passive participle of πιπρασκω — pipraskō old verb, to sell. See note on Matthew 13:46 and note on Acts 2:45, state of completion. Sin has closed the mortgage and owns its slave. [source]
1 Corinthians 9:1 Am I not free? [Ουκ ειμι ελευτεροσ]
Free as a Christian from Mosaic ceremonialism (cf. 1 Corinthians 9:19) as much as any Christian and yet he adapts his moral independence to the principle of considerate love in 1 Corinthians 8:13. [source]
1 Corinthians 9:1 Am I not an apostle? [ουκ ειμι αποστολοσ]
He has the exceptional privileges as an apostle to support from the churches and yet he foregoes these. Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? (ουχι Ιησουν τον Κυριον ημων εορακα — ouchi Iēsoun ton Kurion hēmōn heoraka̱). Proof (1 Corinthians 15:8; Acts 9:17, Acts 9:27; Acts 18:9; Acts 22:14, Acts 22:17.; 2 Corinthians 12:1.) that he has the qualification of an apostle (Acts 1:22) though not one of the twelve. Note strong form of the negative ουχι — ouchi here. All these questions expect an affirmative answer. The perfect active εορακα — heoraka from οραω — horaō to see, does not here have double reduplication as in John 1:18.Are not ye? They were themselves proof of his apostleship. [source]
1 Corinthians 9:2 Yet at least I am to you [αλλα γε υμιν ειμι]
An argumentum ad hominem and a pointed appeal for their support. Note use of αλλα γε — alla ge in the apodosis (cf. 1 Corinthians 8:6). [source]
1 Corinthians 12:15 I am not of the body [ουκ ειμι εκ του σωματος]
I am independent of the body, not dependent on the body. It is not therefore not of the body (ου παρα τουτο ουκ εστιν εκ του σωματος — ou para touto ouk estin ek tou sōmatos). Thinking or saying so does not change the fact. Παρα τουτο — Para touto here means “alongside of this” (cf. 4 Maccabees 10:19) and so “because of,” a rare use (Robertson, Grammar, p. 616). The two negatives (ουουκ — ou̇̇ouk) do not here destroy one another. Each retains its full force. [source]
1 Corinthians 13:2 I am nothing [ουτεν ειμι]
Not ουτεις — outheis nobody, but an absolute zero. This form in τ — th rather than δ — d (ουδεν — ouden) had a vogue for a while (Robertson, Grammar, p. 219). [source]
1 Corinthians 15:10 What I am [ο ειμι]
Not, who (ος — hos), but what (ο — ho), neuter singular. His actual character and attainments. All “by the grace of God” (χαριτι τεου — chariti theou). [source]
2 Corinthians 12:10 Then I am strong [τοτε δυνατος ειμι]
At that very time, but not in myself, but in the fresh access of power from Christ for the emergency. [source]
Philippians 4:11 In whatsoever state I am [εν οις ειμι]
“In what things (circumstances) I am.” [source]
1 Timothy 1:15 Chief [ειμι]
Not ελαχιστος των αποστολων — ēn (I was), but τωι ελαχιστοτερωι παντων αγιων — eimi (I am). “It is not easy to think of any one but St. Paul as penning these words” (White). In 1 Corinthians 15:9 he had called himself “the least of the apostles” In Ephesians 3:8 he refers to himself as “the less than the least of all saints” On occasion Paul would defend himself as on a par with the twelve apostles (Galatians 2:6-10) and superior to the Judaizers (2 Corinthians 11:5.; 2 Corinthians 12:11). It is not mock humility here, but sincere appreciation of the sins of his life (cf. Romans 7:24) as a persecutor of the church of God (Galatians 1:13), of men and even women (Acts 22:4.; Acts 26:11). He had sad memories of those days. [source]
Revelation 1:17 I am the first and the last [εγω ειμι ο πρωτος και ο εσχατος]
Used in Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12 of God, but here, Revelation 2:8; Revelation 22:13 of Christ.And the Living One (και ο ζων — kai ho zōn). Present active articular participle of ζαω — zaō another epithet of God common in the O.T. (Deuteronomy 32:40; Isaiah 49:18, etc.) and applied purposely to Jesus, with which see John 5:26 for Christ‘s own words about it. [source]
Revelation 1:18 I am alive [ζων ειμι]
Periphrastic present active indicative, “I am living,” as the words ο ζων — ho zōn just used mean.Forevermore (εις τους αιωνας των αιωνων — eis tous aiōnas tōn aiōnōn). “Unto the ages of the ages,” a stronger expression of eternity even than in Revelation 1:6.The keys One of the forms for the accusative plural along with κλειδας — kleidas the usual one (Matthew 16:19).Of death and of Hades (του τανατου και του αιδου — tou thanatou kai tou hāidou). Conceived as in Matthew 16:18 as a prison house or walled city. The keys are the symbol of authority, as we speak of honouring one by giving him the keys of the city. Hades here means the unseen world to which death is the portal. Jesus has the keys because of his victory over death. See this same graphic picture in Revelation 6:8; Revelation 20:13. For the key of David see Revelation 3:7, for the key of the abyss see Revelation 9:1; Revelation 20:1. [source]
Revelation 3:17 I am rich [οτι πλουσιος ειμι]
Recitative οτι — hoti like quotation marks before direct quotation. Old adjective from πλουτος — ploutos riches, wealth. Laodicea was a wealthy city and the church “carried the pride of wealth into its spiritual life” (Swete). [source]
Revelation 22:16 I am the root and the offspring of David [Εγω ειμι η ριζα και το γενος Δαυειδ]
See Revelation 5:5 for “the root of David,” to which John now adds το γενος — to genos in the sense of “offspring” (Acts 17:28.), not of family or race (Acts 4:6; Acts 7:13). Cf. Matthew 22:42-45.The bright, the morning star (ο αστηρ ο λαμπρος ο πρωινος — ho astēr ho lampros ho prōinos). The Davidic King is called a star in Numbers 24:17; Luke 1:78. This “day-star” (πωσπορος — phōsphoros) is interpreted as Christ (2 Peter 1:19). In Revelation 2:28 the phrase “the morning star” occurs in Christ‘s words, which is here interpreted. Christ is the Light that was coming into the world (John 1:9; John 8:12). [source]